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wanlin world history semester 2 final

chap 27-28


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the nationa association for hte advancement of colored people. this organization worked to find employment and to secure civil rights for black americans.
soviet organization whose purpose was to denounce marshall plan aid.
a period of temporary business slowdown and increased unemployment.
security council of the United Nations
the body charged primarily with the maintianing internatinoal peace and security. the permanent members were the five amjor powers ht ath ad formed the core of hte allied pwers, the US, britain, france,the soviet union, and china. each of htese countries could preven thte coucil from taking an important action by using its veto power.
site of hte US's first invasion of the japanese-held territory. in august 1942, teh japanese attacked the americna forces with four save attacks and were repulsed, wtih horrendous losses on both sides.
locatino for operation overlord, the invasino of hte nothwest france. it would be the largest amphibious invasion in history on julye 6 1944, D-Day as hte military called it, the long awaited landing began.
north africa
hte first allied offensive against hte Axis powers came with the landings in _______.
yalta conference
in 1945 roosevelt, churchill and joseph stalin met in the soviet union. the big three, as these allied leaders were called, decided tha tafter germany was defeated it would be divided and occupied by allied trooops. the soviet union was to enter hte war against japan.
kellogg-briand pact
in 1928 in paris 62 nations signed an agreement which made war 'illegal', though it did not specify how to prevent it. in the 1930's it became clear that such imprecise and unenforceable measures wouul dno longer be adequate.
the prague spring
in 1968 czechoslovakia, under alexander dubcek, began a program of reform. the dubcek promsied civil lbrties, democratic political reforms, and a more independed political system. the soviet union invaded the country adn put down the short-lived period of freedom.
charles de caulle
he became the first president of hte fifth republic of france. he ended the war in algeria by aceptin galgerian independence.
truman doctrine
in 1947 president truman asked congress for $400 million to help defend greece and turkyey for communist agrgression. congress agreed and wiht american financial and technical assistance, the greek government put down the rebellion.
the berlin blockade
in june 1948 the Soviets blockaded the east german border to all land and water traffic into berlin from the west.
people who assist their country's enemies.
hiroshima and nagasaki
japanese cities where the first atomic bombs were dropped by the US in august of 1945 and immediately afterwards the japanese government unconditionally surrendered and WWi was finally over.
spanish civil war
spanish conservatives formed the fascist party known as the falange under hte leadership of general francisco franco. they called themselves the nationalist and they were opposed by the loyalist, or republicans, people who favoreda republic.
command economy
an economy in which teh government makes all economic decisions.
north atlantic treaty organization. alliance formed by western nations to deter any soviet drive to the west.
US secretary of state who formulated a program providing economic aid to european countries after WWII. the___________ provided massive american economic assistance to help europe recover from th war.
he succeeded stalin as head of hte soviet communist party and became the soviet premier.
germany developed 'lightning war', i was conducted wtih great speed and force. it depended on the superiority in air power and mobile ground troops.
martin luther king Jr.
advocated nonviolent methods during hte civil rights movement in the US.
lend-lease act
the US congress in early 1941 passeed a law which authorized the president to supply war materials to GB on credit. winston churchill appealed the US to 'give us the tool and we wil finisht eh job.'
batttle in which the nazi advance east through russia was halted.
V-E day
may 8, 1945 the day of victory in europe.
final solution
part of hitler's new order began in 1941 when he ordered the annihilation of the entire jewish population of europe. the german created a system ot locate, capture, transport, adn exterminate.
island hopping
in 1943 the allies took hte offensive in the pacific. forces from australia and new zealand assisted those from the US. together they waged a long series of battles aimed at driving the japanese-held islands were captured; others were bypassed and left without supplies.
the allies pursued a policy which included removing former nazis from positions of authority in government, industry, and education.
munich conference
in september 1938, hitler demanded that hte sudetenland be annexed to germany. the british and french were fearful of german military might and decided to appease hitler and yield to his demands.
because ______- had a large german population, hitler claimed it for germany. after securing austria nad czechoslovakia, hitler intensified his campaign against poland.
V-J day
september 2, 1945, representatives of both sides signed the japanese surrender documents aboard the american battleship missouri anchored in tokyo bay.
the european economic community. usually called the common market, in 1957, six european nations signed the treaty of rome, which provided for the gradual abolition of tariffs and import quotas among the six member nations.
nuremberg trials
in 1945 and 1946 a special international court met at nuremberg germany. the court chaged 22 of the principal nazi leaders wtih crimes against peace and crimes against humanity. twelve of the defendants were sentenced to death, seven were sentenced to life imporesonment adn three were acqitted.
in july 1943, american and british armies attackedt he 'soft underblly of th eaxis' when they landed on the island of _______. they took the island in less than a month and from there attacked the italian mainland. with the allied landing in sicily benito mussolini was forced to resign. when the allies landed ont eh southwesterntip of italy in september 1943, the italians agreedt o cease aggression against hte allies.
cold war
conflict between east and west waged through political and economic means. it was a war of ideas between communists and non-communist.
el alamein
turning point in the war in North Africa. germany general rommel's forces were defeated in October 1942 in egypt and as a result retreated to tunisia.
this senator from wisconsin became the most dramatic spokesman for the conspiracy theory. between 1950 and 1954 he questioned the loyalty of many government officials nad in the process damaged the reputation sof many americans.
hitler's airforce. he tried to use it to bomb england into submission, but this strategy failed.
the berlin airlift
the US and GB organized an airlift to supply west berlin. they flew food and supplies in daily to the inhabitants of the western sectors of the city.
warsaw pact
military alliance formed by european communist countries in which they agreed, in the event of a war, to supply troops.
Brown vs board of education of topeka
important legal case that resulted in the unconstitutionality of laws requiring black children to attend separate schools.
naval battle that was a turning point in the war in the pacific.
welfare state
nation i which the government undertakes primary responsibility for the social well-being of its citizens.
critical norway collaborator. norwegian fascist party leader.
St. Lawrence Seaway
the US and Canada cooperated to build various lakes and canals, and locks which link the great lakes to the atlantic ocean. this 2300 mile waterway enables oceangoing ships to reach every port on the great lakes.
british, belgian, and french troops were trapped by german forces at the seaport of _________. between may 27 and june 4, 1940, 338,000 allied soldiers were transported across the english channel to england, although all their heavy equpiment was lost.
in 1939 a majority of the americans believed that europe's wars were of no concern to the US. the leaders of this movement were responsible for keeping the US out of the League of nations at the end of WWI.
german-soviet nonagression pact
in 1939 this agreement shocked the world when germany adn the soviets agreed to partition poland. it gave hitler hte green ligh tot begin WWII.
market economy
an economy in which teh competition amon private businesses and individuals generally determines what goods and services wilbe produced, how they will be produced, and waht they will cost.
atlantic charter
in august 1941, president franklin roosevelt and british prime minister winston churchill met on a british battleship off hte coast of new foundland and drew up a statmeen thta twet the national policies of their two democracies. its many provisions followed the spirit of woodrow wilson's fourteen point plan.
portion of czechoslovakia calimed by hitler.
marshall plan
provided massive american economic assistance to help europe recover from the war
east germany
country that built the berlin wall to prevent the outward flow of refugees.
city in lithuania ceded to the germans. like danzig it had a large german population with an active nazi parti.

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