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lifespan development III


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Bem, Martin, Hakverson
Gender shema theory is another form of self categorization based on information processing of cultural information about behavior that a child organizes about what is considered appropriate for a boy or a girl on the basis of what a particular culture dictates and behaves accordingly
____ are the methods of molding childrens character and of teaching them to exersize self control and engage in acceptable behavior
power assertion
___ is a discipline strategy that is designed to discourage undersirable behavior through physical or verbal enforcement of parental control (demands, theats, spanking, punishments)
psychological aggression
____ is verbal attacks on a child by a parent that may result in psychological harm such as name calling, yelling, screaming, threatening to spank and beat, and threatening to put a child out of the house of disown them
withdrawal of love
________ is a disciplinary strategy that involves ignoring, isolating, or showing dislake for a child
gender typing
____ is socialization process whereby children learn at an early age their appropriate gender role
gender roles
____ consists of behaviors, interests, attitudes, skills and traits that a culture considers appropriate for each sex. These differ for males and females
___ is a parenting style that is emphasized on self expression and self regulation. These parents make very few demands of their children and allow children to self monitor themselves, their progress and to osme degree their accomplishments. Children are consulted when rules are make and rarely punish their children.
gender identity
___ is an awareness (psychological/social) that one develops in early childhood that they are male or female.
real self
____ is the self one actually is
ideal self
____ is the self one would like to be
self definition
____ is a cluster of characteristics used to describe oneself
______ is a style of parenting that blends respect for a childs individuality with an effort to instill social values. Parent under this style set limits and hold their children accounable. They are loving consistent, non judgemental and express unconditional love and respect for their children and family processes
pre tend play
________ is the type of play involving imaginary people or situations and can also be considered fantasy play, dramatic, play, or imaginative play. (Piaget)
_____ is parenting style that emphasizes control and obedience. This styoe is characterized as the parent is in control and disobience will not be tolerated, complete unquestioned control (do what i tell you to do and dont ask why and dont talk back)
According to _____, this is the 3rd stage of the psychosocial development, in which children balance the urge and desires to pursue goals with moral reservations that may prevent them from carrying them out
gender stereotype
____ is the preconceived generalizations about male and female role behavior
____ is the tendancy of children to attribute life to objects that are not alive
inductive techniques
___ is disciplinary techniques designed to induce desirable behavior by appealing to a childs sense of reason and fairness (setting imits, explaining, discussion, involving the childs thoughts and ideas)
self esteem
_____ is the judgement a person makes about this of her welf worth. This is the evaluative part of the
functional play
_____ is a type of play during infancy that is characterized by active repetitive muscular movements such as bouncing or rolling balls or some other objects and action in a repetitive motion. (Piaget)
Social cognitibe approaches- gender differences are based on techniques of modeling, reinforcement, and teaching what types of behaviors/roles are appropriate for each sex, thus gender-typing is a result of interpretation, evaluation and internalization of socially transmitted standards
self concept
_____ is basically our sense of self. It includes our total image of ourselves which is made of our abilities and traits
corporal punishment
____ is the use of physical forces with the intention of causing pain but not injury in order to correct on control behavior
constructive play
_______ is the type of play that involves the use of objects or materials to make something such as crayon, blocks, or other creative type play. around age 4-6. (Piaget)

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