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6th The Ancient World Chapter 6 (Part 1)

Terms

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Thucydides
Greek historian, wrote about the Peloponnesian War
aristocrat
a member of a rich and powerful family
philosopher
someone who uses reason to understand the world; in Greece, the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events
Athena
Zeus' wise daughter, goddess of crafts and war
Apollo
son of Zeus, god of poetry and music
democracy
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
blockade
an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
Hera
wife and queen to Zeus
slavery
condition of being owned by, and forced to work for, someone else
Poseidon
Zeus' brother, god of the sea, water, and earthquakes
acropolis
the fortified, or strengthened, hill of an ancient Greek city
Minoans
lived on the island of Crete during the Bronze Age, developed a broad sea-trade network, developed an advanced culture
helot
a member of a certain class of servants in ancient Sparta
Sparta
a city-state in the southern part of ancient Greece
Pericles
powerful ruler during the Golden Age, member of aristocratic family, reformed democracy, one of the greatest leader of Athens
Mycenaeans
controlled Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, also used writing, relied on conquest to spread their power
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
tribute
regular payment made to a powerful state of nation by a weaker one
Persians
group that gained control of Greek colonies on the west coast of Asia Minor around 520 B.C., fought the Athenians at Marathon, led by Cyrus the Great
Zues
king of the gods and goddesses
Cyrus the Great
founded the Persian Empire
vendor
a seller of goods
Peloponnesian War
a war fought between Athens and Sparta in ancient Greece, involving almost every other Greek city-state
oracle
in ancient Greece, a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
Athens
a city-state in ancient Greece; the capital of modern-day Greece
tyrant
a ruler who takes power by force
tragedy
a type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
plague
a wide-spread disease
agora
a public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city; the market place of Athens is spelled with a capital A

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