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Progressive Era


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The Jungle
Revealed unsanitary conditions and lives of workers of the meat industry
Ida Tarbell
Business practices of SO in magazine articles, 1904
journalist who exposed corruption and other problems of the late 1800s and early 1900s name taken from fictional character in John Bunyan's book: Pilgrim's Progress
process by which people vote directly on a bill
William H. Taft
Roosevelt's Secretary of War and president
Bull Moose Party
Progressive Republicans who supported Theodore Roosevelt during the election of 1912
William H. Taft
High tariff which angers Progressives 1908-1912
Seneca Falls Convention
an 1848 meeting at which leaders of the women's rights movement called for equal right for women
Public interest
the good of the people
Carrie Nation
a radical temperance supporter whose husband died from heavy drinking
Civil service commission
government agency created by the Pendleton Act of 1883
process by which voters can remove an elected official from office
the right to vote
Spoils system
practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
Jacob Riis
Depicted the misery of NYC slums in How the Other Half Lives in 1890
Federal Trade Commission
government agency created in 1914 to ensure fair competition
Lewis Hins
Photographed child labor
protection of natural resources
Ida Tarbell
a muckraker (1857-1944)
17th Amendment
an amendment that allowed the direct election of senators
Political bosses
powerful politician who controls work done locally and demands payoffs from businesses
Carrie Chapman Catt
a school principal and reporter who became a leader of the National Woman Suffrage Association
Sherman Antitrust Act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
Interstate commerce commission
government agency organized to oversee railroad commerce
William McKinley
Leads to victory in Spanish-American war Strong economy (high tariff) Made him elected and popular
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914, banned certain business practices and stopped antitrust laws from being used against unions
Interstate commerce act
act signed in 1887 that forbade pools and rebates
Theodore Roosevelt
Party hoped to bury him as VP of William McKinley Became president after assassination 1901-1908
Square Deal
Theodore Roosevelt's campaign promise that all groups would have an equal opportunity to succeed
process by which voters cab out a bill directly before the state legislature
the practice of awarding government jobs to political supporters
person who wanted to destroy all trusts
(Women's Christian Temperance Union) group organized in 1874 that worked to ban the sale of liquor in the U.S.
Bubbly Creek
South Fork of the Chicago River became a notorious open sewer for the Chicago Stock Yards. The bubbles were caused by decaying animal carcasses hurled into the stream. Bubbly Creek's decaying riverbed continues to bubble to this day.
reformer in the late 1800s and early 1900s who wanted to improve American life
Lincoln Steffens
Shame of the Cities in 1904
19th Amendment
a 1919 amendment to the U.S. Constitution that gives women the right to vote
election in which voters choose their party's candidate for the general election
Alice Paul
a suffragist who had fought for women's rights in Britain and then picketed the White House
Frances Willard
president of the WCTU
Upton Sinclair
The Jungle in 1906
Theodore Roosevelt
the Progressive vice president to William McKinley who became president after McKinley was assassinated
16th Amendment
an amendment that gave Congress the power to pass an income tax
18th Amendment
a 1917 amendment to the U.S. Constitution that made it illegal to sell alcoholic drinks
Election of 1912
Roosevelt- 4 million McKinley- 3.5 million Wilson- 6.5 million Roosevelt and McKinley split Republican vote
Woodrow Wilson
Democratic and Progressive president

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