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AHS World History Ch 28

Mr. Wanlin's World History Chapter 28 Prep-Sheet. (post WWII)

Terms

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Charles de Gaulle
He became the first president of the Fifth Republic of France. Ended war in Algeria by accepting Algerian independence.
Warsaw Pact
Military alliance formed by European communist countries in which they agreed, in the event of war, to supply troops.
Security Council of the United Nations
The body charged with primarily maintaining international peace and security. The permanent members were the five major powers that had formed the core of the Allied powers - US, Britain, France, Soviet Union and China.
Prague Spring
In 1968, Czechoslovakia, under Alexander Dubcek, began a program of reform. Dubcek promised civil liberties, democratic political reforms, and a more independent political system. The Soviet Union invaded the country and put down the short-lived period of freedom.
Joseph McCarthy
Wisconsin senator who became the most dramatic spokesman for the conspiracy theory.
Cold War
Conflict between East and West waged through political and economic means. It was a war of ideas between Communists and non-Communist
Truman Doctrine
In 1947 President Truman asked Cogress for $400 million to help defend Greece and Turkey for communist aggression, the Greek government put down the rebellion.
St. Lawrence Seaway
The United States and Canada cooperated to build various lakes and canals and locks which link the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. The 2300 mile waterway enables oceangoing ships to reach every port on the great lakes
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka
Important legal case that resulted in the unconstitutionality of laws requiring black children to attend separate schools.
NAACP
National Association for the Advcancement of Colored People; organization that worked to find employment and to secure civil rights for black Americans.
EEC
European Economic Community; usually called the Common Market, in 1957, six European nations signed the Treaty of Rome, which provided for the gradual abolition of tariffs and import quotas amon the six member nations. (France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxemberg.)
Cominform
Soviet organization whose purpose was to denounce Marshall Plan aid.
George Marshall
United States secretary of state who formulated a program providing economic aid to European countries after WWII.
Market Economy
An Economy in which the government makes all economic decisions
Marshall Plan
George Marshall's plan to provide massive American economic assistance to help Europe recover from the war.
Recession
A period of temporary business slowdown and increased unemployment
East Germany
Country that built the Berlin Wall to prevent the outwar flow of refugees
Nikita Khruschev
Succeeded Stalin as the head of the Soviet Communist Party and became the Soviet premier.
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; Alliance formed by Western nations to deter any Soviet drive to the west
Berlin Blockade
In June 1948 the Soviets blockaded the East German border to all land and water traffic into Berlin from the west
Martin Luther King Jr.
Advocated nonviolent methods during the civil rights movement in the United States; won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts
Berlin Airlift
United States and Great Britain organized an airlift to supply West Berlin. They flew food and supplies in daily to the inhabitants of the Western sectors of the city
Nuremberg Trials
Specail international court meeting in 1945 and 1946 at Nuremberg, Germany where the court charged 22 of the principal Nazi leaders with crimes against peace and humanity.
Welfare State
Nation in which the government undertakes primary responsibility for the social well-being of its citizens

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