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chapter six

Terms

undefined, object
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slavery
condition of being owned by, and forced to work for, someone else
philosopher
someone who uses reason to understand the world; in Greece, the earliest philosphers used reason to explain natural events
helot
a member of a certain class of servants in ancient Sparta
assassinate
to murder for political reasons
Peloponnesian War
a war fought between Athens and Sparta in ancient Greece, involving almost every other Greek city-state
acropolis
the fortified, or strengthened, hill of an ancient Greek city
agora
a public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city; the angora of Athens when spelled with a captial A
Hellenistic
describing Greek history of culture after the death of Alexander the Great, including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexander's empire
plague
a widespread disease
tragedy
a type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
democracy
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
blockade
an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
tyrant
a ruler who takes power by force
aristocrat
a member of a rich and powerful family
vendor
a seller of goods
oracle
in ancient Greece, a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
Athens
a city-state in ancient Greece; the capital of modern-day Greece
Sparata
a city-state in the southern part of ancient Greece
barbarian
a wild and uncivilized person
Alexander the Great
king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 BC; conquerer of Persia and Egypt and invader of India
tribute
a regular payment made to a powerful state of nation by a weaker one

Deck Info

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