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History Exam Mid-Term Multiple Choice Section

History Exam Mid-Term Multiple Choice Section the password for this is my 7th grade teachers name... hint it isn't roman


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Roman Dictators
Most famous Cincinnatus; only 6 months and only during a difficult war
Woman's rights in Athens
Least of all of Greece; almost none
New Persian Capitol
Hunter-gather societies
Developed language, art, and religion; Migrated-helped people learn to adapt; made clothes; spread to India, China, South East Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East; New tools- hooks, fishing spears, bow and arrow, canoes, and pottery;
Fall of the Roman Empire
476 AD
On the Tigris and Euphrates river; means "Between the Rivers," in Greek; on the fertile crescent
River of Rome
Tiber River
The three parts of the Roman Republic
Magistrates; senate; assembly and Tribunes
Sumerian Writing
Cuneiform; involved using a sharp tool called a stylus; represent syllables; wrote on clay tablets
Romance languages
Latin developed into many languages such as French
Egypt VS. Kush
These people were trading partners; One of them feared the other one would get too powerful; attacked and one of them and they were under their control for 450 years then revolted and the other one became the central power system
Germans (I think it is goths but he said Germans) won over Romans: Iron Stirrups
Julius Caesar
Partnership with Pompey and Craissus; Was a dictator after ten years then was killed later
Han dynasty and center of Chinese society
Family Life
First Kushian pharaoh
Babylon's king and greatest monarch, or ruler of a kingdom; Brilliant war leader who brought all of Mesopotamia into his Babylonian empire; Oversaw Building and irrigation projects and improved the tax system; his code was a set of 282 laws he created that dealt with almost every part of daily life- (Prisons, Royal Judges, Innocent till proven guilty)
Siddhartha Gautama
Young Prince "Enlightened one" developed Buddhism; he is buddah
The head of all Egypt ruled as both king and god; first was Menes
A Triangular shaped piece of land at the mouth of the Nile river; in lower Egypt that has the most fertile land
Developed to preserve bodies and keep the link between the body and the spirit; wrapped in cloth and were called mummies
Persian religion
Zhou Philosophy
Confucius: order in society comes from moral values or ethics; Daoism: Live in harmony with guiding force; Leigalism: society needs strict laws to keep people in line
Jewish holy books
Torah; Commentaries; Dead Sea Scrolls; Hebrew Bible
Roman Republic
509 BC elected officials ran the city; protected of anyone staying too long; Consuls; Senate; Tribunes; Checks and balances; written laws; forum
Athenian Tyrant
A teacher that taught by asking questions; came up with the Socratic method; believed knowledge was sacred
Kush's downfall
Loss of resource (Cattle overgrazed land, leaving nothing to hold the soil down and allowing it to be blown away; Iron makers used up the forests near Meroe; Military power declined when weapons were not produced)
A type of execution in which a person was nailed to the cross; normally died from asphyxiation
Qin Military
Unified China; always had the army prepared for war
First Empire
Indian Caste
1: Brahmanism 2: Kshatriyas 3: Vaisyans 4: Sudras
Famous Jewish women
Queen Esther, Judge Deborah; Miriam
Egyptian Empire
The New Kingdom was the only point in time that Egypt was an this; didn't last for long
Pax Romana
Roman Peace for 200 years
Etruscan contributions
Temples; sewers; phases; shoes
1st Democratic constitution
Cleisthenes came up with it; overthrew the aristocracy; citizen participate
led the Hebrews to Canaan; demanded the pharaoh to free his people; plagues; 10 commandments given to him by GOD
Elected by Plebians
Spartan Life
Dominated by military; kids started training at 7 were full time army at 30 and citizens, stayed in the army til 60; women had the most rights; ruled by 2 Kings and had Satraps
built as tombs for the pharaoh; displayed amazing engineering; built because the Egyptians wanted the spirits to be happy
New farming techniques
Led to greater farm productions, then more food, then more people, larger cities
Divided the empire because it was too large for one person to rule
common people of Rome
Mesopotamia developed this; A division of labor; Potter, Weavers, and Metal work were the first few
1st Israelite king
Mountains of Italy
Alps and Apennines
First Emperor
Sargon I
Delian League
Greece City-states of Athens and Sparta joined alliance with each other called this
Phoenician travel
Ceder logs which made boats and harbors; access to the sea for trade
Jewish holidays
Hanukah; Pass over; High holy days (Rosh hashonah, Yom Kippur)
Hellenistic Age
Alexander the Great started it; it means Greek-Like
"Bearded Lady;" encouraged trade and used the profits to support the arts and architecture
Location of the Minoans
The Island of Crete on the Mediteranean Sea
Head officials; 2 for a 1 year term; magistrates
Age Sparta began military training
Paul's letters
converted Christians; spread Christianity; Wrote Half New Testament
Greek mythological heroes
Theseus: traveled to Crete killed Minotaur; Jason: sailed across seas in search of great treasure; Hercules: most famous, fought many monsters, performed nearly impossible tasks
Savior of the Twins
She wolf
attacked in 1750 BC which started the Middle kingdom which was a time of disorder; Ahmose of Thebes declared himself kind and drove the these people out; This began the new kingdom
Battle of Marathon
last battle between Greece and Persia; First Marathon was ran
New capitol of Rome no power remained in Western Rome
Almost all political power; rich powerful people of rome
Locations of the Indus River Valley
Located in present day Pakistan
Rise of the Persian Empire
Became and empire under Cyrus the Great; Won independence from Medes; People kept customs which kept people from rebelling
Avenged Caesars death; became the 2nd sole ruler
Judah's conqueror
Chaldeans; Babylonians; Persians
Wealth of Kush
Traded with Egypt the took over Egypt and became trading power; rich because of iron and wood; Menroe the capital became the center of trading network
River in Egypt; gave life to the Egyptian desert; Biannual flooding; longest river in the world (Over 4000 Mi. long) Had cataracts or rapids; provided fertile soil
Unified Egypt
Trace history back to this Trojan; Aeneid was an epic poem written by Virgil about him; Formed alliance with Latin
Trojan War
Iliad was the epic poem written about it; cause by the Trojans taken Helen who was known for her beauty
Early tools
Hooks, fishing spears, bow and arrow, canoes, and pottery
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John told about Jesus's life
Socrates student; created the school, the academy; wrote the Republic which is a book that he wrote about the ideal society
Battle of Salamis
One on the major turning points was the Greeks luring the Persian navy into this place where the more maneuverable Greek shops destroyed the Persian Navy
Jesus's birth
Born in Bethlehem; studied carpentry and Judaism
Assyria's most famous ruler; created the world's first library
A group of 10,000 men that were chosen for their skill and bravery
Two parts of Egypt
Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
The Punic wars
3; fought against Carthage
Invaded and took over the Indus River Vally
Mycenaean wealth
Olive Oil

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