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Social Ethics one


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a. Derived from the Latin, “ius” meaning “law”, it is both a process and a goal that all people should posses what is their due
The act by which God began all that exists outside of himself
Original Sin
The decision made by the first humans to disobey GOd
An offense which injures solidarity with others; a violation of relationships
A binding agreement made between two parties
Departure of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery under the leadership of Moses, who was led by God
One who has a close relationship with God and communicates a divinely inspired message
The union of divinity with humanity in Jesus; God, remaining God and also becoming human, in Jesus Christ
Name that means “God Saves”; Jesus of Nazareth is the Savior God sent to redeem people from sin and eternal death.
The Anointed One, the Christ. As Messiah, Jesus restored all people to communion and friendship with God through his life, death, and Resurrection
Kingdom of God
God’s reign of justice, love, and peace
a. Jesus’ eight teachings about the meaning of and path to true happiness, teachings which depict the attitudes and actions that followers of Christ should have and the way to live in God’s kingdom today. They describe the way to attain the eternal holiness or blessedness to which God calls all people.
A Jewish feast celebrated fifty days after Passover. The Holy Spirit came to Mary and the Apostles on Pentecost, fifty days after the Resurrection of Jesus. Christians celebrate this day as the birthday of the Church
The assembly of the faithful-those “whom God’s Word… gathers together to form the People of God, and who themselves, nourished with the Body of Christ, become the Body of Christ
The established social order, often contrasted with other groups considered to be uncivilized
a. The geo-political area of the Roman Empire in which Christianity prevailed and in which Church and State were one.
a. Promoting your own country’s interests over that of others. Refusal to recognize or try to change the flaws of one’s own country
a. The political and economic system by which one country controls and exploits another, holding it in a subservient role
middle class
a. People of moderate income in a society
Catholic school teaching
a. The body of official Church documents written by Church leaders in response to various social, political, and economic issues
a. Government ownership and administration of the production and distribution of goods
a. Individual Ownership and administration of the production and distribution of goods
Rerum Novarum
a. The first official Church teaching that sought to rectify social problems in the modern era by critiquing BOTH capitalism and socialism
a. An official letter to the whole church written by the pope
a. Freedom; release from captivity
i. The respect owed to all humans because they are made in God’s image
Basic Rights
i. Rights that all people possess because of their very nature as humans; inalienable rights
c. Subsidiary
i. Helping them help themselves
common good
i. Society should be organized so that both invidividuals and the entire community thrive equally.
i. Those who take on the responsibility of caring for the earth and creation
i. That quality of justice that breaks down barriers between people. A spirit of unity and mutual concern.
ii. A spirit of unity and mutual concern; the quality of justice that breaks down barriers between people
i. A way of being and acting that emphasizes personal independence and the rights of individuals over the concern for the community
moral individulism
i. The ultimate ethical rule is simply that one should be able to pursue whatever (s)he finds rewarding, constrained only by the requirement that (s)he not interfere with the ‘value system’ of others.
i. Reliant on one another for survival and well-being
i. The distorted desire to possess things out of proportion to our needs or normal wants.
Throw away society
i. A social group in which it is acceptable to squander usable materials and products
Commmunities of resistence
i. Groups that take a unified stand against an area of injustice
Social sin
i. Results from individual sin. The violation of relationships caused by social institutions and social situations. For example, the greed or racial prejudice within social policies that perpetuate sinful inequalities.
ii. The social dimension of sin, both in its causes and in its effects
Social structures
i. The commonly accepted ways of doing things that characterize social relationships. A complex of written and unwritten policies, practices & rules.
graced social structures
i. Policies, practices…’rules’ of society that encourage and strengthen life, dignity and the development of community.
ii. Structures of society that encourage and strengthen life, dignity, and the development of community
sinful aocial structures
i. Structures of society that discourage and weaken life, dignity, and the development of community
social action
i. Steps taken to change society’s structures
multi-national inspiration
i. A business that operates in more than one country
crisis of limits
i. The finite and irreplaceable nature of essential resources, such as oil and rainforests.
i. The belief that the world is out of the control of humans and in the hand of blind fate
i. the theological virtue by which we desire and expect from God eternal life, and the grace necessary to attain it. Hope envisions a better world and affirms that, with God’s help, a better world is possible
personal causes
i. individual actions that lead to problems or good results
underlying causes
i. ways society is structured that affect people
works of mercy
i. charitable actions by which we come to the aid of our neighbor in physical and spiritual ways
long term solutions
i. answers which provide ongoing resolutions to problems
life choices
i. decisions about living made by an individual or group

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