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Which side received the best trade terms and the most help from the Natives and were thought to win the contest for control of North America?
What was the size of the French population in America?
Who fought in the French and Indian War?
the British fought against the French and the Indians (but NOT the Iroquois)
What were some of the reasons the population increased in the colonies from 1700 to 1775?
immigration and women married early and had larger families
Which colony did most Germans go?
Because England viewed the colonies as an economic resource and passed the Navigation Acts, what effect did this have on the colonies?
they ignored the laws and would trade secretly (smuggle) with other countries
What law limited the colonists' rights to trade?
Navigation Acts
Where did King George's war start?
Europe and spread to other parts of the world
What role did the Iroquois Confederacy play in the French and Indian War?
they did takes sides - they remained independent trading with both sides and playing each off the other
What affect did the Great Awakening have on people?
they returned to their faith of earlier days, they were inspired to worship even in open fields, and many new churches were formed
Who did New England farmers rely on for labor?
their children
How did the war begin (French and Indian)?
Washington took 150 militia to the union of Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio River (present-day Pittsburgh) and built Fort Necessity
What was the result of James II's attempt at regaining power?
Parliament forced him out - throne was given to William and Mary - leading to time known as the Glorious Revolution - parliament - or the elected representatives had more power than the monarch (King)
Where was the impact of the Great Awakening first felt?
New England and the Middle Colonies
Who did the Iroquois eventually side with?
What is mercantilism?
economic theory - a state's power depended on its wealth
Where did the French and Indian War start?
America and spread to Europe and Asia
What law guaranteed the basic rights?
English Bill of Rights
What were the two largest colonial cities?
New York and Philadelphia
What groups of Native Americans made up the Iroquois Confederacy?
Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and the Oneida
What were the family roles like in colonial times - rules of the men and women?
religion, education, and the arts contributed to the new American culture - family formed the foundation of colonial society - the farm was the home and work place - mothers and fathers cared for children. Women's roles - cooked, made cheese and butter, preserved food, spun yarn, made clothes, tended the chickens and cows. Men worked in the fields and built barns and houses, men were the formal heads of the houses, they managed the farms and represented the family in community affairs - Women could attend church meetings but COUL NOT speak, vote, or serve as clergy - Married women were under their husbands' authority and had few rights - Women in cities sometimes had jobs outside the home. Unmarried women worked as maids, cooks, and nurses for wealthy families. Widows and women who never married were teachers or seamstresses (sewing). Women who had never married or widows could run businesses and own property - but COULD NOT VOTE
What could the elected legislature do (powers it had)?
collect taxes, raise troops, regulate trade
What were slave codes?
strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of the enslaved Africans - examples - could not leave plantation without written permission, illeagl to teach them to read or write, they were whipped for minor offenses and hung or burned to death for serious crimes
What was it illegal to teach slaves?
to read or write
What was a Charter Colony?
a colony established by a group of people who had been given a formal document allowing them to settle - they elected their own governors and members of the legislature - Examples were Connecticut and Rhode Island - Great Britain had the right to approve the governor - but governor could veto acts of the legislature
Why wasn't there much industry in the South?
most settlers here made their living by farming the land - they did not have need to develop commerce and industry
What was smuggling?
trading illegally
What was The Great Awakening?
a period of dramatic religious revival
How many wars did the British and French fight in and what were the names?
four - King William's War, Queen Anne's War, King George's War, and the French and Indian War
What were New England's main activities (economic)?
there were many small businesses as farming usually produced only enough food to meet the needs of a family (subsistence farming). They were blacksmiths, shoe makers, furniture makers, gunsmiths, metalsmiths, printers, and women made clothing and candles or soap to sell - also ship building and fishing
Who was sent to the Ohio River Valley by Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie for the first battle?
George Washington
What was a Royal Colony?
a colony rule by a governor and a council appointed by the king/queen - Britain directly ruled these colonies - the king appointed the governor and the council known as the upper house - Examples were Georgia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia
Why was Washington sent to the Ohio River Valley and what was the result?
to tell the French they were trespassing on British land
Who attacked and drove out the British traders?
What is another name for the French and Indian War?
Seven Years' War
What was a Proprietary Colony?
a colony or group of individuals to whom land was granted - whom Britain had granted land - they were free to rule as they wished and appointed the governor and members of the upper house of legislature while colonists elected the lower house - Examples were Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania
Why were farms in New England smaller than in the South?
they had long winters and the thin, rocky soil made large-scale farming difficult
When did the British and the French fight?
between 1689 and 1763
What was the Albany Plan of Union?
Benjamin Franklin worked together with the colonies against the French to establish one government for all the colonies
How did the colonies vote for the Albany Plan of Union?
all - against it
Who was captured but was later released?
Washington and his militia
What was the main economic activity in the colonies in the 1700s?
Who was the successor of Charles II and what did he attempt to do?
James II - attempted to regain power from Parliament that had been won during the English Civil War
Where were the French that the British wanted to explore?
the Ohio River Valley - Ohio, western Virginia, and western Pennsylvania
Were there more plantation owners or backcountry farmers?
there were more backcountry farmers - they outnumbered (were more) of these than there were large plantations
What is an export?
goods that are sent to another country; when they grew or made enough of something to ship it to other countries
Why were plantation kitchens seperate from the rest of the home?
if there was a fire, the whole house would not burn down - this happened frequently - fires - also they did not want to work in the same place as the slaves - slaves did most of the cooking - and finally they did not want to make the whole house too hot
What did the French do to prevent British expansion?
built forts along the Ohio River Valley
Why did most Indians side with the French?
What interest did the French have in the colonies?
only fur trading
Could colonies freely decide to join the Albany Plan of Union?
no they had to join - join or die
What was the Middle Passage?
this was the inhumane part of triangular trade in which enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies

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