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Music Test


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An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto's soloist is known as a
The function of the recapitulation section is to stabilize and resolve the tension created by the exposition.
Attempt to reclaim the noble simplicity and calm grandeur of ancient Greece and Rome
stately and dignified
The character of the minuet is best described as
Beethoven's symphonies were conceived for performances in large concert halls
minuet or scherzo movement
The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the
Melodies tend to be balanced and symmetrical in classical style music.
The Esterházy estate included
an opera house, theater, and two concert halls
A composer must use an original (rather than borrowed) theme for a theme and variations form.
violin, cello, and piano
The piano trio is a composition for
During the baroque period, the trio was usually played by three instruments
The middle class organized public concerts in the classical period
instrumental soloist and orchestra
The classical concerto is a three-movement work for
Orfeo is one of Mozart's Italian opera masterpieces
Beethoven was a perfectionist who constantly revised his ideas.
The theme can be repeated in a different voice, such as the bass.
Beethoven's decision to be a freelance musician was a commercial failure
The components of sonata form happen in the following order: exposition, coda, recapitulation, and development.
A symphony usually lasts between 20 and 45 minutes
Schiller's Ode to Joy.
The chorale finale of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony is based on
Beethoven greatly expanded the __________section of the sonata-form movement and made it even more dramatic
A complex mixture of rationalism, sensuality, materialism, and spirituality
A Skilled servant
Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered
Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a
By the age of six, Mozart was able to
play the harpsichord and violin, improvise fugues and write minuets, and sightread music perfectly
Beethoven was born in Bonn, but spent most of his life in Vienna.
A string quintet consists of two violins, two violas, and cello
Haydn's duties while in the service of the Esterházys included
composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra of about 25 player, and coaching the singers for operatic performances
ridiculed the aristocracy
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes
Twentieth-century composers such as Stravinsky and Schoenberg composed rondos.
has two expositions
The first movement of a classical concerto
Music in the classical style carefully avoids contrast within themes.
Mozart's decision to be a freelance musician was a commercial failure.
string quartets
Along with his symphonies, Haydn's ___________ are considered his most important works.
The first exposition is usually the soloist's exposition
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always in __________ form.
Vienna in 1800
was the fourth largest city in Europe, had a population of almost 250,000, and was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire
Cadenzas were played with orchestral accompaniment.
Beethoven wrote at least 104 symphonies
The main theme returns most often in a different key.
Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria
Unexpected pauses and syncopations are characteristic of classical style music.
string quartets
Beethoven's sixteen ___________ are generally considered among the best music ever composed
fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is
In the classical period, demand increased among the public for
printed music, musical intstruments, and music lessons
retains some element of the theme.
Each successive variation in a theme and variations form
The __________ movement of Haydn's Surprise Symphony is in theme and variations form
Crescendos and decrescendos were so surprising to audiences used to terraced dynamics that they sometimes rose from their seats
Haydn was born in a tiny Austrian village
Mozart's Symphony No. 40 is one of his last three symphonies.
as late as the twentieth century
The rondo was used
the same key in at least three of its movements
The symphony is often unified by
The minuet and trio is characterized by a moderate tempo
False- The development section creates drama and tension.
The function of the development section is to stabilize and resolve the tension created by the exposition.
enabled him to study and master the Italian operatic style
Mozart's trips to Italy
Missa Solemnis
Beethoven's greatest liturgical music is to be found in his
Beethoven was born deaf.
False- it means joke
The term scherzo means dance
Variations are always separated by pauses.
A theme in a major key can be repeated in a minor key.
Mozart's finest German opera was The Magic Flute
Haydn composed many string quartets and symphonies, but no oratorios
A chamber group usually consists of between two to nine players.
A common rondo pattern is
Sonata form is used most frequently as the __________ movement of a work.
Motives are short musical ideas
The coda repeats but never develops thematic material
for the intimate setting of a small room.
Classical chamber music is designed
Sonata form should be viewed as
stylistic structure which invites both order and flexibility.
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the
Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 23 in A Major was scored for orchestra without timpani or trumpets
The most important goal with theme and variations form is to hide the theme so that listeners do not hear it.
Changes in the theme can include
melodic, harmonic, & rhythmic variation
There are few changes in texture and orchestration
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Haydn's music?
The term da capo means from the beginning
The classical orchestra was larger than the baroque orchestra.
Beethoven's late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include
piano sonatas,string quartets, and the Ninth Symphony
Haydn influenced both Mozart and Beethoven
Symphony may be defined as
a composition for orchestra, an ambitious, emotional composition, and an extended work, usually in four movements
Another common rondo pattern is
Haydn hated arbitrary rules and once said, "art is free."
divertimento & serenade
popular Viennese outdoor entertainment piece was often called
The rondo is only used as a movement in a multi-movement work; never as an independent work.
The concerto form appeals to the classical love of contrast and balance.
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement
the second theme is in a new key
J. C. Bach, one of J. S. Bach's sons, organized a concert series in London.
Classical .
Age of Enlightenment
Mozart and Haydn generally used the minuet and trio for their third movements, but Beethoven preferred the more energetic scherzo.
fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
The minuet is generally the __________ movement of a classical symphony.
The concerto has three expositions: one for the soloist, another for the orchestra, and a third for both together
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it is in duple meter
In Haydn's employment with the Esterházys, he was considered a
The importance of the symphony waned after the classical period
The minuet and trio movement may be outlined as
Fidelio was Beethoven's only opera.
a borrowed tune & a simple waltz tune
Beethoven's famed Diabelli Variations are thirty-three variations on
dance at the French court of Louis XIV
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a/n
Haydn and Mozart never met.
Cadenzas were generally improvised in the classical period
Emphasis on balance and structural clarity.
slow movement
ABA form is typical of the minuet movement and is also common in the
two violins, viola, and cello
The classical string quartet is a composition for
repeat sign
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a
Late in life, Haydn was honored and given celebrity status in London
Beethoven served a patron just as Haydn did: he lived on his patron's estate and composed music at the patron's whim.
Rondo and sonata forms are often combined in a form known as sonata-rondo.
In a recapitulation of a sonata-form movement
all the principal material is in the tonic key.
The conductor plays a particularly important role in a chamber music ensemble
Aristocrats generally did not take part in performing chamber ensembles, thinking the activity "below" them.
is usually in the tonic key.
The main theme of the rondo
was continually on tour in England and Europe
Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart
Many of Beethoven's works have a __________ instead of a minuet and trio.
string quartet
The most important form of classical chamber music is the
A1 A2 A3 A4.
Theme and variations form may be schematically outlined as
Chamber music usually features simple music that is easy to perform.
Basso continuo as the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble
finished by one of his pupils
Mozart's Requiem was
the legendary Spanish lover
Don Giovanni, in Mozart's opera of that name, is
The main theme of a rondo is usually lively and simple.

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