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Ren. and Ref. term list

Dictionary. com

Terms

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Priesthood of all believers
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Predestination
the action of God in foreordaining from eternity whatever comes to pass
Queen Elizabeth (Elizabethan Settlement)
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Jan van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting
Humanism
a system that relies on the beliefs and values of a person
Puritans
A member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries advocated strict religious discipline along with simplification of the ceremonies and creeds of the Church of England.
Charles V
Holy Roman emperor (1519-1558) and king of Spain as Charles I (1516-1556), He summoned the Diet of Worms (1521) and the Council of Trent (1545-1563)
Indulgences
The remission of temporal punishment still due for a sin that has been sacramentally absolved
Council of Trent
a council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 to examine and condemn the teachings of Martin Luther and other Protestant reformers
Machiavelli
Italian political theorist, wrote The Prince
Anabaptists
viewed baptism solely as an external witness to a believer's conscious profession of faith, rejected infant baptism, and believed in the separation of church from state
Michelangel
Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet
Johan Gutenberg
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press
Inquisition
a former special tribunal, engaged chiefly in combating and punishing heresy
Henry VIII
King of England, His divorce from Catherine of Aragon, his first wife, compelled him to break from the Catholic Church by the Act of Supremacy
Index of Prohibited Books
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The 95 Theses
martin luther wrote about the flaws of the church
Justification (Salvation) by Faith
Also called justification by faith. Theology. the act of God whereby humankind is made or accounted just, or free from guilt or penalty of sin
Peace of Augsburg
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Protestantism
the theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
Raphael
Italian painter whose works, including religious subjects, portraits, and frescoes
Jesuits
A member of the Society of Jesus
Anglican Church
The Church of England and the churches in other nations that are in complete agreement with it as to doctrine and discipline and are in communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury
John Calvin
French theologian and reformer in Switzerland: leader in the Protestant Reformation
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist, Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
Erasmus
Dutch humanist, scholar, theologian, and writer
Presbyterians
A member or an adherent of a Presbyterian Church
Martin Luther
German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds
Catholic (Counter) Reformation
A reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that arose in 16th-century Europe in response to the Protestant Reformation

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