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Unit 5 Review

Terms

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Musical prodigy, traveled through Europe, rebelled against church rules, classical style
Age of Absolutism
1650-1789, a purposeful attempt by European rulers to attend their royal or dynastic control over all aspects of life in the lands they ruled
Isaac Newton
Tryed to explain the motion os the universe
John Locke
English, people are by nature good & reasonable. 3 main rights life, liberty, & property
Charles I
1600-1649, tried to advocate the Divine Right of kings & bring more absolutist policies to England
Age of Reason
witnesed inventions & innovations in technology that stimulated trade and transportation
Johann Sebastian Bach
Traveled & brought new music ideas to the church-challenged tradition,Baroque style
Charles II
1660, he was aware of the limitations of his position
Oliver Cromwell
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
English Bill of Rights
Due to the laws restricting their power, English monarchs starting with William & Mary are considered constitutional monarchs
Glorious Revolution
Known as "glorious" because there was no bloodshed in England - James fled England & gave up the throne
Montesquieu
French, Power within the gov. should be divided among branches of gov. the legislature, judical, executive
Peter the Great
1671-1725, the ruler of Russia when he was 22, trippled the size of Russia
Eugene Delacroix
Artist, Romantic, Use of color, Historic themes
Scientific Revolution
1550-1700 when there was a new emphasis on observations & reason in science, rather than a reliance on traditional knowledge
Miguel de Cervantes
Considered the first novel, about a man who wanders through the contryside thinking that hes a knight
Absolute Monarchy
a monarchy in which the ruler's power is unlimited
William & Mary
As part of the conditions of coming to power, William & Mary had to accept the English Bill of Rights
Frederick the Great
1713-1740, ruler of Prussia, centralized the government and put it under his control.
William Harvy
Thought we had 2 kinds of blood dus to 2 different vein colors
Louis XIV
1643-1715,recognized as one of the most powerful monarchs of Europe, ruled for 72 years, known as the sun king
Geocentric
Popular system of the universe in the Middle Ages, earth-centered model of the universe in which the planets rotated in crystal spheres
Rousseau
French, Human beings are naturally good & free & can rely on their instincts
Fallow
no crops
Enlightenment
18th century, it developed as a result of the scientific revolution. they where greatly impressed with the accomplishments of the Scientific Revolution and became open to new ideas
Scientific Method
It is a way to ask & answer scientific questions by making observations & doing experiments
Divine right of kings
Believed that they had to be chosen by God to rule
Thomas Hobbes
English, people are by nature, evil & that the natural state of life is nasty brutish & short
Galileo Galilei
He used the telescope to prove the heliocentric theory
Johannes Kepler
He thought that the planets went around in ovals around the sun
Voltaire
Free speech
Constitutional Monarchy
A monarch (king/queen) is the official head of state but their power is limited by a constitution
English Civil War
War broke out between Parliaments supporters & the kings supporters
Nicholas Copernicus
He thought that the sun was the center & the plants went around the sun in circles
Heliocentric
Sun-centered

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