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World History Review

Utley world history

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
added to the constitution to protect the individual citizen's rights
bill of rights
social gatherings
salons
voltaire admired this govt.
england
Japanese first encountered Europeans in own country
1543
what class began to dominate during the renaissance
merchants
decade that spain had gained control of huge american empire
1530s
cardinal richelieu ruler after what kings death
henry iv
3rd estate broke away and formed what govt.
national assembly
led riots against cardinal m
nobles
people made up second estate
nobles
Gutenberg invented the
printing press
cortes conquered? pizarro conquered?
aztec; incan
"most admired by philosophers"
catherine II
idea of predestination from
Calvin
2 ways napoleon would benefit from selling l.p.
hurt britain and finance wars in europe
cultural and intellectual capital of enlightenment
paris
John Calvin established what govt. in what city
theocracy in Geneva
painted the Mona Lisa
da Vinci
french and dutch part of what trade
fur
countries involved in triangular trade
europe, africa, and the americas
earth was the center of the universe
geocentric theory
restored english monarcy after cromwell
charles ii
first direct tax placed on american colonists
stamp act
english monarchs that set up a constitutional monarchy
william and mary
who started the Reformation? how?
Martin Luther; posting the 95 theses
2 most lasting effects of the Reformation
religion no longer united Europe, and monarchs gained power.
another name for Renaissance in England
Elizabethan Age
dutch driven out of n.a. by
english
first european country to establish empire in americas
spain
dynasty that took over in 1368 after mongols driven out
Ming
most powerful country in the world in mid-1500s
spain
where did the reformation begin
Germany
inventions of what made long sea voyages possible
caravel and astrolabe
spain claimed what sea route to asia?
west through the southern tip of south america
japanese converted to christianity by 1600
300,000
who was the true rulers of france in summer of 1792
mobs
discovery that turned the tables for jamestown
tobacco
German peasants demanded
an end to serfdom
king of france when revolution started
louis xiv
3rd estate made up what
98%
english monarch that repeatedly clashed with parliament that led to a civil war
charles i
sabotage, rebellion, escape, and preserve their cultural heritage
slaves did what to resist slavery?
signed to end 30 years war
peace of westaphalia
Napoleon's 3 critical mistakes
continental system, peninsular war, and invasion of russia
name of the first govt. of U.S.
articles of confederation
Itlay was orgnaized into? France and england united under?
city states; strong monarchs
storming the bastille
july 14, 1789
peter the great became sole ruler of russia in
1696
who invaded china and established the Qing dynasty in 1644?
Manchus
"first servant of the state"
frederick II
2nd estate made up what
2%
french colonized along
st. lawrence and mississippi rivers
woman that fought for womans' education
wollstonecraft
whose theories were continuously proved wrong
aristotle
beat napoleon at battle of trafalgar
britain
ivans bad period started when
his wife died
year F&I war started
1754
crew that first circumnavigated the globe
magellan
japanese shifted to an urbanized society because
population and cultural changes
discovered that one force governs all motion
newton
first europeans welcomed to japan
portugal
old regime fell
august 5, 1789
scientific revolution started
mid 1500s
After Luther returned home he..
created the Lutherans
where did the renaissance begin
Italy
began once people applied reason and scientific method to society
enlightenment
7 voyages for Ming Dynasty
Zheng He
new writing technique that allowed the common man to read and write
vernacular
western europe had better economy because
they had abolished serfdom
father of modern chemistry
boyle
legitimacy
restore old european rulers
established collective security throughout europe
congress of vienna
allowed german princes to decide own religion 1555
peace of augsburg
went to war with france in 1792
austria
stated that planets revolved around the sun in eliptical orbits
kepler
biggest battle between english and indians in 1675
king phillip's war
la salle claimed mississippi valley for? and named it?
france; louisiana
monarch succeeded Queen Elizabeth
james i
ivan iv struggled for power against
boyars
napoleon built his empire between
1805-1812
meeting called after louis tried to tax 2nd estate
estates-general meeting
first 2 european countries to import slaves to americas
spain and portugal
1st european country to establish a trading empire in the East indies
portugal
country that failed to become trade partners with China
England
Renaissance scholars studied heritage of
greek and rome
portugal sailed? spain sailed?
east; west
country that controlled all trade coming from Europe into Asia in 1400s
Italy
F&I war started over disputed land claims in
ohio valley
developed heliocentric theory
copernicus
Portugal sent who to explore that reached the southern tip of africa
dias
people made up first estate
clergy
Queen Elizabeth returned England to
Protestantism
3 factors that helped the spanish defreat the aztec
disease, better weapons, and help from other indian tribes
individuals compete for wealth rather than govt. controlling all money
capitalism
napoleons final defeat
waterloo
first russian czar
ivan the terrible
marked beginning of french revolution
storming of the bastille
who accompanied european traders into china
christian missionaries
won the F&I war? and gained control of what half of n.a.
england; eastern
followers of John Knox
Presbyterians
German princes who supported Luther called
Protestants
a countries power depends on its wealth
mercantilism
territorial warlords
daimyos
years the renaissance and reformation began
1300s and 1500s
unpopular english monarch because of pro-catholic bias
james II
instituted the reign of terror between 93-94
robespierre
what ritual did foreigners perform to trade?
kowtow
drafted in england to limit royal power of monarchs
bill of rights
who reached southwest asia
de gama
first Qing ruler
Kangxi
Europeans joined the slave trade
1500s
bigges supporter behind portugal exploration
prince henry
peter becomes absolute ruler
he westernizes russia
english's first settlement in america
jamestown
only branch of govt. under articles of confederation
congress
members of 3rd estate
bourgeoisie, workers, and peasants
congress could
coin money, declare war, and enter into treaties
Parliament established that made King Henry IV head of the church of England
Act of Supremacy
2 main motives for European exploration in 1400s
gain wealth and spread christianity
sun was the center of the universe
heliocentric theory
portugese established trading posts along..
the west coast of africa
english and indians conflicted over issues of
religion and land
lead country in exploring the world in 1500s
portugal
european monarchs believed that god gave them the right to rule
divine right
first emperor of Ming Dynasty
Hongwu
european monarchs who embraced and reflected enlightenment ideas
enlightened despots
ruled england as military dictator
cromwell
global transfer of foods, plants, and animals
columbian exchange
defeated napoleon at waterloo
britain and prussia
chinas little brother
korea
dutch settlement in n.a.
new netherland
country that adopted Calvinism
Scotland, Switzerland, and France
ruled france during louis xiv's childhood
cardinal mazarin

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