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US annexation of Hawaii
1898, made it us territory
Alfred T. Mahan
wrote the book The influence of sea power upon history
the place where business leaders began investing in sugar plantations
US needed to look beyond its own borders to acquire overseas colonies
Belief that countries could keep a favorable balance of trade
spheres of influence
territories over which a nation exercises control
Pancho Villa
Crossed the Rio Grande and killed 19 ppl in New Mexico
yellow journalism
the name given to their stories because they said they were meant to sell papers not tell the facts
Emilio Aguinaldo
Launched a resistance movement against US occupation
General John Pershing
Lead 15,000 troops to capture and kill the mexican rebel
Rough Riders
A group of volunteers
Queen Liliuokalani
Opposed increasing control of the owners
Teller Amendment
promised that the US would allow for Cuban independence by not annexing the territory
"Seward's Folly"
the purchase of Alaska and Russia
The White Man's Burden
Poem written by Rudyard Kipling
Platt Amendment
Put limits on what the Cuban govt could do
Josiah Strong
Minister he and others believed in Anglo-Saxon superiority
Destroyed the Spanish fleet there; quickly seized control of the islands
Pancho Villa Raids
went unavenged
Panama Canal
enabled the US ships to move more quickly between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
"A Splendid Little War"
War with Spain
Treaty of Paris
Ended the war in 1898
Theodore Roosevelt
One of the many voices calling for war, Assistant Sect. of the Navy
Frederick Jackson Turner
Gave famous speech in 1893, proclaimed that the frontier had played a vital role in forming American character
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
newspaper owners, began printing stories about the abuses carried out by the spanish
citizens in the US began to call for a tougher stance towards Spain and a more aggressive foreign policy
Anglo-Saxon superiority
idea that English speaking whites are biologically superior to other races

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