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ALL OF THE HISTORY

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Refromation
A change in the way the church taught christianity
Beginning of the Dark Ages
500 AD
Thomas a Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury. Assassined
England's Reforms
Made gradual liberal reforms (political)
Industry that began the Industrial Revolution
Textile
Russian tactic vs. Napoleon
Scorched Earth Policy
Rulers in Spanish new world
Viceroys
1588
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
Thomas Cranmer
Archbishop of Canterbury
England's break with the Catholic Church
political
The Black Plague
A disease in Europe that killed Millions
Liberals
People who favor political reforms
Treaty of Tordisillas
Allowed Portugal to gain Brazil
Henry VIII's wives
6
Settle Permanently
Colonize
Who owns the power in a feudal system
Land owning nobles
Unification of Germany & Who did it
39 states, King William I & Otto von
Country where 30 years war began
Germany
Imperialism
Establishing colonies and building empires
European shortcut to India
Suez Canal
Florence
the start of the Renaissance
Leader of the Committee of Public
Robespierre
Renaissance paintings
Portraits became popular
Gutenburg
Invented the printing press
Pope that started the crusades
Pope Urban II
Telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
John Locke and his book Two Treaties on Government
National rights of life, liberty, and property. Government has to protect those rights
Martin Luther's major problem with the church—
Trust in Jesus rather than good works for. Indulgences were being sold.
Land division
enclosure
Rulers in reformed churches
Ministers and elders
Thomas Aquinas
Scholar who promoted learning
Medieval estates were called
Manors
Michelangelo
Renaissance artist: Sistine Chapel, Pieta, David
Predestination
God choose who would be saved (election) John Calvin
French and Indian war
British gained control of the colonies and France lost theirs
Medici
family that ruled Florence for 300 yeas
Who preserved Christianity in Europe
Charles Martel
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
1558 by Queen Elizabeth I of England
First universities in Europe
Univ. of Paris, Univ. of Balonia
Spanish social classes
Pininsulars-born ini Spain, Creoles-Born in new world, Mestizos-half European half Indian, Mulatous-half European half African
Magna Carta
Great charter
Jesuits
Members of the society of Jesus
A system of work
Assembly line
Luther and Salvation
Trust in Jesus for salvation rather than good works
Overthrow the government
Revolution
Classes of Medieval society
Clergy, Nobles, peasants, towns people
Henry VIII's Daughter
Mary and Elizabeth
Saga
Long Tales
Reign of Terror
Robespierre and his guillotine
Mayflower
Ship that brougth over pilgrims
Valhalla
Hall of Wodan
Serf
People bound to the land
Parliament
Meeting of representatives to make laws
European and Indian mix
Mestizos
German's reasons for migrating
Marmer climate
Goals of European exploration
Route of their own, and spread Christianity, God Glory Gold, and wood for ships
1776
Declaration of Independence
Nationalism
Same culture under one government
Patrons
people who bought paintings
Ulrich Zwingli
Lead reforms to Switzerland. Wanted break from Catholic rituals
Reasons for British colonizing
Balance of trade, new jobs, religious freedom
Government's power comes from the people
Democracy but according to Destogirl its popular sovernty or something like that
Two Monarchs who unified Spain
Ferdinand (Aragon) & Isabelle (Castille)
Areas in N. America controlled by the French
Louisiana
Code of Chivalry
Rules knights had to follow
Portuguese contributions to exploration
Navigational schools (Prince Henry), better charts, instruments, tables, found route around Africa,caravel
Dutch colony that is now part if the U.S.
New Netherlands, New Amsterdam
Feudalism
Political system based on relation of lord to vassal
Effects of Imperialism
Good-Orderly government, Hospitals and Schools: Bad-Change their way of life, Bitter feelings of the natives
Columbus's ships
Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
English royal family after the Tudors
Stuarts
Continental System or France's boycott
Boycott used to defeat Britain
Council of Trent
Council in Italy that discussed reforms
Renaissance
Rebirth
1st locomotive
"Rocket"
Industrialized Asian nation
Japan
Unification of Italy and who did it
Cavour united Southern & Northern Italy
1066
The Norman invasion of England by William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings
Things a German could never lose
Sheild and Spear
1st island of Napoleon's exile
Elba
King before the Glorious Revolution
James II
Astrolabe
Navigational instrument used to determine latitude
Results of the Crusades
Eastern and Western churches split
Perspective
Way of showing objects as they appear at different distances
Blood Feud
Revenge Quarrels
Edison
electric lightbulb
Major crop of Brazil
Brazil wood, and sugar cane
Joan of Arc
Maid of Orleans. Burned at stake
Vassal
Noble who served Lord of higher rank
Men of the Scientific Revolution
Copernicus, Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton
Trade rival in Venice
Constantinople
Guild
Business groups/ craft organizations
Communism
Revolution ofthe working class
Karl Marx
Communist Manifesto thought communism would end need 4 gov.
Economic system
Mercantilism
Leonardo da Vinci
Renaissance artist: Mona Lisa, Last Supper, and he had notebook full of scketches
Eli Whitney
Invented the Cotton Gin which sped up industry
Beowulf
Epic tale. Germanic Algo origin
Tithes
Payments to the church. 10% of income
Indulgences
Documents that freed owner from sin
Crusades
Holy Wars
Castle
Large Fortified houses
Grand Jury
Group of people who present suspects to judges.
Palace Educator
Alcuin-Lower case handwritting
Kings involved in the Crusades
Richard the Lionhearted, Philip II, and Fredrick Redbeard
Attila the Hun
Chased Goths
Origin of the Holy Roman Empire
Charlamange
95 theses
Martin Luther
sailing school
Prince Henry the Navigator set up navigational schools
Trade work for passage
Indentured Servants
Peace of Augsburg
Allowed Lutheran and Catholic churches in Germany
Jarls
Viking military leaders
Galleon
Spanish heavy ships
Witanagemot
Anglo-Saxon council that advised king
Government set up by Napoleon
Consulate
Frankish Catholic King
Clovis
Ordeal
Trial to determine innocence
1st British settlement
Roanoke
Armada
Spanish fleet of warships
1648
Peace of Westphalia
Vasco da Gama
Explored Eastern coast of Africa. Brought home cocunuts
Napoleon's final defeat
Battle of Waterloo
Oliver Cromwell
Fought Charles I and Cavaliers in England's civil war
Tribes that settled in England
Angles, Saxons, Jutes
Canterbury
1st English Church
Caravel
Faster and easier to handle ships
Charter
Documents allowing towns to run their own affairs
Napoleonic Code
Laws written by Napoleon
The abuse of Power
Tyranny
Conquistadors
Spanish Conquerors
Religous groups in the new world
Puritans, Catholic, and Quakers
Edict of Nantes
gave Huguenots freedom to worship in France
Monarchs after the Glorious Revolution
William and Mary
Explorers of Florida
Ponce de Leon

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