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100 Word Vocabulary

100 word vocabulary test for the social studies classes at Wawasee


undefined, object
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the unique cultural identity of a place based on common language, religion, & national symbols
the practice of teaching immigrant students their own language
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Consumer Price Index
statistic that measures overall change in price or inflation over time
economic system in which private citizens own and use the factors of production in order to generate profits
a person whom a member of Congress has been elected to represent
a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production
a rise in the general level of prices
elected official that is already in office
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
a period in European history of the rebirth of learning based on the knowledge of ancient Roman and Greek learning; mainly in art, philosophy, invention, exploration & religious reform
a viewpoint void of religious thought or considerations
the use of violence by non-government groups against civilians to achieve a political goal by instilling fear and frightening governments into changing policies
alternatives that must be given up when one is chosen over another
Caste System
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
relaxation of government regulation on industry
a sophisticated system of writing based on pictures
a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
the policy designed to keep the Soviet Union from expanding its power
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals the Soviet Union and China
a measure of responsiveness that tells us how a dependent variable such as quantity responds to an independent variable such as price
the practice of granting favors to reward party loyalty
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Multinational Corporation
large corporation with overseas investments
direct contact made by an interest group representative in order to persuade government officials to support the policies their interest group favors
a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
a state of the economy with large numbers of unemployment, supply shortages, and excess capacity in manufacturing plants
payment made to the victor by the vanquished to cover the costs of a war
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
the authority, power, or right of a court to interpret or apply the law on certain cases
Social Contract
the idea that an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
Gross Domestic Product
the dollar amount of all final goods and services produced within a country's borders in a year
the avoidance of involvement in world affairs
Divine Rights of Kings
the idea that kinds receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
a series of military expeditions by Christian Europe to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims
a general description of a government in which the people rule
Nuclear Proliferation
the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and has no tolerance for opposition
Middle Passage
the middle portion of the triangular trade that brought African slaves to the Americas
pertaining to Greek language and culture
the amount of a product that would be offered for sale at all possible prices that could prevail in the market
Interest Group
a group of people with common goals who organize to influence government
thoughts and ideas that are contrary to the teachings of the Christian faith
ability to converted an asset into cash quickly
a tax on an imported product
any substance that serves as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, and a store of value
the failure or refusal of a U.S. state to aid in the enforcement of federal laws within its state limites
a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within
people available for work who made a specific effort to find a job during the past month and who,during the most recent survey week, worked less than one hour for pay
an absolute ruler
people who move from place to place following animals migrations and vegetation cycles
a specific description of a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote & is exercised by elected officers & representatives responsible to them
the basic currency shared by the countries of the European Union since 1999
an organization that is authorized by law to carry on an activity but treated as though it were a single person
Magna Carta
a written code that limited power of the English monarchy for the first time; also called the Great Charter
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
Ethnic Cleansing
the expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of ethnic minorities by a dominant majority group
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
Flexible Response
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
a family line of rulers who's right to rule is passed on within the family
an act of rebellion against the established government
Standard of Living
the quality of life based on the possession of necessities and luxuries that make life easier
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over smaller or weaker nation
a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society
the act of granting pardon to a large group of people
of or relating to people who live in the country
a person who speaks out against the regime in power
Consumer Sovereignty
the concept that the consumer is the ruler of the market
government administrators
Due Process of Law
principle in the 5th Amendment stating that the government must follow proper constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals
a loose union of independent state; name of government used by the southern states that seceded during the Civil War
Natural Rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, & property
the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations without arousing hostility
Concentration Camp
a camp where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of minority groups are confined, typically under harsh conditions
the right to vote
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to main peace and stability
a formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
a Spanish conqueror of the Americas
Marginal Utility
the extra usefulness gained from consuming one more unit of a product
State-Sponsored Terrorism
violent acts against civilians that are secretly supported by a government in order to attack other nations without going to war
of or located in the city
Civil Society
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations,& many other kinds of groups that exist independently from the government
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
Political Party
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, & determine public policy
Federal Reserve System
privately owned, publicly controlled, central bank of the United States
the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
the condition that results from limited resources combined with unlimited wants
Political Machine
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
Minimum Wage
the lowest legal wage that can be paid to most workers
reducing a company in size by laying off workers and managers to become more efficient
a limit or reduction in armed forces or weapons

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