This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

World History II Midterm Key People

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Jean Jacques Rousseau
wrote "discourage on the Origins of the Inequality of Mankind"; women are naturally diff. then men; emotions important in human development; "emile" (education of the natural man)
William Harvey
explains the circulation of blood
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
Mary Shelley
wrote "Frankenstein"; believed industrialization would alienate people from the natural world
Robert Fulton
Built first paddle wheel steamboat "the Clermont"
Leonardo da Vinci
born in florence; painted mona lisa; scientist; interested in anatomy; designed tank, helicopter; inventor; "Renaissance Man"
Michelangelo
Artist; architect; built statue of David; designed ceiling of sistine chapel (fresco); Pieta (marble sculpture)
Czar Nicholas II
leader of russia at the beginning of WWI; mobilized troops
Voltaire
a French writer and philosopher; philosophical sport and defense of civil liberties including freedom of religion and right o a fair trial; "Treatise on Toleration" (All men are brothers under god); strong opponent of catholic church; exiled to england; spoke out against censorship and unjust laws; thought england was better than france
Rene Descartes
studied geometry; Cartesian plane (x-y axis); contributed to scientific method
Hobbes
an English philosopher; wrote Leviathan; established foundation for most of western political philosophy
Klemens Von Metternich
Austrian minister; wants to return land; against revolution ideas; wants to censorship of press and organized groups; i don't like him
Suleiman the Magnificent
controlled ottoman empire; took over areas of Mediterranean and Asia; ruled almost 50 years
Napoleon Bonaparte
Lieutenant of French army; crowned himself emperor; spread principles of revolution (legal equality, religious toleration, economic freedom, nobility and clergy lost privileges); had control of Europe; exiled several times
Nicolaus Copernicus
argued for heliocentrism
Martin Luther
wrote "95 Theses"; professor; rejected the selling of indulgences; believed that it had no authority over purgatory
Emperor William II
German emperor; gave Austria-Hungary a blank check for WWI (gave confidence to AH which started the war)
Ignatius of Loyola
founded jesuits; supported the counter-reformation
James Watt
Scottish engineer; improved steam engine so it could contribute to cotton production
Andreas Vesalius
anatomic illustrator; drew naked skeleton; founder of modern human anatomy; wrote "on the body"
Johann Kepler
mathematic formula; explains planetary motion (ellipsis)
Robert Owen
believed that if people lived in a cooperative environment, they would show their natural goodness
Maximilian Robespierre
leader of the French Revolution; influential member of the committee of Public Safety; instrumental in the reign of terror that ended with his execution; preached democracy and suffrage; Mountain;
Galileo
law of inertia; improved telescope; moon isn't a perfect sphere; wrote book supporting heliocentrism; put under house arrest by Court of Inquisition; mathematician
Durer
botanical studies of plants; famous for self-portrait
Montesquieu
french social commentator and political thinker; famous for articulation of the theory of separation of powers which is implemented in any constitutions throughout the world; wrote "spirit of the law"; 1st political scientist
Charles Darwin
wrote "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" and "The Decent of Man" which argued that humans had animal origins; created the concept of humans as part of the natural world; believed in organic evolution; believed in natural selection; raised controversy because he made humans a product of nature and not god
Botticelli
painter; painted Birth of Venus
Zheng He
Chinese explorer; created his own world map; the prohibition of his explorations led to chinas decreased influence in the world
Cesare Beccaria
Italian philosopher and politician; wrote
Raphael
artist; "School of Athens" (fresco)
Charles Dickens
rejected romanticism; wrote about the realities of life; wrote "Oliver Twist" and "David Copperfield"; his characters inspired social reforms because they were "real"
Holbein
portraitists; "Four Horseman of the Apocalypse"

Deck Info

33

permalink