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AP Modern European History ID Set One

(aesthetic - Donation of Constantine)

Terms

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eremetical monasticism
loose-knit hermit communities of Christian worship, did not work well in Europe
oligarchy
rule by a small group of prominent and wealthy citizens
monarchy
rule of a single king or queen, in ancient Greece the monarchs would represent the community and respect the citizens
diocese
a district of the Church that is overseen by a bishop
'City of God'
a book written by St. Augustine that showed how allegiance to God and allegiance to worldly things and figures could be balanced
Ravenna
city that was built and settled in the marshy and isolated regions near modern day Venice, many of the citizens and officials of the Roman Empire fled and lived here for protection from the invading Barbarians, here culture flourishes while the rest of the empire is in decline
Gregory I
590-604, wrote letter concerning the transformation of pagan temples into churches
Pax Romana
a 200+ year period of peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire that was initiated with the rule of Augustus
city-state
the self governing units that made up ancient Greece
St. Benedict of Nursia
developed cenobitic monasticism and 'the rule' by which those in these communities lived
Donation of Constaintine
forged document that granted the pope political authority over all the empire
Hagia Sophia
church built by Justinian, called the 'Emperor's Church,' in 1453, it became a Muslim mosque
gesith
the band of warriors within one of the warring Germanic tribes
aristocracy
rule by a group of people, these people have power and position by birth into an aristocratic family
tyranny
rule by a tyrant, in ancient Greece this did not always imply that it was an evil ruler, however that the ruler had by illegal means come to power
146 BC
the year that the Greeks are conquered by the Romans
bishop
a member of the clergy that has authority over a diocese
Islamic World
rival of the Byzantine Empire, included Arabia and North Africa, Islam eventually spreads through some of Europe too
Leo I
440-461, the pope who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome
folk
what a Germanic tribe was called
natural law
a universal law that applies to all beings, regardless of of customs or usage
philosophy
inquiry regarding all space and knowledge
aesthetic
a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
Paul
a converted follower of Jesus, he was essential in the spreading of Christianity in the years of the Church's infancy, he was executed in Rome in 67 AD
Byzantine Empire
the eastern part of what was once the Roman Empire, capital was Constantinople, the kingdom was powerful and wealthy, it finally fell in 1453 AD
cenobitic monasticism
St. Benidict of Nursia's hermit monastic system, required those in the community to abide by 'the rule' and take on three vows
democracy
rule by the people, the Greeks developed and introduced many of the ideals of this form of government that many countries still abide by today
Latin Christendom
Italy, France, Belgium, Britain, and the Rhineland, occupied by Germanic peoples
St. Augustine
doctor of the church, wrote 'The City of God,' a book that illustrated how to balance allegiance to God and allegiance to worldly things and figures
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
Constantinople
the 'new Rome,' this city replace Rome as the Roman Empire's capital at one point, it is the city that is now Istanbul, Turkey
papacy
the office of the pope, during this period, this office gained power as the leader of Rome, religiously and politically
wergeld
'man money,' the amount of money payed in compensation for wronging that person, it differed on how valuable that individual was considered

Deck Info

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