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ch. 4 2


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What were the effects of tobacco in chesapeake
1)Tobacco exhausted the land& led to W. expansion which upset the Indians
2) Land expansion led to overproduction, lower prices& the need for more more workers
3) "head right system" The headright system gave men who brought over an indentured servant 50 acres of land. however, as land grew scarce the 7yr contracts were extended
Tell me about Bacon's rebellion which occured in 1667
In 1667 men lacked: women,land,vote jobs& were resentful of gov. Berkleys kind treatment of the Indians since he monopolized the fur trade. This anger blew over when Berkley refused to retaliate against indian attacks on the frontier. The rebellion ended when Nathaniel Bacon died of disease& Berkley crushed the uprising
The slave codes, which made slaves& their kids slaves for life, was produced in what year?
what was result of Bacon's rebellion
The use black slaves is promoted since they are easier to control.
-It also pitter frontiersmen against aristocracy
what were two black slave revolts in the early 18th century
In 1712 there was a slave revolt in NY. Then in 1739 blacks revolted in SC
what are 3 facts about Southern Society?
-social gap: between the FFV, who practically dominated the legislature,& the smaller planter class
-life expectancy was 30 yrs so 16yr old boys paid taxes, fought in the army
-cities were slow to develop since
-plantations were self-sufficient
-S. women had more power since their men died young. They had the right to inherit their husbands estate& they could retain a separate title to their properity
how was life in New england
-5 facts
- life expectancy was 70yrs
-migrated as a family& had a more stable life (lower premarital pregnancy rate/invented grandparent).
-Population boom since women married& had kids until menopause.
-high death rate at child birth
-New Eng. were had less power than S. women, couldnt retain a separate property title, it was thought that that would weaken marriage
What are 3 facts about New England and education?
-They created Harvard in 1636 to train preachers
-Whenever they had 50 families they had to build an elementary school
-Whenever they had 100 families they had to build a secondary school.
what was the halfway convenant
The halfway convenant was passed in 1662 and allowed the unconverted children of the converted to have partial rights at a time when only church members could vote
In 1692 what were the Salem trials
In 1692 girls accused, primarily wealthy, women of being witches.This continued until 2 dogs died, abt 20 pppl were dead and the governors wife was accused& the governor prohibited further trials
what made New Englanders such successful traders
-crappy soil
-they could have livestock since their hooves compacted the earth& sped erosion/had big appetites
-climate allowed diversity of agriculture/manufacturing.
-owning slaves was costly/pointless
Laws were passed to keep the "mean" ppl in their place. did they work?
The aristocracy disliked the poor so in 1651 they passed a law which prohibited poor ppl from wearing gold/lace. the law was unsuccessful.
what caused leislers rebellion?
It was caused by Bacon's rebellion (1676). There was animosity between NY landholders and merchants
What are some facts about the colonies in the year 1775
-the average age was 16
-2.5 million ppl lived in the colonies as opposed to 300,000 in 1700.
-out of the 32 colonies Br. owned only 13 revolted.
-Jamaica and Canada were richer than the 13 that revolted
-msot ppl were stuck east of the Alleghenies
-90% of the area was rural
what motivated the march of the Paxton boys in 1764
the march of the Paxton boys, in 1764, In philadelphia was motivated by by the Quakers lenient treatment of the Indians
what are some facts about colonial society
1) Gods of War (armed conflicts these merchant princes)
2) indentured servitude increased as Br. sent over their convicts
3)SC feared a black rebellion so they tried to halt importation of slaves, but this was vetoed by BR.
4)The clergy was honored while lawyers/doctors were distrusted
5) by 1750 lawyers were seen as useful
Explain the reason for the Molasses Act of 1733
The molasses act of 1733 was passed to stop American trade w/ the French West Indies. This failed due to American smuggling
what is interesting about the Congregational church?
Congregational churches could be found in all the New England colonies except Rhode island
The great Awakening took place between 1730s-1760s. What happened?
2 prominent figures
what colleges were started?
what did they believe?
The great awakening was led by George Whitefield and johnathon Edwards, the "New lights." They focused on getting closer to God and predestination. The founded colleges such as, Dartmouth and Princeton to train their clergy. The Great Awakening took place during the 1730s-1760s
who was Phillis Wheatley
she was a slave girl who had never been formally educated but who went to England and published a book of verse. her book showed the influence of Alexander Pope
what was the edict of nantes
In 1598 The edict of Nantes granted religious toleraltion to French Protestants so war ceases in Fr. among the RCC& the huguenots
who was Samuel de Chaplain
he was the father of the New France. He founded quebec. He was friendly w/the Hurons against the Iroquois who later hindered French penetration into Ohio
How come the French didnt immigrate as numerously to New France as the British did to the Americas
1)The Huguenots werent allowed to leave France
2) most of the French were poor peasants,
3) and there was no economic reason to do so since the sole resource of new france was the Beaver/Fur trade
Who was Antoine Cadillac
he founded detroit in 1701 to keep the English from going into Ohio
Who established louisana in 1683?
Robert de la salle established Louisiana in 1683 to check spain but he was murdered by his men when he wasnt able to find it again in an expedition (1687)
It was Br. versus France in King WIlliams war (1689-1697) and Queen Annes war (1792-1713). What were the results
Br. failed in capturing Montreal^ Quebec but does capture Port Royal in Acadia.
After Britain& France fought they signed the Utrecht Deal in 1713. what was the deal about?
The Utrecht deal signed in 1713 between Britain and France ended the Spanish War of Succession (Queen Annes war) It gave Britain NewFoundland, Hudson Bay, Port royal
What was the War of Jenkin's Ear about?
The war started in 1739. France allied itself w/Spain but England captured the Fortress of Cap Breton Island. The 1748 treaty gives France back Louisbourg to France.
What happened at the Ohio Valley, near Fort Duquesne, and with Washington's troops?
In 1754 the governor of Virginia sent Washington to the Ohio Valley w/150 men to defend the shaky right that Br. had to 500,000 acres of land. At the same time the Fr. were building Fort D. Washington attacked some Fr. abt 40m from Fort D. he then builds Fort Neccessity which was overrun
What was the point of the 1754 intercolonial Congress in Albany, NY
It was meant to unite colonies and keep the Iroquois loyal(Ben Franklins separated serpent:Join or Die). Both goals failed
What feat did James Wolfe achieve in the Seven Years WAr/French and Indian War
James Wolfe commanded an army that scaled cliff walls& defeated Quebec on that night attack.
what were the terms to the peace treaty of 1763
Britain received Canada
The french retained the small/valuable sugar islands in the West Indies and gave Louisbourg to Spain
Who was Pontiac andwhat motivated him to attack
Pontiac was an indian who realized the end of the Fr& Indian War meant the end to the Indians playing the powers against each other. Thus, he made one last attempt with the french to drive out the British, but he dies.

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