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The War of 1812: Important People and Events


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Causes of The War of 1812
-Great Britain & France wer taking US ships, which interfered with American trade
-Us made a deal w/Frace: Us would stop trading w/Britain if French stopped taking the US ships
-US thought the British were arming the Native Americans to attack settlers in the NorthWest Territory
-US thought Britain was still interfering with its former colonies
-US wanted to Take Canada from Britain and Florida from Spain
Northwest Territory
The land North of the Ohio River between the organized states and the Mississippi River
Havre De Grace
British victory (moral defeat for americans)
-May 1813
-English troops looted town
-English troops burned homes
-Americans retreated
Havre De Grace means?
Harbor of Beauty
Main people involved with Havre De Grace
-John O'Neill (American who attempted to defend the town
Why did the British want Havre De Grace?
To secure the coastal cities and provide arms
St. Michael's
US victory
-1812 (Americans fired on ships)
-Militia & citizens placed lanterns in treess so British missed the city when firing
-Citizens chained harbor and built forts
Main people involved with St. Michael's
-citizens of the town
-General Perry Benson (leader of MD Militia)
-Maryland Militia
Why the People of St. Michael's did what they did
To confuse the British troops and save the town
Mary Pickersgill
-Born 1776
-Mother was flagmaker like her
-Widowed and lost 3 kids
-Made largers battle flag in 1813
-Flag inspired writing of the National Anthem
-Was President of Impartial Humane Female Society (charity for widows)
Why, when, and where Mary Pickersgill made the flag?
-Joshua Barney asked her to
-Flag flew during The Battle of Baltimore
Joshua Barney
-Navy leader
-Chesapeake Bay, MD
-During War of 1812, commanded many ships and helped save MD
-Defended the US and saved MD
Washington D.C
British victory (moral defeat for Americans)
-August 22,1814
-In Pickpoint & Washington
-British entered bay and Bladensburg
-MD militia retreated (named Bladensburg races)
-Barney was captured
-Redcoats marched to Wash. and burned buildings and White House
Major people involved with Washington D.C.
Joshua Barney
Why British wanted Washington D.C?
To destroy the capital and capture another coastal city
-Hot summer (9/12) 1814
-Ft. McHenry, North Point, Harbor
-British 3000 trooops attack city and fail
-americans block troops and protect city
Main people of the Burning of Baltimore
-12000 Baltimore troops
Why British attacked Baltimore
-Inflict a final moral defeat
-End the war
-Capture the harbor & goods
-Pirate's Nest
Dolley Madison
British victory (Battle of Wash) but US Moral victory (many important documents saved)
-Married to President Madison
-August 1814
-Collected and saved historical documents, Cabinet papers & Washington's portraits
-Travelled through several states while trying to stay safe from British
Why Dolley Madison did what she did
-Promised husband that she'd save papers
-Feared for her husband's life and safety of the country

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