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World War II


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What battle was a major turning point in the North African campaign?
El Alamein
What were three major battles fought in the Pacific?
Midway, Okinawa, Iwo Jima, Guadalcanal
The Nazi "Final Solution" was a systematic, industrialized attempt to do what?
eliminate Jews and other "undesirables" from Europe
When Franklin D. Roosevelt made the statement "a date that will live in infamy" he was referring to?
bombing of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941
Navajo Marines in WWII used ????? as an unbreakable code.
their language
What group did NOT serve in segregated units in the American military during WWII?
Mexican Americans
What did Japan do following the attack on Pearl Harbor?
invaded the Philippines and Indonesia
Japanese Americans served in a Nisei Regiment that did what?
won many medals and awards
As Japan invaded Manchuria and China, the US?
placed a ban on exports of oil and steel to Japan
The Tuskegee airmen were an all ????? unit that fought in WWII?
African American unit
What effect did the Holocaust have on the Middle East?
forced the movement of Jews from Europe to the Middle East, setting up the Jewish state of Israel
The Geneva Convention was an international pact to do what?
treat prisoners humanely and set rules for war
What was the term used to describe the killing of 6 million Jews by the Nazis?
How did the Battle of Midway change the momentum of the Pacific Theater?
changed the momentum of Japan marching across the Pacific; turning point in the war
What were the 2 events that turned America from neutrality to actively supporting Allied cause?
fall of France, bombing of Great Britain
The deliberate and systematic extermination of a racial, national, or religious group is referred to as?
Lend-Lease Act allowed the US to?
supply weapons to Great Britain and other Allies
What was the Allied strategy to win in the Pacific?
island hopping
What triggered the actual beginning of WWII?
joint invasion of Poland by Soviet Union
After the last stand at Corregidor in the Philippines, US soldiers were brutalized during what?
Bataan Death March
What did the American victory at Okinawa do?
paved the way for the invasion of Japan
Where did one major Russian victory occur?
Under the Stimson Doctrine, the US refused to
recognize territorial gains in China by Japan
What was the major reason Truman gave for his decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945?
to save American lives
After Japan attacked the US, what did Hitler do?
honored the pact with Japan by declaring war on the US
What happened to the German officials responsible for the persecution of the Jews during the war?
tried at Nuremberg for war crimes against humanity and executed
The Nuremberg trials placed Germany's leaders on trial for what?
crimes agains humanity; giving and following orders to commit war crimes
What is true of Nazi concentration camps?
included Jews, homosexuals, and various religious and political dissidents
Many Japanese soldiers did not want to be taken prisoner so they would do what?
commit suicide
The Allies had interests in Asia but chose instead to do what?
defeat Germany first
For 2 years, Germany conquered France, overran most of Europe, and attacked?
Great Britain and Soviet Union
Which group had the most Holocaust victims?
What military action paved to way for the liberation of France?
D-Day invasion of Normandy
What was the Axis strategy to win in Eastern Europe?
defeat the Soviet Union

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