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Brett

Terms

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Deng Xiaoping
Former Chinese leader
Infrastructure
public services or systems
Lord Macartney
Led an expedition from Great Britain to China in 1793
sterilization
a surgical procedure that prevents reproduction by total or partial removal of the reproductive organs
Subsidy
money given by government
The Great Wall
a vast Chinese defensive fortification begun in the 3rd century B.C. and running along the northern border of the country for 2,400 km
sanctions
barring trade
Buddhism
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
Marco Polo
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade
Taiwan
government occupying the island of Taiwan and neighboring small islands, administered separately since 1949 by a Chinese Nationalist government after its retreat from mainland China
Tibet
country in and to the north of the Himalayas, since 1965 a province-level administrative region of China
Spratly Islands
group of more than 600 islets, coral reefs, sand bars, and atolls in the South China Sea
Capitalism
an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods, characterized by a free competitive market and motivation by profit
Beijing
capital of China
Aristotle
Greek philosopher and scientist. He was among the most influential of philosophers in Western history
WTO
World Trade Organization
Inflation
higher prices
gulag
jail
dissent
to disagree with a widely held or majority opinion
Confucius
Chinese philosopher, administrator, and moralist. His social and moral teachings, collected in the Analects , tried to replace former religious observances
Mao Zedong
The leader of the Long March in the Chinese Civil War (1934), he was chairman, and effectively the most powerful figure, of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death
One-Child Policy
A policy which induces Chinese couples to have only one child
Tiananmen Square
a large square in central Beijing, China, that is a traditional site for festivals, rallies, and demonstrations
corruption
dishonesty for personal gain
Dalai Lama
highest priest of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the Chinese occupation of Tibet in 1959, the traditional spiritual and secular ruler of Tibe
G8
eight leading industrial nations
Communism
the political theory or system in which all property and wealth is owned in a classless society by all the members of a community

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