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AP Euro 14

This vocabulary goes along with the book, A History of Western Society.

Terms

undefined, object
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Huguenots
French Calvinists
Edict of Nantes
1598-granted the Huguenots liberty of conscience and worship
Thomas Wolsey
Cardinal, highest ranking church official and lord chancellor. Dissmissed by Henry VIII for not getting the pope to annul is marriage to Catherine of Aragon
John Wycliffe
forerunner to the Reformation. Created English Lollardy. Attacked the corruption of the clergy, and questioned the power of the pope
John Huss
Bohemian religous reformer whose efforts to reform the chuch eventually fueled the Protestant Reformation
Ignatius Loyola
founded the Society of Jesus, resisted the spread of Protestantism, Spiritual Exercises
The Institutes of Christian Religion
written by John Calvin
Ulrich Zwingli
Swiss reformer, influenced by Christian humanism. He looked to the state to supervise the church. Banned music and relics from services. Killed in a civil war.
Martin Luther
95 Thesis, posted in 1517, led to religous reform in Germany, denied papal power and absolutist rule
Thomas Cranmer
prepared the first book of common prayer
Defenestration of Prague
the throwing of Catholic officials from a castle window in Bohemia. Started the Thirty Years' War(1648).
Indulgences
selling of these was common practice by the Catholic church, corruption that led to reformation
Predestination
Calvin's religous theory that God has already planned out a person's life
Johann Tetzel
the leading seller of indulgences. Infuriated Luther
Simony
the selling of church offices
Diet of Worms
assembly of the estates of the empire, called by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
War of the Three Henrys
French civil war because the Holy League vowed to bar Henri of Navarre from inheriting the French throne. Supported by the Holy Leagus and Spain's Philip II, Henri of Guise battles Henri III of Valois and Henri of Navarre
Consubstantiation
the bread and wine undergo a spiritual change
Usury
the practice of lending money for interest
Baroque
Style in art and architecture developed in Europe from about 1550 to 1700, emphasizing dramatic, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts. Associated with Catholicism.
Excommunication
when a person is kicked out of the Catholic church
John Knox
dominated the movement for reform in Scotland. Had been taught in Geneva by Calvin
Theocracy
a community in which the state is subordinate to the church
Act of Supremacy
declared the king the supreme head of the Church of England
John Calvin
theological writings profoundly influenced religous thoughts of Europeans. Developed Calvinism at Geneva. Wrote "Institutes of the Christian Religion"
Anglicanism
upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as defined by Elizabeth I
Jesuits
members of the Society of Jesus, staunch Catholics. Led by Loyola
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
mass slaying of Huguenots (Calvinists) in Paris, on Saint Bartholomew's Day, 1572
Council of Trent
called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend

Deck Info

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