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Honors History Chapter 10 Vocab


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A house divided agaisnt itself cannot stand
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Fugitive Slave Act
a law passed in 1850 which made it a crime to help runaway slaves and allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal, it also required their return to slaveholders
Lincoln Douglass Debates
debates between republican lincoln and democrat douglas during the us senate campaign in illinois.
Harriet Tubman
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
Simon Legree
the cruel slave dealer in an anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Dred Scott vs. Stanford
An 1858 Supreme Court case in which a slave sued for his freedom but the court ruled against Scott because he wasn't a U.S.citizen
Term that is used when part of a country leaves the rest of the country to form their own country. The South's secession led to the outbreak of the Civil War.
personal liberty laws
Laws passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves
Roger B. Taney
nominated by president andrew jackson as chief justice when john marshall died in 1835. During his 8 years in office, he named 6 justices to supreme court
Horace Greely
the canidate foe the election of 1872 against Grant
Know Nothing party
Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.
an item of personal ,movable property
Uncle Tom
a servile black character in a novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe
liberty party
A former political party in the United States; formed in 1839 to oppose the practice of slavery; merged with the Free Soil Party in 1848
Wilmot Proviso
bill that outlawed slavery in any territory that the United States might aquire from the War with Mexico
Compromise of 1850
legislation passed by congress by which California entered the Union as a free state, slave trading was ended in the District of Columbia, Texas gave up its claims to New Mexico in exchange for money, residents of the territories of New Mexico and Utah would be able to determine whether they wanted slavery, or no slavery; Fugitive Slave act was enacted
omnibus bill
lecompton constitution
Pro-slave constitution that got voted in for Kansas after anti-slavery people boycotted the election
Harriet Beecher Stowe
United States writer of a novel about slavery that advanced the abolitionists' cause (1811-1896)
Uncle Tom's Cabin
antislavery novel, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
American Party
a former political party in the United States active in the 1850s to keep power out of the hands of immigrants and Roman Catholics
vigilance committee
a volunteer committee to maintain order where an efficient legal system does not exist
Franklin Pierce
an American politician and the fourteenth President of the United States. Pierce's popularity in the North declined sharply after he came out in favor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, repealing the Missouri Compromise and reopening the question of the expansion of slavery in the West.
Underground railroad
netwrok of people who aided thousands of enslaved people escape to the North by providing transportation and hiding areas

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