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Unit 3: Greek Civilization- Section 2: City-states and the Persian Wars

Terms

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Location of Sparta
South central part of the peloponnesus
Strongest Military power in Greece
Sparta
men over sixty advising ephors
Council of Elders
rich noble-small minority who kept the lower classes down by force
Aristocrat
passed laws and decided questions of war and peace- people over 20 years old
Assembly
Spartan Leadership
First ruled by a king then aristocrats
Manage the city-chosen by the Assembly
Ephor
enslaved people in Sparta who were farmers and gave half their earnings to the aritocrats
Helots
Spartan merchants&artisans who were neither citizens nor slaves
Perioeci
-attended military camps at age 7
-were examined often to make sure they weren't overweight or unfit
Spartan boys
Located northeast of Sparta on the Agean Coast
Athens
-enjoyed sports
-had rights to visit other women
-could associate with men in public
-didn't require a charperone
Spartan Women
1st person to attempt to reform Athenian government, but he failed because his punishments were too harsh
Draco
-had to marry at the age of 20 and retire at 60
-couldn't own a house;had to live in barracks
Spartan Men
rich merchant chosen in 594b.c to reform the government
Solon
blueprint for the government
constitution
he divided up large estates, made a person not have to own land to be a citizen, encouraged the arts
Peisistratus
government rule by a chosen few
oligarchy
city-state government that was first ruled by kings, then an oligarchy, later a democratic constitution
Athenian Government
led Athens to drive the spartans out of the city in 508b.c
Clesithenes
favoring the equality of all citizens
democratic
judges
magistrates
1/10 generals is called the ...........
commander in cheif
made laws concerning daily business of Athens
Council of 500
couldn't serve more than 2 terms
lot
learned writing, reading, mathematics, poetry, art, philosophy and played sports
Athenian Boys
required citizens to educate their sons so they hired private tutors
Cleisthenes
only males born in Greece over 18 years old
citizenship

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