This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

history final

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Anselm
argument for God's existence
the renaissance
means rebirth key: reason
henry 8
wanted a son to be successor but wife couldnt do it, no divorce= new religion called church of england/ anglican
flagellants
whips for religious reasons
sacrament
outward signs of religion
circumnavigate
to sail completely around
domesday book
complete census of landholdings in england ordained by the conquerer
Erasmus
praise or Folly book
nepotism
appointment to a position because of family relations
machiavelli
wrote "the prince"
turks
took over the middle east from the abbasids in the mid 1000's
Charlemagne's coronation
xmas 800, close cooperation between charlemagne and roman church
theology
study of gods
kepler
German astronomer
mosque
muslim temple or place of worship
Muhammad
prophet of islam
john wycliffe
started council to end the divide and corruption of church officials
Aquinas
wrote suma thelogica
henry 4
cannossa active lay investiture
pope urban
pope who ureded people of clermont to take up arms and recapture jerusalem
florence
key city in Italy where Renaissance began
william of normandy
william the conqueror, created doomsday book to prove he could collect taxes
counter reformation
catholic church's counter attack against the protestants
huguenots
french calvinists forced to emigrate
schism
division in a church over matters of discipline
petrach
modern poet
abbasids
welcomed arabs and non arabs to join islam thereby expanding the religion
vernacular
oral language of given people
Caffa
place where the black plague entered europe
umayyds
developed a way to help islams chose own leader not by blood of prophets
Sicily
Key for trading
hajj
pilgrimage to sacred places of islam
travels of marco polo
the reformation
caliph
leader of islamic community deputy to prophet muhammad
Thomas More
book utopia
simony
buy your way to heaven with $
icons
painted respresentation of holy person
antisemitism
prejedice vs. jews
Galileo
started scientific revolution in europe, invented telescope, laws of motions discover
timbuktu
city located on the Niger river in west africa
heresy
wrong belief in religious doctrine
huns
European barbaric tribe
Joan D' arc
patron saint of france
Donatello
sculpture
benedict
italian saint who formed communities where monks lived and prayed
Hundred years war
short battles between rich of france and enland
benedictine
rules of conduct given to monastic followers by saint benedict
Michalangelo
artist
Luther
"jusitification by faith"
nicea
important towns in Turkey
Marco polo
traveled to china stayed with emperor wrote book about it
Charlemagne
missi dominici, first holy roman emperor
annul
to void
Alexius Comnenus
Byzantine emperor who requested military assistance from the west
lay investiture
disagreement between pope and holy roman emperor
Gutenberg
german inventor of printing presses
manor
agricultural estate owned by noble worked by peasents
indulgences
pardon from punishment after guilt was forgotten
thomas becket
english bishop of canterbury who was be headed over issue of lay investiture
schehezade
rise of islam literarture
canon law
laws made by religious leaders
crusade
millitary exposition to recover holly land from muslims
visiogoths
the german tribe that took over spain were the west goths; also know as the visigoths
guilds
organization controlled prices
commercial revolution
trade with other merchants in other cities
Mecca/ Medina
prophet born in mecca, then moved to medina
pilgrimages
visit holyland, make a trip ot holy cities
richard the lionhearted
english king who went on a crusade and was captured and held for ransom
humanism
glorifies humans
ex- communication
barred from the RC community by decree of a bishop or pope
chivalry
qualites of ideal knight (honor, courtesy, generosity)
interdict
catholic- excluded from sacraments as punishments
vassals
a person subordinate (below) another person
secular
not religous wordly or humanistic
pepin
pepin hte short was Charlemagne's father
Chaucer
Author of Canterbury tales in English
Battle of Hasting
place where William the conqueror won a key battle to gain control of England
tithe
1/10 of a persons annual captial gain to church
Calvin
Protestant religion, pope of Geneva
Anne Boleyn
2nd wife of henry 8
abu bakr
leader of muslim religion after muhammeds death, muhammeds closest friend
capital
where official government is located
pope
bishop of rome, and head of RC church
the d'medicis
powerful financial and political family in florence Italy
leonardo da vinci
painted mona lisa
The concil of trent
Christian church response made them have a meeting to review basic church rules
recant
to withdraw a statement
liege lord
above a vasal
ali
relative of muhammed, last orthodox gods messenger
byzantium
easter half of the christian world was known as the Byzantine Empire
artisan
skilled in a particular craft
secular
not religious worldy or humanistic
heliocentric
sun is center of solar system
merchantilism
favorable trade balance through government control of exports and imports
mercenary
serving an army for pay
cultural diffusion
people pick up different cultures
common law
body or system of lawbased on court decisions
frederick barbarossa
german king who united the german speaking people, drowned enroute to a crusade
raphael
designed churches
Catharine of Argonne
wife of henry 8
venice
trading port in italy during middle ages
renaissance artists
ninja turtles
merchantilism
trade power over imports and exports
apprentice
seve while learning trade
magna carta
the limits of an english kings power
vassal
a noble who owed feudal duties to a superior called a suzerain
bureaucracy
government officials
council of clermont
group of French people to hear pope urbane 2 proclaim the "First Crusade"
scholasticism
combining religion and thoughts of greek philosophy
hellenism
blend of greek and asiatic cultures
babylonian captivity
period of church history when papacy captured by the french crown
5 pillars of islam
1 profession 2 prayer 3 fasting 4 pilgrimage 5 giving alms
caravel
type of ship (columbus sailed this)
Constantinople
eastern capitol of christian world
Coperinicus
astronomer sun is at the center of the universe
Ignatius
head of jesuits
clovis
first barbarian king to accept christianity
fiefs
land held by vassal
patron`
one who supports with money
inquisition
RC agency that was responsible for books
Columbus
Italian, convinced King to fund trip to Indes, discovered America
usury
lending money at an illegal amount of interest

Deck Info

122

permalink