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ocial sudies chapter seven


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Sandro Botticelli
a famous renaissance artist
sistine chapel
Michelangelo painted this
Raphael Sanzio
a famous renaissance artist
The arsenal
a shipyard where artisans worked on ships.
the way people such as artists look at things differently
Niccolo Machiavelli
he was a diplomat in Florance. he wrote a book called the prince in 1513, that explained how a ruler could guarantee staying in power. his answer was doing whatever was necessary in order to keep the power.
a government controlled by it's citizens
florence and venice
what we now all italy was divided into small city-states and florance, venice, genoa, milian, and rome were the most important city-states of the renaissance
the gold coin of florence. was used to measure the value of other money
Leonardo Da Vinci
1452-1519. he wasan italian painter who lived in florace, ntil he went to milan in 1481. he also studied the human body and fossils to learn the worlds history. he dissected corpses in order to learn anatomy.
1350-1550 in europe, rebirth of interest in art and learning in italy.
Francesco Patrarch
a famous scholar.
florences richest family. they were bankers
Dante Alighieri
early 1300's, Florance. he was a poet who wrote one of the worlds greatest poems called the Divine Comedy, the gripping story of a mans journey from hell to heaven
the waterway for transportation instead of a street
3 reasons the renessiance started in Italy
1. italy was the center of the roman empire. the ruins and art that surrounded them reminded them of their past. 2. italy became very wealthy, therefore they could pay people like architectures. 3. there were city state in italy that competed with eachother for becoming more famous than another city
the art of making deals and negotiating with other countries.
on wet pasture with watercolor paint.
people wo are more interested in the world and what goes on than reigion and getting into heaven.
the richest family in Florence. they were bankers and had branch banks
wrote a book called the canterbury tales. in it he describes 29 pilgroms traveling to canterbury. the pilgroms represent the different levels of english socielty from the poor at the bottom to the rick or the english nobls at the top.
everyday language that people speak in a particular region
one of the ways that florintine found to make money
Michelangelo Bounarroti
a famous renaissance artist
three reasons why italy was never unified
because there was no one powerful kingdom in italy :because the roman catholic church did everything that they could do to prevent, they were all very rich so they stayed equal in power. they were also equal in srength in fighting in war
faith and reason
faith is spiritual and beleif and reason is logic
the head of state in venice. at first, hey had great power over his council of nobles. later he lost power
printing press
1450's. johannes gutenberg developed the printing press that used movable metal type and that made it possible to print alot o copies of books. with more copies of books, more people could learn how to read.40,000 books had been printed already by the 1500's
the art of negotiating or making deals with other countries
a famous renaissance artist
the boats that people used over canals in venice
marco polo
a merchent from venice in the 1270's. traveled to china
Leonardo da Vinci
one of the best renaissance scientists. was also an inventor and an engineer
urban nobles
the wealthy men of the italian city-states
in he 1300's, a new approach to understand the world. it was based on ancient Greek and roman values. they believed that the individual and human society were important, not only religious faith
goods traded
silk, spices, wool, wine, glass
Jan van Eyck
a master of oil painting. he may have create doil painting
asia 1 market
more goods transfered from asia, the more there prices went down
urban population
means the amount of people living in the city rather than the country
oil painting
first developed in flanders. let people surface textures
written by Geoffrey Chauser. he wrote the canterbury tales
one person
a painting technique where edges were lightened to make paintings look more 3D
Filippo Brunelleschi
built the dome of the florence cathedral

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