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world religions

Terms

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guatama
name of original buddha
vishnu
god of preservation. also known as god of love. concern for humanity
theravada
most traditional form of buddhism
zazen
seated and silet meditation with your feet beneath you
tanha
desire, thirst or craving
jainism
views life in terms of reincarnation bound to life because of karma they acquire
moksha
release or freedom. you experience it when you offset the effects of karma and move to brahman
sanskrit
language of the aryans
kami-dana
literally "god shelf" the center of the domestic shinto in a japanese home. a shelf where sacred objects are kept and daily prayers are said.
jnana yoga
wisdom mind or knowledge--use your mind to get there
asoka
emperor who converted to small religion
the 4 passing sights
sick man, dead mad, old man, monk.
satori
happens to anybody anywhere but is a burst of enlightenment
bhakti yoga
emotion, devotion, your using your emotions to get their--feeling your way
i ching
ancient chinese book of divination.
chun-tzu
person who embodies the jen
siddhi
supernatural power
ganesha
god of removing obstacles head of an elephant body of a human
the 5 vows
1) dont create suffering or death 2) dont lie 3) dont take anything not given to you 4) no sexual activity 5) renounce all attachments
bodhisattva
best person you can become in mahayana buddhism
ching t'u
pure land sect; one of the most popular and widespread branches of mahayana buddhism emphasis on faith in amitabha
sarasvata
goddess of learning--has 4 arms each with instrument of learning
jakatas
most common themes in buddhist art and are the subject of sermons and popular religious texts in all theravada societies
karuna
compassion
mahavira
founder of jainism
manu
mythical survivor of the indian flood story
shakra (chakra)
seen on medical. crossing points are shakras
mahayana
incorporate culture into religion
li
confucian term translated as propriety rites ceremonies or courtesy. probably means the course of life as it is intended to go.
yin
negative force in nature recognized in early chinese religions
yang
positive force in nature recognized in early chinese religion
lila
divine play instead of taking the world and its objects too seriously you play with them and the world
anatman
no soul doctrine. want to let go of the soul
soma
sacred plant whose juices was a libation to the gods of india. the exact identification of the soma plant is lost
arhat
best person you can become in theravada buddhism
jen
confucian term translated as love, goodness and humanness
sannyasi
one who renounces everything. 4th stage of life that devots yourself to the meaning of life
ashram
place where people live and teach there--like a monastery
sangha
refuge for monks
adi granth
official scriptures-collection of hyms
shankara
found of advaita branch of hinduism. asserted the oneness of brahman in the classic manner of the upanishads
digambara
monks dont own anything--dont wear clothes because clothes are possessions
ahimsa
non-unjury of living beings. was introduced by the jains but found in many indian religions
brahmin
priestly caste in the caste system
rahula
guatamas sons name--now use as a part of their name
dukkha
suffering
hsun tzu
popularized and spread the teachings of confucius
dharma
good behaviors and bad behaviors--a set of standards for them
t'ai chi
exercise done in the park of the movie. trying to become one with nature while doing this exercise
upanishad
4th section of the veda. made up of philosophical material
krishna
best known avatar of vishnu (god of preservation)
karma yoga
working your way there. people loose themselves in work or are always doing something.
bardo
tibetan book of the dead
dhammapada
buddhist scripture
sutra
book on a particular kind of yoga. yoga is a way of drawing two things together whether it is mind and body etc. along with a combination of work.
koan
riddle that you understand in a sudden way
brahma
god of creation
shiva
god of destruction, death and disease.
kali
goddess of destruction. could be another shakti to shiva
avatar
human embodyment of a god
avidya
ignorance
mo-tzu
was a confucian but broke away to form his own philosophy. lived during the 5th century
devi
great goddess represents the feminine principle in hindu thought
yama
vows of restraint against harming living creatures and against unchastity
tao te ching
classic way and its power or virtue. the book that becomes the basis for the philosophy of taoism
vivekananda
set forth to be the first hindu missionary to the modern world
bodhidharma
a monk who founded intuitive sect
deer park
preaches his first sermon--talked about indulgences and asceticism and how they both lead to destruction
arjuna
the young warrior. in the bhagavad gita--the war between two sides of the family krishna was sent down
bhagavad gita
a very colorful epic
atman
conciousness with a small c--conciousness within living things goal is to become brahman
aryan
indian tribe in present day india
yoga
way of achieving union and work pulls together both sides of the triangle maya and karma
harijan
untouchables--lowest caste
parvati
goddess of destruction
shakti
female equivalents of a god
karma
everything that happens is because of something else. effect is unevitable and have to offset each thing
maya
cosmic illusion of seperation
wu-wei
taoist principle of nonaggression and pacifism
legalists
human nature and the condition of china at the time demanded strong leadership. human nature is wicked and lazy and the government should not be affected by morality or pity
seppuku
ritual suicide by disembowelment dictated for certain dishonors and crimes among the samurai
mohists
disciples of mo-tzu. were taught to love one another. were pacifists but recognized need for self defense
rig veda
earliest hindu books are the vedas. best known. stories of gods and goddesses
roshi
zen master
lau tzu
founder of taoism. title means old master or old boy
the bo tree
recieves his enlightenment under the bo tree
ramakrishna
was philosophically a follower of non dualistic vedanta. convinced that truth was essentially one
tao
literally the way of the way of nature
nanak
founder of sikhism
lakshmi
goddess of preservation
the 4 noble truths
dukkha:suffering everywhere. its universal and always present. tanha:desire. way to get rid of suffering=get rid of tanha. the middle path is the way to accomplish everything
bushido
code of samurai
samsara
basic principle of what goes around comes around.
sat chit ananda
different characteristics of the state of brahman. SAT=ultimate being CHIT=ultimate awareness ananda=ultimate happiness you can experience
mencius
opposed war. believed that people had the right to revolt against an oppresive government. sharpened the focus of Confucius teachings
samadhi
when you go to maya to brahman you experience samadhi (or union)
raja yoga
8 steps one must take to achieve trance or superconcious level
shang ti
supreme god recognized by the chou dynasty or ancient china
zen
means meditation
tat twan asi
that is you--you are what you see

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