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population and culture


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% of world population is in - - N.A. -Latin America -Africa -Europe -Australia/ Oceania -Asia
-5% -9% -14% -11% -1% -61%
Agricultural revolution
(neolithic) 10,000 yrs. ago - humans settled and built permanent crops
annual growth rate
% a country's populations grows or decreases each year including immigration and emmigration
aprox. world population/ us population
6.55 billion/ 300 million
arable land
farmable land
money and materials used to produce more wealth
carrying capacity
how many people the land can support
study of human populations statistics
doubling time ( rate )
projected # of years it will take a country to double in population
to ship to other countries or places for sale, exchange, ect
fertility rate
avg. # of children a woman will have in her lifetime
gross domestic product"
"measure of nation's wealth" - annual profits from all goods and service produced IN a country in a year
gross national product
"measure of nation's wealth" annual profits from all goods and services produced BY a country in a year
how much more energy does avg. US citizen use than rest of world
5 times more
to bring in from a foreign country for use, sale, processing, re-export, or services
industrial revolution
*late 1700's industrial and mass production-factories and machines replaced farming
process of social and ecenomic change wherby a human group is transformed from a preindustrial society to an industrial one
infant mortality
# of infants who die before reaching age of 1 per 1000 live births
information revolution
* late 1900's - computers store send lots of information around the world in seconds
buildings and other structures needed to undustrailize - hospitals, roads, schools ect
having no direct access to the sea
life expectancy
average #of years a person born today can to live
literacy rate
% of population that has baility to read and write
mass production
large scale processing of raw materials into products
to leave a place and move permanently to another place
most important factor that influences population distribution
natural resources, geography of the land, location ( where fertile soil, available water and climate are)
natural resource
materials from nature used by humans
negative population growth
when a country's death rate exceed brith rate
per capita income
average yearly income for a person in a place - worked out by taking the total national income and dividing it by the number of people in the nation
population density
avg. amt. of people per square mile ( kilometer)
population distribution
pattern of population in a country, continent, or the world
post industrial economy
economy based on services, information, and high technology
primary industry
*1st to touch natural resource -located at site of the natural resource(forest, lake, iron ore) -most basic ecenomic activity -ex:farming, fishing, mining
problems caused by increased population?
more poverty and hunger, more resources used
pull - factors
factors that make people want to tcome to a place
push - factors
factors that make people want to leave a place
quaternary industry
*produces new information -leads to new products and new ideas -manages flow of new info around economy -invent new products -researches to produce new ideas -located anywhere there's good telecommunications -not tied to resources, enviroment, or ac
farm or country living area
secondary industry
*manufacturing -use raw materials to produce or manufacture something new and more valuable -turns raw materials into finished goods -light industry:consumer goods -heavy ind.:big mach, military mac -located at site of nat. res. or close to market pl
standard of living
quaulity of life
tertiary industry
*service industry -involves the selling of goods and products from primary. sec. industry and sale of service skills -located where service required (where ppl are) -ex:doctor, lawyer, teacher
top 5 most populous countries
china, india, us, indonesia, brazil
living are incity/ town
why is global population growing
higher birth rates than death rates, more populated countries w/ lots of poverty have lots of baby
zero population growth
when a popluations death reate= birth rate

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