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World History II Final


undefined, object
copy deck
movable type
an invention to allow for mass printing at high speeds
Rebirth, period of new thinking/art in Europe
Johannes Kepler
German astronomer who developed 3 laws of planetary motion
literary culture
famous piece of European literature
William Harvey
English physician who discovered that blood circulates throughout the body
Nicolaus, polish astronomer: earth rotates on its axis, planets revolve around sun
Thirty Year War
1618 TO 1648: war between german states and their neighbours about Catholicism and Protestantism
the economic system of Europe in the 1500 and 1600s which favored balance of exports over imports
Henry VIII
king of England from 1509 to 1547. established Anglican Church of England with himself as head.
Italian poet, famous for his sonnets
Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia from 1762 to 1796; she made many territorial conquests
Jean. French statesman and financier during reign of Louis XIV.
Louis XIV
king of France from 1643 to 1715. "I am the state".
Henry IV
Became king of france. issued Edict of Nantes, which protected the liberties of Protestans
Elizabeth I
queen of England from 1558 to 1603 duagther of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
Charles I
king of england in 1625. due to his actions, Petition of Right of 1628 was passed.
french cardinal and statesman who virtually controlled France from 1624 to 1642.
Council of Trent
1542 council called to deal with Church problems and suggest reforms (counter-reformation)
Frederick William
built powerful army in Prussia to counter defeat of 30 years war
Jeng Ho
commanded seven expeditions from China between 1405 and 1433
form of Japnese drama with song and dance, flashy acting and rich decor and costuming from the 1600s
children born in Latin America whose parents were born in Spain
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
mexican nun who became the greates lyric poet of the colonial period
people of Manchuria who conquered China in 1644 and ruled until 1912
a people who lived in city-state trading centers in what is now northern Nigeria
the third and final period of Japan's feudal age, lasting from 1603 to 1868.
the strongest muslim state of the central sudan in africa in the 1500s
Safavid Dynasty
Shiite Muslim dynasty which arose in Persia in the 1500s and maintained a rivalry with the Ottoman Empire for several centuries
muslim leader in the 1600s of India who tried to unite it
system of forced labor used by Spanish settlers in Latin American colonies
Sulieman the Great
sultan of the Ottoman Empire at the height of its power, from 1520 to 1566
Qian Long
Last of the great Manchu emperors of China; reigned 1736 to 1795
feudal nobles of Japan
Seljuk Turks
Took over the arab states in 1055 and ruled there during the crusades.
Uthman dan Fodio
African leader of the Fulani's political and religious government against the Hausa between 1804 and 1809; builder of the Fulani Empire in Africa
No drama
Type of daram in Japan that developed during the Ashikaga period; poetic passages and two main characters in splendid costume were characteristic
person ruling a country or province as the deupty of the sovereign; governor
Idris Allooma
Ruler of Kanem-Bornu in the central Sudan in Africa, from 1580 to 1617.
Chinese emperor from 1661 to 1722, the longes reign in Chinese history.
Alexander II
Tsar of Russia from 1855 to 1881. Abolished Serfdom.
Alexander I
Tsar of Russia from 1801 to 1825.
Florence Nightingale
English nurse who worked to improve nursing and hospital sanitation.
Camillo di Cavour
Italian statesma, a leader in unifying Italy in the early 1800s.
Napoleon III
Luois Napoleon, president of France from 1848 to 1852 and emperor from 1852 to 1870; the nephew of Napoleon I (Bonaparte).
Guiseppe Garibaldi
Italian patriot and statesman in the 1800s.
in governments, the desire for a more democratic form of government and the push for change and reform
Jose de San Martin
Creole soldier who led armies against the Spanish in Argentina, Chile, and Peru
Maxmilliam de Rebespierre
one of the chief leaders of the French Revolution and of the Reign of Terror
style of literature, art and music prevalent during the romantic Period (1798 to 1870) whe nfreedom of form, individualism, love of nature, and humanitarianism were championed.
Communist Manifesto
Marx and Engels writings that stated the main ideas of Marxian socialism and set forth a whole plan for social revolution.
principle that trade, business, and industry should operate with a minimum or complete absence of regulation and interference by government
Adam Smith
Scottish political economist; wrote the first major explanation of the Laissez-faire capitalism
Thomas Malthus
English clergyman and economist in late 1700s and early 1800s
John Locke
English philosopher during the Age of Reason
French philosopher who wrote about government and education.
French philosopher and writer.

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