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MPCS8thReview1945toPresent

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Describe the September 11th terrorist attacks.
Islamic terrorists (al-Qaeda) hijacked 4 planes. 2 planes were crashed into the World Trade Center. Both buildings collapsed. 1 plane was crashed into the Pentagon. 1 plane crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. A total of 2,986 people were killed. As a result, the U.S. began the War on Terror - and a new cabinet position was created - Dept. of Homeland Security
Why did Truman fire MacArthur?
their disagreement over the invasion of China
What speech did Martin Luther King, Jr. give at the March on Washington in August 1963?
"I Have a Dream"
What happened in South Vietnam on November 1, 1963?
Ngo was assassinated during a coup attempt
Describe the Cuban MIssile Crisis?
dangerous Cold War dispute between U.S. and USSR - American spy planes showed Soviet Nuclear missiles being assembled in Cuba. After deliberating for a week, Kennedy ordered a blockade of Cuba until the missiles were removed - the two countries stood "eyeball to eyeball" until Khrushchev agreed to the removal of missiles from Cuba - keeping Kennedy from invading Cuba
Who was the the American commander in Korea?
Douglas MacArthur
Describe the Iran Hostage Crisis.
Nov. 1979 - Islamic terrorists stormed the American Embassy in Tehran and took 52 American hostages. President Carter made multiple attempts to save the hostages - all failed - including a failed attempt when a helicopter crashed killing 8 American soldiers. Ronald Reagan defeated Carter in 1980. The hostages were finally released Jan. 20, 1981 just hours after Reagan was inaugurated. They had been in captivity for 444 days.
Why was the war in Vietnam much different than the war in Korea?
the U.S. did not know the South Vietnamese allies well, they did not understand the enemy, the enemy was not discouraged by conventional bombing raids, the Vietcong guerillas blended in with civilians so it was difficult to tell who the enemy was, and most importantly - there was opposition at home - this was was not supported
What was NATO?
an organization that consisted of the United States, Canada, and 12 western European countries. These countries agreed in a pact to defend against a possible Soviet invasion of Western Europe
What happened in Berlin on June 24, 1948?
Soviet troops surrounded Berlin when Stalin had them set up a blockade
When did Apollo 11 reach the moon?
July 20, 1969
What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Describe the Gulf of Tonkin Incident?
North Vietnamese patrol boats allegedly attacked American destroyers - Johnson asked Congress for and received permission to retaliate but not to declare war - situation escalated
Why was the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union called a "cold war"?
The two were enemies, but were not actually at war
Who resigned as Vice President in 1973 due to a bribery scandal?
Spiro Agnew
What was the Vietcong?
the National Liberation Front- guerrilla soldiers for this Communist faction in Vietnam
Who led the Nationalists during the Chinese Civil War?
Chiang Kai-shek
Who was the second President to be impeached?
Bill Clinton
What was the capital of North Korea?
Pyongyang
Who assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr.?
James Earl Ray
Who became premier of the Soviet Union following Stalin's death in 1953?
Nikita Khrushchev
What was the first artificial earth satellite?
Sputnik
What leader of the Civil Rights movement led the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Martin Luther King, Jr.
What did Nationalists do after they lost the Chinese Civil War?
fled to Taiwan
What failed attempt to assassinate Castro did Kennedy lead in 1961?
Bay of Pigs
What case did Brown vs. Board of Education overturn?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Describe the process of Vietnamization.
there was a gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops. By 1971, only 60,000 Americans were still in Vietnam. A bombing campaign intensified and spread to Cambodia and Laos. A peace agreement was signed Jan. 27, 1973. The U.S. agreed to withdraw all troops even though North and South Vietnam were still fighting. On April 29, 1975 - Saigon - the capital of South Vietnam fell. The last of the Americans and many Vietnamese scrambled to escape.
Who won the election of 1968?
Richard Nixon
Who was the first woman in space?
Valentina Tereshkova
Who was arrested for refusing to move from "whites only" area of a bus on Dec. 1, 1955?
Rosa Parks
Describe the election of 2000.
the race for President was between George W. Bush and Al Gore. It was the closest presidential election in U.S. history. The results in the state of Florida were disputed - and it was too close to call - it took a month of court challenges and recounts. It was determined that Bush won Florida (by 537 votes). Gore won the popular vote, but Bush won the needed electoral votes. Bush won.
Who assassinated John F. Kennedy?
Lee Harvey Oswald
Who was the first man on the moon?
Neil Armstrong
Who was the first American to orbit the earth?
John Glenn
What Soviet Premier helped bring about the end of the Cold War by his policies of glasnost and perestroika?
Mikhail Gorbachev
Who became President after Kennedy's death?
Lyndon B. Johnson
Who won the Chinese Civil War?
the Chinese Communist Forces
Describe the election of 1960.
John F. Kennnedy defeated Vice President Nixon
What presidential candidate was assassinated in 1968?
Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated
Describe the opposition in the United States to the Vietnam War.
Many people, especially the young, disapproved of the war. At that time there was a counterculture - hippies - who protested the war throughout the country. Some protests even became violent (Kent State).
Who shot Oswald on live T.V. two days after Kennedy's assassination?
Jack Ruby
Who was the first animal in space?
Laika the dog
Describe the outcome of the election of 1948.
Truman won the election by a landslide against Dewey - 303 to 109
What was the Warsaw Pact?
an alliance between the Soviet Union and their Eastern European allies established in 1955.
Describe Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
A young girl named Linda Brown was forced to ride a bus several miles to a black school when a white school was just blocks away. Marshall argued that black schools could not be equal to white schools. The Supreme Court ruled unanimously in 1954 that separation by race was automatically unequal, so segregation was unconstitutional.
What happened to the Vanguard satellite in December 1957?
it exploded on the launch pad
What countries divided Germany after World War II?
Great Britain, France, Russia, and the United States
Who became dictator of Cuba in 1959?
Fidel Castro
What was the Berlin airlift?
American and British cargo planes flew food, fuel and other supplies into West Berlin - they would fly over and drop the supplies. This went on for 10 months, and a total of $25 million was spent. Finally, Truman gave up, but short after that, the blockade ended in May 1949
Who was the first American in space?
Alan Shepard
Who led the Communist forces in North Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
Who created the term "Iron Curtain"?
Winston Churchill
Describe the outcome of Watergate.
It is discovered that there were secret tapes, the Supreme Court rules that Nixon must surrender unedited tapes, Congress prepared for the impeachment of Nixon, Nixon released the tapes, Nixon resigned on Aug. 8, 1974, Ford becomes President, Ford pardoned Nixon though 56 others were convicted and went to prison
Who assassinated Robert Kennedy?
Sirhan Sirhan
What happened on October 25, 1950?
China sent 270,000 troops into North Korea
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
to prevent East Germans from fleeing into the West
Where did the UN forces lead a daring counter attack in September 1950?
near the port of Inchon
Who replaced Nixon after his resignation?
Gerald Ford
Who was the first man in space?
Russian Yuri Gagarin
How did the Watergate scandal begin?
It began when aides broke into the Democratic National headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. in June 1972 in an attempt to help Nixon win the reelection
Who led the Communists during the Chinese Civil War?
Mao Zedong
What was the turning point in the war for North Vietnam?
the Tet offensive - large scale attacks on South Vietnam and the U.S. had no clear strategy for victory
Who were the candidates in the election of 1948?
Harry Truman, Strom Thurmond, Henry Wallace, and Thomas Dewey
Describe the Camp David Accords.
President Carter met with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat. The first peace treaty ever between Israel and Egypt was signed.
Who discovered the Watergate cover-up?
Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein
Who was the leader of South Vietnam?
Ngo Dinh Diem

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