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Early Christian

Early Christian, Byzantine, Migration, Ottonian, Carolingian, and Romanesque


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Cathedral Complex in Pisa
ca. 1063 AD. Leaning tower is bell tower. Has many absidials which held reliquaries. Romanesque. Had arches, columns, and domes.
Christ Washing the Feet of his Disciples, from the Gospels of Otto III
ca. 1000 AD. Ottonian. Gold leaf suggests divinity of Christ and other worldliness. Makes him more universal and not just a narrative. Leads eyes upwards to see a representation of the "heavenly Jerusalem".
Palace Chapel of Charlemagne
ca. 800 AD. Carolingian. Built to look like Colosseum and Santa Costanza. Graduated order columns. Ambulatory. Architect: Otto of Metz.
Church of San Vitale
located in Ravenna, Italy. ca. 530 AD. Byzantine. Commissioned (built by) Justinian. Made to look like heaven. Jesus in mosaic sitting on the world. Iconic. Mosaics of Justinian with Gold leaf (making him divine) and his wife with a halo.
Old St. Peter's Basilica
In Rome. ca. 320-327 AD. Early Christian. Basilica Plan Church. Syncretism with the columns taken from pagan temple.
Creation and Fall, West Facade, Modena Cathedral
ca. Late 11th c. AD. Romanesque. Artist = Wilgelmo. Commissioned by vatican. Scenes from Genesis.
The Good Shepherd From the Catacombs of Sts. Pietro and Marcellinus
Late 3rd c. AD. Early Christian. Roman. Symbolized Jesus. "Shepherd lays down his life for his herd"
Sutton Hoo Purse Cover
ca. 630 AD. Migratory. Discovered in London. Scandonavian piece. French technique called "cloissonee" with gold detail. Migratory. Describes worldwide travels of viking owner. Coins are French.
Matthew the Evangelist from the Ebbo Gospel
ca. 800 AD. Inspired by the holy spirit coming down into his pen. intro page to gospel. Classical drapery.
Good Shepherd Sculpture
Second half of 3rd c. AD. Early Christian. Syncretism. Idea taken from Archaic Greek sculpture the "calf bearer".
Virgin of Vladimir
Icon. ca 12th c. AD. Byzantine. Virgin Mary. Icons contained Virgin and Jesus.
Church of Dormition
ca. 1080 AD. Byzantine. Pantokrator of Christ in cieling. Gold leaf. All-knowing. Iconic.
Church of Hagia Sophia
ca. 527 AD. Byzantine. Architects: Anthemius of Tralles and Isadorus of Miletus. Commissioned by Justinian and Theodora. Pendentives. Rib vaulting. Floating Dome. Domes and Arches. Currently a mosque.
Chi Rho Iota Page from the Book of Kells
ca Late 8th c. AD. Migratory. Chi Rho are Latin letters for Jesus Christ. Interlacing. Mice nibble on host.
Doors of Bishop Bernward
ca. 1015 AD. Ottonian. Located at St. Michaels in Hildesheim. Commissioned by Otto III. Oversaw by Bishop Bernward. Left door = Old testament. Right door = new testament. Both correspond with the other. "Bible of the Illiterate". Made of Bronze.
Plan of the Abbey of St. Gall
ca. 800 AD. Carolingian. Monastary plan for Benedictine Monks (descendants of St. Benedict the Patron St. of Learning).
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
ca. 425 - 26 AD. Early Christian. Latin Cross plan. Named for family said to be buried there. Mosaics. The Good Shepherd image.
Santa Costanza
338 AD. Early Christian. Commissioned by Constantine for his daughter, Constantina (a saint). Ambulatory. Mosaic syncretism of bacchic cherubs. Blood of Christ.

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