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East Civilization-China

Terms

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filial piety
An idea of Conficius that parents should be treated with the greatest respect.
Chou
longest ruling Chinese dynasty
oracle bone
animal bones or turtle shells on which priests scratched questions to the gods to determine the future
Great Wall
China built this as a barrier to invaders from the North.
Five Relationships
Ruler to subject, parent to child, husband to wife, elder brother to younger brother, and friend to friend-only equal was friend to friend-made by confucius
Silk Road
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean
Wu Ti
He was often called Warrior Emperor and he greatly enlarged the Han Dynasty to Central Asia.
yin yang
the representations of balance and harmony, symbol of Taoists;
dynastic cycle
the rise and fall of Chinese ruler, according to the Mandate of Heaven
Confucius
He developed a philosophy based on moral character and individual responsibility for society.
Taoism
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events-
Ch'in
They were repressive, autocratic, and frequently cruel, but they were also brilliant political theorists and reformers who historically brought about one of the most energetic periods of Chinese government
Lao Tse
founder of Taoism-political quiet, non-attachment, poverty
Mandate of Heaven
the idea that an emperor enjoyed heaven's support only as long as he governed wisely
Han
imperial dynasty that ruled China from 206 BC to 221 and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy
Ban Zhao
said that men and women were equal, but men still had higher rank, wrote "lessons for Women"-wrote a book
Huang Ho
Another name for the Yellow River
Analects
Compiled by Confucius's disciples in 400sBC; basic ideas like ren(benevolence) and (li) proper conduct; one of "Four Books" used to train ancient Chinese civil servants
Shang
the imperial dynasty ruling China from about the 18th to the 12th centuries BC

Deck Info

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