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Chapter 6

Terms

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Phillp II of Macedon
kind of the Greeks, organized great army
Praxiteles
sculptor who created more life-like figures with emphasis in beauty and the human body
golden age
era of Greek culture
Herodotus
first historian of the Western world, wonderful story-teller
Zeno
established the Stoic philosophy, divine reason directs the world
Pythagoras
philosopher of mathmatics
Epicurus
founder of Epicurean philosophy, seek pleasure and avoid pain
orators
public speakers
Hippocrates
excelled in the medicine development, disease from natural causes
Pathenon
top of the Acropolis-white marble temple built in honor of Athena
Eratosthenes
calculated the distance around the earth
Euripides
Greek writer of tragedies
Sophocles
Greek wirter of tragedies(Oedipus), greatest of the Greek writers
Euclid
contributed to the development of geometry, Elements
Archimedes
calculated the value of pie
Demosthenes
one of Athens finest orators
dramas
plays containing actions or dialogue and involving conflict and emotion
philosophy
study of basic questions of reality and human existence
Acropolis
high hill that was the center of the original city-state
Hellenistic culture
Greek-like way of life
phalanx
rows of soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder
Socrates
education was important, students think for themselves, teaching through questioning
tragedies
main character struggled against fate of events
Aristotle
Platos students, founded school n Athens, knowledge studied logically, classified plants and animals
Plato
Socrates student who founded the Academy, wrote the Republic
Aristarchus
believed earth and the other planets moved around the sun
aristocracy
government ruled by upper class
Myron and Phidias
two of history's greatest scupltors. Myron- the discuss thrower Phidias-statue of Athena
Alexander the Great
Phillps son who was in the army, studied Aristotle, and spread Greek culture
Aristophanes
finest Greek comedy writer

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