This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

World history

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Long Bow
ended feudalism with its ability to kill knights, an English invention
Barter
to exchange work and goods
legalism
Chinese philosophy saying that a powerful government was the way to peace
The first Roman emperor
Julius Ceasar
The body of civil law created for the Byzantine Empire
Justinian Code which consisted of four works of writing that decided legal controversies
Mohenjo-Daro
an advanced Indus Valley civilization
Zoroaster
a Persian prophet that answered why there was so much chaos in the world, 600 BC
Polis
Greek city state and a fundamental unit of politics in ancient Greece, 750 BC
Joan of Arc
lead French troops against England, burned at the stake by England and said to have been a prophet of God
ITALY'S LOCATION AND BIRTHPLACE IN THE RENNAISSANCE
italy was in the middle of everything, it was also close to the sea, so it was easy to spread culture by trading and the recieved exposure to many different types of people
France
Hugh Capet set up the Capetian Dynasty. Philip IV set up the Estates General (which was modelled after Model Parliment). The Great Schism occured. And finally, the 100 years war occured with Joan of Arc
"The Republic"
a work made by Plato where he set forth his vision of a perfectly governed society
confucius
chinas most influential scholar
Muhammad
prophet of Allah, Islam
Mesoamerica
from Central America to Honduras, several complex ancient society's developed here
Sunna
the model for living a proper Muslim life
Aristocracy
government in which the power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class
Charlemange
He ruled the Germanic kingdoms and built an empire greater than any since Rome. He fought the Muslims in Spain while spreading Christianity. After He saved the Pope, the Pope crowned him. He encouraged learning, opened schools, had his agents govern parts of his kingdom while reporting back to him, and he limited power for the nobles
Tragedy
a form of drama depicting the fall of a heroic character
Vassal
feudal Europe, received land from a lord in exchange for loyalty
England
Henry II developed the Royal Courts, created Trial by jury, and the Canon law. During King John, the Magna Carta was written. Edward V set up Model Parliment
Rosetta Stone
key to deciphering hieroglyphics
Tiberius and Gaius
created two tribunes that tried to protect Rome's poor
Pax Romana
the period of peace in Rome
babylonia at its height
during the reign of hammurabi from 1792 to 1750
The Code of Chivalry
dictated how a knight was to behave, required loyalty to a heavenly and feudal lord and a chosen lady. A knight must always be courteous, brave and kind
dao
the philosophy of laozi, a religion for scholars
Shang Dynasty
first Chinese dynasty to leave written records
Persian Wars
5th century BC, Greek city states vs. Persian empire
The Reformation
16th century movement for religious reformation
Mandate of Heaven
divine approval of a ruler
Plebian
commoners, social classes of Rome
Babylonia
reached its height under Hammurabi from 1792-1750 BC
Protestants
followers of a religion based on the principles of the reformation
Patrician
wealthy landowner, social class of Rome
Medina
"the city of the prophet"
Shari' a
model for living a proper Muslim life
Alexandria
Egyptian city, center of Hellenistic culture
Eightfold Path
the course you take to overcome desire
Presbyterians
members of a religion founded by John Knox
Concordat of Worms
the law that said only the Pope could appoint church ministers but the King could veto it
The three governing bodies of the Roman Republic
2 consuls - led army and goverment. Senate - 300 members from upper class, passed laws. Assembly - members from every social class, also passed laws
The General from Carthage
Hannibal, a genius military strategist. Won many victories for Carthage because of his good strategies but was defeated by Scipio in 202 B.C.
ESTABLISHMENT OF PARLIAMENT
legislative group, Nov. 1295, commoners, non nobles, and lords make up the model parliament. issue that led to the establishment was taxes, to control the king of taxing people ridiculously
Lord
in feudal Europe this person controlled land and granted it to vassals
Cuneiform
early form of writing in Sumer, used wedge shaped blocks
AFRICAN SOCIETY & MATRILINEAL
society- a respected older male serves as group leader. matrilineal- when you trace your ancestry thru your moms side, young me get land from their mothers side of the family
cyrus
persia's king in 550, conquered many kingdoms
Hannibal
brilliant general from Carthage during the Punic wars
babylonian laws
if a man steals, repay it 10 times over. if a woman wants to leave her husband, it will be investigated and she will be sent back to her dads, or thrown in the river. if you poke someones eye out, your eye gets poked.
Meroe
near the Red Sea and Nupta, defeated by Aksum in 350 AD
Mongols
nomadic desert tribesmen who joined with other tribes to form the Muslim empire
Aksum
an African kingdom located on plateaus near the Red Sea
Seljuk
Turkish group that migrated into the Abbasid empire in the 10th century and established their own empire by the 11th
Feudal System
system of loyalties in which nobles and lords are granted land
Justinian Code
the body of civil law created for the Byzantine empire
100 Years War
The use of crossbows during this event spelled the end of Knights and feudalism, between the English and French
Sumer
worlds first empire
Islam's two branches
Sunni or Sunna and Shi'a or Shiite
Mesopotamia
between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Alexander the Great
king of Greece, greatly expanded the empire
Hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system
The Punic Wars
three wars Rome vs. Carthage, brought the end of both their dominance over the Mediterranean
Plato
Greek philosopher who founded the Academy, a school
RENAISSANCE MAN
all educated, supposed to make art, he should be well rounded in all subjects
New Stone Age
also called the Neolithic age, lasted from 8000 to 3000 BC. People learned how to polish tools, make pottery, grow crops and raise animals
Hyksos
chariot riders that invaded Egypt and ruled for 70 years
Dynastic Cycle
pattern of rise fall and replacement of dynasties
charac. of civilization
advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, advanced technology.
Allah
the Muslim god
sumerians
ancient civilization that was very advanced in everything
Pericles
ruled during Athens golden age, 461-420 BC. He had three goals: strengthen democracy, strengthen empire and glorify Athens
Karma
good or bad deeds
Hijrah
the migration in 622 of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib
Fief
estate granted to a vassal by a lord in feudal England
Mosque
Islamic house of worship
Mecca
the original home of Islam's prophet Muhammad
Dorian
Greek people who moved to the mainland after the fall of the Mycaneans
The Great Schism
when their were two popes one French and one Italian
Diosletian
Roman emporer who split the Roman empire into an Eastern half and an Western half to make Rome easier to govern
Julius Cesar
the first roman emperor
The code of chivalry
A complex set of ideals for knights. It involved loyaty to his feudal lord, his wife, and God. The ideal knight was loyal, brave, and courteous
Ziggurat
pyramid shaped structure
Phalanx
military formation
Assyrians
civilization that conquered Syria, Palestine, Babylonia and Egypt
Mycenaean- indo
European people that settled in Greece around 200 BC
The two tribunes who attempted to protect Rome's poor
Tiberius and Gaius
Helots
a peasant bound to the land in ancient Sparta
Greek Philosophers
lovers of wisdom" "universe is put together in orderly way and is subject to absolute, unchanging laws. People can understand this through logic and reason" They were people who tried to find the reasons and ways of life.
Muslim Calender
began with the year 1 when Muhammad goes to Medina
THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS
a battle that changed english history, the Normons took of 1/5 of england
ISLAM IN AFRICA
islam spread thru north africa by conquest, Ghana switched to Islam 413
Martin Luther
protested the Catholic churches indulgences and formed the Lutheran church
Sargon
worlds first emperor
Shari'a
The system of law that regulates the family life, moral conduct, business life, and community life of Muslims
Magna Carta
document King James signed giving rights to nobles
Monotheism
belief in one god
hajj
The pilgrimage that each Muslim strives to make at least once in a lifetime
Aristotle
Greek philosopher who started the Lyceum, a school
Siddhartha Gautama
founder of Buddhism
Jihad
put in place by Abu- Bakr, a Muslim leader. Referred to the inner struggle against evil
Socrates
Greek philosopher who taught people to challenge their beliefs
Diocletian
284 AD, becomes roman emperor and increased the strength but couldn't save it from its downfall
Scipio
roman military leader who defeated Carthage during the Punic wars
Democracy
government controlled by citizens either directly or by representatives
Ra and Horus
Egyptian gods, believed to be the pharaohs
Hajj
the pilgrimage each Muslim try's to make in their life, to Mecca
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Parliament
Edward I created this system that protected bishops, nobles and commoners and let them be part of the law
The Hundred Years War
on and off war fought between England and France in France. From 1337 to 1453 AD
The problems of the Roman Empire
Inflation, didn't have good military and had to rely on mercenaries
City States
political unit much like an independent country
The duties of all Muslims
The Five Pillars of Islam which were: faith, prayer, Alms, fasting, and pilgrimage
The Pax Romana
207 years of peace and prosperity in Rom from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D
Bedouins
Nomadic, desert tribesman who joined with other tribesman to begin the settlements from which the muslim empire sprang
Henry VIII
English king who started the Episcopalian church
The Battle of Marathon
Greece vs. Persia, 546 BC. Started when the Persians attacked the Greeks in Anatolia
Shi'a and Sunni Muslims
the two branches of Islam
Old Stone Age
also called the Paleolithic age, from 2.5 million to 8000 BC. The earlier and longer part of the stone age. Tools fire and language were invented
The manor system
The basic economis arrangement for the lords to provide the serfs with houseing, farmland, and protection from bandits. In return, the serfs tended the lord's lands, cared for his animals, and performed other tasks to maintain the estate
Muslim
one who has submitted,Islam
Qa'ran
Muslim holy book
Papyrus
early Egyptian writing surface
The Crusades
four holy wars fought against the Muslims as the Christians tried to regain the holy land
Calvinists
members of a religion based on the teachings of John Calvin
Minoans
seafaring people who lived in Crete from 2000- 1400 BC
Comedy
humorous form of drama
Liu Bang
started the Han dynasty
Peloponnesian War
431-404 BC, Athens defeated by Sparta
Ur
earliest cities in Sumer, very advanced city
The Great Schism
This papacy was moved to Avignon France
Zhou Dynasty
followed the Shang dynasty, came to power in 1027 BC. They adapted most of the Shang culture and invented the mandate of heaven to solidify their rule

Deck Info

132

permalink