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barrons wordlist P


undefined, object
copy deck
n pedestrian
ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
lengthen; extend; draw out
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
n parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
n provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
n pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
n privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
corruption; turning from right to wrong
s provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
s pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
s putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
flexible; easily influenced
original work used as a model by others
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
n postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
soul; mind
n parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
s prosper
become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
s metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
n prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
s ward
administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
n protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
s bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
former occupant of a post
n pan
criticize harshly
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
n prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
n propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
s tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
s parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
n profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
n percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
pedestal; raised platform
n pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
n phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
s damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
n posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
predict (according to present indications)
n palatable
agreeable; pleasing to the taste
s feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
s suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
n pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
s defalcate
belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
faithless lover; flirt
s infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
n peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
n piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
n palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
s usage
act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used
n polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
n precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
n pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
pertaining to money
s camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
n philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
s plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
advanced in development; N. precocity
n paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
driving forward; N. propulsion
n patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
s forward
presumptuous or bold
n prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
n plumb
exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
n plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
outstanding; superior
s meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
n puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
s varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
n pr\'ecis
abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
n provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
n palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
s parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
s brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
n plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
s pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
journey; V. peregrinate
n plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
s takeoff
burlesque; act of leaving the ground
n pine
long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline
n periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
n pharisaical
pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
n prurient
having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
n prevail
be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
n penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
n pontifical
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
n pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
s bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
n prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
n pass\'e
old-fashioned; past the prime
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
n puissant
powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
n pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
s prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
s horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
s mash
crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
n palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
s providence
quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
s soothsayer
one who foretells the future
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
n propitious
favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
n poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
n pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
n peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
s pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
n proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
pierce; put a hole through
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
n prattle
talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
s rooster
cock; adult male chicken
s bookish
fond of books and reading
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
n prod
poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
s postmortem
autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
n perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
n partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
n pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
s marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
n patois
local or provincial dialect
n physiological
pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
n petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
s wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
n predispose
give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
s sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
n perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
n proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
n parameter
limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
n peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
having no equal; incomparable
devout; religious; N. piety
s phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
n pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
n pluck
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
n prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
s plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
n plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
s stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
s putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
s precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
n pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
divide into parts
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
n potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
n peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
tentative; temporary
n potentate
monarch; sovereign
person receiving protection and support from a patron
s doom
condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
n pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
n purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
n putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
n pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
n prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
s commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
s mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
n protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
cautious; careful; prudential
n phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
s polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
s rabble
mob; noisy crowd
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
s outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
n plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
s commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
steep; overhasty; precipitate
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
n preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
n piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
n plumage
feathers of a bird;
n panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
s pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
s swipe
hit with a sweeping motion; N.
repentant; N.
morbid fear
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
s pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
n purchase
secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
n parable
short simple story teaching a moral
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
n perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
n perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
n polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
doctor who treats mental diseases
n paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
s prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
n poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
very poor person
n peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
s outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
n plasticity
ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
illicit lover
person with an insane desire to set things on fire
n pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
n patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
n personable
attractive (in personality or appearance)
n pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
n petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
widespread; generally accepted
n punitive
punishing; Ex. punitive measures
full of pores; like a sieve
s outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
n pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
crush or grind into very small particles
n peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
s suspend
cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
n prim
proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
s idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
s referendum
direct vote by all the people
n penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
acting without dialogue; V.
n pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
s polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
n plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
n piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
n preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
s studious
given to diligent study
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
s presume
take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
n posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
natural inclination
n pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
n parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
n puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
teaching; art of education
introduction (to a poem or play)
n pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
n potable
suitable for drinking; drinkable
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
n philology
study of language or words
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
s touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
s psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
introductory; of a preface
n progeny
children; offspring; descendants
authorized agent; authority to act for another
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
n privy
secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
n predilection
preference; partiality
n pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
serving to warn
n plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
n pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
n protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
n penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
n palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
n pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
n prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
n portly
stout; corpulent
s pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
n presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
n preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
s dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
society ruled by the wealthy
n painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
n physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
s gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
s inamorata
woman whom a man loves
teacher; CF. child leader
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
n pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
n poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
n parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
n prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
n pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
n ponderous
having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
n pall
become boring; grow tiresome
s throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
n promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
n pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
s prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
forerunner; predecessor
s psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
n putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
n pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant
s parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
n pore
study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
n primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
n paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
n parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
n pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
s cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
s self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
cut away; trim
n prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
n polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
n piecemeal
one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
n primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
hidden danger; concealed trap
obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
n palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
n pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
n peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
suitable; to the point; relevant
n pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
thick-skinned animal
n plait
braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail
n promiscuous
mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
n pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
n panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
s pedigree
ancestry; lineage
n plummet
fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
s beware
be cautious (of)
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
s pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
n pendulous
hanging; suspended
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
n placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
s cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
s peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
n pittance
small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
introductory statement
pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
s pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
n promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
n purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
n propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
nearness; ADJ. proximate
n pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
s parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
disturb greatly
scarcity; dearth
n prescience
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things
postpone; delay or put off
s tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
father and ruler of a family or tribe
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
n problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
s interstice
narrow space between things
n prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
n posture
assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
s spoof
n philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
s pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
n pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
n phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division

Deck Info