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scrambled

Terms

undefined, object
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obese
excessively fat; N. obesity
flora
plants of a region or era
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
virtue
goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity
pr\'ecis
abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
stereotype
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
inequity
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
deluge
flood; rush; V.
straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
reciprocal
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
edifice
building (of imposing size)
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
succumb
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness
prototype
original work used as a model by others
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
scenario
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
tempestuous
stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
valid
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
bitter
having a sharp biting taste; ¾´; causing sharp pain to the body or mind; filled with resentment, disappointment, or other unpleasant feelings; Ex. bitter wind/sorrow/tears
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
talon
claw of bird
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
craven
cowardly
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
repast
meal; feast; banquet
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
vestige
trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion
lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
ameliorate
improve
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
augment
increase; add to
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
filch
steal (things of small value)
projectile
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
peregrination
journey; V. peregrinate
temporal
of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly
impassable
not able to be traveled or crossed
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
indict
charge; N. indictment
oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
weary
tired after long work; V.
vulture
carrion-eating birds
procrastinate
postpone; delay or put off
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
transient
staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient
terminology
terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
commodious
spacious and comfortable
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
pendant(pendent)
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
volatile
changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
placid
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
venture
risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
malady
illness
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
viable
capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
opportune
timely; well-chosen
quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip
monetary
pertaining to money
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
vent
small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.
habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
advert
refer
tribunal
court of justice
spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
uninhibited
unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
choice
delicate; of very fine quality
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
zealot
one who is zealous; fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
agenda
items of business at a meeting
legato
(of music) played smoothly
veracity
truthfulness; adherence to the truth
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
scrappy
quarrelsome
stellar
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
benison
blessing
slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
temporize
gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself
multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
alleviate
relieve (pain)
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
vintner
wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
hermitage
home of a hermit
daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ
adherent
supporter; follower
withstand
stand up against; resist successfully
puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
replicate
reproduce; duplicate
memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
emasculate
weaken; castrate
speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
traverse
go through or across
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
reprisal
retaliation
narrative
related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
prologue
introduction (to a poem or play)
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
accelerate
move faster
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
deplete
reduce; exhaust
incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
skeptic
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
abjure
renounce upon oath
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
throes
violent anguish
embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
prognosis
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
stealth
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
belated
delayed
legacy
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
promiscuous
mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
alms
money or goods given to the poor
waft
move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; Ex. leaves wafting past the window
ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
gist
essence; main point; substance
progeny
children; offspring; descendants
torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
potent
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
apparent
evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
converse
opposite; ADJ.
militant
combative; bellicose; N.
ultimate
final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.
tyranny
oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress
pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
rebate
return of part of a payment; discount; V.
kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
uproarious
marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny
uniformity
sameness; monotony; ADJ. uniform: the same all over
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
vise
vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
testator
maker of a will; CF. testatrix
mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
floe
flat mass of floating ice
mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
affiliation
joining; associating with
lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
remediable
reparable
ostensible
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
pedestrian
ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
tract
propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract
spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
conflagration
great fire
mingle
mix together in close association
jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
reconcile
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
buccaneer
pirate
empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
precipitate
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
superimpose
place over something else
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
impenitent
not repentant
swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
pitfall
hidden danger; concealed trap
amnesia
loss of memory
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
lush
(of a plant or grass) growing very well
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
unexceptionable
entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
cistern
reservoir or water tank
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
quiver
tremble; shake; N.
pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
precipice
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
wince
move back suddenly; shrink back; flinch; Ex. She winced as she touched the cold body.
warranty
guarantee; assurance by seller
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
veritable
being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary
handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
nimble
quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
conclave
private secret meeting
yen
strong desire; longing; urge; Ex. yen for travel
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
nomenclature
terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
rank
offensive in odor or flavor
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
robust
strong; vigorous
recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
nocturnal
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
typhoon
tropical hurricane or cyclone
rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
urchin
mischievous child (usually a boy); CF. urchin: hedgehog; CF. porcupine: pig with spikes ?; CF. sea urchin
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
infraction
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
unobtrusive
inconspicuous; not blatant
testy
irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness
maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
parable
short simple story teaching a moral
stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
artisan
a manually skilled worker
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
gamut
entire range
epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
decoy
lure or bait; V.
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
simulate
feign; imitate
savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
loft
room or space under the roof; attic
arboreal
of or living in trees
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
prostrate
stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
consummate
complete; V.
quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
leonine
like a lion
unique
without an equal; single in kind
profusion
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
fissure
crevice; crack
pluck
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
nomadic
wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
toxic
poisonous; N. toxicity
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
mauve
pale purple
hapless
unfortunate; luckless
lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
vacuous
empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
tenet
doctrine; dogma
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
sustain
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
slander
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
nostalgia
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
conformist
person who uncritically conforms to the customs of a group; OP. nonconformist: one who does not conform to accepted beliefs of norms
mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
yore
time long past; Ex. in the days of yore
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
secession
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÑ; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
portly
stout; corpulent
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
unseemly
unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
brochure
pamphlet
herd
group of animals; crowd; one who looks after a herd; Ex. shepherd/goatherd; Ex. herd instinct; Ex. herdsman; V: come together in a herd; look after a herd; Ex. herd cattle
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
yield
amount produced; crop; income on investment; profit obtained from an investment; V: produce; give in; surrender
hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
precedent
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
nautical
pertaining to ships or navigation
hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
verbiage
pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness
repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
shrivel
make or become shrunken and wrinkled (often by drying)
qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
perimeter
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
ablution
washing
outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
crevice
crack; fissure
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
clasp
hold firmly within arms
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
Shangri-la
imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
consonance
harmony; agreement
trenchant
cutting; incisive; keen
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
privy
secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
shoot
new growth from a plant
inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
truculence
aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
pseudonym
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
psychosis
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
wizened
shriveled; withered; Ex. wizened apple/old lady
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
facsimile
copy
frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
recession
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
composure
mental calmness
hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
patrimony
property inherited from a father
ethnic
relating to races
putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
prop
support placed under or against something; V.
succor
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
lineage
descent; ancestry
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
soothsayer
one who foretells the future
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
trample
step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wingÀ̳ª building µîÀ» support
shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
vigilante
one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
obliterate
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
tramp
walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
subsidiary
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
summation
act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
proclivity
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
deterrent
something that discourages or deters
diadem
crown
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
distrait
absentminded; distracted
elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
pungent
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
artifice
deception; trickery
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
plausible
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
quack
charlatan; impostor
overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
progenitor
ancestor
subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
salacious
lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
query
inquiry; question; V.
rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
trappings
outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
enact
make (a bill) into law
inception
start; beginning
plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
transpire
(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores
verdant
green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows
brag
boast
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
ruthless
pitiless; merciless; cruel
inamorata
woman whom a man loves
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
chronic
long established as a disease
ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
vantage
position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint
superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
asteroid
small planet
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
venison
meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
braggadocio
boasting
infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
azure
sky blue
upshot
outcome; final result
hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
enjoin
command; order; forbid
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
wrench
twist; pull; strain; Ex. He wrenched the gun out of her hands.
moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
predetermine
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
theoretical
based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
dauntless
bold; fearless
jocund
merry
plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
metropolis
large city
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
cartographer
map-maker
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
trigger
set off; start
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
vagrant
homeless wanderer
propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
rile
irritate; vex; muddy
static
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
inkling
hint; slight indication
pass\'e
old-fashioned; past the prime
prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
unfeigned
genuine; real
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
remittance
remitting of money; amount of money remitted
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
grotto
small cavern
verve
enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
sift
put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
unkempt
disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
attest
testify; bear witness
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
quiver
case for arrows
garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
verisimilitude
appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth
interminable
endless
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
bastard
illegitimate child
unsavory
distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; Ex. unsavory activity/reputation
stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
coax
persuade by flattery
protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
integral
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
meager
scanty; inadequate
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
illicit
illegal
partition
divide into parts
spawn
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
wrath
anger; fury
imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
probity
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
allege
state without proof
resplendent
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
stratum
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
artless
without guile; open and honest
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
hypercritical
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
symmetry
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
whinny
neigh like a horse; CF. neigh: make the sound which horses make
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
emanate
issue forth; come out
practical
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
quay
dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
simile
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
regime
method of system or government
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
insurgent
rebellious; N.
dispirited
lacking in spirit
prank
mischievous trick
predilection
preference; partiality
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
swipe
hit with a sweeping motion; N.
scanty
meager; insufficient
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
nourishment
something that nourishes; food
nefarious
very wicked
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
increment
increase
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
leave-taking
farewell or departure
salvage
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
gruesome
grisly; horrible
statutory
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
remote
distant in manner; aloof
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
vitriolic
causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass
pivotal
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
stoic
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
sect
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
pliant
flexible; easily influenced
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
wade
walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
quip
taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.
palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
sophisticated
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
vulpine
like a fox; crafty
queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
remiss
negligent; careless about a duty
effeminate
having womanly traits
ventral
abdominal
primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
medley
mixture
inerrancy
infallibility
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
mirage
unreal reflection; optical illusion
itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
prattle
talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
coiffure
hairstyle
shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
piety
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
monarchy
government under a single ruler
gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
sibling
brother or sister
recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
compute
reckon; calculate
supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
addiction
compulsive habitual need
obsequy
funeral ceremony
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
apparition
ghost; phantom
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
presume
take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
concise
brief and compact
distend
expand; swell out
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
bestow
confer
sustenance
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
regatta
boat or yacht race
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
sarcasm
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
longevity
long life; long duration
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
limpid
crystal clear
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
translucent
partly transparent
seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
steep
soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous
madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
xenophobia
fear or hatred of foreigners; N. xenophobe
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
congeal
freeze; coagulate
quietude
tranquillity; calmness
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
malign
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
pique
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
thermal
pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air
distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
taut
tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack
pushy
disagreeably aggressive
institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
decapitate
behead
reprehensible
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
abate
subside or moderate
poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
purgatory
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
renown
fame; ADJ. renowned
enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
depredation
plundering; destruction
multiplicity
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
objective
not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim
roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
gruel
thin liquid porridge
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
trek
travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey
unwonted
unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
interstice
narrow space between things
statute
law enacted by the legislature
interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
witticism
witty saying; wisecrack(clever joking remark)
bookish
fond of books and reading
valor
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
wily
crafty; cunning; artful; N. wile: deceitful stratagem
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
pudding
hot sweet dish
roster
list (of names)
nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
detonation
explosion
arraign
charge in court; indict
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
sidereal
relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day
mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
intimidate
frighten; N. intimidation
emancipate
set free; liberate
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
tan
convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun
rabble
mob; noisy crowd
studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
ornate
excessively or elaborately decorated
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
apposite
appropriate; fitting
resilient
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
finite
limited
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
trickster
person who cheats people
weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
treatise
article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
metaphor
implied comparison; CF. simile
ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
pious
devout; religious; N. piety
Elysium
place or condition of bliss
garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
abridge
condense or shorten
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
topple
become unsteady and fall down
phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
winsome
charming (in a childlike way); agreeable; gracious; engaging
punctilious
minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail
fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
unerringly
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
recrimination
countercharges; V. recriminate
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
despise
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
supplant
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
unprepossessing
unattractive
minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
resuscitate
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
girth
distance around something; circumference
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
sentinel
sentry; lookout
piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
redolent
odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
dearth
scarcity
cession
yielding to another; ceding
grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
infamous
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
purport
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
waylay
ambush; lie in wait for and attack
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
laud
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
grievance
cause of complaint; complaint
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
cloister
monastery or convent
odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ÁøÈëÀ» À§¿¡¼ ¹âÀ» ¶§
mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
whet
sharpen; stimulate; Ex. whet someone's appetite
vainglorious
boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity
overbearing
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
tome
large volume; book
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
penitent
repentant; N.
metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
integrity
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
pauper
very poor person
renegade
deserter; traitor; ADJ.
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
swill
drink greedily
unimpeachable
that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
precipitant
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
misconstrue
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
placate
pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
seclusion
isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
gainsay
deny
peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
proponent
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
woeful
sad; (of something bad) deplorable; deplorably bad; Ex. woeful housing conditions
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
verbose
wordy; N. verbosity
d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
unfaltering
steadfast; firm; not changing
physiological
pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
gullible
easily deceived
prophetic
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
pillory
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
betroth
become engaged to marry
pall
become boring; grow tiresome
affluence
abundance; wealth
sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
indigent
poor; destitute
altercation
noisy quarrel
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
wither
(of a plant) dry up from loss of moisture; lose freshness; shrivel; decay
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
palatable
agreeable; pleasing to the taste
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
append
attach
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
serenity
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
vendor
seller
odoriferous
giving off an odor
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
prerogative
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
feign
pretend
prescience
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
epoch
period of time
apiarist
person who keeps bees
tentative
not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply
fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
regal
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
dissident
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
pontifical
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
archipelago
group of closely located islands
simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
repository
storehouse
profound
deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
acetic
vinegary
lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
verbatim
word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly
disinclination
unwillingness
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
paucity
scarcity; dearth
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
cohabit
live together
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
turbid
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
welter
wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood); Ex. The victims weltered in their blood.
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
dignitary
person of high rank or position
appellation
name; title
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
desiccate
dry up
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
sheathe
place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
cessation
stoppage
swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
accomplice
partner in crime
paramour
illicit lover
extol
praise very highly; glorify
exiguous
small in amount; minute
fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
baroque
highly ornate
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
fashion
give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
gratify
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
concatenate
link as in a chain
representational
(of a style of art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
onus
burden; responsibility
understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
ration
fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
subtlety
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
contaminate
pollute
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
unbridled
violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed
malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
vent
release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.
acrophobia
fear of heights
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
rake
immoral or dissolute person
prune
cut away; trim
flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
capacious
spacious
tenuous
thin; slim; rare
demented
insane
laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
scintilla
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
abhor
detest; hate
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
unsightly
ugly; unpleasant to look at
title
name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate
smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
scurry
move hastily; hurry; move briskly
rationalize
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
solitude
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
sanctuary
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
lascivious
lustful
incense
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
injurious
harmful; causing injury
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
upbraid
reprimand; severely scold
correlation
mutual relationship
thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
patois
local or provincial dialect
hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
prestige
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
imply
suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
turncoat
traitor
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
remorse
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
venturesome
(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
inclusive
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
synthetic
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
pillage
plunder
run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
partial
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
practicable
feasible
wanderlust
strong longing to travel
existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
vampire
ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
motto
brief statement used to express a principle
prod
poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
waffle
speak equivocally about an issue; N.
mosaic
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
masticate
chew
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
stringent
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
impair
injure; hurt; damage
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
raffle
lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car
paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
blunder
error; stupid mistake
antique
made in an earlier period and usu. valuable; N: object that was made in an earlier period and that is rare or valuable
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
apprise
inform
disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
scrutinize
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
purported
alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
voodoo
religion practiced chiefly in Haiti
whittle
pare; cut away thin bits (from wood); fashion in this way; reduce gradually; trim
hazardous
dangerous
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
niggardly
meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. *****rd: stingy person
relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
residue
remainder; balance
annul
make void
abrogate
abolish
nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
seine
seine net; net for catching fish
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
traduce
expose to slander
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
gobble
eat very quickly
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
servile
slavish; cringing; N. servility
meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
blandishment
flattery
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
repeal
revoke; annul
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
primate
group of mammals including humans
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
vernacular
living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular
siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
doggerel
poor verse
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
vibrant
full of vigor or energy; vibrating
vivacious
lively or animated; sprightly
exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
ursine
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
zephyr
gentle breeze; west wind
scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
tarantula
venomous spider
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
sedentary
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
philanthropist
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
depict
portray
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
melee
fight
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
vignette
small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
parry
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô
snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
plait
braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail
squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
subjugate
conquer; bring under control
odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
gusty
windy
panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
jumble
mix in a confused way
postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
beeline
direct quick route
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
validate
make valid; confirm; ratify
bilk
swindle; cheat
veracious
(of a person) truthful
outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
sensual
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
propagate
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
unwieldy
awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable
urbane
suave; refined in manner; elegant
retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
receptive
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
oblivious
inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
dissent
disagree
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
unwarranted
unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved
lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
zany
comic; crazy; N: clown; comical person (given to outlandish behavior)
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
waif
homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays
maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
podiatrist
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
subsidy
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
venue
location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come
recapitulate
summarize
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
unfrock
defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
withdrawn
introverted; retiring; remote
spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
courier
messenger
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
monotheism
belief in one God
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
linguistic
pertaining to language
inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
rejuvenate
make young again
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
pedagogue
teacher; CF. child leader
knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
wilt
loose freshness; droop
waggish
humorous; mischievous; tricky
reactionary
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
random
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
welter
confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data
protract
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
takeoff
burlesque; act of leaving the ground
soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
severity
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
subsistence
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
unmitigated
(of something bad) not moderated; unrelieved or immoderate; without qualification; absolute; Ex. unmitigated disaster
bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
renovate
restore to good condition; renew
vigil
keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil
divulge
reveal
idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
wary
very cautious; watchful
suppress
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
reputed
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
offensive
attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
espionage
spying
odds
chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with
lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
reminiscence
recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past
pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
parasite
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
shack
crude cabin
obdurate
stubborn; refusing to change one's belief
universal
characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
rendezvous
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
exertion
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
improvise
compose on the spur of the moment
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
benediction
blessing
libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
analogous
comparable; similar
menace
threat; V: threaten
crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
mollify
soothe an angry person
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
citadel
fortress
puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
purge
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
exult
rejoice
falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
dishearten
discourage
patronize
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
wispy
thin; slight; barely discernible
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
spoonerism
accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner
lexicon
dictionary
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
mentor
counselor; teacher
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
incarnation
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
spatial
relating to space
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
outlandish
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
monochromatic
having only one color
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
pedigree
ancestry; lineage
vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
skirmish
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
ventriloquist
someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy
finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
vitiate
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
delete
erase; strike out
deign
condescend; stoop
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
sluggard
lazy person
parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
supersede
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
cemetery
place for burying the dead
malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
wrest
obtain by pulling violently; pull away; take by violence; Ex. wrest victory from their grasp
redundant
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
deface
mar; disfigure
impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
vituperative
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
weather
pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces
mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
satirical
using satire; mocking
sparse
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
deleterious
harmful
outspoken
candid; blunt
incidental
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
vanguard
forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
propitious
favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
saboteur
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
epic
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
zeal
eager enthusiasm (to a cause or ideal); ADJ. zealous
dappled
spotted
halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
wag
shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
agape
openmouthed
germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
ramify
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
crone
hag; ugly old woman
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
opiate
medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
adjoin
be next to
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
earn
gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
vernal
pertaining to spring
vicar
parish priest; representative
virus
disease communicator
loll
lounge about
hut
crude dwelling; shack
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
nutritious
providing nourishment
guileless
without deceit
rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
vixen
female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew
stratified
divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify
deft
neat; skillful
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
isotope
varying from of an element
muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
protrude
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
meditation
reflection; thought; V. meditate
cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
sporadic
occurring irregularly; intermittent
totter
shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall
dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
ungainly
(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
resolve
determination; resolution; firmness of purpose
aver
state confidently; declare as true
sensuous
giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin
adorn
decorate
manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
taint
contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch
parody
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
personable
attractive (in personality or appearance)
relent
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
impede
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
winnow
sift; separate the chaff from grain by blowing; separate good parts from bad; CF. wind
heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
tightwad
miser; excessively frugal person
libidinous
lustful
preclude
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
religious
of religion; (of a person) pious; having reverence for a deity
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
skinflint
miser; stingy person
slither
slip or slide
laborious
demanding much work or care; tedious
mortician
undertaker; CF. death
presage
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
synthesis
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
seasoned
experienced
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
tessellated
mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern
vie
contend; compete
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
ambulatory
able to walk
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
beseech
beg; plead with
limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
tranquillity
calmness; peace
supercilious
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
truncate
cut the top off; shorten
reverent
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
ligneous
like wood
misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
impromptu
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
anomaly
irregularity
inter
bury; N. interment
provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
maudlin
effusively sentimental
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
insightful
discerning; perceptive
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
abash
embarrass
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
garner
gather; store up; amass
mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
alimentary
supplying nourishment
remunerative
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
subordinate
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
pan
criticize harshly
quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
inverse
opposite
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
maneuver(manoeuver)
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
terse
concise; abrupt; pithy
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
potion
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
reverberate
echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
mural
wall painting
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
verdigris
green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather
florescence
condition or period of flowering
instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
aptitude
fitness; talent
volley
simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.
lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
incumbent
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
congenital
existing at birth
prurient
having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.
sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
nubile
marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
engulf
surround and swallow up
damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
don
put on; OP. doff
prevalent
widespread; generally accepted
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
valedictory
pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)
makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
petty
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
retinue
following; attendants
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
malediction
curse
prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
prim
proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
inanimate
lifeless; not animate
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
resurrect
revive
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
sluggish
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
whelp
young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family); young wolf, dog, tiger, etc.
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
magistrate
official with power to administer the law
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
imminent
impending; near at hand
perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
cogitate
think over; ponder
modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
inextricable
from which it is impossible to get free; that cannot be untied; Ex. inextricable troubles; Ex. inextricable two histories
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
propensity
natural inclination
guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
abysmal
bottomless
concordat
formal agreement
pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
credence
belief
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
woe
great sorrow; deep inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; Ex. financial woes
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
canine
related to dogs; doglike
nonentity
person of no importance; nonexistence
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
aegis
shield; protection; defense
nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
wreak
inflict; Ex. wreak one's vengeance on
hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
polity
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
vertex
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
mischance
ill luck
clientele
body of customers
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
reserve
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
disparage
belittle
humility
humbleness of spirit
versatile
having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility
genre
particular variety of art or literature
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
harbor
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
bicker
quarrel
parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
incarcerate
imprison
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
obeisance
bow (to show respect and obedience)
plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
multiform
having many forms
optional
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
d\'ebris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
supplicate
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
judiciary
judicial branch of government
pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
senility
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
cache
hiding place; V.
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
mercenary
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
harass
annoy by repeated attacks
confound
confuse; puzzle
unintimating
unfrightening
rampant
growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed
warble
(of a bird) sing; babble; N.
trident
three-pronged spear
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
squander
waste; spend foolishly
studious
given to diligent study
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
veto
vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto
expedite
hasten; make go faster
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
recurrent
occurring again and again
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
clique
small exclusive group of people
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
preeminent
outstanding; superior
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
animated
lively; spirited
murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
withhold
refuse to give; hold back; Ex. withholding tax
tertiary
third in order or rank
concentric
having a common center
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
usage
act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
boor
rude, insensitive person
overt
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
thrall
slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall
dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
plumage
feathers of a bird;
exacting
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
tyro
beginner; novice
overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
credo
creed
malodorous
foul-smelling
tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
inept
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
travesty
copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
obfuscate
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
noose
loop formed in a rope
loiter
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
torrent
rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
entity
real being
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
impecunious
without money
tryst
meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet
pinnace
small boat
detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
adage
wise saying; proverb
monograph
scholarly article
vaporize
turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
alchemy
medieval chemistry
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
prominent
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
rooster
cock; adult male chicken
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
philology
study of language or words
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
niggle
spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
tangible
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
ovation
enthusiastic applause
mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
braggart
boaster; bragger
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
collage
work of art put together from fragments
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
unaccountable
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
comestible
something fit to be eaten
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
migratory
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
scraps
leftover food
quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
evenhanded
impartial; fair
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
omnivorous
eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
unanimity
complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
subdue
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
scaffold
temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution
interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
unfetter
liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter
mandatory
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
obstreperous
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
humanitarian
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
vagrant
wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy
irrefutable
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
implore
beg
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
voluminous
having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
tenacity
firmness; persistence
mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
lope
gallop slowly
quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
notoriety
disrepute; ill fame
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
breadth
width; extent
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
prefatory
introductory; of a preface
hoary
white with age
omniscient
all-knowing
skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
execrable
very bad; detestable
indigence
poverty
stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
unassailable
not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question
tremulous
trembling; wavering
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
vindictive
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
subsequent
following in time or order; later
rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
cadet
student at a military school
sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
replenish
fill up again
downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
brawl
noisy quarrel
brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
variegate
change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
referendum
direct vote by all the people
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
unguent
ointment
taciturn
habitually silent; talking little
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
unilateral
one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; Ex. unilateral declaration
luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
hysteria
excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
unrequited
not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love
celestial
heavenly
olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
nauseate
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
insubstantial
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
refulgent
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
wake
trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
terminus
last stop of railroad; end
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
tremor
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
mass
Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist
bearing
deportment; connection
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
millennium
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
usurp
seize another's power or rank (without legal authority); supplant; appropriate; N. usurpation; CF. take for one's own use
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
stipend
pay for services
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
prot\'eg\'e
person receiving protection and support from a patron
dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
titanic
gigantic; N. titan
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
lateral
of or coming from the side
snuffle
sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)
incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
pessimism
belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
curtail
shorten; reduce
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
matrimony
state of being married
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
viscid
adhesive; gluey
witless
lacking intelligence or wit; foolish; idiotic
droll
queer and amusing
uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
premonitory
serving to warn
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
odorous
having an odor
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
supernumerary
person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number
pittance
small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
marital
pertaining to marriage
fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
interloper
intruder; one who interferes
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
accost
approach and speak first to a person
libido
psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
trajectory
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
rigor
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
wheedle
deceive, persuade, or obtain by flattery; cajole; coax; Ex. wheedle a promise out of her
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
sumptuous
grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast
slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
quagmire
bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
sobriety
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
profane
violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things
infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
sleight
dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks
suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
graduated
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
respiration
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
contusion
bruise
torrid
(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
wastrel
waster; profligate
impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
pine
long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline
buffoonery
clowning
impious
irreverent
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
lethal
deadly
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
retaliate
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
enumerate
list; mention one by one
pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
abeyance
suspended action
baffle
frustrate; perplex
trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
imperil
put in danger
suspend
cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
dys-
abnormal; impaired
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
bacchanalian
drunken
atypical
not normal; not typical
blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
chuckle
laugh quietly
hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
denigrate
blacken; defame
sprightly
lively
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
rejoinder
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
annuity
yearly allowance
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible
treasure
keep as precious; cherish
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
imbibe
drink in
regicide
murder of a king or queen
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
rally
come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering
pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
thespian
pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress
sublime
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
aversion
firm dislike
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
navigable
(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered
poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
natation
swimming
temerity
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
toga
Roman outer robe
appall
dismay; shock deeply
grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
somnolent
half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
recline
lie down
sleazy
shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric
stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
pediatrician
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
rotund
(of a person) fat and round
capsize
(of a boat) turn over
belligerent
quarrelsome
ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
implication
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
reprimand
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
prevail
be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
vegetate
live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan
celerity
speed; rapidity
gnarled
twisted
chicanery
trickery; deception
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
wangle
achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.
animosity
active enmity
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
vulnerable
susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability
concord
harmony; accord
puissant
powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
jaded
tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
subjective
influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence
moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
osseous
made of bone; bony
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
repercussion
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
invincible
unconquerable
transcribe
copy; write a copy of; N. transcription
voracious
ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
visage
face; appearance
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
paraphrase
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
tactile
pertaining to the organs or sense of touch
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
abscond
depart secretly and hide
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
repress
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
disgruntle
make discontented
modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
rampart
defensive mound of earth
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
philanderer
faithless lover; flirt
lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
vacillate
waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation
allegiance
loyalty
heckler
person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
paradigm
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
entomology
study of insects
sardonic
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
sully
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
stagnant
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
tether
tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether
incriminate
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
reprieve
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
gaffe
social blunder
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
hostage
person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands
recipient
receiver
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
pinnacle
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
vying
contending; CF. vie
iota
very small quantity
occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
demeanor
behavior; bearing
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
adamant
hard; inflexible
cohesion
tendency to keep together
doff
take off; OP. don
worldly
engrossed in matters of this earth; not spiritual; of the material world
jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
complementary
serving to complete something
hazy
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
lien
legal claim or right on a property
curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
frail
weak; N. frailty
adore
love deeply and respect highly
tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
obsidian
black volcanic rock
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
executioner
person administering capital punishment
quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
visceral
felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
fallible
liable to err
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
usury
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
encircle
surround
provocative
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
awful
terrible; very bad
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
vigor
active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous
trivia
trifles; unimportant matters
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
shrewd
clever; astute
infinitesimal
very small
lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
tundra
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
schematic
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
unscathed
unharmed; Ex. escape the accident unscathed
substantial
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
start
move suddenly or involuntarily; Ex. start at the sight of a snake
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
astral
relating to the stars
illimitable
infinite; limitless
hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
adept
expert at; very skilled
saturate
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
viscous
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
abominate
loathe; hate
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
mimicry
imitation
fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
empirical
based on experience
unison
unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; Ex. The choir sang in unison.
perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
inroad
hostile invasion; advance that lessens the quantity or difficulty of something; Ex. The long illness made serious inroads on his savings; CF. raid
tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
trepidation
fear; nervous apprehension
mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
wrangle
quarrel noisily; obtain through arguing; herd cattle; N.
plutocracy
society ruled by the wealthy
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
platonic
purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
nugatory
worthless; futile
preamble
introductory statement
hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
circuitous
roundabout
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
saline
salty
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
hereafter
life after death
propulsive
driving forward; N. propulsion
humid
damp; N. humidity
viand
food; CF. live
hieroglyphic
picture writing; ADJ.
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
verge
border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on
heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
promontory
headland
invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
repertoire
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
genesis
beginning; origin
psychiatrist
doctor who treats mental diseases
reparable
capable of being repaired
pachyderm
thick-skinned animal
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
callus
area of thick hard skin
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
deranged
insane
jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
absolve
pardon (an offense)
precedent
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
underlying
lying below; fundamental
pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
quicksilver
mercury
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
psyche
soul; mind
mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
righteous
morally upright; just
glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
Occident
the West
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
allure
entice; attract; tempt
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
biennial
every two years
ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
tanner
person who turns animal hides into leather
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
yeoman
man or farmer owning small estate; middle-class farmer
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
imprecation
curse; swearword
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
teetotalism
practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total
motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
abode
dwelling place; home
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
novice
beginner
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
simplistic
oversimplified
discombobulated
discomposed; confused
harbinger
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
reimburse
repay; pay back
elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
thrive
prosper; flourish
phobia
morbid fear
sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
ventilate
admit fresh air into to replace stale air
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
forward
presumptuous or bold
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
terrestrial
on or relating to the earth
solvent
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
initiate
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
wistful
sadly thoughtful (because of desires or memories); sadly pensive; vaguely longing
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
wizardry
sorcery; magic
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
vital
full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize
sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
pare
cut away the outer covering or skin of (with a knife); trim; Ex. pare apples/expenses
incentive
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
theocracy
government run by religious leaders
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
engross
occupy fully; absorb
interpolate
insert between
warrant
justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
synoptic
providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
censorious
severely critical
slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
accord
agreement
ubiquitous
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
thrifty
careful about money; economical; N. thrift
nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
immutable
unchangeable
repartee
quick clever reply
piecemeal
one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
proletarian
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
remonstrate
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
copious
plentiful
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
prolong
lengthen; extend; draw out
legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
comprise
include; consist of
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
reprove
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
talisman
charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer
lunar
pertaining to the moon
potential
expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
coroner
public official who investigates any death thought to be of other than natural causes
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
relevant
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
ewe
female sheep
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
wisp
small bunch (of hair); faint streak (of smoke)
riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
slake
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
sound
in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
syllogism
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
wiggle
wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
synchronous
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
nexus
connection
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
culprit
one guilty of a crime
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
spectral
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
d\'eb\^acle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
jaunt
trip; short journey
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
nettle
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
sanguine
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
thwart
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
transport
strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture
duration
length of time something lasts
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
paraphernalia
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
uncanny
strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
decelerate
slow down
impudence
impertinence; insolence
loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
posture
assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
expound
explain
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
import
significance; importance; meaning
tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
postmortem
autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
prosper
become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
boorish
rude; insensitive
swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
suitor
man who is courting a woman
warranted
justified; authorized
proximity
nearness; ADJ. proximate
flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
filing
particle removed by a file
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine; ä¼®Àå
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
mirth
merriment; laughter
putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
hale
healthy
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
innate
inborn
favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
proviso
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
unearth
dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal
eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
endue
provide with some quality; endow
forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
trite
hackneyed; commonplace
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
allay
calm; pacify
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
misgivings
doubts
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
stem_from
arise from; originate from
largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
narcissist
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
prong
pointed projecting part
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
quaint
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
nib
beak(bill); pen point
prognosticate
predict (according to present indications)
unprecedented
having no previous example; novel; unparalleled
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
vouch
give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher
virile
manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
precipitous
steep; overhasty; precipitate
low
moo; make the sound of a cow
esteem
respect; value; judge; N.
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
scholarly
full of learning; erudite; like a scholar; Ex. scholarly journal
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
overthrow
topple; N.
surreptitious
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
whorl
ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement; Ex. whorls on the fingers
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
euthanasia
mercy killing
surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
humdrum
dull; monotonous
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
orator
public speaker
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
listless
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
surmise
guess; N.
poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
misogamy
hatred of marriage
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
delude
deceive
supine
lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision
surpass
exceed
protagonist
leader or noticeable supporter of an idea; chief character in a play or story
parallelism
state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
refraction
bending of a ray of light
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
reputable
respectable; having a good reputation
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
windfall
fallen fruit; unexpected lucky event
helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
perforate
pierce; put a hole through
mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
predator
predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
undermine
weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath
retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
tedium
boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious
grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
ponderous
having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
lax
careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
impartial
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
obelisk
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
undulating
moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
impeccable
faultless
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
quadruped
four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped
languish
lose animation or strength
domineer
rule over tyrannically
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
transparent
permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie
outwit
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
perpetuate
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
generate
cause; produce; create
somnambulist
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
pantomime
acting without dialogue; V.
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
nuance
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
propellant(propellent)
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
subaltern
subordinate
rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
vitreous
of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify
utopia
ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian
schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
idiosyncrasy
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
convex
curving outward
finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
virtuoso
highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
writ
written command issued by a court (telling someone to do or not to do something)
shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
ensue
follow (as a result)
prepossessing
attractive; CF. preoccupying ?
phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
hatch
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
finale
conclusion; concluding part
outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
suppliant
entreating; beseeching; N.
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
untoward
unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter
mash
crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
falsify
make (something written) false by changing
truism
self-evident truth
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
rou\'e
lecherous man
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
tempo
speed of music
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
collation
a light meal; collating
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) wit