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SS Reveiw 1

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What were the issues debated while the Constitutions of the U.S. was being written?
Inclusion of slaves in population counts, balance of representation for large and small states in Congress, and strength of the naional government.
What is the Great Awakening?
Colonists became interested in religion again after the Reniassance. People went to chruch meetings called revivals and Preachers traveled around preaching and starting new churches.
What is the columbian exchange?
It was the exchange of goods, animals, and diseases from the Native Americans and Europeans.
What were the Crusades?
This was a series of holy wars to retake the Holy Lands (Israel and parts of Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey) from the Turks who were Moslem.
What is the elastic clause and what is its main purpose?
This clause states that Congress had the authority to make all laws necessary and properfor setting up or using the powers given by the Constitution. This clause gives Congress additional powers not described in the constitution.
Who was Thomas Jefferson?
He wrote the Declaration of Independance, third president, and personally sent Lewis and Clark to explore land in the Lousinana Purchase.
What was the Boston Massacre?
British soldiers were standing outside of the customs house. Many colonists didn't like this so they started harrassing the soldiers. The soldiers mistakingly fired into in the crowd killing five people.
What is the name of the legislative branch?
the U.S. Congress.
"Social Contract Theory: government receives its authority from the people, and is given powers to maintain order and protect its citizens." What does this mean?
This theory allows citizens to change their government as needed.
What is the French and Indian War?
A series of battles fought between Great Britain and the Indians and the French in North America.
What did Johann Gutenburg do?
In 1450, he developed the printing press.
What is the Constitution of the United States?
This is a document writeen by the Federal Convention that met in Independance Hall in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation.
What is the major difference between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States?
While the articles gave more power to the states, the constitution created a stronger national government.
What issue was at the center of the political defferences of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton?
These two men differed on federal power. Hamilton wanted the federal government to be stronger. Jefferson wanted more rights to remain with states and individuals.
Who wrote the following: "When... Men have by consent of every individual, made a Community, they have thereby made that Community... with a Power to Act as one Body, which is only by the will and determination of the majority"?
John Locke.
Where is Jamestown?
Virginia.
What is a conquistador?
A Spanish conqueror exploring the Americas interested in gold, silver, and other valubles.
What does "selling indulgences" mean?
Many people believed that could pay for their sins to the Catholic Church. In many cases, they bought the indulgences and then went out and committed the sin.
What is the name of the highest or most powerful organization in the judicial branch of the U.S. government?
the U.S. Supreme Court.
What country established Jamestown?
Great Britain.
Who was John Marshall?
He believed in a strong federal government and served as the third Cheif Justice of the Supreme Court.
What is the Emancipation Proclamation?
Issued by Pres. Lincoln, it declared "that all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are, and henceforward shall be free."
Why was Paul Revere riding at midnight on April 18, 1775?
Paul Revere was warning the American colonists in Lexington and Concord that the British were comming to destroy the military supplies they had stored.
What were the Intolerable Acts?
These acts are the Coercive and Quebec Acts combined.
What do Articles 1-3 of the U.S. Constitution establish?
These articles provide the details of the separation of powers: the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
What was the Second Continental Congress?
This was a second meeting of colonists where a continental army was established. This group also served as the national government throughout the war.
What is the Bill of Rights?
These were the first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution which spelled out the rights an immunitites of the individual citizen.
What is the Magna Carta?
The English Magna Carta is a series of concessions agreed to by King John when his barons rebelled in 1215. The Magna Carta established the principle that power of the king could be limited by a written agreement.
Who was Alexander Hamilton?
He fought in the Revolutionary War and became Washington's secretary, a delegate at the Constitutional Convention, and became the first U.S. Secretary of Treasury.
What is a compromise?
This is an agreement in which each side gives up some demands or makes concessions.
What is Renaissance?
The word "reniassance" is French for "rebirth." Renaissance describes the intellectual and economic changes in Europe from the 1500's to the 1700's. During this period of time, there was increased interest in learning about the world.
What are the names of the two houses of the U.S. Congress.
The House of Representatives and the Senate.
What is the title of the most powerful person in the executive branch of the U.S. government?
The President of the United States.
What was the First Continental Congress?
Representatives from every colony (except Georgia) met in Carpenter's hall in Philadelphia to demand the Intolerable Acts be repealed.
What is the Industrial Revolution?
A period of time when machines went from being powered by human or animal muscles to being powered by coal and other resources.
Where are the cities of Lexington and Concord located?
In Massachusetts near Boston.
Who was Montesquieu?
Charles de Montesquieu was a French writer and pulicist who created the concept of three branches of government which provided the separation of powers.
Who was John Locke?
He was an English philosopher and writer who said the people have the right to give a government its authority.
What European country fought against France in the French and Indian War?
Great Britain (England)
What is separation of powers?
Also known as "Checks and Balances", the three branches of government has certain powes and each of these powers is limited by another branch.
What are the 3 branches of the U.S. government?
Executive, legislative, and judicial.
What is the Declaration of Independance?
Written at the Second Continental Congress, declared themselves to be free from Great Britain.
During the struggel for American independance, what American leader helped organize the Boston Tea Party, wrote speeches, and later signed the Declaration of Independance?
Samuel Adams
What does "destabilization of Native American societies" mean?
Europeans weakened (destablized) Native American societies. Many Native Americans lost control of their lives and the old STABLE belief and value systems were weakened or destroyed.
What is the Protestant Reformation and what led to it?
Many believers protested against rules and practices of the Catholic Church in Rome. The church practice of selling idulgences led dirextly to the Reformation. Martin Luther led these protests.
What was the Virginia House of Burgesses?
A place were a group of popularly elected legislature in the New World met.
What was Washington's Farewell Address?
This was a written speech which refuses a third term as president and presents his thoughts on the new government.
What is another name for an ammendment?
An Article.
In America, where was the first Spanish fort built?
St. Augustine, Florida.

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