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aaptis 491

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RENAISSANCE
14TH - 16TH CENTURY
DESCRIBE THE RENAISSANCE
(rebirth of what kind of literature?)
-Follows the Christian Middle ages
-"Rebirth of classical Greek and Latin Literature
-Beginning of vernacular literatures in Europe.
-Arab scientific discoveries become known.
_first European Universities are found



RENAISSANCE: FAMOUS ITALIAN WRITERS
-Dante (1265-1321)
-Petrarch
-Boccaccio
-Machiavelli




RENAISSANCE: FAMOUS DUTCH WRITERS (AMSTERDAM DOESN'T COUNT DESPITE ALL HIS BEST POETIC INCLINATIONS).
ERASMUS
RENAISSANCE: FRENCH WRITERS
14th-16th century. MONTAIGNE, RABELAIS.



renaissance--english writers
shakespeare (1564-1616), Thomas More
DANTE: INFERNO (DIVINA COMMEDIA)
What's it classified as?
It's an epic poem, written in the vernacular, in exile.

INFERNO: it's a journey to...
DIVINE LOVE.
INFERNO
what ha''ens as he's punished in the inferno?
goes through the rejection of sin.
DANTE--Commedia=
spiritual journey with a happy end; pilgrimmage, quest for truth.
DANTE--INFERNO
journey to the underworld--theme in Greek and Roman lit
VIRGIL .. YEARS?
70-19 BCE

Who was Virgil? when was he respected/what was he respected as?
classical roman poet.
-respected in the MIddle Ages as a prophet of Christianity
VIRGIL guides...
Dante!
VIRGIL: Consequence of Aeneas' journey from Troy = ...
Roman Empire
NINE CIRCLES OF HELL
limbo
lust
gluttony
avarice/greed
wrath and sloth
heresy
violence
fraud
treason







MUSLIMS WHO ARE HONORED IN LIMBO
1. SALADIN
-What century did he rule and what nations did he rule?
2. What religion was he?
3. What was his lifespan
4. What was he?




-12th century ruler of SYRIA AND EGYPT.
-Kurdish Muslim
-Well respected by Christians
-1137-1193
-He was a Muslim Warrior and Sultan



MUSLIMS HONORED IN LIMBO

2. IBN SINA
-What nationality?
-He was a ...
-He was an Avicienna founder of...




Lifespan: 980-1037

-Persian.
-Physician, astronomer, and philosopher.
-Avicienna founder of early modern medicine



MUSLIMS HONORED IN LIMBO
3. AVERROES (Ibn Rushid)
" . . . . "
-what century?
where was he born/where did he die?
-nationality?
-what were his major accomplishments?
-What'd he do with aristotles?






-"Who made the commentary."
-12th Century
-BORN: Cordoba, died Marocco.
-Arab-andalusian.
-precursor to modern secualarism; reconciles REASON WITH FAITH. translated aristotles into Lation who had been forgotten in the Western World; commentary refers to his commentary of Aristotles.



IBN RUSHD
lifespan?
What was he known in the West as?
What was he important for?
How did Raphael portray Ibn Rushd?



(1126-98)
-Averroes
-Medieval comentator on the works of Aristotle.
-Harmonized Aristotelian philosophy with teachings of the QUran.
-In a green robe and a white turban, standing behind Aristotle in "The School of Athens."





Dante's Inferno
Vestibule:
The Indifferent
1st Circle
Limbo
2nd Circle
The Lustful
3rd Circle
The Gluttonous
4th Circle
The Avaricious and Prodigal
5th Circle:
The Wrathful
6th Circle
Heretics
7th circle (3 rings)
1st ring: Against our neighbor
2nd ring: against ourself
3rd ring: against God

PUNISHMENT
How does punishment fit the sin:

Punishment is a direct consequence of sinful actions.
-Punishment reflects the psychological aspect of the sin.





-juridicial construction
-vision of Satan at the end
-the lustful are whirled forever in a stormy wind; gluttons are drowning ni mud and slime; schismatics are torn into two
-Virgil: Describes in Aeneid the punishment of King Sisyphus in the underworld
-punishment is a direct consequence of sinful actions
-punishment reflects the psychological apsect of the sin.




7TH CENTURY
Where did Islam spread through?
Through the Mediterranean to India
When do Muslim armies conquer Spain?
8th Century: 711.

Along with parts of southern France and Southern Italy (but the Muslims were driven out from Sicily in the 11th Century.)

When are the crusades launched/ The attempt to drive out Islam out of the Holy land?
11th Century.
When did the Seljuk Turks rise to power and what terriroty did they conquer?

TOTES THANKS TO ATILLA MY FAVORITE SELJUK TURK!!!!!

11th Century. Conquered the Byzantine Territory.
When do Christian armies from the West begin driving Muslims back?
12th century
When was the rise of the Ottoman Empire?
1299
When was the Beginning of the Renaissance?
14th Century
When did the Ottoman Turks expand their Islamic empire? Where did they expand it to?
15th Century. Modern Balkan states in Southeastern Europe (Bosnia, Albania, many conversions to Islam. Forces occupy the Balkan Peninsula).
When did the Ottomans conquer Constantinople, leading to the end of the Byzantine Empire?
1453
When was the Spanish Inquisition?
-What was the Spanish Inquisition?
1492
-Campaign to drive Muslims and jews out of western Europe.
-Muslims to flee to NOrth Africa, few Muslims remain in Western Europe.



When was the First Ottoman Siege of Vienna?
1529
When were the Ottomans defeated at the gates of Vienna?
1683
-SHAKESPEARE
Lifespan?
1564-1616
SHAKESPEARE
-what do his works draw on and what did he bring to the English Theory?
English dramatist and Poet.
-draw on Roman comedy, ancient history, classical mythology.
-brought the Renaissance to English theater

OTHELLO
-what year was it written?
1604
OTHELLO
When was it set?
1573, tragedy set in Venice and Cyrprus before the Ottoman conquest of Crpus in 1573
OTHELLO
major themes?
jealousy, trust, deception, loyalty.

-Oppositions of order and chaos, good and evil, men and women, spirituality and animality, black and white.

-Motif of "turning turk"
-Image of the Moor as the "Other Within."




THE MOORS:
What were they the inhabitants of?
-Muslim inhabitants of Islamic Spain, or al-andalus.
THE MOOR: what did it indicate?
dark-skinned North Afracans of Arab and/or Berber origin...responsible for the invasion of Spain in 711 c.e. and the establishment of its flourishing Islamic culture which lasted from the eigth through the fifteenth centuries.
=MOORS were a native of WHERE?
Mauretania. Corresponding to parts of Morocco and Algeria.
MOORS were of mixed backgrounds of what?
arab, spanish, amazigh (berber) origins.
-Created the arab andalusion civilization and subsequently settled as refugees in North Africa between the 11th and 17th centuries.
-Denotes any Muslim in general.
-the word derives frmo Latin Maurus first used by the romans to denot an inhabitant of the roman province of mauretania


CYPRUS
From 1489 it was under ____ rule
VENETIAN
CYPRUS:
When did the Ottoman-Venetian War Take place?
1570-1573
Cyprus becomes an ottoman province in 1573
Alf Layla wa-Layla
The Arabian Nights/The thousand and one nights




-classic of Arabic literature
-arabic original was a middlebrow work, normally transmitted orally by profesioanl sotrytellers. in a relatively accessible form of the language.
-Origins of the Nights is pre-Islamic
-


arabian nights: Major additions at the time of the ABBASIDS...when were the abbasids?
750-1250 CE
aribian nights: last additions in the time of the Mamluks, which was...
1250-1500 CE
1001 Nights

-Antoine Galland's Les Mille et une Nuite appears in...

1704
1001 Joseph von Hammer PUrgstall's German translation was...
early 19th century
1001 Nights;
Hussain Haddawy
translated Muhsin Mahdi's collection into english (1990)

MARC CHAGALL
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV
JOHN BARTH
EDGAR ALLAN POE


1887-1985
1844-1908
B 1930
1809-1849


EDWARD LANE, 1001 Nights



studied arabic
-lived in cairo
-interested in manners, customs, and religious practices
-sister sophia lane wrote an englishwoman in egypt, published in the 1840s.


RICHARD BURTON
1821-1890
RICHARD BURTON
-how many years did he study how many languages
-what army was he in?
-where was he a consul?




-entered the indian army
-7 years studying 11 languages
wrote translated editred more than 35 books

1001 Nights is a frame story of...

name some major themes?

sex and betrayal

-danger; murder; tales of sex, love and treachery supernatural beings

-adventure, chance, dramatic twists, disguises and rediscoveries

-sexually explicit broad range of sexuality, orgies, lust, heterosexual and homosexual relations





HARUN AL-RASHID
he was the ___ son of the ___ abbasid caliph

-what was his title?

-what was he a patron of?




5th son of third abbasid caliph

-Granted the title Al Rasihid (the just or rightly guided ) in 782

-patron of science and the arts
-translation of Greek and other texts into Arabic.




Syrian Manuscript of Arabian Nights
-folk tales, fables, fairy tales, historical anecdotes
-Pre-Islamic stories assimilated under hegemony
-varied versions of the frame story of betrayal and forgiveness (prefiguring the final act of forgiving)
-prose narrative, interspersed with verse




What were the pioneer nations in the orient and in oriental studies?
britain and france
what was the time span of the british/french odominated orient and orientalism?
beginning of 19th century - ww2
Two most renowned german works of the orient...
Goethe's Westostilicher Diwan and Friedrich Scheglel's Uber die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier ...based respectively on a Rhine journey and on hours spent in Paris libraries.

Since WW2 who dominated the orient, and what does it entail?
ameria, and far east (china and japan)

Deck Info

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