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6th grade study

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
ramble
to move or speak without direction
vain
useless; conceited
insinuation
a sneaky suggestion of something bad; an indirect (and usually malicious) implication
flag
to decrease or diminish; become less intense
contradict
to disagree; to assert the opposite or contrary of, deny directly and categorically
sarcastic
the use of witty language used to insult or show displeasure; a mocking or nasty remark intended to hurt or wound another's feelings
prolific
fertile, very productive
miniscule
very small
pungent
a sharp biting smell or taste
diligent
hardworking
era
a period of time (usually in the past)
ruse
a clever trick; a deceptive maneuver (especially to avoid capture)
consensus
an agreement
astute
sharp, shrewd
abridge
to shorten in length or duration, reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
dubious
doubtful; not convinced
placate
to quiet down, appease
dexterity
mental skill or quickness; readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work.
assist
give help or assistance
Jest
To joke (court jester)
stark
bare, without decoration OR providing no shelter or sustenance
remote
far away, distant
anguish
torment; extreme mental distress
adjunct
an accessory, something added on
courteous
polite and nice
reduction
the act of decreasing or reducing something; cutback
aggravate
make worse, exasperate or irritate
superfluous
more than what is required or needed
rendezvous
a meeting, usually secret
ostentatious
showy, pretentious, intended to attract notice and impress others
rout
an overwhelming defeat OR to defeat
dread
overwhelming fear or to be very afraid
concede
to give in or surrender
illuminate
to light up or make clear
fission
a splitting apart
sage
wise,
tepid
neither hot nor cold
contrition
deep regret for doing something wrong
posterity
all of a person's descendents; all future generations
uniform
all the same, common
materialize
take form, come into being
scull
a small rowboat or an oar for a rowboat
profane
to abuse or put to bad use (ie put words to bad use)
hoary
very old, or gray from old age
linger
to delay or be slow in leaving
wane
to decrease in size or strength
genre
a specific style of art or literature
revile
to criticize with abusive language; to spread negative information about
tenacious
holding firmly, especially to a belief, stubborn
utilize
use, put into service
recalcitrant
disobediant, stubborn
venerate
to regard with deep respect; to revere
brig
a penal institution or prison (especially on board a ship)
presume
to take for granted or to assume something to be true
robust
healthy; physically strong
exhuberant
overflowing with joy or happiness
amiable
friendly, good natured
imply
to express indirectly
variegated
having many parts or colors
congeal
coagulate; to thicken of change from liquid to solid
salve
something used to heal or soothe
integrity
a person's moral character, honesty and truth
paltry
very small and insignificant; lacking in importance; meager
adept
very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
advanced
highly evolved, (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry
sporadic
having no pattern or order
cautious
careful, unwilling to take risks
writhe
to twist
tryst
a secret meeting
virtuoso
a person with great skill, especially a musician
reality
fact, the quality possessed by something that is real
adamant
stubborn, persistent, not capable of being swayed or diverted from a course
biased
favoring one side or opinion over another
obdurate
stubborn
lush
juicy and tender or covered with plant life
translucent
almost transparent, able to be seen through clearly
wily
cunning and crafty; marked by skill in deception
temperment
your usual mood or behavior; a person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
accord
to be in agreement
surrogate
a substitute
rancorous
showing hatred or ill will
imply
suggest; express or state indirectly
evanescence
lasting a short time, fading away gradually
authentic
genuine and true, not fake
coalesce
to come together
construct
build, put together out of components or parts
circulate
to move around freely, to spread widely
indifferent
having no feelings or not caring one way or another
vend
to sell (think vending machine or vendor)
monotonous
boring, tediously repetitious or lacking in variety
hue
the color or shade of an object
staid
straightlaced and serious, characterized by dignity and propriety
subjective
inflluenced by personal opinion, biased
sustain
to support
confound
to puzzle or confuse
vow
pledge
crevice
a narrow crack, especially in a rock
integrate
to bring together and make whole (interger)
abstinence
act or practice of refraning from indulging, especially in alcohol
incumbent
someone who is currently holding a political position
assess
to evaluate or determine the worth of
capricious
unpredictable and impulsive; determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason
rancid
having a nasty smell or taste, rotting
ruthless
unsparing, without mercy or pity
reunite
combine again, to unite or join again, as after separation.
debunk
to prove false
skeptical
doubtful; not gullable
competent
properly or sufficiently qualified or capable or efficient
belligerent
hostile, warlike, characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight
obsolete
out of date, no longer useful
candor
honesty, openess
skit
a short comic scene
impervious
unable to pass or enter; unable to upset or disturb
emulate
to copy or immitate; strive to equal or match, especially by imitating
tome
a book, especially a large or scholarly one
parch
to make very thirsty, cause to wither or parch from exposure to heat
gaunt
very thin and bony
egotist
a self-centered or conceited person
deft
skillful in physical movements
dilute
to weaken, especially by adding water to a sollution
insipid
lacking interest, dull, boring
egress
exit
deleterious
harmful to one's health; having a harmful effect; injurious
incompetent
not able to do something properly, not qualified or suited for a purpose
generous
willing to give and share unstintingly
deficient
lacking an essential part
untimely
uncommonly early or late not at the expected time
exquisite
beautifully made or designed
unique
highly unusual or rare
delusion
a false opinion or idea, (psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
preface
a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book
sedate
to calm, especially by use of drugs; cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
quibble
to complain about little things
elongate
to lengthen, make long or longer by pulling and stretching
exasperate
to make very angry or impatient
ironic
the use of words to express an unintended or contradictory meaning; characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is
clarity
clearness; free from obscurity and easy to understand
coarse
rough
candid
openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness
rue
to regret; sadness associated with some wrong done or some disappointment
didactic
intended to instruct
ratify
to approve, usually a law
frugal
not wasteful or extravagant (fancy way of saying cheap)
condone
forgive, excuse, overlook, or make allowances for
merge
to blend together; , join or combine
benevolence
goodness
plight
a bad situation, a predicament
inscribe
to write or etch words on or into a surface
altruistic
doing good for others
intangible
not able to be touched or sensed
polymorphous
having many shapes
browbeat
to intimidate
principles
rules or beliefs about how to behave
ail
to suffer from sickness
thrifty
able to handle money wisely, not extravagant, careful about money
stifle
to hold back or smother
manipulated
changing to suit one's purpose
procure
to gain; obtain; acquire.
itinerant
nomadic, constantly moving
ambivalent
having opposing or mixed feelings (such as love and hate)
scorn
to abuse or treat with no respect, or a strong feeling of dislike
benign
harmless; pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
oration
a formal speech
burly
very stocky and muscled
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable changes, fickle
readily
easily, without much difficulty
inquiry
a request for information
facet
an aspect of something, a distinct feature or element in a problem
prodigal
very generous or wasteful
recuperate
to heal or return to good health
delinquent
a young offender OR past due (like on a loan payment); negligent
retrospect
the review of past events, hindsight
ravenous
extremely hungry
novice
a beginner; someone new to a field or activity
opulent
rich, characterized by wealth; rich and superior in quality
penitent
feeling or expressing remorse for a wrongdoing
epoch
a period of time
nimble
agile and flexible OR moving quickly and lightly
condescend
to act as if you are better than someone
fathom
to understand
dingy
dirty, dull, shabby
plunder
to steal; destroy and strip of its possession
limber
flexible
pact
a formal agreement between two countries, a bargain
lament
to express grief for, mourn; OR a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
impasse
a deadlock, a point at which one can go no further
whimsical
determined by chance or fancy instead of reason; impulsive
juxtapose
to place side by side
meticulous
careful, paying attention to details; marked by precise accordance with details
despair
a feeling of absolute hopelessness or to lose hope
fusion
a joining together
sanctimonious
acting morally superior, holier than thou, excessively or hypocritically pious
sublime
without equal, awe inspiring; worthy of adoration or reverence
languid
slow moving; lacking spirit or liveliness
animosity
hostility
mar
to spoil, to mark; a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body)
defiance
disobediance, refusal to yield; resistance;
indictment
the situation of having to be charged with a crime; a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
prosperous
wealthy or fortunate; in fortunate circumstances financially
insolent
disrespectful, rude
founder
to sink, stumble and nearly fall; OR, a person who founds or establishes some institution
exclusion
not being allowed to enter or join; a deliberate act of omission
extinct
no longer existing
jubilant
overly joyful
benefit
something that aids or promotes well-being
pugnacious
hostile, ready and able to resort to force or violence
audible
able to be heard
assailable
vulnerable; not defended or capable of being defended
eradicate
to erase or get rid of; destroy completely, as if down to the roots
academic
having to do with school or education
decompose
to get worse, to decay or to break down into basic elements (bodies of dead people eventually decompose into bones)
quiver
a portable container for arrows OR the act of vibrating
kinetic
moving
idiosyncratic
a characteristic peculiar to an individual, a quirk
moral
the significance of a story or event OR concerned with principles of right and wrong
corpulent
excessively overweight; Obese.
timid
shy
contentious
inclined to fight or argue; involving or likely to cause controversy
repudiate
to put down, to renounce
imperious
arrogant, behaving like royalty; domineering; overbearing
pardoned
forgiven, To forgive or excuse someone
ingenuity
innovation, creativity
meticulously
excessively concerned with details
recede
to move away or become smaller; become faint or more distant
contented
satisfied, Happy w/ things as they are
shun
avoid deliberately
common
to be expected; typical
equivalent
equal
contiguous
lying side by side
somber
serious, dark, or gloomy
neutral
one who does not side with any party in a war or dispute
preamble
an introduction to a formal document (ie the declaration of independence)
penurious
extremely stingy or miserly; excessively unwilling to spend
bizzare
extremely strange, unusual, atypical
pedestrian
ordinary, dull OR a person who travels by foot
Jeer
To make fun of
assert
to state viewpoint, to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
implore
to beg or ask earnestly
distort
to bend or twist something out of its normal shape
persuasive
capable of convincing
endanger
threaten, put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
volitile
easily changeable, quick to explode OR highly unstable exlposives
akin
related to or alike
hackneyed
over used and old-fashioned; repeated too often
adage
an old saying usually considered to be true
clandestine
secret
irate
enraged (very mad)
menace
danger; , a threat or the act of threatening
pious
deeply religious
deteriorate
to get worse
analytical
intending to understand the nature of something
revolve
turn on or around an axis or a center
squalid
appearing dirty or wretched
minutiae
petty details
elaborate
very detailed or to explain something in greater detail
correlation
connection between facts or events
vigor
strength, energy, active strength of body or mind
allege
to declare that something is true without proof
brash
offensively bold
feral
wild and untamed
specimen
a bit of tissue or blood or urine that is taken for diagnostic purposes, example
auspicious
favorable; promising
recreation
something done for fun
plausible
possible or believable; appearing to merit belief or acceptance
slander
a false and mean-spirited statement meant to injure someone
prudent
sensible and wise
null
zero value; lacking any legal or binding force
alter
cause to change
nostalgic
longing for the things, people, or situations in the past; homesick
unusual
peculiar, not commonly encountered
arid
very dry, lacking sufficient water or rainfall
plumage
the feathers on a bird
extol
to praise
abhor
to hate or detest
premise
a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
debilitating
weakening, harmful
indignant
feeling angry or insulted from an injustice or wrongdoing
homogenize
make uniform, make the same
bound
obliged or obligated
impact
impression; influencing strongly
refrain
to hold back, abstain, or restrain
prolong
lengthen in time
felicity
joy and happiness
barrage
a flood; the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target
ambiguous
unclear
reminiscence
a memory, the act of recalling
laden
weighed down with a heavy load, burdened
fluctuate
to shift back and forth without regularity; be unstable
pragmatic
concerned with practical matters
decree
an order or command
ease
relieve
spontaneous
said or done without having been planned or written in advance
repungnant
highly disgusting, offensive
toil
hard work, productive work (especially physical work done for wages)
obscure
hidden or dark, hard to see
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
abyss
a deep narrow pit, enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
choleric
irritable, easily moved to anger
warlock
a male witch
prophetic
predicting the future; foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention
obstinate
stubborn
garrulous
overly talkative
tyrant
a cruel and oppressive dictator
rift
a narrow break; a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions)
counsel
to advise
adverse
unfavorable, opposed, going against
taunt
aggravation by mocking or criticizing
keen
sharp witted and intelligent
shrewd
very clever and smart, tricky; marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
placate
to please or make less angry
vivid
very distinct and sharp, realistic
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; assured; Ex. inalienable rights
aspirant
someone reaching for something (aspire)
absolved
freed from guilt or blame
livid
discolored, bruised or very angry
serene
extremely quiet, calm, and peaceful
disparage
to criticize or speak badly of
hostile
malicious, very unfriendly
condone
to forgive or disregard an offense
contained
held, controlled
impediment
an obstacle, something in the way
exile
to banish someone from their native country
dormant
temporarily inactive, asleep; not active but capable of becoming active
frank
honest and open
parody
A humerous imitation
paramount
having superior power and influence
fundamental
an essential part of, basic; being or involving basic facts or principles
assistance
help or aid; service
glutton
one who eats and drinks too much, greedy
mirth
happiness and good cheer
objective
not influenced by personal opinion - just the facts;, belonging to immediate experience of actual things or events
contemptuous
expressing disdain or extreme dislike
excavate
to dig up; uncover
aloof
keeping a distance
immaculate
perfectly clean, free from dirt or stain
fringe
the edge or outer portion
nonchalant
without concern, calm and cool
abominable
horrible or unpleasant (think abominable snowman)
bewilder
to confuse
amorphous
without shape
admiring
regarding with approval or respect; looking up to someone
intermission
pause, the act of suspending activity temporarily
congenial
agreeable
aggravate
to make worse
disclose
reveal, make known
vigorous
energetic; characterized by forceful and energetic action or activity
evacuate
to leave or withdraw, as from a dangerous area
innate
possessed at birth, not learned
hovel
a shack, small crude shelter used as a dwelling
embroider
to decorate an object with needlework
pedantic
overly scholarly, boring, marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects
notorious
known widely and unfavorable
cumulative
increasing through successive addition
abdicate
to give up power
revere
to deeply repect or admire
surrogate
someone who takes the place of another person
banal
unoriginal, boring
respect
esteem, courteous regard for people's feelings
quandary
a state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options
cacophony
jarring and unpleasant sounds
conventional
traditional, ordinary
dimunition
reduction, decrease

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