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GRE words


undefined, object
copy deck
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
s dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
n obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
n ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
s damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
n horde
crowd; swarm
n conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
n furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
n mirth
merriment; laughter
hatred of marriage
n seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
fleet of warships
n striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
n sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
s significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
s resurrect
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
s career
rush wildly; go at full speed
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
s infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
n gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
n shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
s fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
hard; inflexible
n promiscuous
mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
n tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
n rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
n glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
n torrent
rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.
n impeccable
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
s voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
n guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
n palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
person who establishes (an organization or business)
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
joining; associating with
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
n surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
n relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
n mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
disparage; depreciate
s stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
n quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
s forward
presumptuous or bold
mental calmness
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
s rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
s helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
damp; N. humidity
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
journey; V. peregrinate
pertaining to marriage
fear of heights
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
n bolster
support; reinforce
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
fearful; timid; demonstrating fear
n capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
scold harshly; criticize severely
significance; importance; meaning
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
n factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
cancel; put an end to
n myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
n rile
irritate; vex; muddy
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
n potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
repay; pay back
s chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
n perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
n boorish
rude; insensitive
n saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
easy to approach; obtainable
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
n apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
cut away; trim
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
s haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
n hummock
small hill; hillock
bold; fearless
n herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
all-powerful; having unlimited power
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
s crave
desire; want intensely
weak; N. frailty
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
n mollify
soothe an angry person
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
having a common center
s shoot
new growth from a plant
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
n prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
liable to err
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
n ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
s cadet
student at a military school
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
n sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
s sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
scanty; inadequate
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
n strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wingÀ̳ª building µîÀ» support
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
n gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
n peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
trembling; wavering
stop motion; curb or restrain
s disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
n stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
s merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
monastery or convent
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
outmoded; no longer used
s threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
s havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
s pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
n carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
s coax
persuade by flattery
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
s menace
threat; V: threaten
small in amount; minute
s strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
s healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
n disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
s taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
n prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
n spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
n putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
bravery; courage; strength of mind
s scraps
leftover food
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
n menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress
s putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
s maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
refer; attribute; assign
n crone
hag; ugly old woman
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
s leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
small planet
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
n odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
s meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
n prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
n halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
s repose
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
records arranged in yearly parts; history
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
argumentative; fond of argument
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
worsen; aggravate; embitter
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
n pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
n ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
illicit lover
s hereafter
life after death
n taut
tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack
discerning; perceptive
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
n skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
s callus
area of thick hard skin
s plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
n postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
n nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
n nutrient
nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
n hovel
shack; small wretched house
n mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
n teetotalism
practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total
n ovation
enthusiastic applause
n trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
n overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
s flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
s rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
s carefree
free from worries; having no problems
n ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
n imprecation
curse; swearword
yearly allowance
n asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
appropriate; fitting
n seine
seine net; net for catching fish
opponent; enemy
s geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
n solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
state of being immovable
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
n peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
n lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
n requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
n covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
repentant; N.
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
n putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
decode; CF. indecipherable
n forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
combative; bellicose; N.
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
n raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
n opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
s habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
n felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
n sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
n foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
n loll
lounge about
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
n niggle
spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
flood; rush; V.
n resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
spacious and comfortable
malicious misrepresentation; slander
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
n holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
n cartographer
n bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
s furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
n dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
n limpid
crystal clear
soul; mind
s wage
begin and continue (a war)
s distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
s porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
n tarantula
venomous spider
set off; start
proverb; truth pithily stated
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
n patois
local or provincial dialect
n limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
n turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
slow down
n scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
n bard
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
s tarnish
make or become dull or discolored; N.
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
universally present; ubiquitous
n spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
teaching; art of education
n pendulous
hanging; suspended
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
s waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
s glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
n ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
n prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
n outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
n hermitage
home of a hermit
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
n insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
s righteous
morally upright; just
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
n unearth
dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
approach; tend to meet; come together
s supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
n pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
n propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
n smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
something fit to be eaten
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
s oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
n finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
s decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
n unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
n mural
wall painting
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
n primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
great mass of falling snow and ice
n tiller
handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)
s concordat
formal agreement
s patrimony
property inherited from a father
n redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
n respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
s rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
s hide
skin of an animal
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
cause of complaint; complaint
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
s tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
n proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
n ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
s inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
n husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
s broil
cook by direct heat; N.
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
n suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
like a corpse; pale
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
s wade
walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
n gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
n slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
detest; hate
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
n dappled
n brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
s fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
boastful; pompous
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
partner in crime
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
thick-skinned animal
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
n scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
n molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
n maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
s inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
n contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
n confound
confuse; puzzle
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
n drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
enclosure for birds; large cage
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
n gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
beginning; origin
n plummet
fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
n puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
n stipend
pay for services
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
n incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
n sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
n umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
n maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
concise; abrupt; pithy
s upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
n glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
s season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
n quench
assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress
s tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
n ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
s brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n travesty
copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon
n seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
n rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
pertaining to the universe; vast
s rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate
n presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
n retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
mysterious; hidden; secret
s mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
n myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
n propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
items of business at a meeting
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
n invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
s smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
s uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
s stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.
n scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
neat; skillful
s suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
s dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
s magistrate
official with power to administer the law
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
charge; N. indictment
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
s sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
n tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
n frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
n copious
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
n gamut
entire range
n blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
s provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
n countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
n assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
s draw
choosing of a lot or card
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
n necromancy
black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
without money
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
rubbing away; tending to grind down
n inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
issue forth; come out
n imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
n redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
n quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
s intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
capable of being repaired
n chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
thought; working of the brain
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
plundering; destruction
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
informal discussion; conversation
n fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
n pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
n testy
irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness
matchless; not able to be imitated
stick together
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
n pharisaical
pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
unpredictable; fickle
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
n peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
n staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
declare openly; N. avowal
s wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
n scaffold
temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution
n parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
impertinence; insolence
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
n debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
n refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
n stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
upward; high up in the air
s artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
n spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
corruption; turning from right to wrong
n nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
guess; N.
n cession
yielding to another; ceding
public speaker
predict (according to present indications)
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
n perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
n slither
slip or slide
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
s shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
n epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
n nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
n fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
n garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
n inerrancy
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
n maudlin
effusively sentimental
lure or bait; V.
seeker after position or status
place over something else
s encircle
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
n tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
n litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
n ligneous
like wood
clever; astute
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
n blandishment
n stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
element; ingredient
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
n defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
n neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
implied comparison; CF. simile
s pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
s compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
n pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
list; mention one by one
slander; disgrace; infamy
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
curving outward
s maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
s pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
n nib
beak(bill); pen point
s spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
large city
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
n rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
n fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
n leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
n hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
n quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
n arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
s tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
s convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
n gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
n minatory
menacing; threatening
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
mutual relationship
s impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
s nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
s ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
n secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
partly transparent
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
erase; strike out
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
wakefulness; inability to sleep
storage place for military equipment
n laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
n conclave
private secret meeting
n nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
supplying nourishment
n seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
s repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
s notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
n insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
n menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
n babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
conquer; bring under control
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
s mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
s blue
gloomy; depressed
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
n pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
s pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
n savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
s retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
slavish; cringing; N. servility
s trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
s weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
strong; vigorous
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
n peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
in utter disorder
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
n plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
n incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
unerring; never making mistakes
n fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
n predilection
preference; partiality
n pall
become boring; grow tiresome
s overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
s personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
n perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
n pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
n olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
n swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
s apiculture
prohibit; forbid; N.
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
decisive; ending all debate
brief explanation of words used in the text
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
s gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
n filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
s mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
n reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
mass for the dead; dirge
arise from; originate from
n purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
pertaining to the organs or sense of touch
n corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
n nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
drink in
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
n impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
s matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
s oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n taint
contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
s nourishment
something that nourishes; food
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
n docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
s crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
n primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
n quiver
case for arrows
n piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
n hoodwink
deceive; delude
s hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
n repast
meal; feast; banquet
n litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
s ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
n hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
s imperil
put in danger
long life; long duration
person receiving protection and support from a patron
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
n sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
n certitude
existing at birth
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
capable of using either hand with equal ease
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
n desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
s correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
n nondescript
undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
s slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
s enact
make (a bill) into law
n turncoat
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
n unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
s interstice
narrow space between things
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
n mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
n threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
n quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
forerunner; predecessor
n finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
n grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
lifeless; not animate
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
method of system or government
additional object; useful but not essential thing
n reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
n deleterious
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
s gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
n lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
n nefarious
very wicked
n topography
physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); CF. topo-: place
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
n numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
n suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
n gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
n seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
n scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
n culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
n saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
n steep
soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous
original work used as a model by others
n headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
length of time something lasts
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
n precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
s varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
n inkling
hint; slight indication
s mingle
mix together in close association
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
n muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
n canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
comparable; similar
s shack
crude cabin
n devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
s bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
n querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
great fire
n parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
careful about money; economical; N. thrift
s dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
candid; blunt
doctrine; dogma
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
n natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
strong point or special talent in a person's character
advanced in development; N. precocity
n relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
impending; near at hand
suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
s mar
spoil the appearance of
s polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
n stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
s consternation
great shock; dismay
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
n clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
n rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
n inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
charlatan; impostor
n subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
n peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
n gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
n flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
n confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
n gaudy
flashy; showy
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
border upon; adjoin
n quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
underline; emphasize
n revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
s tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
n hoary
white with age
disown; disavow; deny
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
n militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
n ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question
mercy killing
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
n atypical
not normal; not typical
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
ransack; thoroughly search
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
n tangential
only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
s transpose
reverse the order or position of
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
s phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
s cemetery
place for burying the dead
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
n quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
n begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
s parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
n nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
s reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
trifles; unimportant matters
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
s ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
s rank
offensive in odor or flavor
n smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
n sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
s tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
bring upon oneself
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
n hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
n bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
n covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
pertaining to ships or navigation
s embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
n missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
n protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
n imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
n collation
a light meal; collating
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
n garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
loss of memory
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
n sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
n droll
queer and amusing
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
picture writing; ADJ.
s plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
s luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
s nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
n foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
n hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
s tawny
brownish yellow
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
s dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
s court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
loss of speech due to injury or illness
n disgruntle
make discontented
n immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
n belated
s consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
n provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
n gaffe
social blunder
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
n prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
n garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
n infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
s latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
n carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
mass of material sticking together
n throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
society ruled by the wealthy
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
n cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
s primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
blacken; defame
n clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
s nutritious
providing nourishment
s distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
n clavicle
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
n scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
s stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
move faster
pertaining to money
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
introductory statement
n roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
occurring irregularly; intermittent
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
s peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
n importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
show clearly
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
n fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
having no equal; incomparable
n protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
n incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
n misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
annoy by repeated attacks
n crevice
crack; fissure
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
n candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
n ponderous
having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
n nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
n coiffure
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
s bearing
deportment; connection
based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical
n inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
state confidently; declare as true
lizard that changes color in different situations
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
abnormal; irregular
belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
n beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
antiquated; extremely ancient
n ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
n tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
n rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
detestable; extremely unpleasant
reckon; calculate
n petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
n pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
s penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
s comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
s self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
s afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
n braggart
boaster; bragger
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
making up for; repaying
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
n ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
n onerous
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
s curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
n grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
s coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
n slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
n penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
n mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
s reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
n scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
n diadem
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
s spoof
n seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
equal in extent; of the same size
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
able to produce a desired effect; valid
n fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
sound on judgment; wise
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
harmony; accord
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
n tanner
person who turns animal hides into leather
n hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
n philology
study of language or words
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
s graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
n mauve
pale purple
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
n filing
particle removed by a file
familiar with; having knowledge of
s makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
n caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
s indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
deceptive scheme; clever trick
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
n credo
n capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
frustrate; perplex
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
n privy
secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
n transpire
(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
s stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
n sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
s eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
n rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
s mass
Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist
s deserts
what someone deserves
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
n flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
n pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
n appellation
name; title
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
bending of a ray of light
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
n sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
s resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
expose to slander
n ethnic
relating to races
s recline
lie down
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
s elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
kindly; doing good
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
lack of self-confidence or courage
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
departure (of a large number of people)
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
n matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
s frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
s corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
n parable
short simple story teaching a moral
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
s torpedo
underwater explosive apparatus; V.
n oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
fear of being locked in
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
s poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
n rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
n revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
agree; accept; N. assessment
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
expand; swell out
s attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
n coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
n heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
s humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
n disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
n promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
n nugatory
worthless; futile
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
n promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
n quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
approach and speak first to a person
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
s scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
mar; disfigure
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
s pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
s historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
n silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
n fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
n jaunt
trip; short journey
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
occurring again and again
n coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
prevent by taking action in advance
s marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
n insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
n rampant
growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
s psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
error; stupid mistake
n poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
mythical figure, half man and half horse
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
s chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
s requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
nook; recess
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
n balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
n censorious
severely critical
transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness
s genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
n curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
n dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
distortion; burlesque
command; order; forbid
n bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
n ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
n overblown
inflated; exaggerated
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
n brackish
somewhat saline
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
s sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
small waterfall
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
n gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
n patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
s score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
feign; imitate
pertaining to language
n tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
n tumult
commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly
moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave
s slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
hard unpleasant work; menial work
two-chambered as a legislative body
beg; plead with
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
n uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
trivial; unimportant
n hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
n artless
without guile; open and honest
s grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
s blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
able to walk
n trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
n impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
s gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
n palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
n pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
n perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
complete; V.
n pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
n sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
s psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
s straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
copy; write a copy of; N. transcription
n ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
s stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
n doggerel
poor verse
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
n penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
particular variety of art or literature
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
s wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
s capsize
(of a boat) turn over
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
s rotund
(of a person) fat and round
n corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
s swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
n bigotry
stubborn intolerance
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
s charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
s flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
s compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
n cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
n refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
relieve (pain)
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
n hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
n apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
n forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
n instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
revoke; annul
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
s distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
s dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
s sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
tropical hurricane or cyclone
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
n rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
transform; change; convert to something different
n riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
n delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
s romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
a manually skilled worker
n pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
pertaining to marriage
n impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
n mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
n courier
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
s bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
s glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
s stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
n placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
n obtrude
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
n problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
n funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
n nubile
marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
profane; violate the sanctity of
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
n sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
s beware
be cautious (of)
entreating; beseeching; N.
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
n bilk
swindle; cheat
n comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
n subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
daring; bold; N. audacity
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
n impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
n glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
n peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
totally clear; definite; outspoken
speed of music
n traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
n indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
n scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
n immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
s handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
make young again
n slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
student of the history and science of humankind
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
s mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
n tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÑ; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
n skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
n sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
s outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
s prosper
become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
disturb greatly
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
bloody; with much bloodshed
n hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
testify; bear witness
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
someone who advises insurance companies
n subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
n stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
s sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
n obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
n pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
s outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
n stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
s commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
of or coming from the side
n careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
s rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
s monograph
scholarly article
n duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
meager; insufficient
using satire; mocking
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
n shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
include; consist of
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
s flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
s feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
n ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
s falsify
make (something written) false by changing
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
s tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
set right; correct; CF. rect-: right
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
make amends for (a sin)
s nausea
feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
s juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
n spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
n opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
s pedigree
ancestry; lineage
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
n simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
n coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
murder of a king or queen
uninterrupted; unceasing
n minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
n piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
n grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
n percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
n raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
harmful; causing injury
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
s frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
s credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
n shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
active enmity
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
s rabble
mob; noisy crowd
n cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
s favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
n catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
law enacted by the legislature
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
n scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
deliberately planned; likely
n stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
s frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
acute pain; extreme suffering
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
n hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
n mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
n detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
n foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
s nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
s sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
shorten; reduce
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
n carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
nearness; ADJ. proximate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
n spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
s engulf
surround and swallow up
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
n fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
n pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
n sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
n plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
n skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
n bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
s fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
n continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
s quicksilver
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
n lexicon
s growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
s reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
s tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
self-governing; N. autonomy
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
n periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
n lien
legal claim or right on a property
s sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
n illimitable
infinite; limitless
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
unsatisfied; not soothed
stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
negligent; careless about a duty
n demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
n mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
s tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
s overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
s tan
convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun
n tenuous
thin; slim; rare
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
go through or across
n catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
n tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
s herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
n sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
widespread; generally accepted
n declivity
downward slope
n rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
s conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
s mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
n quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
n tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
s corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
s bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
s nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
n shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
n impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
increase; add to
n ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
n squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
n gait
manner of walking or running; speed
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
n relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
n quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
n onomatopoeia
words formed in imitation of natural sounds
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
n crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
n stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
union; coalition; V. fuse
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
n parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
woman who rules a family or larger social group
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
n snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
s high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
n insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
n habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
n polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
s sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
mutually destructive
n torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
n homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
make thin; weaken
s screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
opposite; ADJ.
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
n artifice
deception; trickery
flexible; easily influenced
s gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
s sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
s providence
quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
n rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
n levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
s nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
n satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
following; attendants
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
n tureen
deep dish for serving soup
s inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
defensive mound of earth
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
not repentant
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
s pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
freeze; coagulate
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
s studious
given to diligent study
s induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
n painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
s trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
commonplace; trite
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
n harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
suitable; to the point; relevant
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
easily deceived
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
n renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
s resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
formless; lacking shape or definition
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
n gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
n badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
compulsive habitual need
n dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
n odoriferous
giving off an odor
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
illusive; deceptive; not real
n sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
n sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
n phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
n morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
n travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
s defalcate
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
rebellion; uprising
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
n sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
n recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
n filch
steal (things of small value)
n apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
s tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
n salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
restrain; handcuff; N.
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
s legato
(of music) played smoothly
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
n purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
n cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
s finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
n stolid
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
n quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
n sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
n determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
n headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
n prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
study of insects
n edify
instruct; correct morally
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
every two years
speed; rapidity
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
n contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
n chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
n limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
n phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
very small quantity
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
n pore
study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
s idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
n buccaneer
s pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
n tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
n tentative
not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply
n poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
s impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
s squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ÁøÈëÀ» À§¿¡¼ ¹âÀ» ¶§
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
long established as a disease
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
short-lived; fleeting
s crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
drive out evil spirits
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
fear; nervous apprehension
width; extent
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
childish; infantlike
n ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
n serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
pertaining to money
n sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
n suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
s drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
s refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
n petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
shield; protection; defense
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
s metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
n quail
cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
n hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
n plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
n filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
n rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
n suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
n hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
n shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
n crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
doctor who treats mental diseases
s brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
n surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
female warrior
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
n insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
adjoining; neighboring; close by
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
n swarthy
(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; Ex. swarthy Italian ?
n reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
s prank
mischievous trick
salary; payment for an office; compensation
seriousness; ADJ. grave
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
n idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
n lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
n execrable
very bad; detestable
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
n pan
criticize harshly
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
n choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
large three-masted sailing ship
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
n revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
n flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
n fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
n regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
n retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
n suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
s gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
n patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
conclusion; concluding part
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
n cow
terrorize; intimidate
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
very poor person
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
outstanding; superior
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
pardon (an offense)
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
n guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
n plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
ill will; hatred; hostility
s ward
administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
n palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
confirm; support; strengthen
n foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
n torrid
(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
n parameter
limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
follow (as a result)
n posture
assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
period of time
charge in court; indict
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
n hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
s sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
n granary
storehouse for grain
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
n punitive
punishing; Ex. punitive measures
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
scarcity; dearth
n squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
greediness for wealth
n functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
s wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
n ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
n chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
s lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
s gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
n stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
s soothsayer
one who foretells the future
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
violent anguish
cause; produce; give rise to
n contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
n retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
n fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
n qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
n timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
n rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
n pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
s monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
n gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
n ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
n pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
n callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
s seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
n progeny
children; offspring; descendants
s drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
s trickster
person who cheats people
reveal; N. disclosure
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
s brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
s cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
n cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
insignificant; unimportant
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
n symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
n rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
s resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
quick sharp reply; V.
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
s recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
s topple
become unsteady and fall down
n stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
s thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
n ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
n recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
n shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
s incinerate
burn to ashes
real being
s forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
stir up; disturb
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
n florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
n reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
government by a privileged few
n histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
s draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
state without proof
s memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
n low
moo; make the sound of a cow
n coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
n preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
n ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
n paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
not spacious; inconvenient
n skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
noisy quarrel
n roster
list (of names)
n mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
n prod
poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
n spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
n turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
n titillate
tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
n cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
s contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
s presume
take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
n beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
n trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
reflection; thought; V. meditate
n nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
report; record (in chronological order)
award of merit; strong praise and approval
s hysteria
excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
n sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
inquiry; question; V.
n celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
acting without dialogue; V.
reproduce; duplicate
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
s cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
prove genuine
n studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
n haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
n gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
s feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
s prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
n sluggard
lazy person
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
s dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
n plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
s rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
s scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
n miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
s inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
bow (to show respect and obedience)
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
s shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
energetic; vigorously active
n quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
n libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
n pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
n squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
s derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
n queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
n indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
n lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
s resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
s suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
n pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
demanding much work or care; tedious
n torque
twisting force; force producing rotation
n frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
s mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
s masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
n regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous
n cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
n interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
something attached to but holding an inferior position
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
daily; occurring during the daytime
n soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
n inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
n throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
n fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
n innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
s rou\'e
lecherous man
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
n hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
n posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
n slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
s hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
n snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
n humdrum
dull; monotonous
n girth
distance around something; circumference
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
calmness; peace
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
n mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
full of pores; like a sieve
n milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
n ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
n scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
n inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
s pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
n homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
s crinkle
n checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
n mishap
unfortunate accident
s understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
n repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
n taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
n spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
n marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
suspended action
think over; ponder
s sow
plant or scatter seed
s precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
n defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
unconquerable; unyielding
very small
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
n sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
n chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
s terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
curative; N. therapy
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
n crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
s run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
n trappings
outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)
n nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
approve formally; confirm; verify
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
n orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
n dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
n antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
s throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
s swipe
hit with a sweeping motion; N.
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
s pushy
disagreeably aggressive
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
s outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
n surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
s persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
artificial; pretended
separate; unconnected
s feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
secondary or minor occupation
n levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
n scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
without deceit
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
n oblivious
inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
n splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
of or like an uncle
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
loyalty; accuracy
n clime
s recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
n swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
n unexceptionable
entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
s spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
n somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
s putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
n quip
taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.
n stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
n sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
system of religious or ethical belief
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
n swill
drink greedily
n occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
n gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
s dissonance
n slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
n pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
n pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
n susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
n rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
n sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
s nimble
quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
s impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
stingy; mean
fitness; talent
n hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
peak; pinnacle; highest point
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
n piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
n neologism
new or newly coined word or phrase
n dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
n importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
not harmonious; conflicting
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
n don
put on; OP. doff
s standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
ghost; phantom
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
n salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
n protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
n gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
n gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
n febrile
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
s far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
n orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
s tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
s lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
n ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
n smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
n sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
on or relating to the earth
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
former occupant of a post
n harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
n tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
s fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
clear from blame or guilt
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
n metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
s constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
accidental; casual; happening by chance
s horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
s primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
n unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
n tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
one who studies the skin and its diseases
n raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
comment; make explanatory notes
s base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
n rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
n liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
s stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
hiding place; V.
n garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
s mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
s brawl
noisy quarrel
loathe; hate
n tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
n ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
s primate
group of mammals including humans
n stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
s relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
n inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
s solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
n argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
s hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
s filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
n meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
n sherbet
flavored dessert ice
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
s polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
n stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
condense or shorten
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
teach (ideas or principles); instill
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
plants of a region or era
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
oddity; idiosyncrasy
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
n sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
s deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
able to live both on land and in water; N.
divide into parts
n betroth
become engaged to marry
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
s culprit
one guilty of a crime
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
s bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
n horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
n sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
n toga
Roman outer robe
n rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
n shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
n schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
abyss; very deep crack
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
help bring about; make less difficult
s pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
s elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
n glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
n profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
s undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
n rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
n savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
n ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
s idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
n motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
n oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
n sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
machine that separates substances by whirling them
n contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
n hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
s crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
basic; primary; essential
n flotsam
drifting wreckage
n turbid
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
n osseous
made of bone; bony
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
corpse; dead human body
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
n chicanery
trickery; deception
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
n scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
n stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
n trident
three-pronged spear
s swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
s scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
descent; ancestry
government ruled by old people
n gnarled
n hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
n supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
funeral ceremony
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
brother or sister
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
join; unite; OP. uncouple
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
n rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
n sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
n trek
travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
weaken; take away energy from
n pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
n carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
s shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
poor; destitute
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
sentry; lookout
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
quick clever reply
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
n impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
block; obstacle; V. hinder
n chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
s miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
self-evident truth requiring no proof
s remit
transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment
s awful
terrible; very bad
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
steadfast; firm; not changing
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
n rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
n quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
greatness (in size or extent); extent
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
calm; pacify
ill-humored; irritable
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
n provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
s parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
n unbridled
violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
s snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
n shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
n bucolic
rustic; pastoral
n plumage
feathers of a bird;
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
s pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
set free; liberate
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
disrepute; ill fame
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
n pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
n crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
n temporize
gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
food of the gods
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
n savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
n intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
n baroque
highly ornate
n braggadocio
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
s shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
s cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
s sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
s squash
crush; quash; suppress
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
gigantic; enormous
n staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
s touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
having many forms
s doze
sleep lightly; nap
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
black volcanic rock
evil; ominous
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
s speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
n quagmire
bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
n tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
introduction (to a poem or play)
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
root up; uproot; destroy completely
s bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
n tract
propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract
plain; clear; obvious
natural inclination
s pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
formal essay; treatise
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
n rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
s tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
n ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
n reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
s jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
n odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
tendency to keep together
n testator
maker of a will; CF. testatrix
s pudding
hot sweet dish
n pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
estimate value of; N. appraisal
n iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
n polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
n gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
s confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
n slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
nest of a large bird of prey
s bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
n panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
n junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
n stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
n penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
n fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
s flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
n accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
n skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
end; V. terminate
n scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
n steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
s parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
link as in a chain
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
s pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
not planned; impromptu; extempore
n browbeat
bully; intimidate
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
s gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
n proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
n gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
n thrall
slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
s rooster
cock; adult male chicken
n quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
n hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
n puissant
powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
power of endurance; strength; staying power
n heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
n rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
expert at; very skilled
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
s lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
n strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
n pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
s toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
n hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
serving to warn
n hale
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
seasonings; spices
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
n cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
firm dislike
n philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
n fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
n cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
s gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
s tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
s vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
n stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
s wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
n tightwad
miser; excessively frugal person
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
s tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
s rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
s curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
n fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
s chuckle
laugh quietly
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
not noticing; disregarding
n retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
n spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
medieval chemistry
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
s stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
s gobble
eat very quickly
s boor
rude, insensitive person
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
beginner; novice
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
n idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
n mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
s noose
loop formed in a rope
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
not applicable; unrelated
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
s lottery
contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots
happening at the same time; in agreement
n harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
s bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
n pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
n slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
n discombobulated
discomposed; confused
n fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
government run by religious leaders
s queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
lively; spirited
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
serving to complete something
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
s apiarist
person who keeps bees
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
morbid fear
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
having many languages; fluent in several languages
wise saying; proverb
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
s scorch
sear; N.
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
rub out; remove the surface of
n tessellated
mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
n slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
n grotto
small cavern
having womanly traits
n haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
n lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
n befuddle
confuse thoroughly
banish to the country; dwell in the country
n fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
n sentient
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
n poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
n mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
n gainsay
n livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
n buffoonery
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
having an odor
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
s sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
n tether
tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether
n hapless
unfortunate; luckless
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
s slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
n stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
n hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
n sumptuous
grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast
n coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
n arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
s backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
respectable; having a good reputation
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
n jocund
n humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
n idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
n awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
n gruesome
grisly; horrible
absence of governing body; state of disorder
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
s decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
s bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
s hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
n restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
n debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
n plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
s parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
government under a single ruler
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
s bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
n smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
s boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
n bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
n quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine; ä¼®Àå
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
n simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
s dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
n choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
helpful; useful; advantageous
n prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
the West
s peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
improperness; unsuitableness
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
n prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
behavior; bearing
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
n spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
n preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
n merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
correct; change ; generally for the better
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
n rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
s smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
n quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
father and ruler of a family or tribe
s humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
s underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
s ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
n igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
foreshadow; portend
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
abnormal or deviant
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
n clique
small exclusive group of people
n sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
n tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
n pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
s sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
n phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
n loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
n crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
cheerful promptness without reluctance
n pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
dry up
s recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
n chaffing
bantering; joking
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
s dys-
abnormal; impaired
s plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
n salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
n plumb
exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
n disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
n rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
n nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
renounce upon oath
n chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
tendency to disbelief
n spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
calmness of temperament; composure
n philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
s Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
charming; attractive
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
n culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
object to be thrown or projected
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
n prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
n substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
n outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
sorrowful; N. dolor
s rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
n unearthly
not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
n rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
pertaining to the moon
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
feel or express pity or sympathy for
person with an insane desire to set things on fire
n hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
s weary
tired after long work; V.
s recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
s penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
n inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
s creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
n cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
profitable; producing wealth
n tantrum
fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.
s totem
animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
s prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
n stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
disapproval; condemnation
n orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
bury; N. interment
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
s rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
s pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
n insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
following in time or order; later
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
crevice; crack
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
n quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
s scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
s pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
empty; lacking
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
s mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
n taciturn
habitually silent; talking little
n prescience
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
small body revolving around a larger one
producing motion; of motion
n tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
s gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
s jumble
mix in a confused way
n raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
n cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
n bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
n titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
conciseness; shortness of duration
n berate
scold strongly
n rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
n limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
n labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
n aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
calamity ; disaster
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
n rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
brief and compact
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
sheer; transparent
cause to sprout; sprout
operatic singer; prima donna
n sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
n cleft
N: split
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
n coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
n cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
n pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists
harmony; agreement
driving forward; N. propulsion
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
n blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
s brag
n ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
like a lion
n cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
n dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
n gruel
thin liquid porridge
s bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
s feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
n tantalize
tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure
unsuccessful; fruitless
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
obedient; easily managed; submissive
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
n ewe
female sheep
dismay; shock deeply
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
n solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
s drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
flowing into
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
n pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
n cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
hasten; make go faster
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
fill up again
n husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
n odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
n hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
praising; full of eulogy
n ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
deduce; conclude; N. inference
s alms
money or goods given to the poor
n nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
s sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
n grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
n peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
n indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
n palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
very high
deserving blame; blameworthy
s suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
postpone; delay or put off
n tribunal
court of justice
n nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
n oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
n unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
evildoer; criminal
n polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
n imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
n paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
s commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
n pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
n astral
relating to the stars
s postmortem
autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
genuine; real
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
not able to be erased
cause; produce; create
restore to good condition; renew
s mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
n troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
tentative; temporary
maker and seller of eyeglasses
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
n tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
n disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
n sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
n flair
varying from of an element
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
n mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
prosper; flourish
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
n pr\'ecis
abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
impressive; majestic
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
s residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
s bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
n turgid
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
disaster; misery
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
s acne
skin disease (on the face)
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
n mischance
ill luck
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
n discursive