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Legal 2


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What legal responsibilities are formulated to protect you and society?
What is a document, signed by an individual while he or she is of sound mind, called that expresses an individual's wishes regarding health care he/she is to be given in a life threatening situation or when death is imminent?
Advance Medical Directive
What order is given by the physician that indicates that in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation or other lifesaving measures are not to be implemented?
Do Not Resuscitate
What is an advance directive called when an individual appoints a specific person to be responsible for making his/her legal and medical decisions in the event he/she is physically or mentally unable to make his/her own decisions?
Durable Power of Attorney
What is the name of an advance directive that is a request by an individual that life-sustaining procedures not be used in case of incurable injury or illness?
Living Will
What is defined as failure to perform care for a patient in a reasonably prudent manner resulting in patient injury ?
What is defined as a false statement made about someone that causes harm or injury to the reputation of an individual?
defamation of character
If you witness someone stealing and you do not report it, what are you guilty of?
aiding and abetting a crime
What is defined as verbal defamation?
What is defined as written defamation?
What is defined as restraining a person's movement or actions without proper authorization?
false imprisonment
What is defined as" threat" or "attempt to injure" another in an unlawful manner?
What is defined as unlawful touching of someone without that person's permission?
What is defined as permission given after full disclosure of the facts?
informed consent
What is defined as a civil wrong that unlawfully makes public knowledge of any private or personal information without the consent of the wronged person?
invasion of privacy
What is defined as any personal or private information which is relevant to a client's care, given by the client to medical personnel?
privileged communication
What is defined as keeping what is said or written to oneself, private, non-sharing?
What is defined as infliction of physical, sexual, or emotional injury or harm to a patient?
What is the term used which indicates the client was left unattended?
What is defined as any technique or device that is attached to, or next to the patient's body that the patient cannot easily remove, or restricts freedom of movement?
How often should a patient in protective devices be checked for comfort and safety?
every 15 minutes
How often should protective devices be released and the patient repositioned?
every 2 hours
What is a person called who causes harm to another?
What requires health care providers to supply written information about advance medical directives at the time of admission to that facility?
the Patient Self-Determination Act of 1990
What is a serious crime, such as murder or arson called?
What is a less serious crime, such as petty theft or minor traffic violation called?
Negligent treatment of a client by a professional health care worker that results in damage or injury is called what?
What is the type of insurance medical professionals carry in order to protect themselves if they are sued in the course of their work?
malpractice insurance
What is the name that applies to the time during which a patient can bring suit?
statute of limitations
What is a civil act of wrong-doing not involving a contract?
What is the name of the written form which requires by law a personal appearance of a witness in court?
What is the legal term for a lawsuit?
What is defined as a cause of distress which justifies complaint or resistance?
As an employer, who may file a grievance against you?
a client or employee
What word defines the act of telling a friend about a client's condition, without the clients consent?
Breach of Confidentiality
What type of abuse includes humiliation, harassment, and threats of punishment?
emotional abuse
Burns in unusual locations, bruises resembling an object, or bruises on the upper arms may be signs of what?
physical abuse
An unkept appearance, pressure ulcers, or signs of dehydration are physical signs of what?
Soliciting money or items of value from a client before assisting with care is considered?
Acknowledging and adhering to client's rights is a health care worker's ___________?
legal responsibility
The medical record may be used in a court of law and is therefore considered what type of document?
legal document
When properly documenting a client's care, a health care worker would chart only what happens and not his or her opinions. This type of charting is called?
What document issued to a professional presupposes an obligation to practice to a minimum standard?
What is the medical term for "persistent vegetative state"?
neocortical death
Who is responsible for obtaining informed consent from the patient?
the physician
What is the first action which should be taken by a health care provider if a patient withdraws his/her consent for a procedure?
inform the physician
What term applies to the freedom from unwanted intrusions of other people?
What phrase defines the health care worker's obligations in specific areas of practice?
standard of practice
What is the name of the law which protects people from prosecution who voluntarily go to the aid of others in an emergency as long as the care provided is not reckless or intentionally harmful?
Good Samaritan Law
Generally, Good Samaritan Laws, offer protection as long as those carrying out the care act in what type of manner?
as a reasonable, prudent person
What are the two types of law?
criminal and civil
What term defines the obligation one has to make good for the loss or damage to something for which he or she is responsible?
What word describes the legal responsibility of an employer for the acts of an employee?
Respondeat superior
What two areas are dealt with by private law?
contracts and torts
What type of offenses are dealt with by criminal law?
those against the safety or welfare of the public
If a health care provider provides care beyond their education and the life of another is endangered, what type of negligence can be leveled against that person?
Gross negligence
What type of writing utensil should be used when writing in the patient's medical record?
A non-erasable blue or black ink pen
When providing care to minor children, who does the health care provider obtain consent from?
minor's parent or legal guardian
What term illustrates the intentional deception to prevent a person from receiving what is lawfully his or hers?
What legal document states a person's wishes regarding the disposition of property following death?
A will
Name three classifications of criminal acts.
minor offenses, misdemeanors, felonies (any order)
Name the two parties involved in a lawsuit.
plaintiff and defendant (any order)
What is the legal term for an oral investigation done under oath and taken in writing?
Name the four elements of a malpractice case which must be proven by the plaintiff in order for a case to exist.
(any order) duty owed, breach of duty, damage, cause and effect
What type of negligence exists when a patient, through, his/her own actions, contributes to his/her own injury?
contributory negligence
Whenever a health care provider adds an entry to the patient's record at a later time what should precede the entry?
The words "late entry"
Name the two types of malpractice insurance.
claims made
What title is given health care providers who are unable to function effectively because of some type of substance abuse?
chemically impaired
Deliberately bringing about the death of a person who is suffering from an incurable disease or condition by administering a lethal drug is called:
active euthanasia
The Patient's Bill of Rights was developed by what organization?
American Hospital Association
Rules and Regulations regarding patient care procedures can be found in the facility's _____________?
Policy Manual
Who speaks for the patients that cannot speak for themselves and are therefore unable to report abuse?
an advocate
What is the federal program that exists to assure the rights of the elderly?
Ombudsman Reconciliation Act
Irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem is known as?
brain death
A review of the appropriateness of care and the various types of patient care provided within an institution is called?
utilization review
Agencies such as insurance companies or governmental programs that are called upon to pay for health care services are called?
third- party payers
A signed agreement between two or more parties which creates obligations that must be met by all involved is called?
Employers refer to this agency to ensure competency and avoid hiring individuals that the state has found guilty of abuse, neglect or misappropriation of property.
state registry
What does a person have who does not have the legal capacity to form a contract?
a legal disability
How are health care records destroyed after the legal time for retention?
burned or shredded
If any error occurs or you make a mistake, what is the proper course of action for you to follow?
report it immediately to your supervisor
What are the letters of the legislation created to protect the right of the elderly?
What is referred to as guides to moral behavior?
Ethical standards
What is defined as your own personal values?
What is defined as behavior related to a pattern of conduct or ideas that are accepted as worthwhile or meaningful?
value system
What articulates the values that outline the scope of a profession's practice?
Code of Ethics
Abuse which involves confining a person to a specific area away from others is called:
involuntary seclusion
Services given in a manner appropriate to one's level of education and experience is called:
reasonable care
A wrongful or illegal act of civil law not involving a contract is called a:
What kind of laws are written by a body of legislators?
statutory law
A person who files a lawsuit initiating a legal action is called the:
The party that is named in a plaintiff's complaint is called the:
Laws regarding relationships between individuals are called:
Civil Laws
Laws concerned with offenses against the public and society in general are known as:
Criminal Laws

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