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Social Studies texes Comps 1 and 2

Terms for Social Studies TExES exam

Terms

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Silk Road
Series of trading routes covering approximately 5,000 miles. Lead to development of China, Japan, Egypt, Persia, Indian subcontinent, and Rome through the silk trade and transmission of cultural ideals through interaction. Initiated around 114 BC by the Han Dynasty of China.
Plato
428/427b.c.-348/347b.c. Classical Greek philosopher. Laid Western philosophical foundations with his teacher, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle. Founder of first institiution of higher learning in the Western world, the Academy in Athens.
Confucius
551b.c.-479b.c. Chinese thinker and social philosopher. Influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese and Vietnamese cultures.
Feudalism
Term first used in the 17th century describing a Mideval European political system. Consisted of lords, vassals, and fiefs. Basically, was defined as the granting of land in return for military service. In theory, was the expression of a society in which every man was bound to every other by mutual ties of loyalty and service.
Giza Pyramids
Consists of the Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, the Pyramid of Menkaure and smaller sattelite edefices nkown as queen's pyramids, causeways and valley pyramids. Adjacent to the Great Sphinx. Only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing.
Charlemagne
747-814. King of the Franks. Charles the Great, or Charles I. Ruled over Western and Central Europe. Conquered Italy and was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo II in 800. Regarded as founding father of French and German monarchies, and as Father of Europe.
Mohammed
570-632. Born in Mecca, died in Medina. Founder of Islam. Regarded by Muslims as a prophet of God. Teachings make up the Qu'ran, the Muslim holy book.
Norman Conquest
Began in 1066. Led by William the Conquerer. His military victory at the Battle of Hastings led to Norman control of England. This control would influence England more with continental Europe than Scandinavian culture. Would also lead to rivalry between England and France for the next millenium.
Genghis Kahn
1162-1227. Leader and founder of Mongol tribes of Asia. Ruled from 1206-1227. Occupied most of Asia during reign.
Manorialism
Organizing principle of rural economy widely practiced in mideival and central parts of Europe. Lord owns land and leases it out to serfs in return for labor on his land.
Cleopatra
69bc-30bc. Last Pharoh of Egypt. Had children with Caesar and Antony.

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