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Social Studies Ch 2

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Sod
A layer of soil held together by roots of grass
Ancestor
Family member who lived many years before
Confederation
A loose form of government working together
Migration
Movement of people
Council
Group of Cheyenne leaders from 10 different groups which met to make decisions
Tradition
Way of life or an idea that has been handed down from the past
Palisades
Walls of tall poles
Division of Labor
Jobs that were divided between men and women which made it possible for people to produce more goods
Ceremony
Celebration to honor cultural or religious event
Travois
A carrier made with wooden poles tied together on one end and fastened to a harness on a dog. Goods carried on a buffalo skin tied between the poles.
Potlatch
Celebration meant to show wealth and divide property among the people. Means "to give".
Clan
Extended family (grandparents, cousins, aunts, uncles)
Wigwam
Round, bark-covered shelter, made similar to a longhouse but round
Artifact
An object made by people
Reform
Changes like those Martin Luther called for in the Catholic Church
Adapt
Adjust their ways of life
Conquistador
Spanish explorers and soldiers (conquerors)
Barter
Exchange or trade goods
Class
Group of people in a society that have something in common
Theory
Idea based on study and research
Longhouses
Iroquois Indians lived in these shelters which could house up to 50 people. Frames were made by cutting poles from small trees and covering them with bark. Each was divided into sections and was home to one or two families.
Reformation
The period of reforms within the Catholic Church
Civilization
Group of people with ways of life, religion and learning
Staple
Main foods. Native American staples were corn, beans, squash
Trade Networks
Allowed Native Americans to get goods from far away places.
Tepee
Cone-shaped shelter that was easy to move, made of wooden poles set in a circle and tied together at the top.
Economy
The way the people of a state, region or country use their resources to meet their needs
Hogans
Navajo built homes that were cone-shaped shelters built by covering a wooden frame with mud or adobe
Wampum
Beads cut from seashells
Lodges
Large earthen houses where Central Plains people lived
Grant
Large sums of money given for a specific purpose such as expeditions

Deck Info

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