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3rd Molecule: building blocks function and examples
Protein is a molecule madeof amino acids its function is regulation, structure, energy, transport and protection. and examples are enzymes control the rate of chemical reactions. (Hemoglobin transport oxygen in the blood)
4th Molecule:

Nucleic Acid functions as regulatio, hereditary and protein synthesis.

RNA is involved in protein synthesis. DNA detects activites in the cell. And genes are pieces of DNA that can be passed from generations

anatomy study of

physiology study of 

study of the structures of the body

study of the processes and functions of the body 

Endoplasmic reticulum (membranous) two types

where you see protein synthesis you see what being made? 

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) it synthesisof carbs, steroids and other lipids, and storage of synthesized materials.

second is rough endo R (RER) it attaches ribosomes and synthesis of secretory proteins. 

Golgi Complex: what does it do

(think model ship(molecule) and bottle(vesicle) 

made up of a stack of flattened sacs.  it takes molecules and combines them & pieces it together to make larger molecules. then takes the big molecules and sends them out in Golgi Vesicles. And released out of the cell

list everythig that is memranous


endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi Complex, Lysosomes, Mitochondria And Vacuoles and Vesicles

MOlecul: nucleic Acids:DNA and RNA

what is differant from RNA than DNA 

how many strands are there and what are they both composed of? 

RNA are composed of monosaccharide ribose. the organic bases are the same for DNA, except Thymine is replaced with Uracil.  And DNA nucleotides have the base Adenine and thymine, guanine or cytosine. Its double stranded 

non membranous


Centrosomes & Centrioles:



Nuclecic Acid is organic compound, and composed of how many nucleotides? and name t he components


thre, they are phosphate group, sugar group (ribose) and Nitrogenous base

Ribosomes: structure, function and is it fixed or free

is it membranous or non-membranous 

has 2 subunits (RNA and protein)

protien synthesis

free, making proteins export outside the cell 


the power generators of the cell, found in eukaryotic cells,  convertinf Oxygen and nutirents into ATP(adenosine triphosphate) 

mitochondria also has its own____ 


has its own DNA

what causes protein to loose shape?

WHat is a long chain of protein called? 

when we chain amino acids its called 

pH and temperature


what do body cavities do: and name the them

they proctect and allow for growth. the 2 major are Dorsal and Ventral. 

what is a lysosome and where is it assembled?

has three functions 

it helps with digestion within the cell, defense-kills bacteria that entered the cell then recycles is pieces-third its recycles cells and worn parts of a cell.

(digestive enzymes are suicide bags) 

what is Mitochondria(membranous)

structure, function, contains what  

structure is double membrane and it produces ATP cellular energy from food and oxygen and it contains DNA (which are instructions for making proteins) its self replacing. 
A buffer and enzyme is found in what molecule and what does it do

buffer is found in protein and it prevents extremes fluxuation in pH. And Enzyme helps chemical reactions go fast in our bodies. Proteins are complex

Active transport requires what? give two examples


Endoyctosis and exocytosis 

appendicular skeleton supports the appendages or limbs (

true shoulder arms legs and Pelvic girdle)

the Axial skeleton consists of the skull veretebral column and rib cage

at a pH of 8.6 what charge do proteins have
Centrosomes and centroles
they are the cell center they look like little black licorcci
a substance made from the atoms of two or more elements that are chemically bonded
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
endoplasmic reticulum is both and the purpose of the ER

rough and smooth. the rough has bumps called robosomes (sheets of cloth)

smooth ER creates steroids and stores ion. when the smooth er stores those ions it is so the cell can keep the correct level of nutrients (storage is like body holding onto

enzyme chemical reactions remain changed or unchanged?
enzymes function at best ___ and ___
pH and temperature being optimal
Explain Dorsal cavity
it is the primary cavity which houses the cranial (brain) and spinal cavity- we deveope this in the first 8 weeks of life
explain the Ventral Cavity

Ventral cavity houses 2 the Thoracic cavity, which holds Pleural-Lungs and Pericardia-heart. The Mediastinal divides the thoracic cavity in 2 parts. And the second cavity is the Abdominopelvic-peritoneal cavity digestive system


function of the cytoplasm
site of chemical reacions, the cytoplasm consists of water proteins ions and its material between the cell membrane and nucleus . it has fluid and organelles 

maintain environment-Negative Feedback is common, it is good, it helps maintain homeostasis.

Positive Feedback are rare and are harmful-deviations are even greater 

is a carbohydrate organic or inorganic molecule

its organic molecule. (MONOSACCHARDIES=1sugar)

Disaccharides(2 monosaccharides joined together) and Polysaccharids are complex and better for you Glycogen 

Lipids dissolve in what and what are they composed of, is the energy quick or long?

dissolve in nonpolar solvents such as alcohol and acetone. Lipids move things in and out of cells . composed of fatty acids Glycerol (3:1) long term energy storage makes up most of cell membrane

Molecule: of fat and name its building blocks function and ezamples
Lipids are molecules of fat. there building blocks are Glycerol & fatty acids. Function is ENERGY and fats are stored & broken down later for energy (phospholipids/cholesterol)
name the 4 structures of proteins and their characteristics
primary-# & types of amino acids and their sequance in a polypeptide chain; secondary winding PolyP chain; tertiary the twisted chain folds back on itself
name the planes:
Sagittal:vertically and seperates  R & L                       Median Plane is a sagittal plane that p
passive transport system:

Diffusion, Facilitated diffusion and Osmosis and passive transpot does not require energy.

DIFFUSION:molecules are in constant motion moving from high to low with equalibrium-equally distributed

Serous Membrane line what
the trunk cavities and the walls of cavities and some internal organs
smooth ER

collects things and contains them

creates steroids and stores ions for later nutrients  

the abdomen region consists of 9 subdivisios and the abdomen quadrant consists of 4 subdivisions
Carhohydrate is composed of carbon hydrogen and oxygen atoms. for each carbon there are 2 hydrogen and one oxygen atoms.  ENERGY ex is a monosaccharides. and Glycogen is an energy storage
the cells consists of what three things and there functions
plasma membran: a boundary                                   cytoplasm:the fluid insi
the enzyme reaction is specific, and where does it bing to?
substrates bind at active site which complemetary molecules come to. the two molecules come together and the new molecule will form
the first cervical vertebre that supports the skull
C1 ATLAS an irregular bone which also forms a pivot bone with the axis 
the matrix is a fluid that has what mixed together?
water and protiens , very important
trunk cavities and what seperates them

contains 3 cavities that do not open to the outside body. the diaphragm seperates the thoracic from abdominal cavity

1) thoracic cavity

2) abdominal cavity

3) Pelvic Cavity-  

what are proteins?
covalently linked polymers of amino acids linked head to talk with carboxyl group of one amino acid
what are Vacuoles and Vesicles
they are membranous Sac and their functions are storage; endocytosis and Exocytosis
what components make proteins diff from carbs & lipids? <it is also used in the refrence method for testing proteins>
nitrogen content; 16%
what do organic molecules contain
carbon atoms bound together by COVALENT BONDS
WHAT IS A PLASMA MEMBRANE? and what do the proteins help do inside?
has hydrophobic (water hater and lover) end, it is SELECTIVELY permeable. has receptors-proteins are like docing sites. identifying markers, which allows protiens to identify good vs bad. channels and carriers and enzymes: which help chemical reactions (d
what is a quaternary level
multiple polypeptide chains
WHat is the Golgi complex (membranous)
it recieves proteins and lipids from ER, has internal transport, packaging plant cells, modifying and packing protein: helps proteins get secreted through the cell. and assembles lysomomes 
what makes something organic and not organic?


compounds that are not organic no carbon 

what stabalizes body temp, provides protection as a lubricant, helps chemical reactions and helps transport substances?
when we refer to liimps we are using what directional term

Proximal Closer to point of attachment

Distal farther point of attachment 

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