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Terms on social studies test

Terms

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Oasis
a fertile area in the midst of a desert
Augustus
first emperor of Rome, very impotant person, ruled from 27 B.C. till A.D. 14
aqueducts
a strucuture designed to bring fresh water into the city
Sunnah
Muhhamads words and deeds which serve Muslims as a guide for proper living
Punic wars
three wars Rome vs. Carthidge, Rome won all, Hannible was never deafeated by anyone and finally he loses. Rome puts salt all around Carthidge
Pral History
an unwritten verbal account of events, such as a story that is passed down from genertation to generation
archaeology
the recovery and study physical evidence from the past
Islam
a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad.
Orthodox
relating to the Christian church that developed in the Byzantin Empire and is not under the autority of the pope
South America
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Urugauay, Chile, Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, French Guana, Peru, Surinam,Surinam, Venzuala
Climate
the pattern of weather conditions in a certain location in a certain location
Schisms of 1054
an official split between two groups
artifact
a human-made object
Hemisphere
either the two equal halves of earth
Nomad
a person who moves from place to place rather than setting permanantly
Medina
The country Muhhamad lived for a few years
Cartography
the skills and methods used in the making of maps.
Clans
a group of people related to blood and marriage
Caliph
a ruler of the muslims community, viewed a successor of Muhhamad
anthropology
the study of humans and human cultures
Justinian
the ruler of the eastern Roman Empire from AD 527 to 565, who ruled for his wife, Theodora, conquered land
Central America
El Salavador, Hondorus, Nicaruagro, Belize, Panama, Gautuamala, and Costa Rica
longitude
east and west of the equator and prime meridian
Christianity
Built by Jesus and a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Mecca
It is the city where Muhhamad fleed to Medina anf is very important city in Islam
Roman Catholic
relating to the Christian church of the west that is under the authority of the pope.
Constantine
the Roman emperor from A.D. 306 till 337, who ended the persucution and moved the capital of the empire to Byzantinium, later Constantinople
Stoicism
a greek philosophy that stressed the importance of virtue.
Latitude
north and south of the equator
Empire
a group of different cultures or territories led by a single pwrful ruler
Mosque
a building for muslim worship, designed to face Mecca
Mosaic
a picture made out of many small clored tiles or pieces of glass
Clovis
The leader of the Franks, conquered the Roman province of Gual in A.D. 486
Emperor
the ruler of an empire
Hijrah
the move of Muhhamadand his folowers from Mecca to the city of Yathrib
Republic
a form of government in which power rests with the citizens, vote to elect leader

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