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5000 SAT Words


undefined, object
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abase v
To lower in position, estimation, or the like; degrade
abbess n
The lady superior of a nunnery
abbey n
The group of buildings which collectively form the dwelling-place of a society of monks or nuns
abbot n
The superior of a community of monks
abdicate v
To give up (royal power or the like)
abdomen n
In mammals, the visceral cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor; the belly
abdominal n
Of, pertaining to, or situated on the abdomen
abduction n
A carrying away of a person against his will, or illegally
abed adv
In bed; on a bed
aberration n
Deviation from a right, customary, or prescribed course
abet v
To aid, promote, or encourage the commission of (an offense)
abeyance n
A state of suspension or temporary inaction
abhorrence n
The act of detesting extremely
abhorrent adj
Very repugnant; hateful
abidance n
An abiding
abject adj
Sunk to a low condition
abjure v
To recant, renounce, repudiate under oath
able-bodied adj
Competent for physical service
ablution n
A washing or cleansing, especially of the body
abnegate v
To renounce (a right or privilege)
abnormal adj
Not conformed to the ordinary rule or standard
abominable adj
Very hateful
abominate v
To hate violently
abomination n
A very detestable act or practice
aboriginal adj
Primitive; unsophisticated
aborigines n
The original of earliest known inhabitants of a country
aboveboard adv & adj
Without concealment, fraud, or trickery
abrade v
To wear away the surface or some part of by friction
abrasion n
That which is rubbed off
abridge v
To make shorter in words, keeping the essential features, leaning out minor particles
abridgment n
A condensed form as of a book or play
abrogate v
To abolish, repeal
abrupt adj
Beginning, ending, or changing suddenly or with a break
abscess n
A Collection of pus in a cavity formed within some tissue of the body
abscission n
The act of cutting off, as in a surgical operation
abscond v
To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest
absence n
The fact of not being present or available
absent-minded adj
Lacking in attention to immediate surroundings or business
absolution n
Forgiveness, or passing over of offenses
absolve v
To free from sin or its penalties
absorb v
To drink in or suck up, as a sponge absorbs water
absorption n
The act or process of absorbing
abstain v
To keep oneself back (from doing or using something)
abstemious adj
Characterized by self denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food
abstinence n
Self denial
abstruse adj
Dealing with matters difficult to be understood
absurd adj
Inconsistent with reason or common sense
abundant adj
abusive adj
Employing harsh words or ill treatment
abut v
To touch at the end or boundary line
abyss n
Bottomless gulf
academic adj
Of or pertaining to an academy, college, or university
academician n
A member of an academy of literature, art, or science
academy n
Any institution where the higher branches of learning are taught
accede v
To agree
accelerate v
To move faster
accept v
To take when offered
access n
A way of approach or entrance; passage
accessible adj
accession n
Induction or elevation, as to dignity, office, or government
accessory n
A person or thing that aids the principal agent
acclaim v
To utter with a shout
accommodate v
To furnish something as a kindness or favor
accompaniment n
A subordinate part or parts, enriching or supporting the leading part
accompanist n
One who or that which accompanies
accompany v
To go with, or be associated with, as a companion
accomplice n
An associate in wrong-doing
accomplish v
To bring to pass
accordion n
A portable free-reed musical instrument
accost v
To speak to
account n
A record or statement of receipts and expenditures, or of business transactions
accouter v
To dress
accredit v
To give credit or authority to
accumulate v
To become greater in quantity or number
accuracy n
accurate adj
Conforming exactly to truth or to a standard
accursed adj
Doomed to evil, misery, or misfortune
accusation n
A charge of crime, misdemeanor, or error
accusatory adj
Of, pertaining to, or involving an accusation
accuse v
To charge with wrong doing, misconduct, or error
accustom v
To make familiar by use
acerbity n
Sourness, with bitterness and astringency
acetate n
A salt of acetic acid
acetic adj
Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of vinegar
ache v
To be in pain or distress
Achillean adj
achromatic adj
acid n
A sour substance
acidify v
To change into acid
acknowledge v
To recognize; to admit the genuineness or validity of
acknowledgment n
acme n
The highest point, or summit
acoustic adj
Pertaining to the act or sense of hearing
acquaint v
To make familiar or conversant
acquiesce v
To comply; submit
acquiescence n
Passive consent
acquit v
To free or clear, as from accusation
acquittal n
A discharge from accusation by judicial action
acquittance n
Release or discharge from indebtedness, obligation, or responsibility
acreage n
Quantity or extent of land, especially of cultivated land
acrid adj
Harshly pungent or bitter
acrimonious adj
Full of bitterness
acrimony n
Sharpness or bitterness of speech or temper
actionable adj
Affording cause for instituting an action, as trespass, slanderous words
actuality n
Any reality
actuary n
An officer, as of an insurance company, who calculates and states the risks and premiums
actuate v
To move or incite to action
acumen n
Quickness of intellectual insight, or discernment; keenness of discrimination
acute adj
Having fine and penetrating discernment
adamant n
Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability
addendum n
Something added, or to be added
addle v
To make inefficient or worthless; muddle
adduce v
To bring forward or name for consideration
adhere v
To stick fast or together
adherence n
adherent adj
Clinging or sticking fast
adhesion n
The state of being attached or joined
adieu inter
Good-by; farewell
adjacency n
The state of being adjacent
adjacent n
That which is near or bordering upon
adjudge v
To award or bestow by formal decision
adjunct n
Something joined to or connected with another thing, but holding a subordinate place
adjuration n
A vehement appeal
adjutant adj
administrator n
One who manages affairs of any kind
admissible adj
Having the right or privilege of entry
admittance n
Entrance, or the right or permission to enter
admonish v
To warn of a fault
admonition n
Gentle reproof
ado n
unnecessary activity or ceremony
adoration n
Profound devotion
adroit adj
Having skill in the use of the bodily or mental powers
adulterant n
An adulterating substance
adulterate v
To make impure by the admixture of other or baser ingredients
adumbrate v
To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem
advent n
The coming or arrival, as of any important change, event, state, or personage
adverse adj
Opposing or opposed
adversity n
advert v
To refer incidentally
advertiser n
One who advertises, especially in newspapers
advisory adj
Not mandatory
advocacy n
The act of pleading a cause
advocate n
One who pleads the cause of another, as in a legal or ecclesiastical court
aerial adj
Of, pertaining to, or like the air
aeronaut n
One who navigates the air, a balloonist
aeronautics n
the art or practice of flying aircraft
aerostat n
A balloon or other apparatus floating in or sustained by the air
aerostatics n
The branch of pneumatics that treats of the equilibrium, pressure, and mechanical properties
affable adj
Easy to approach
affect v
To act upon
affectation n
A studied or ostentatious pretense or attempt
affiliate n
Some auxiliary person or thing
affirmative adj
Answering yes; to a question at issue
affix v
To fasten
affluence n
A profuse or abundant supply of riches
affront n
An open insult or indignity
afire adv. & adj
On fire, literally or figuratively
afoot adv
In progress
aforesaid adj
Said in a preceding part or before
afresh adv
Once more, after rest or interval
afterthought n
A thought that comes later than its appropriate or expected time
agglomerate v
To pile or heap together
aggrandize v
To cause to appear greatly
aggravate v
To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome
aggravation n
The fact of being made heavier or more heinous, as a crime , offense, misfortune, etc
aggregate n
The entire number, sum, mass, or quantity of something
aggress v
To make the first attack
aggression n
An unprovoked attack
aggrieve v
To give grief or sorrow to
aghast adj
Struck with terror and amazement
agile adj
Able to move or act quickly, physically, or mentally
agitate v
To move or excite (the feelings or thoughts)
agrarian adj
Pertaining to land, especially agricultural land
aide-de-camp n
An officer who receives and transmits the orders of the general
ailment n
Slight sickness
airy adj
Delicate, ethereal
akin adj
Of similar nature or qualities
alabaster n
A white or delicately tinted fine-grained gypsum
alacrity n
Cheerful willingness
albeit conj
Even though
albino n
A person with milky white skin and hair, and eyes with bright red pupil and usually pink iris
album n
A book whose leaves are so made to form paper frames for holding photographs or the like
alchemy n
Chemistry of the middle ages, characterized by the pursuit of changing base metals to gold
alcohol n
A volatile, inflammable, colorless liquid of a penetrating odor and burning taste
alcoholism n
A condition resulting from the inordinate or persistent use of alcoholic beverages
alcove n
A covered recess connected with or at the side of a larger room
alder n
Any shrub or small tree of the genus Alumnus, of the oak family
alderman n
A member of a municipal legislative body, who usually exercises also certain judicial functions
aldermanship n
The dignity, condition, office, or term of office of an alderman
alias n
An assumed name
alien n
One who owes allegiance to a foreign government
alienable adj
Capable of being aliened or alienated, as lands
alienate v
To cause to turn away
alienation n
aliment n
That which nourishes
alkali n
Anything that will neutralize an acid, as lime, magnesia, etc
allay v
To calm the violence or reduce the intensity of; mitigate
allege v
To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court
allegory n
The setting forth of a subject under the guise of another subject of aptly suggestive likeness
alleviate v
To make less burdensome or less hard to bear
alley n
A narrow street, garden path, walk, or the like
alliance n
Any combination or union for some common purpose
allot v
To assign a definite thing or part to a certain person
allotment n
allude v
To refer incidentally, or by suggestion
allusion n
An indirect and incidental reference to something without definite mention of it
alluvion n
ally n
A person or thing connected with another, usually in some relation of helpfulness
almanac n
A series of tables giving the days of the week together with certain astronomical information
aloof adv
Not in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others
altar n
Any raised place or structure on which sacrifices may be offered or incense burned
alter v
To make change in
alteration n
Change or modification
altercate v
To contend angrily or zealously in words
alternate n
One chosen to act in place of another, in case of the absence or incapacity of that other
alternative n
Something that may or must exist, be taken or chosen, or done instead of something else
altitude n
Vertical distance or elevation above any point or base-level, as the sea
alto n
The lowest or deepest female voice or part
altruism n
Benevolence to others on subordination to self-interest
altruist n
One who advocates or practices altruism
amalgam n
An alloy or union of mercury with another metal
amalgamate v
To mix or blend together in a homogeneous body
amateur adj
Practicing an art or occupation for the love of it, but not as a profession
amatory adj
Designed to excite love
ambidextrous adj
Having the ability of using both hands with equal skill or ease
ambiguous adj
Having a double meaning
ambitious adj
Eagerly desirous and aspiring
ambrosial adj
Divinely sweet, fragrant, or delicious
ambulance n
A vehicle fitted for conveying the sick and wounded
ambulate v
To walk about
ambush n
The act or state of lying concealed for the purpose of surprising or attacking the enemy
ameliorate v
To relieve, as from pain or hardship
amenable adj
Willing and ready to submit
Americanism n
A peculiar sense in which an English word or phrase is used in the United States
amicable adj
Done in a friendly spirit
amity n
amorous adj
Having a propensity for falling in love
amorphous adj
Without determinate shape
amour n
A love-affair, especially one of an illicit nature
ampere n
The practical unit of electric-current strength
ampersand n
The character &; and
amphibious adj
Living both on land and in water
amphitheater n
An edifice of elliptical shape, constructed about a central open space or arena
amplitude n
amply adv
amputate v
To remove by cutting, as a limb or some portion of the body
amusement n
anachronism n
Anything occurring or existing out of its proper time
anagram n
The letters of a word or phrase so transposed as to make a different word or phrase
analogous adj
Corresponding (to some other) in certain respects, as in form, proportion, relations
analogy n
Reasoning in which from certain and known relations or resemblance others are formed
analyst n
One who analyzes or makes use of the analytical method
analyze v
To examine minutely or critically
anarchy n
Absence or utter disregard of government
anathema n
Anything forbidden, as by social usage
anatomy n
That branch of morphology which treats of the structure of organisms
anecdote n
A brief account of some interesting event or incident
anemia n
Deficiency of blood or red corpuscles
anemic adj
Affected with anemia
anemometer n
An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of wind
anesthetic adj
Pertaining to or producing loss of sensation
anew adv
Once more
angelic adj
Anglo-Saxon n
The entire English race wherever found, as in Europe, the United States, or India
Anglophobia n
Hatred or dread of England or of what is English
angular adj
anhydrous adj
animadversion n
The utterance of criticism or censure
animadvert v
To pass criticism or censure
animalcule n
An animal of microscopic smallness
animate v
To make alive
animosity n
annalist n
annals n
A record of events in their chronological order, year by year
annex v
To add or affix at the end
annihilate v
To destroy absolutely
annotate v
To make explanatory or critical notes on or upon
annual adj
Occurring every year
annuity n
An annual allowance, payment, or income
annunciation n
anode n
The point where or path by which a voltaic current enters an electrolyte or the like
anonymous adj
Of unknown authorship
antagonism n
Mutual opposition or resistance of counteracting forces, principles, or persons
Antarctic adj
Pertaining to the south pole or the regions near it
ante v
In the game of poker, to put up a stake before the cards are dealt
antecede v
To precede
antecedent n
One who or that which precedes or goes before, as in time, place, rank, order, or causality
antechamber n
A waiting room for those who seek audience
antedate v
To assign or affix a date to earlier than the actual one
antediluvian adj
Of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the days of Noah
antemeridian adj
Before noon
antenatal adj
Occurring or existing before birth
anterior adj
anteroom n
A room situated before and opening into another, usually larger
anthology n
A collection of extracts from the writings of various authors
anthracite n
Hard coal
anthropology n
The science of man in general
anthropomorphous adj
Having or resembling human form
antic n
A grotesque, ludicrous, or fantastic action
Antichrist n
Any opponent or enemy of Christ, whether a person or a power
anticlimax n
A gradual or sudden decrease in the importance or impressiveness of what is said
anticyclone n
An atmospheric condition of high central pressure, with currents flowing outward
antidote n
Anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the like
antilogy n
Inconsistency or contradiction in terms or ideas
antipathize v
To show or feel a feeling of antagonism, aversion, or dislike
antiphon n
A response or alteration of responses, generally musical
antiphony n
An anthem or other composition sung responsively
antipodes n
A place or region on the opposite side of the earth
antiquary n
One who collects and examines old things, as coins, books, medals, weapons, etc
antiquate v
To make old or out of date
antique adj
Pertaining to ancient times
antiseptic n
Anything that destroys or restrains the growth of putrefactive micro-organisms
antislavery adj
Opposed to human slavery
antispasmodic adj
Tending to prevent or relieve non-inflammatory spasmodic affections
antistrophe n
The inversion of terms in successive classes, as in the home of joy and the joy of home
antitoxin n
A substance which neutralizes the poisonous products of micro-organisms
antonym n
A word directly opposed to another in meaning
anxious adj
Distressed in mind respecting some uncertain matter
apathy n
Insensibility to emotion or passionate feeling
aperture n
apex n
The highest point, as of a mountain
aphorism n
apiary n
A place where bees are kept
apogee n
The climax
apology n
A disclaimer of intentional error or offense
apostate adj
apostle n
Any messenger commissioned by or as by divine authority
apothecary n
One who keeps drugs for sale and puts up prescriptions
apotheosis n
appall v
To fill with dismay or horror
apparent adj
Easily understood
apparition n
appease v
To soothe by quieting anger or indignation
appellate adj
Capable of being appealed to
appellation n
The name or title by which a particular person, class, or thing is called
append v
To add or attach, as something accessory, subordinate, or supplementary
appertain v
To belong, as by right, fitness, association, classification, possession, or natural relation
apposite adj
apposition n
The act of placing side by side, together, or in contact
appraise v
To estimate the money value of
appreciable adj
Capable of being discerned by the senses or intellect
apprehend v
To make a prisoner of (a person) in the name of the law
apprehensible adj
Capable of being conceived
approbation n
appropriate adj
Suitable for the purpose and circumstances
aqueduct n
A water-conduit, particularly one for supplying a community from a distance
aqueous adj
Of, pertaining to, or containing water
arbiter n
One chosen or appointed, by mutual consent of parties in dispute, to decide matters
arbitrary adj
Fixed or done capriciously
arbitrate v
To act or give judgment as umpire
arbor n
A tree
arboreal adj
Of or pertaining to a tree or trees
arborescent adj
Having the nature of a tree
arboretum n
A botanical garden or place devoted to the cultivation of trees or shrubs
arboriculture n
The cultivation of trees or shrubs
arcade n
A vaulted passageway or street; a roofed passageway having shops, etc., opening from it
archaeology n
The branch of anthropology concerned with the systematic investigation of the relics of man
archaic adj
archaism n
archangel n
An angel of high rank
archbishop n
The chief of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman, and Anglican church
archdeacon n
A high official administrator of the affairs of a diocese
archetype n
A prototype
archipelago n
Any large body of water studded with islands, or the islands collectively themselves
ardent adj
Burning with passion
ardor n
Intensity of passion or affection
arid adj
Very dry
aristocracy n
A hereditary nobility
aristocrat n
A hereditary noble or one nearly connected with nobility
armada n
A fleet of war-vessels
armful n
As much as can be held in the arm or arms
armory n
An arsenal
aroma n
An agreeable odor
arraign v
To call into court, as a person indicted for crime, and demand whether he pleads guilty or not
arrange v
To put in definite or proper order
arrangement n
The act of putting in proper order, or the state of being put in order
arrant adj
Notoriously bad
arrear n
Something overdue and unpaid
arrival n
A coming to stopping-place or destination
arrogant adj
Unduly or excessively proud, as of wealth, station, learning, etc
arrogate v
To take, demand, or claim, especially presumptuously or without reasons or grounds
Artesian well n
A very deep bored well, water rises due to underground pressure
artful adj
Characterized by craft or cunning
Arthurian adj
Pertaining to King Arthur, the real or legendary hero of British poetic story
artifice n
artless adj
ascendant adj
ascension n
The act of rising
ascent n
A rising, soaring, or climbing
ascetic adj
Given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion
ascribe v
To assign as a quality or attribute
asexual adj
Having no distinct sexual organs
ashen adj
askance adv
With a side or indirect glance or meaning
asperity n
Harshness or roughness of temper
aspirant n
One who seeks earnestly, as for advancement, honors, place
aspire v
To have an earnest desire, wish, or longing, as for something high and good, not yet attained
assailant n
One who attacks
assassin n
One who kills, or tries to kill, treacherously or secretly
assassinate v
To kill, as by surprise or secret assault, especially the killing of some eminent person
assassination n
Murderer, as by secret assault or treachery
assay n
The chemical analysis or testing of an alloy ore
assent v
To express agreement with a statement or matter of opinion
assess v
To determine the amount of (a tax or other sum to be paid)
assessor n
An officer whose duty it is to assess taxes
assets n
Property in general, regarded as applicable to the payment of debts
assiduous adj
assignee n
One who is appointed to act for another in the management of certain property and interests
assimilate v
To adapt
assonance n
Resemblance or correspondence in sound
assonant adj
Having resemblance of sound
assonate v
To accord in sound, especially vowel sound
assuage v
To cause to be less harsh, violent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease
astringent adj
Harsh in disposition or character
astute adj
Keen in discernment
atheism n
The denial of the existence of God
athirst adj
Wanting water
athwart adv
From side to side
atomizer n
An apparatus for reducing a liquid to a fine spray, as for disinfection, inhalation, etc
atone v
To make amends for
atonement n
Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury
atrocious adj
Outrageously or wantonly wicked, criminal, vile, or cruel
atrocity n
Great cruelty or reckless wickedness
attache n
A subordinate member of a diplomatic embassy
attest v
To certify as accurate, genuine, or true
attorney-general n
The chief law-officer of a government
auburn adj
Reddish-brown, said usually of the hair
audacious adj
audible adj
Loud enough to be heard
audition n
The act or sensation of hearing
auditory adj
Of or pertaining to hearing or the organs or sense of hearing
augment v
To make bigger
augur v
To predict
Augustinian adj
Pertaining to St. Augustine, his doctrines, or the religious orders called after him
aura n
Pervasive psychic influence supposed to emanate from persons
aural adj
Of or pertaining to the ear
auricle n
One of the two chambers of the heart which receives the blood from the veins
auricular adj
Of or pertaining to the ear, its auricle, or the sense of hearing
auriferous adj
Containing gold
aurora n
A luminous phenomenon in the upper regions of the atmosphere
auspice n
favoring, protecting, or propitious influence or guidance
austere adj
Severely simple; unadorned
autarchy n
Unrestricted power
authentic adj
Of undisputed origin
authenticity n
The state or quality of being genuine, or of the origin and authorship claimed
autocracy n
Absolute government
autocrat n
Any one who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence
automaton n
Any living being whose actions are or appear to be involuntary or mechanical
autonomous adj
autonomy n
autopsy n
The examination of a dead body by dissection to ascertain the cause of death
autumnal adj
Of or pertaining to autumn
auxiliary n
One who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary or accessory
avalanche n
The fall or sliding of a mass of snow or ice down a mountain-slope, often bearing with it rock
avarice n
Passion for getting and keeping riches
aver v
To assert as a fact
averse adj
aversion n
A mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of some particular thing
avert v
To turn away or aside
aviary n
A spacious cage or enclosure in which live birds are kept
avidity n
avocation n
avow v
To declare openly
awaken v
To arouse, as emotion, interest, or the like
awry adv. & adj
Out of the proper form, direction, or position
aye adv
An expression of assent
azalea n
A flowering shrub
azure n
The color of the sky
Baconian adj
Of or pertaining to Lord Bacon or his system of philosophy
bacterium n
A microbe
badger v
To pester
baffle v
To foil or frustrate
bailiff n
An officer of court having custody of prisoners under arraignment
baize n
A single-colored napped woolen fabric used for table-covers, curtains, etc
bale n
A large package prepared for transportation or storage
baleful adj
ballad n
Any popular narrative poem, often with epic subject and usually in lyric form
balsam n
A medical preparation, aromatic and oily, used for healing
banal adj
barcarole n
A boat-song of Venetian gondoliers
baritone adj
Having a register higher than bass and lower than tenor
barograph n
An instrument that registers graphically and continuously the atmospheric pressure
barometer n
An instrument for indicating the atmospheric pressure per unit of surface
barring prep
Apart from
bask v
To make warm by genial heat
bass adj
Low in tone or compass
baste v
To cover with melted fat, gravy, while cooking
baton n
An official staff borne either as a weapon or as an emblem of authority or privilege
battalion n
A body of infantry composed of two or more companies, forming a part of a regiment
batten n
A narrow strip of wood
batter n
A thick liquid mixture of two or more materials beaten together, to be used in cookery
bauble n
A trinket
bawl v
To proclaim by outcry
beatify v
To make supremely happy
beatitude n
Any state of great happiness
beau n
An escort or lover
becalm v
To make quiet
beck v
To give a signal to, by nod or gesture
bedaub v
To smear over, as with something oily or sticky
bedeck v
To cover with ornament
bedlam n
befog v
To confuse
befriend v
To be a friend to, especially when in need
beget v
To produce by sexual generation
begrudge v
To envy one of the possession of
belate v
To delay past the proper hour
belay v
To make fast, as a rope, by winding round a cleat
belie v
To misrepresent
believe v
To accept as true on the testimony or authority of others
belittle v
To disparage
belle n
A woman who is a center of attraction because of her beauty, accomplishments, etc
bellicose adj
belligerent adj
Manifesting a warlike spirit
bemoan v
To lament
benediction n
a solemn invocation of the divine blessing
benefactor n
A doer of kindly and charitable acts
benefice n
A church office endowed with funds or property for the maintenance of divine service
beneficent adj
Characterized by charity and kindness
beneficial adj
beneficiary n
One who is lawfully entitled to the profits and proceeds of an estate or property
benefit n
Helpful result
benevolence n
Any act of kindness or well-doing
benevolent adj
Loving others and actively desirous of their well-being
benign adj
Good and kind of heart
benignant adj
Benevolent in feeling, character, or aspect
benignity n
Kindness of feeling, disposition, or manner
benison n
bequeath v
To give by will
bereave v
To make desolate with loneliness and grief
berth n
A bunk or bed in a vessel, sleeping-car, etc
beseech v
To implore
beset v
To attack on all sides
besmear v
To smear over, as with any oily or sticky substance
bestial adj
bestrew v
To sprinkle or cover with things strewn
bestride v
To get or sit upon astride, as a horse
bethink v
To remind oneself
betide v
To happen to or befall
betimes adv
In good season or time
betroth v
To engage to marry
betrothal n
Engagement to marry
bevel n
Any inclination of two surfaces other than 90 degrees
bewilder v
To confuse the perceptions or judgment of
bibliography n
A list of the words of an author, or the literature bearing on a particular subject
bibliomania n
The passion for collecting books
bibliophile n
One who loves books
bibulous adj
Fond of drinking
bide v
To await
biennial n
A plant that produces leaves and roots the first year and flowers and fruit the second
bier n
A horizontal framework with two handles at each end for carrying a corpse to the grave
bigamist n
One who has two spouses at the same time
bigamy n
The crime of marrying any other person while having a legal spouse living
bight n
A slightly receding bay between headlands, formed by a long curve of a coast-line
bilateral adj
bilingual adj
Speaking two languages
biograph n
A bibliographical sketch or notice
biology n
The science of life or living organisms
biped n
An animal having two feet
birthright n
A privilege or possession into which one is born
bitterness n
Acridity, as to the taste
blase adj
Sated with pleasure
blaspheme v
To indulge in profane oaths
blatant adj
Noisily or offensively loud or clamorous
blaze n
A vivid glowing flame
blazon v
To make widely or generally known
bleak adj
blemish n
A mark that mars beauty
blithe adj
blithesome adj
blockade n
The shutting up of a town, a frontier, or a line of coast by hostile forces
boatswain n
A subordinate officer of a vessel, who has general charge of the rigging, anchors, etc
bodily adj
boisterous adj
Unchecked merriment or animal spirits
bole n
The trunk or body of a tree
bolero n
A Spanish dance, illustrative of the passion of love, accompanied by caste nets and singing
boll n
A round pod or seed-capsule, as a flax or cotton
bolster v
To support, as something wrong
bomb n
A hollow projectile containing an explosive material
bombard v
To assail with any missile or with abusive speech
bombardier n
A person who has charge of mortars, bombs, and shells
bombast n
Inflated or extravagant language, especially on unimportant subjects
boorish adj
bore v
To weary by tediousness or dullness
borough n
An incorporated village or town
bosom n
The breast or the upper front of the thorax of a human being, especially of a woman
botanical adj
Connected with the study or cultivation of plants
botanize v
To study plant-life
botany n
The science that treats of plants
bountiful adj
Showing abundance
Bowdlerize v
To expurgate in editing (a literary composition) by omitting words or passages
bowler n
In cricket, the player who delivers the ball
boycott v
To place the products or merchandise of under a ban
brae n
braggart n
A vain boaster
brandish v
To wave, shake, or flourish triumphantly or defiantly, as a sword or spear
bravado n
An aggressive display of boldness
bravo interj
Well done
bray n
A loud harsh sound, as the cry of an ass or the blast of a horn
braze v
To make of or ornament with brass
brazier n
An open pan or basin for holding live coals
breach n
The violation of official duty, lawful right, or a legal obligation
breaker n
One who trains horses, dogs, etc
breech n
The buttocks
brethren n
Members of a brotherhood, gild, profession, association, or the like
brevity n
Shortness of duration
bric-a-brac n
Objects of curiosity or for decoration
bridle n
The head-harness of a horse consisting of a head-stall, a bit, and the reins
brigade n
A body of troops consisting of two or more regiments
brigadier n
General officer who commands a brigade, ranking between a colonel and a major-general
brigand n
One who lives by robbery and plunder
brimstone n
brine n
Water saturated with salt
bristle n
One of the coarse, stiff hairs of swine: used in brush-making, etc
Britannia n
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
Briticism n
A word, idiom, or phrase characteristic of Great Britain or the British
brittle adj
broach v
To mention, for the first time
broadcast adj
Disseminated far and wide
brogan n
A coarse, heavy shoe
brogue n
Any dialectic pronunciation of English, especially that of the Irish people
brokerage n
The business of making sales and purchases for a commission; a broker
bromine n
A dark reddish-brown, non-metallic liquid element with a suffocating odor
bronchitis n
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes
bronchus n
Either of the two subdivisions of the trachea conveying air into the lungs
brooch n
An article of jewelry fastened by a hinged pin and hook on the underside
brotherhood n
Spiritual or social fellowship or solidarity
browbeat v
To overwhelm, or attempt to do so, by stern, haughty, or rude address or manner
brusque adj
Somewhat rough or rude in manner or speech
buffoon n
A clown
buffoonery n
Low drollery, coarse jokes, etc
bulbous adj
Of, or pertaining to, or like a bulb
bullock n
An ox
bulrush n
Any one of various tall rush-like plants growing in damp ground or water
bulwark n
Anything that gives security or defense
bumper n
A cup or glass filled to the brim, especially one to be drunk as a toast or health
bumptious adj
Full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit
bungle v
To execute clumsily
buoyancy n
Power or tendency to float on or in a liquid or gas
buoyant adj
Having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat
bureau n
A chest of drawers for clothing, etc
bureaucracy n
Government by departments of men transacting particular branches of public business
burgess n
In colonial times, a member of the lower house of the legislature of Maryland or Virginia
burgher n
An inhabitant, citizen or freeman of a borough burgh, or corporate town
burnish v
To make brilliant or shining
bursar n
A treasurer
bustle v
To hurry
butt v
To strike with or as with the head, or horns
butte n
A conspicuous hill, low mountain, or natural turret, generally isolated
buttress n
Any support or prop
by-law n
A rule or law adopted by an association, a corporation, or the like
cabal n
A number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose
cabinet n
The body of men constituting the official advisors of the executive head of a nation
cacophony n
A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones
cadaverous adj
Resembling a corpse
cadence n
Rhythmical or measured flow or movement, as in poetry or the time and pace of marching troops
cadenza n
An embellishment or flourish, prepared or improvised, for a solo voice or instrument
caitiff adj
cajole v
To impose on or dupe by flattering speech
cajolery n
Delusive speech
calculable adj
That may be estimated by reckoning
calculus n
A concretion formed in various parts of the body resembling a pebble in hardness
callosity n
The state of being hard and insensible
callow adj
Without experience of the world
calorie n
Amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree centigrade
calumny n
Calvary n
The place where Christ was crucified
Calvinism n
The system of doctrine taught by John Calvin
Calvinize v
To teach or imbue with the doctrines of Calvinism
came n
A leaden sash-bar or grooved strip for fastening panes in stained-glass windows
cameo n
Any small engraved or carved work in relief
campaign n
A complete series of connected military operations
Canaanite n
A member of one of the three tribes that dwelt in the land of Canaan, or western Palestine
canary adj
Of a bright but delicate yellow
candid adj
candor n
The quality of frankness or outspokenness
canine adj
Characteristic of a dog
canon n
Any rule or law
cant v
To talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity
cantata n
A choral composition
canto n
One of the divisions of an extended poem
cantonment n
The part of the town or district in which the troops are quartered
capacious adj
capillary n
A minute vessel having walls composed of a single layer of cells
capitulate v
To surrender or stipulate terms
caprice n
A whim
caption n
A heading, as of a chapter, section, document, etc
captious adj
captivate v
To fascinate, as by excellence, eloquence, or beauty
carcass n
The dead body of an animal
cardiac adj
Pertaining to the heart
cardinal adj
Of prime or special importance
caret n
A sign (^) placed below a line, indicating where omitted words, etc., should be inserted
caricature n
a picture or description in which natural characteristics are exaggerated or distorted
carnage n
carnal adj
carnivorous adj
Eating or living on flesh
carouse v
To drink deeply and in boisterous or jovial manner
carrion n
Dead and putrefying flesh
cartilage n
An elastic animal tissue of firm consistence
cartridge n
A charge for a firearm, or for blasting
caste n
The division of society on artificial grounds
castigate v
To punish
casual adj
Accidental, by chance
casualty n
A fatal or serious accident or disaster
cat-o-nine-tails n
An instrument consisting of nine pieces of cord, formerly used for flogging in the army and navy
cataclysm n
Any overwhelming flood of water
cataract n
Opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in complete or partial blindness
catastrophe n
Any great and sudden misfortune or calamity
cathode n
The negative pole or electrode of a galvanic battery
Catholicism n
The system, doctrine, and practice of the Roman Catholic Church
catholicity n
Universal prevalence or acceptance
caucus n
A private meeting of members of a political party to select candidates
causal adj
Indicating or expressing a cause
caustic adj
Sarcastic and severe
cauterize v
To burn or sear as with a heated iron
cede v
To pass title to
censor n
An official examiner of manuscripts empowered to prohibit their publication
censorious adj
Judging severely or harshly
census n
An official numbering of the people of a country or district
centenary adj
Pertaining to a hundred years or a period of a hundred years
centiliter n
A hundredth of a liter
centimeter n
A length of one hundredth of a meter
centurion n
A captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army
cereal adj
Pertaining to edible grain or farinaceous seeds
ceremonial adj
Characterized by outward form or ceremony
ceremonious adj
Observant of ritual
cessation n
Discontinuance, as of action or motion
cession n
Surrender, as of possessions or rights
chameleon adj
Changeable in appearance
chancery n
A court of equity, as distinguished from a common-law court
chaos n
Any condition of which the elements or parts are in utter disorder and confusion
characteristic n
A distinctive feature
characterize v
To describe by distinctive marks or peculiarities
charlatan n
A quack
chasten v
To purify by affliction
chastise v
To subject to punitive measures
chastity n
Sexual or moral purity
chateau n
A castle or manor-house
chattel n
Any article of personal property
check v
To hold back
chiffon n
A very thin gauze used for trimmings, evening dress, etc
chivalry n
The knightly system of feudal times with its code, usages and practices
cholera n
An acute epidemic disease
choleric adj
Easily provoked to anger
choral adj
Pertaining to, intended for, or performed by a chorus or choir
Christ n
A title of Jesus
christen v
To name in baptism
Christendom n
That part of the world where Christianity is generally professed
chromatic adj
Belonging, relating to, or abounding in color
chronology n
The science that treats of computation of time or of investigation and arrangement of events
chronometer n
A portable timekeeper of the highest attainable precision
cipher v
To calculate arithmetically (also a noun meaning zero or nothing)
circulate v
To disseminate
circumference n
The boundary-line of a circle
circumlocution n
Indirect or roundabout expression
circumnavigate v
To sail quite around
circumscribe v
To confine within bounds
circumspect adj
Showing watchfulness, caution, or careful consideration
citadel n
Any strong fortress
cite v
To refer to specifically
claimant n
One who makes a claim or demand, as of right
clairvoyance n
Intuitive sagacity or perception
clamorous adj
Urgent in complaint or demand
clan n
A tribe
clandestine adj
clangor n
Clanking or a ringing, as of arms, chains, or bells; clamor
clarify v
To render intelligible
clarion n
A small shrill trumpet or bugle
classify v
To arrange in a class or classes on the basis of observed resemblanceƕs and differences
clearance n
A certificate from the proper authorities that a vessel has complied with the law and may sail
clemency n
clement adj
close-hauled adj
Having the sails set for sailing as close to the wind as possible
clothier n
One who makes or sells cloth or clothing
clumsy adj
Awkward of movement
coagulant adj
Producing coagulation
coagulate v
To change into a clot or a jelly, as by heat, by chemical action, or by a ferment
coalescence n
The act or process of coming together so as to form one body, combination, or product
coalition n
Combination in a body or mass
coddle v
To treat as a baby or an invalid
codicil n
A supplement adding to, revoking, or explaining in the body of a will
coerce v
To force
coercion n
Forcible constraint or restraint, moral or physical
coercive adj
Serving or tending to force
cogent adj
Appealing strongly to the reason or conscience
cognate adj
cognizant adj
Taking notice
cohere v
To stick together
cohesion n
cohesive adj
Having the property of consistency
coincide v
To correspond
coincidence n
A circumstance so agreeing with another: often implying accident
coincident adj
Taking place at the same time
collaborate v
To labor or cooperate with another or others, especially in literary or scientific pursuits
collapse v
To cause to shrink, fall in, or fail
collapsible adj
That may or can collapse
colleague n
An associate in professional employment
collective adj
Consisting of a number of persons or objects considered as gathered into a mass, or sum
collector n
One who makes a collection, as of objects of art, books, or the like
collegian n
A college student
collide v
To meet and strike violently
collier n
One who works in a coal-mine
collision n
Violent contact
colloquial adj
Pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary
colloquialism n
Form of speech used only or chiefly in conversation
colloquy n
collusion n
A secret agreement for a wrongful purpose
colossus n
Any strikingly great person or object
comely adj
comestible adj
Fit to be eaten
comical adj
commemorate v
To serve as a remembrance of
commentary n
A series of illustrative or explanatory notes on any important work
commingle v
To blend
commissariat n
The department of an army charged with the provision of its food and water and daily needs
commission v
To empower
commitment n
The act or process of entrusting or consigning for safe-keeping
committal n
The act, fact, or result of committing, or the state of being
commodity n
Something that is bought and sold
commotion n
A disturbance or violent agitation
commute v
To put something, especially something less severe, in place of
comparable adj
Fit to be compared
comparative adj
comparison n
Examination of two or more objects with reference to their likeness or unlikeness
compensate v
To remunerate
competence n
Adequate qualification or capacity
competent adj
competitive adj
characterized by rivalry
competitor n
A rival
complacent adj
Pleased or satisfied with oneself
complaisance n
complaisant adj
complement v
To make complete
complex adj
compliant adj
complicate v
To make complex, difficult, or hard to deal with
complication n
An intermingling or combination of things or parts, especially in a perplexing manner
complicity n
Participation or partnership, as in wrong-doing or with a wrong-doer
compliment v
To address or gratify with expressions of delicate praise
component n
A constituent element or part
comport v
To conduct or behave (oneself)
composure n
comprehensible adj
comprehension n
Ability to know
comprehensive adj
Large in scope or content
compress v
To press together or into smaller space
compressible adj
Capable of being pressed into smaller compass
compression n
Constraint, as by force or authority
comprise v
To consist of
compulsion n
compulsory adj
compunction n
Remorseful feeling
compute v
To ascertain by mathematical calculation
concede v
To surrender
conceit n
Self-flattering opinion
conceive v
To form an idea, mental image or thought of
concerto n
A musical composition
concession n
Anything granted or yielded, or admitted in response to a demand, petition, or claim
conciliate v
To obtain the friendship of
conciliatory adj
Tending to reconcile
conclusive adj
Sufficient to convince or decide
concord n
concordance n
concur v
To agree
concurrence n
concurrent adj
Occurring or acting together
concussion n
A violent shock to some organ by a fall or a sudden blow
condensation n
The act or process of making dense or denser
condense v
To abridge
condescend v
To come down voluntarily to equal terms with inferiors
condolence n
Expression of sympathy with a person in pain, sorrow, or misfortune
conduce v
To bring about
conducive adj
Contributing to an end
conductible adj
Capable of being conducted or transmitted
conduit n
A means for conducting something, particularly a tube, pipe, or passageway for a fluid
confectionery n
The candy collectively that a confectioner makes or sells, as candy
confederacy n
A number of states or persons in compact or league with each other, as for mutual aid
confederate n
One who is united with others in a league, compact, or agreement
confer v
To bestow
conferee n
A person with whom another confers
confessor n
A spiritual advisor
confidant n
One to whom secrets are entrusted
confide v
To reveal in trust or confidence
confidence n
The state or feeling of trust in or reliance upon another
confident adj
confinement n
Restriction within limits or boundaries
confiscate v
To appropriate (private property) as forfeited to the public use or treasury
conflagration n
A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like
confluence n
The place where streams meet
confluent n
A stream that unites with another
conformable adj
conformance n
The act or state or conforming
conformation n
General structure, form, or outline
conformity n
Correspondence in form, manner, or use
confront v
To encounter, as difficulties or obstacles
congeal v
To coagulate
congenial adj
Having kindred character or tastes
congest v
To collect into a mass
congregate v
To bring together into a crowd
coniferous adj
Cone-bearing trees
conjecture n
A guess
conjoin v
To unite
conjugal adj
Pertaining to marriage, marital rights, or married persons
conjugate adj
Joined together in pairs
conjugation n
The state or condition of being joined together
conjunction n
The state of being joined together, or the things so joined
connive v
To be in collusion
connoisseur n
A critical judge of art, especially one with thorough knowledge and sound judgment of art
connote v
To mean; signify
connubial adj
Pertaining to marriage or matrimony
conquer v
To overcome by force
consanguineous adj
Descended from the same parent or ancestor
conscience n
The faculty in man by which he distinguishes between right and wrong in character and conduct
conscientious adj
Governed by moral standard
conscious adj
Aware that one lives, feels, and thinks
conscript v
To force into military service
consecrate v
To set apart as sacred
consecutive adj
Following in uninterrupted succession
consensus n
A collective unanimous opinion of a number of persons
conservatism n
Tendency to adhere to the existing order of things
conservative adj
Adhering to the existing order of things
conservatory n
An institution for instruction and training in music and declamation
consign v
To entrust
consignee n
A person to whom goods or other property has been entrusted
consignor n
One who entrusts
consistency n
A state of permanence
console v
To comfort
consolidate v
To combine into one body or system
consonance n
The state or quality of being in accord with
consonant adj
Being in agreement or harmony with
consort n
A companion or associate
conspicuous adj
Clearly visible
conspirator n
One who agrees with others to cooperate in accomplishing some unlawful purpose
conspire v
To plot
constable n
An officer whose duty is to maintain the peace
constellation n
An arbitrary assemblage or group of stars
consternation n
constituency n
The inhabitants or voters in a district represented in a legislative body
constituent n
One who has the right to vote at an election
constrict v
To bind
consul n
An officer appointed to reside in a foreign city, chiefly to represent his country
consulate n
The place in which a consul transacts official business
consummate v
To bring to completion
consumption n
Gradual destruction, as by burning, eating, etc., or by using up, wearing out, etc
consumptive adj
Designed for gradual destruction
contagion n
The communication of disease from person to person
contagious adj
Transmitting disease
contaminate v
To pollute
contemplate v
To consider thoughtfully
contemporaneous adj
Living, occurring, or existing at the same time
contemporary adj
Living or existing at the same time
contemptible adj
Worthy of scorn or disdain
contemptuous adj
contender n
One who exerts oneself in opposition or rivalry
contiguity n
contiguous adj
Touching or joining at the edge or boundary
continence n
Self-restraint with respect to desires, appetites, and passion
contingency n
Possibility of happening
contingent adj
Not predictable
continuance n
continuation n
continuity n
Uninterrupted connection in space, time, operation, or development
continuous adj
Connected, extended, or prolonged without separation or interruption of sequence
contort v
To twist into a misshapen form
contraband n
Trade forbidden by law or treaty
contradiction n
The assertion of the opposite of that which has been said
contradictory adj
Inconsistent with itself
contraposition n
A placing opposite
contravene v
To prevent or obstruct the operation of
contribution n
The act of giving for a common purpose
contributor n
One who gives or furnishes, in common with others, for a common purpose
contrite adj
Broken in spirit because of a sense of sin
contrivance n
The act planning, devising, inventing, or adapting something to or for a special purpose
contrive v
To manage or carry through by some device or scheme
control v
To exercise a directing, restraining, or governing influence over
controller n
One who or that which regulates or directs
contumacious adj
contumacy n
Contemptuous disregard of the requirements of rightful authority
contuse v
To bruise by a blow, either with or without the breaking of the skin
contusion n
A bruise
convalesce v
To recover after a sickness
convalescence n
The state of progressive restoration to health and strength after the cessation of disease
convalescent adj
Recovering health after sickness
convene v
To summon or cause to assemble
convenience n
Fitness, as of time or place
converge v
To cause to incline and approach nearer together
convergent adj
Tending to one point
conversant adj
Thoroughly informed
conversion n
Change from one state or position to another, or from one form to another
convertible adj
convex adj
Curving like the segment of the globe or of the surface of a circle
conveyance n
That by which anything is transported
convivial adj
Devoted to feasting, or to good-fellowship in eating or drinking
convolution n
A winding motion
convolve v
To move with a circling or winding motion
convoy n
A protecting force accompanying property in course of transportation
convulse v
To cause spasms in
convulsion n
A violent and abnormal muscular contraction of the body
copious adj
coquette n
A flirt
cornice n
An ornamental molding running round the walls of a room close to the ceiling
cornucopia n
The horn of plenty, symbolizing peace and prosperity
corollary n
A proposition following so obviously from another that it requires little demonstration
coronation n
The act or ceremony of crowning a monarch
coronet n
Inferior crown denoting, according to its form, various degrees of noble rank less than sovereign
corporal adj
Belonging or relating to the body as opposed to the mind
corporate adj
Belonging to a corporation
corporeal adj
Of a material nature; physical
corps n
A number or body of persons in some way associated or acting together
corpse n
A dead body
corpulent adj
corpuscle n
A minute particle of matter
correlate v
To put in some relation of connection or correspondence
correlative adj
Mutually involving or implying one another
corrigible adj
Capable of reformation
corroborate v
To strengthen, as proof or conviction
corroboration n
corrode v
To ruin or destroy little by little
corrosion n
Gradual decay by crumbling or surface disintegration
corrosive n
That which causes gradual decay by crumbling or surface disintegration
corruptible adj
Open to bribery
corruption n
Loss of purity or integrity
cosmetic adj
Pertaining to the art of beautifying, especially the complexion
cosmic adj
Pertaining to the universe
cosmogony n
A doctrine of creation or of the origin of the universe
cosmography n
The science that describes the universe, including astronomy, geography, and geology
cosmology n
The general science of the universe
cosmopolitan adj
Common to all the world
cosmopolitanism n
A cosmopolitan character
cosmos n
The world or universe considered as a system, perfect in order and arrangement
counter-claim n
A cross-demand alleged by a defendant in his favor against the plaintiff
counteract v
To act in opposition to
counterbalance v
To oppose with an equal force
countercharge v
To accuse in return
counterfeit adj
Made to resemble something else
counterpart n
Something taken with another for the completion of either
countervail v
To offset
counting-house n
A house or office used for transacting business, bookkeeping, correspondence, etc
countryman n
A rustic
courageous adj
course n
Line of motion or direction
courser n
A fleet and spirited horse
courtesy n
Politeness originating in kindness and exercised habitually
covenant n
An agreement entered into by two or more persons or parties
covert adj
Concealed, especially for an evil purpose
covey n
A flock of quails or partridges
cower v
To crouch down tremblingly, as through fear or shame
crag n
A rugged, rocky projection on a cliff or ledge
cranium n
The skull of an animal, especially that part enclosing the brain
crass adj
Coarse or thick in nature or structure, as opposed to thin or fine
craving n
A vehement desire
creak n
A sharp, harsh, squeaking sound
creamery n
A butter-making establishment
creamy adj
Resembling or containing cream
credence n
credible adj
credulous adj
Easily deceived
creed n
A formal summary of fundamental points of religious belief
crematory adj
A place for cremating dead bodies
crevasse n
A deep crack or fissure in the ice of a glacier
crevice n
A small fissure, as between two contiguous surfaces
criterion n
A standard by which to determine the correctness of a judgment or conclusion
critique n
A criticism or critical review
crockery n
Earthenware made from baked clay
crucible n
A trying and purifying test or agency
crusade n
Any concerted movement, vigorously prosecuted, in behalf of an idea or principle
crustacean adj
Pertaining to a division of arthropods, containing lobsters, crabs, crawfish, etc
crustaceous adj
Having a crust-like shell
cryptogram n
Anything written in characters that are secret or so arranged as to have hidden meaning
crystallize v
To bring together or give fixed shape to
cudgel n
A short thick stick used as a club
culinary adj
Of or pertaining to cooking or the kitchen
cull v
To pick or sort out from the rest
culpable adj
culprit n
A guilty person
culvert n
Any artificial covered channel for the passage of water through a bank or under a road, canal
cupidity n
curable adj
Capable of being remedied or corrected
curator n
A person having charge as of a library or museum
curio n
A piece of bric-a-brac
cursive adj
Writing in which the letters are joined together
cursory adj
Rapid and superficial
curt adj
Concise, compressed, and abrupt in act or expression
curtail v
To cut off or cut short
curtsy n
A downward movement of the body by bending the knees
cycloid adj
Like a circle
cygnet n
A young swan
cynical adj
Exhibiting moral skepticism
cynicism n
Contempt for the opinions of others and of what others value
cynosure n
That to which general interest or attention is directed
daring adj
darkling adv
Darwinism n
The doctrine that natural selection has been the prime cause of evolution of higher forms
dastard n
A base coward
datum n
A premise, starting-point, or given fact
dauntless adj
day-man n
A day-laborer
dead-heat n
A race in which two or more competitors come out even, and there is no winner
dearth n
Scarcity, as of something customary, essential ,or desirable
debase v
To lower in character or virtue
debatable adj
Subject to contention or dispute
debonair adj
Having gentle or courteous bearing or manner
debut n
A first appearance in society or on the stage
decagon n
A figure with ten sides and ten angles
decagram n
A weight of 10 grams
decaliter n
A liquid and dry measure of 10 liters
decalogue n
The ten commandments
Decameron n
A volume consisting of ten parts or books
decameter n
A length of ten meters
decamp v
To leave suddenly or unexpectedly
decapitate v
To behead
decapod adj
Ten-footed or ten-armed
decasyllable n
A line of ten syllables
deceit n
deceitful adj
deceive v
To mislead by or as by falsehood
decency n
Moral fitness
decent adj
Characterized by propriety of conduct, speech, manners, or dress
deciduous adj
Falling off at maturity as petals after flowering, fruit when ripe, etc
decimal adj
Founded on the number 10
decimate v
To destroy a measurable or large proportion of
decipher v
To find out the true words or meaning of, as something hardly legible
decisive ad
declamation n
A speech recited or intended for recitation from memory in public
declamatory adj
A full and formal style of utterance
declarative adj
Containing a formal, positive, or explicit statement or affirmation
declension n
The change of endings in nouns and . (adj) to express their different relations of gender
decorate v
To embellish
decorous adj
Suitable for the occasion or circumstances
decoy n
Anything that allures, or is intended to allures into danger or temptation
decrepit adj
Enfeebled, as by old age or some chronic infirmity
dedication n
The voluntary consecration or relinquishment of something to an end or cause
deduce v
To derive or draw as a conclusion by reasoning from given premises or principles
deface v
To mar or disfigure the face or external surface of
defalcate v
To cut off or take away, as a part of something
defamation n
Malicious and groundless injury done to the reputation or good name of another
defame v
To slander
default n
The neglect or omission of a legal requirement
defendant n
A person against whom a suit is brought
defensible adj
Capable of being maintained or justified
defensive adj
Carried on in resistance to aggression
defer v
To delay or put off to some other time
defiant adj
Characterized by bold or insolent opposition
deficiency n
Lack or insufficiency
deficient adj
Not having an adequate or proper supply or amount
definite adj
Having an exact signification or positive meaning
deflect v
To cause to turn aside or downward
deforest v
To clear of forests
deform v
To disfigure
deformity n
A disfigurement
defraud v
To deprive of something dishonestly
defray v
To make payment for
degeneracy n
A becoming worse
degenerate v
To become worse or inferior
degradation n
Diminution, as of strength or magnitude
degrade v
To take away honors or position from
dehydrate v
To deprive of water
deify v
To regard or worship as a god
deign v
To deem worthy of notice or account
deist n
One who believes in God, but denies supernatural revelation
deity n
A god, goddess, or divine person
deject v
To dishearten
dejection n
delectable adj
Delightful to the taste or to the senses
delectation n
deleterious adj
Hurtful, morally or physically
delicacy n
That which is agreeable to a fine taste
delineate v
To represent by sketch or diagram
deliquesce v
To dissolve gradually and become liquid by absorption of moisture from the air
delirious adj
delude v
To mislead the mind or judgment of
deluge v
To overwhelm with a flood of water
delusion n
Mistaken conviction, especially when more or less enduring
demagnetize v
To deprive (a magnet) of magnetism
demagogue n
An unprincipled politician
demeanor n
demented adj
demerit n
A mark for failure or bad conduct
demise n
demobilize v
To disband, as troops
demolish v
To annihilate
demonstrable adj
Capable of positive proof
demonstrate v
To prove indubitably
demonstrative adj
Inclined to strong exhibition or expression of feeling or thoughts
demonstrator n
One who proves in a convincing and conclusive manner
demulcent n
Any application soothing to an irritable surface
demurrage n
the detention of a vessel beyond the specified time of sailing
dendroid adj
Like a tree
dendrology n
The natural history of trees
denizen n
denominate v
To give a name or epithet to
denomination n
A body of Christians united by a common faith and form of worship and discipline
denominator n
Part of a fraction which expresses the number of equal parts into which the unit is divided
denote v
To designate by word or mark
denouement n
That part of a play or story in which the mystery is cleared up
denounce v
To point out or publicly accuse as deserving of punishment, censure, or odium
dentifrice n
Any preparation used for cleaning the teeth
denude v
To strip the covering from
denunciation n
The act of declaring an action or person worthy of reprobation or punishment
deplete v
To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste
deplorable adj
deplore v
To regard with grief or sorrow
deponent adj
Laying down
depopulate v
To remove the inhabitants from
deport v
To take or send away forcibly, as to a penal colony
deportment n
deposition n
Testimony legally taken on interrogatories and reduced to writing, for use as evidence in court
depositor n
One who makes a deposit, or has an amount deposited
depository n
A place where anything is kept in safety
deprave v
To render bad, especially morally bad
deprecate v
To express disapproval or regret for, with hope for the opposite
depreciate v
To lessen the worth of
depreciation n
A lowering in value or an underrating in worth
depress v
To press down
depression n
A falling of the spirits
depth n
derelict adj
Neglectful of obligation
deride v
To ridicule
derisible adj
Open to ridicule
derision n
derivation n
That process by which a word is traced from its original root or primitive form and meaning
derivative adj
Coming or acquired from some origin
derive v
To deduce, as from a premise
dermatology n
The branch of medical science which relates to the skin and its diseases
derrick n
An apparatus for hoisting and swinging great weights
descendant n
One who is descended lineally from another, as a child, grandchild, etc
descendent adj
Proceeding downward
descent n
The act of moving or going downward
descry v
To discern
desert v
To abandon without regard to the welfare of the abandoned
desiccant n
Any remedy which, when applied externally, dries up or absorbs moisture, as that of wounds
designate v
To select or appoint, as by authority
desist v
To cease from action
desistance n
despair n
Utter hopelessness and despondency
desperado n
One without regard for law or life
desperate adj
Resorted to in a last extremity, or as if prompted by utter despair
despicable adj
despite prep
In spite of
despond v
To lose spirit, courage, or hope
despondent adj
despot n
An absolute and irresponsible monarch
despotism n
Any severe and strict rule in which the judgment of the governed has little or no part
destitute adj
desultory adj
Not connected with what precedes
deter v
To frighten away
deteriorate v
To grow worse
determinate adj
Definitely limited or fixed
determination n
The act of deciding
deterrent adj
Hindering from action through fear
detest v
To dislike or hate with intensity
detract v
To take away in such manner as to lessen value or estimation
detriment n
Something that causes damage, depreciation, or loss
detrude v
To push down forcibly
deviate v
To take a different course
devilry n
Malicious mischief
deviltry n
Wanton and malicious mischief
devious adj
Out of the common or regular track
devise v
To invent
devout adj
dexterity n
Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work
diabolic adj
Characteristic of the devil
diacritical adj
Marking a difference
diagnose v
To distinguish, as a disease, by its characteristic phenomena
diagnosis n
Determination of the distinctive nature of a disease
dialect n
Forms of speech collectively that are peculiar to the people of a particular district
dialectician n
A logician
dialogue n
A formal conversation in which two or more take part
diaphanous adj
diatomic adj
Containing only two atoms
diatribe n
A bitter or malicious criticism
dictum n
A positive utterance
didactic adj
Pertaining to teaching
difference n
Dissimilarity in any respect
differentia n
Any essential characteristic of a species by reason of which it differs from other species
differential adj
differentiate v
To acquire a distinct and separate character
diffidence n
diffident adj
Affected or possessed with self-distrust
diffusible adj
Spreading rapidly through the system and acting quickly
diffusion n
dignitary n
One who holds high rank
digraph n
A union of two characters representing a single sound
digress v
To turn aside from the main subject and for a time dwell on some incidental matter
dilapidated pa
Fallen into decay or partial ruin
dilate v
To enlarge in all directions
dilatory adj
Tending to cause delay
dilemma n
A situation in which a choice between opposing modes of conduct is necessary
dilettante n
A superficial amateur
diligence n
Careful and persevering effort to accomplish what is undertaken
dilute v
To make more fluid or less concentrated by admixture with something
diminution n
dimly adv
diphthong n
The sound produced by combining two vowels in to a single syllable or running together the sounds
diplomacy n
Tact, shrewdness, or skill in conducting any kind of negotiations or in social matters
diplomat n
A representative of one sovereign state at the capital or court of another
diplomatic adj
Characterized by special tact in negotiations
diplomatist n
One remarkable for tact and shrewd management
disagree v
To be opposite in opinion
disallow v
To withhold permission or sanction
disappear v
To cease to exist, either actually or for the time being
disappoint v
To fail to fulfill the expectation, hope, wish, or desire of
disapprove v
To regard with blame
disarm v
To deprive of weapons
disarrange v
To throw out of order
disavow v
To disclaim responsibility for
disavowal n
disbeliever n
One who refuses to believe
disburden v
To disencumber
disburse v
To pay out or expend, as money from a fund
discard v
To reject
discernible adj
disciple n
One who believes the teaching of another, or who adopts and follows some doctrine
disciplinary adj
Having the nature of systematic training or subjection to authority
discipline v
To train to obedience
disclaim v
To disavow any claim to, connection with, or responsibility to
discolor v
To stain
discomfit v
To put to confusion
discomfort n
The state of being positively uncomfortable
disconnect v
To undo or dissolve the connection or association of
disconsolate adj
discontinuance n
Interruption or intermission
discord n
Absence of harmoniousness
discountenance v
To look upon with disfavor
discover v
To get first sight or knowledge of, as something previously unknown or unperceived
discredit v
To injure the reputation of
discreet adj
discrepant adj
discriminate v
To draw a distinction
discursive adj
Passing from one subject to another
discussion n
disenfranchise v
To deprive of any right privilege or power
disengage v
To become detached
disfavor n
disfigure v
To impair or injure the beauty, symmetry, or appearance of
dishabille n
Undress or negligent attire
dishonest adj
disillusion v
To disenchant
disinfect v
To remove or destroy the poison of infectious or contagious diseases
disinfectant n
A substance used to destroy the germs of infectious diseases
disinherit v
To deprive of an inheritance
disinterested adj
disjunctive adj
Helping or serving to disconnect or separate
dislocate v
To put out of proper place or order
dismissal n
Displacement by authority from an office or an employment
dismount v
To throw down, push off, or otherwise remove from a horse or the like
disobedience n
Neglect or refusal to comply with an authoritative injunction
disobedient adj
Neglecting or refusing to obey
disparage v
To regard or speak of slightingly
disparity n
dispel v
To drive away by or as by scattering in different directions
dispensation n
That which is bestowed on or appointed to one from a higher power
displace v
To put out of the proper or accustomed place
dispossess v
To deprive of actual occupancy, especially of real estate
disputation n
Verbal controversy
disqualify v
To debar
disquiet v
To deprive of peace or tranquillity
disregard v
To take no notice of
disreputable adj
Dishonorable or disgraceful
disrepute n
A bad name or character
disrobe v
To unclothe
disrupt v
To burst or break asunder
dissatisfy v
To displease
dissect v
To cut apart or to pieces
dissection n
The act or operation of cutting in pieces, specifically of a plant or an animal
dissemble v
To hide by pretending something different
disseminate v
To sow or scatter abroad, as seed is sown
dissension n
Angry or violent difference of opinion
dissent n
dissentient n
One who disagrees
dissentious adj
dissertation n
disservice n
An ill turn
dissever v
To divide
dissimilar adj
dissipate v
To disperse or disappear
dissipation n
The state of being dispersed or scattered
dissolute adj
dissolution n
A breaking up of a union of persons
dissolve v
To liquefy or soften, as by heat or moisture
dissonance n
dissonant adj
Harsh or disagreeable in sound
dissuade v
To change the purpose or alter the plans of by persuasion, counsel, or pleading
dissuasion n
The act of changing the purpose of or altering the plans of through persuasion, or pleading
distemper n
A disease or malady
distend v
To stretch out or expand in every direction
distensible adj
Capable of being stretched out or expanded in every direction
distention n
distill v
To extract or produce by vaporization and condensation
distillation n
Separation of the more volatile parts of a substance from those less volatile
distiller n
One occupied in the business of distilling alcoholic liquors
distinction n
A note or designation of honor, officially recognizing superiority or success in studies
distort v
To twist into an unnatural or irregular form
distrain v
To subject a person to distress
distrainor n
One who subjects a person to distress
distraught adj
distrust n
Lack of confidence in the power, wisdom, or good intent of any person
disunion n
Separation of relations or interests
disyllable n
A word of two syllables
diurnal adj
divagation n
divergent adj
Tending in different directions
diverse adj
Capable of various forms
diversion n
diversity n
divert v
To turn from the accustomed course or a line of action already established
divertible adj
Able to be turned from the accustomed course or a line of action already established
divest v
To strip, specifically of clothes, ornaments, or accouterments or disinvestment
divination n
The pretended forecast of future events or discovery of what is lost or hidden
divinity n
The quality or character of being godlike
divisible adj
Capable of being separated into parts
divisor n
That by which a number or quantity is divided
divulge v
To tell or make known, as something previously private or secret
divulgence n
A divulging
docile adj
Easy to manage
docket n
The registry of judgments of a court
doe n
The female of the deer
dogma n
A statement of religious faith or duty formulated by a body claiming authority
dogmatic adj
Making statements without argument or evidence
dogmatize v
To make positive assertions without supporting them by argument or evidence
doleful adj
dolesome adj
dolor n
dolorous adj
Expressing or causing sorrow or pain
domain n
A sphere or field of action or interest
domicile n
The place where one lives
dominance n
dominant adj
Conspicuously prominent
dominate v
To influence controllingly
domination n
Control by the exercise of power or constituted authority
domineer v
To rule with insolence or unnecessary annoyance
donate v
To bestow as a gift, especially for a worthy cause
donator n
One who makes a donation or present
donee n
A person to whom a donation is made
donor n
One who makes a donation or present
dormant adj
Being in a state of or resembling sleep
doublet n
One of a pair of like things
doubly adv
In twofold degree or extent
dowry n
The property which a wife brings to her husband in marriage
drachma n
A modern and an ancient Greek coin
dragnet n
A net to be drawn along the bottom of the water
dragoon n
In the British army, a cavalryman
drainage n
The means of draining collectively, as a system of conduits, trenches, pipes, etc
dramatist n
One who writes plays
dramatize v
To relate or represent in a dramatic or theatrical manner
drastic adj
Acting vigorously
drought n
Dry weather, especially when so long continued as to cause vegetation to wither
drowsy adj
Heavy with sleepiness
drudgery n
Hard and constant work in any menial or dull occupation
dubious adj
duckling n
A young duck
ductile adj
Capable of being drawn out, as into wire or a thread
duet n
A composition for two voices or instruments
dun v
To make a demand or repeated demands on for payment
duplex adj
Having two parts
duplicity n
durance n
duration n
The period of time during which anything lasts
duteous adj
Showing submission to natural superiors
dutiable adj
Subject to a duty, especially a customs duty
dutiful adj
dwindle v
To diminish or become less
dyne n
The force which, applied to a mass of one gram for 1 second, would give it a velocity of 1 cm/s
earnest adj
Ardent in spirit and speech
earthenware n
Anything made of clay and baked in a kiln or dried in the sun
eatable adj
ebullient adj
Showing enthusiasm or exhilaration of feeling
eccentric adj
eccentricity n
eclipse n
The obstruction of a heavenly body by its entering into the shadow of another body
economize v
To spend sparingly
ecstasy n
Rapturous excitement or exaltation
ecstatic adj
edible adj
Suitable to be eaten
edict n
That which is uttered or proclaimed by authority as a rule of action
edify v
To build up, or strengthen, especially in morals or religion
editorial n
An article in a periodical written by the editor and published as an official argument
educe v
To draw out
efface v
To obliterate
effect n
A consequence
effective adj
Fit for a destined purpose
effectual adj
effeminacy n
effeminate adj
Having womanish traits or qualities
effervesce v
To bubble up
effervescent adj
Giving off bubbles of gas
effete adj
Exhausted, as having performed its functions
efficacious adj
efficacy n
The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it
efficiency n
The state of possessing adequate skill or knowledge for the performance of a duty
efficient adj
Having and exercising the power to produce effects or results
efflorescence n
The state of being flowery, or a flowery appearance
efflorescent adj
Opening in flower
effluvium n
A noxious or ill-smelling exhalation from decaying or putrefying matter
effrontery n
Unblushing impudence
effulgence n
effuse v
To pour forth
effusion n
an outpouring
egoist n
One who advocates or practices egoism
egotism n
egotist n
One given to self-mention or who is constantly telling of his own views and experiences
egregious adj
egress n
Any place of exit
eject v
To expel
elapse v
To quietly terminate: said of time
elasticity n
That property of matter by which a body tends to return to a former shape after being changed
electrolysis n
The process of decomposing a chemical compound by the passage of an electric current
electrotype n
A metallic copy of any surface, as a coin
elegy n
A lyric poem lamenting the dead
element n
A component or essential part
elicit v
To educe or extract gradually or without violence
eligible adj
Qualified for selection
eliminate v
To separate and cast aside
Elizabethan adj
Relating to Elizabeth, queen of England, or to her era
elocution n
The art of correct intonation, inflection, and gesture in public speaking or reading
eloquent adj
Having the ability to express emotion or feeling in lofty and impassioned speech
elucidate v
To bring out more clearly the facts concerning
elude v
To evade the search or pursuit of by dexterity or artifice
elusion n
emaciate v
To waste away in flesh
emanate v
To flow forth or proceed, as from some source
emancipate v
To release from bondage
embargo n
Authoritative stoppage of foreign commerce or of any special trade
embark v
To make a beginning in some occupation or scheme
embarrass v
To render flustered or agitated
embellish v
To make beautiful or elegant by adding attractive or ornamental features
embezzle v
To misappropriate secretly
emblazon v
To set forth publicly or in glowing terms
emblem n
A symbol
embody v
To express, formulate, or exemplify in a concrete, compact or visible form
embolden v
To give courage to
embolism n
An obstruction or plugging up of an artery or other blood-vessel
embroil v
To involve in dissension or strife
emerge v
To come into view or into existence
emergence n
A coming into view
emergent adj
Coming into view
emeritus adj
Retired from active service but retained to an honorary position
emigrant n
One who moves from one place to settle in another
emigrate v
To go from one country, state, or region for the purpose of settling or residing in another
eminence n
An elevated position with respect to rank, place, character, condition, etc
eminent adj
High in station, merit, or esteem
emit v
To send or give out
emphasis n
Any special impressiveness added to an utterance or act, or stress laid upon some word
emphasize v
To articulate or enunciate with special impressiveness upon a word, or a group of words
emphatic adj
Spoken with any special impressiveness laid upon an act, word, or set of words
employee n
One who works for wages or a salary
employer n
One who uses or engages the services of other persons for pay
emporium n
A bazaar or shop
empower v
To delegate authority to
emulate v
To imitate with intent to equal or surpass
enact v
To make into law, as by legislative act
enamor v
To inspire with ardent love
encamp v
To pitch tents for a resting-place
encomium n
A formal or discriminating expression of praise
encompass v
To encircle
encore n
The call for a repetition, as of some part of a play or performance
encourage v
To inspire with courage, hope, or strength of mind
encroach v
To invade partially or insidiously and appropriate the possessions of another
encumber v
To impede with obstacles
encyclical adj
Intended for general circulation
encyclopedia n
A work containing information on subjects, or exhaustive of one subject
endanger v
To expose to peril
endear v
To cause to be loved
endemic adj
Peculiar to some specified country or people
endue v
To endow with some quality, gift, or grace, usually spiritual
endurable adj
endurance n
The ability to suffer pain, distress, hardship, or stress of any kind without succumbing
energetic adj
Working vigorously
enervate v
To render ineffective or inoperative
enfeeble v
To debilitate
enfranchise v
To endow with a privilege, especially with the right to vote
engender v
To produce
engrave v
To cut or carve in or upon some surface
engross v
To occupy completely
enhance v
To intensify
enigma n
A riddle
enjoin v
To command
enkindle v
To set on fire
enlighten v
To cause to see clearly
enlist v
To enter voluntarily the military service by formal enrollment
enmity n
ennoble v
To dignify
enormity n
enormous adj
enrage v
To infuriate
enrapture v
To delight extravagantly or intensely
enshrine v
To keep sacred
ensnare v
To entrap
entail v
To involve; necessitate
entangle v
To involve in difficulties, confusion, or complications
enthrall v
To bring or hold under any overmastering influence
enthrone v
To invest with sovereign power
enthuse v
To yield to or display intense and rapturous feeling
enthusiastic adj
Full of zeal and fervor
entirety n
A complete thing
entomology n
The branch of zoology that treats of insects
entrails n
The internal parts of an animal
entreaty n
An earnest request
entree n
The act of entering
entrench v
To fortify or protect, as with a trench or ditch and wall
entwine v
To interweave
enumerate v
To name one by one
epic n
A poem celebrating in formal verse the mythical achievements of great personages, heroes, etc
epicure n
One who cultivates a delicate taste for eating and drinking
Epicurean adj
Indulging, ministering, or pertaining to daintiness of appetite
epicycle n
A circle that rolls upon the external or internal circumference of another circle
epicycloid n
A curve traced by a point on the circumference of a circle which rolls upon another circle
epidemic n
Wide-spread occurrence of a disease in a certain region
epidermis n
The outer skin
epigram n
A pithy phrasing of a shrewd observation
epilogue n
The close of a narrative or dramatic poem
epiphany n
Any appearance or bodily manifestation of a deity
episode n
An incident or story in a literary work, separable from yet growing out of it
epitaph n
An inscription on a tomb or monument in honor or in memory of the dead
epithet n
Word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of is objects, as in Father Aeneas
epitome n
A simplified representation
epizootic adj
Prevailing among animals
epoch n
A interval of time, memorable for extraordinary events
epode n
A species of lyric poems
equalize v
To render uniform
equanimity n
Evenness of mind or temper
equestrian adj
Pertaining to horses or horsemanship
equilibrium n
A state of balance
equitable adj
Characterized by fairness
equity n
Fairness or impartiality
equivalent adj
Equal in value, force, meaning, or the like
equivocal adj
equivocate v
To use words of double meaning
eradicate v
To destroy thoroughly
errant adj
Roving or wandering, as in search of adventure or opportunity for gallant deeds
erratic adj
erroneous adj
erudite adj
erudition n
Extensive knowledge of literature, history, language, etc
eschew v
To keep clear of
espy v
To keep close watch
esquire n
A title of dignity, office, or courtesy
essence n
That which makes a thing to be what it is
esthetic adj
Pertaining to beauty, taste, or the fine arts
estimable adj
Worthy of respect
estrange v
To alienate
estuary n
A wide lower part of a tidal river
et cetera Latin
And so forth
eugenic adj
Relating to the development and improvement of race
euphemism n
A figure of speech by which a phrase less offensive is substituted
euphonious adj
Characterized by agreeableness of sound
euphony n
Agreeableness of sound
eureka Greek
I have found it
evade v
To avoid by artifice
evanesce v
To vanish gradually
evanescent adj
evangelical adj
Seeking the conversion of sinners
evangelist n
A preacher who goes from place to place holding services
evasion n
eventual adj
evert v
To turn inside out
evict v
To dispossess pursuant to judicial decree
evidential adj
evince v
To make manifest or evident
evoke v
To call or summon forth
evolution n
Development or growth
evolve v
To unfold or expand
exacerbate v
To make more sharp, severe, or virulent
exaggerate v
To overstate
exasperate v
To excite great anger in
excavate v
To remove by digging or scooping out
exceed v
To go beyond, as in measure, quality, value, action, power, skill, etc
excel v
To be superior or distinguished
excellence n
Possession of eminently or unusually good qualities
excellency n
A title of honor bestowed upon various high officials
excellent adj
Possessing distinguished merit
excerpt n
An extract or selection from written or printed matter
excess n
That which passes the ordinary, proper, or required limit, measure, or experience
excitable adj
Nervously high-strung
excitation n
Intensified emotion or action
exclamation n
An abrupt or emphatic expression of thought or of feeling
exclude v
To shut out purposely or forcibly
exclusion n
excrescence n
Any unnatural addition, outgrowth, or development
excretion n
The getting rid of waste matter
excruciate v
To inflict severe pain or agony upon
excursion n
A journey
excusable adj
execrable adj
execration n
An accursed thing
executor n
A person nominated by the will of another to execute the will
exegesis n
Biblical exposition or interpretation
exemplar n
A model, pattern, or original to be copied or imitated
exemplary adj
Fitted to serve as a model or example worthy of imitation
exemplify v
To show by example
exempt adj
Free, clear, or released, as from some liability, or restriction affecting others
exert v
To make an effort
exhale v
To breathe forth
exhaust v
To empty by draining off the contents
exhaustible adj
Causing or tending to cause exhaustion
exhaustion n
Deprivation of strength or energy
exhaustive adj
Thorough and complete in execution
exhilarate v
To fill with high or cheerful spirits
exhume v
To dig out of the earth (what has been buried)
exigency n
A critical period or condition
exigent adj
existence n
Possession or continuance of being
exit n
A way or passage out
exodus n
A going forth or departure from a place or country, especially of many people
exonerate v
To relieve or vindicate from accusation, imputation, or blame
exorbitance n
Extravagance or enormity
exorbitant adj
Going beyond usual and proper limits
exorcise v
To cast or drive out by religious or magical means
exotic adj
expand v
To increase in range or scope
expanse n
A continuous area or stretch
expansion n
Increase of amount, size, scope, or the like
expect v
To look forward to as certain or probable
expectancy n
The act or state of looking forward to as certain or probable
expectorate v
To cough up and spit forth
expediency n
Fitness to meet the requirements of a particular case
expedient adj
Contributing to personal advantage
expedite v
To hasten the movement or progress of
expeditious adj
expend v
To spend
expense n
The laying out or expending or money or other resources, as time or strength
expiate v
To make satisfaction or amends for
explicate v
To clear from involvement
explicit adj
explode v
To cause to burst in pieces by force from within
explosion n
A sudden and violent outbreak
explosive adj
Pertaining to a sudden and violent outbreak
exposition n
Formal presentation
expository adj
Pertaining to a formal presentation
expostulate v
To discuss
exposure n
An open situation or position in relation to the sun, elements, or points of the compass
expressive adj
Full of meaning
expulsion n
Forcible ejection
extant adj
Still existing and known
extemporaneous adj
Done or made without much or any preparation
extempore adv
Without studied or special preparation
extensible adj
Capable of being thrust out
extension n
A reaching or stretching out, as in space, time or scope
extensive adj
Extended widely in space, time, or scope
extensor n
A muscle that causes extension
extenuate v
To diminish the gravity or importance of
exterior n
That which is outside
external n
Anything relating or belonging to the outside
extinct adj
Being no longer in existence
extinguish v
To render extinct
extol v
To praise in the highest terms
extort v
To obtain by violence, threats, compulsion, or the subjection of another to some necessity
extortion n
The practice of obtaining by violence or compulsion
extradite v
To surrender the custody of
extradition n
The surrender by a government of a person accused of crime to the justice of another government
extrajudicial adj
Happening out of court
extraneous adj
Having no essential relation to a subject
extraordinary adj
extravagance n
Undue expenditure of money
extravagant adj
Needlessly free or lavish in expenditure
extremist n
One who supports extreme measures or holds extreme views
extremity n
The utmost point, side, or border, or that farthest removed from a mean position
extricate v
extrude v
To drive out or away
exuberance n
Rich supply
exuberant adj
Marked by great plentifulness
fabricate v
To invent fancifully or falsely
fabulous adj
facet n
One of the small triangular plane surfaces of a diamond or other gem
facetious adj
facial adj
Pertaining to the face
facile adj
Not difficult to do
facilitate v
To make more easy
facility n
facsimile n
An exact copy or reproduction
faction n
A number of persons combined for a common purpose
factious adj
fallacious adj
fallacy n
Any unsound or delusive mode of reasoning, or anything based on such reasoning
fallible adj
Capable of erring
fallow n
Land broken up and left to become mellow or to rest
famish v
To suffer extremity of hunger or thirst
fanatic n
A religious zealot
fancier n
One having a taste for or interest in special objects
fanciless adj
fastidious adj
Hard to please
fathom n
A measure of length, 6 feet
fatuous adj
faulty adj
faun n
One of a class of deities of the woods and herds represented as half human, with goats feet
fawn n
A young deer
fealty n
feasible adj
That may be done, performed, or effected; practicable
federate v
To league together
feint n
Any sham, pretense, or deceptive movement
felicitate v
To wish joy or happiness to, especially in view of a coming event
felicity n
A state of well-founded happiness
felon n
A criminal or depraved person
felonious adj
Showing criminal or evil purpose
felony n
One of the highest class of offenses, and punishable with death or imprisonment
feminine adj
Characteristic of woman or womankind
fernery n
A place in which ferns are grown
ferocious adj
Of a wild, fierce, and savage nature
ferocity n
fervent adj
Ardent in feeling
fervid adj
fervor n
Ardor or intensity of feeling
festal adj
festive adj
fete n
A festival or feast
fetus n
The young in the womb or in the egg
feudal adj
Pertaining to the relation of lord and vassal
feudalism n
The feudal system
fez n
A brimless felt cap in the shape of a truncated cone, usually red with a black tassel
fiasco n
A complete or humiliating failure
fickle adj
Unduly changeable in feeling, judgment, or purpose
fictitious adj
Created or formed by the imagination
fidelity n
fiducial adj
Indicative of faith or trust
fief n
A landed estate held under feudal tenure
filibuster n
One who attempts to obstruct legislation
finale n
Concluding performance
finality n
The state or quality of being final or complete
finally adv
At last
financial adj
financier n
One skilled in or occupied with financial affairs or operations
finery n
That which is used to decorate the person or dress
finesse n
Subtle contrivance used to gain a point
finite adj
fiscal adj
Pertaining to the treasury or public finances of a government
fishmonger n
One who sells fish
fissure n
A crack or crack-like depression
fitful adj
fixture n
One who or that which is expected to remain permanently in its position
flag-officer n
The captain of a flag-ship
flagrant adj
Openly scandalous
flamboyant adj
Characterized by extravagance and in general by want of good taste
flatulence n
Accumulation of gas in the stomach and bowels
flection n
The act of bending
fledgling n
A young bird
flexible adj
flimsy adj
Thin and weak
flippant adj
Having a light, pert, trifling disposition
floe n
A collection of tabular masses of floating polar ice
flora n
The aggregate of plants growing without cultivation in a district
floral adj
Pertaining to flowers
florid adj
Flushed with red
florist n
A dealer in flowers
fluctuate v
To pass backward and forward irregularly from one state or degree to another
fluctuation n
Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or degree to another
flue n
A smoke-duct in a chimney
fluent adj
Having a ready or easy flow of words or ideas
fluential adj
Pertaining to streams
flux n
A state of constant movement, change, or renewal
foggy adj
foible n
A personal weakness or failing
foist v
To palm off
foliage n
Any growth of leaves
folio n
A sheet of paper folded once, or of a size adapted to folding once
folk-lore n
The traditions, beliefs, and customs of the common people
fondle v
To handle tenderly and lovingly
foolery n
foot-note n
A note of explanation or comment at the foot of a page or column
foppery n
foppish adj
Characteristic of one who is unduly devoted to dress and the niceties of manners
forbearance n
Patient endurance or toleration of offenses
forby adv
forcible adj
forebode v
To be an omen or warning sign of, especially of evil
forecast v
To predict
forecastle n
That part of the upper deck of a ship forward of the after fore-shrouds
foreclose v
To bar by judicial proceedings the equitable right of a mortgagor to redeem property
forecourt n
A court opening directly from the street
forefather n
An ancestor
forego v
To deny oneself the pleasure or profit of
foreground n
That part of a landscape or picture situated or represented as nearest the spectator
forehead n
The upper part of the face, between the eyes and the hair
foreign adj
Belonging to, situated in, or derived from another country
foreigner n
A citizen of a foreign country
forejudge v
To judge of before hearing evidence
foreknowledge n
foreman n
The head man
foreordain v
To predetermine
foreordination n
forerun v
To go before as introducing or ushering in
foresail n
A square sail
foresee v
To discern beforehand
foreshore n
That part of a shore uncovered at low tide
foresight n
Provision against harm or need
foretell v
To predict
forethought n
forfeit v
To lose possession of through failure to fulfill some obligation
forfend v
To ward off
forgery n
forgo v
To deny oneself
formation n
Relative disposition of parts
formidable adj
Difficult to accomplish
formula n
Fixed rule or set form
forswear v
To renounce upon oath
forte n
A strong point
forth adv
Into notice or view
forthright adv
With directness
fortify v
To provide with defensive works
fortitude n
Patient courage
foursome adj
Consisting of four
fracture n
A break
fragile adj
Capable of being broken
frailty n
Liability to be broken or destroyed
frankincense n
A gum or resin which on burning yields aromatic fumes
frantic adj
fraternal adj
fraudulence n
fraudulent adj
fray v
To fret at the edge so as to loosen or break the threads
free trade n
Commerce unrestricted by tariff or customs
freemason n
A member of an ancient secret fraternity originally confined to skilled artisans
freethinker n
One who rejects authority or inspiration in religion
frequency n
The comparative number of any kind of occurrences within a given time or space
fresco n
The art of painting on a surface of plaster, particularly on walls and ceilings
freshness n
The state, quality, or degree of being fresh
fretful adj
Disposed to peevishness
frightful adj
Apt to induce terror or alarm
frigid adj
Lacking warmth
frigidarium n
A room kept at a low temperature for preserving fruits, meat, etc
frivolity n
A trifling act, thought, saying, or practice
frivolous adj
frizz v
To give a crinkled, fluffy appearance to
frizzle v
To cause to crinkle or curl, as the hair
frolicsome adj
frowzy adj
Slovenly in appearance
frugal adj
fruition n
fugacious adj
fulcrum n
The support on or against which a lever rests, or the point about which it turns
fulminate v
To cause to explode
fulsome adj
Offensive from excess of praise or commendation
fumigate v
To subject to the action of smoke or fumes, especially for disinfection
functionary n
An official
fundamental adj
fungible adj
That may be measured, counted, or weighed
fungous adj
fungus n
A plant destitute of chlorophyll, as a mushroom
furbish v
To restore brightness or beauty to
furlong n
A measure, one-eighth of a mile
furlough n
A temporary absence of a soldier or sailor by permission of the commanding officer
furrier n
A dealer in or maker of fur goods
further adj
More distant or advanced
furtherance n
furtive adj
Stealthy or sly, like the actions of a thief
fuse v
To unite or blend as by melting together
fusible adj
Capable of being melted by heat
futile adj
Of no avail or effect
futurist n
A person of expectant temperament
gaiety n
gaily adv
gait n
Carriage of the body in going
gallant adj
Possessing a brave or chivalrous spirit
galore adj
galvanic adj
Pertaining or relating to electricity produced by chemical action
galvanism n
Current electricity, especially that arising from chemical action
galvanize v
To imbue with life or animation
gamble v
To risk money or other possession on an event, chance, or contingency
gambol n
Playful leaping or frisking
gamester n
A gambler
gamut n
The whole range or sequence
garnish v
In cookery, to surround with additions for embellishment
garrison n
The military force stationed in a fort, town, or other place for its defense
garrote v
To execute by strangling
garrulous adj
Given to constant trivial talking
gaseous adj
Light and unsubstantial
gastric adj
Of, pertaining to, or near the stomach
gastritis n
Inflammation of the stomach
gastronomy n
The art of preparing and serving appetizing food
gauge n
An instrument for measuring
gendarme n
In continental Europe, particularly in France, a uniformed and armed police officer
genealogist n
A tracer of pedigrees
genealogy n
A list, in the order of succession, of ancestors and their descendants
generality n
The principal portion
generalize v
To draw general inferences
generally adv
generate v
To produce or cause to be
generic adj
Noting a genus or kind; opposed to specific
generosity n
A disposition to give liberally or to bestow favors heartily
genesis n
geniality n
Warmth and kindliness of disposition
genital adj
Of or pertaining to the animal reproductive organs
genitive adj
Indicating source, origin, possession, or the like
genteel adj
Well-bred or refined
gentile adj
Belonging to a people not Jewish
geology n
The department of natural science that treats of the constitution and structure of the earth
germane adj
germinate v
To begin to develop into an embryo or higher form
gestation n
gesticulate v
To make gestures or motions, as in speaking, or in place of speech
gesture n
A movement or action of the hands or face, expressive of some idea or emotion
ghastly adj
gibe v
To utter taunts or reproaches
giddy adj
Affected with a whirling or swimming sensation in the head
gigantic adj
giver n
One who gives, in any sense
glacial adj
Icy, or icily cold
glacier n
A field or stream of ice
gladden v
To make joyous
glazier n
One who cuts and fits panes of glass, as for windows
glimmer n
A faint, wavering, unsteady light
glimpse n
A momentary look
globose adj
globular adj
glorious adj
Of excellence and splendor
glutinous adj
gluttonous adj
Given to excess in eating
gnash v
To grind or strike the teeth together, as from rage
Gordian knot n
Any difficulty the only issue out of which is by bold or unusual manners
gosling n
A young goose
gossamer adj
gourd n
A melon, pumpkin, squash, or some similar fruit having a hard rind
gourmand n
A connoisseur in the delicacies of the table
graceless adj
gradation n
A step, degree, rank, or relative position in an order or series
gradient adj
Moving or advancing by steps
granary n
A storehouse for grain after it is thrashed or husked
grandeur n
The quality of being grand or admirably great
grandiloquent adj
Speaking in or characterized by a pompous or bombastic style
grandiose adj
Having an imposing style or effect
grantee n
The person to whom property is transferred by deed
grantor n
The maker of a deed
granular adj
Composed of small grains or particles
granulate v
To form into grains or small particles
granule n
A small grain or particle
grapple v
To take hold of
gratification n
gratify v
To please, as by satisfying a physical or mental desire or need
gratuitous adj
gratuity n
That which is given without demand or claim. Tip.
gravity n
gregarious adj
Not habitually solitary or living alone
grenadier n
A member of a regiment composed of men of great stature
grief n
grievance n
That which oppresses, injures, or causes grief and at the same time a sense of wrong
grievous adj
Creating affliction
grimace n
A distortion of the features, occasioned by some feeling of pain, disgust, etc
grindstone n
A flat circular stone, used for sharpening tools
grisly adj
grotesque adj
Incongruously composed or ill-proportioned
grotto n
A small cavern
ground n
A pavement or floor or any supporting surface on which one may walk
guess n
guile n
guileless adj
guinea n
An English monetary unit
guise n
The external appearance as produced by garb or costume
gullible adj
gumption n
Common sense
gusto n
Keen enjoyment
guy n
guzzle v
To swallow greedily or hastily; gulp
gynecocracy n
Female supremacy
gynecology n
The science that treats of the functions and diseases peculiar to women
gyrate v
To revolve
gyroscope n
An instrument for illustrating the laws of rotation
habitable adj
Fit to be dwelt in
habitant n
habitual adj
According to usual practice
habitude n
Customary relation or association
hackney v
To make stale or trite by repetition
haggard adj
Worn and gaunt in appearance
halcyon adj
hale adj
Of sound and vigorous health
handwriting n
hanger-on n
A parasite
happy-go-lucky adj
harangue n
A tirade
harass v
To trouble with importunities, cares, or annoyances
harbinger n
One who or that which foreruns and announces the coming of any person or thing
hard-hearted adj
Lacking pity or sympathy
hardihood n
Foolish daring
harmonious adj
Concordant in sound
havoc n
hawthorn n
A thorny shrub much used in England for hedges
hazard n
head first adv
Precipitately, as in diving
head foremost adv
Precipitately, as in diving
heartrending adj
Very depressing
heathenish adj
heedless adj
heifer n
A young cow
heinous adj
Odiously sinful
hemorrhage n
Discharge of blood from a ruptured or wounded blood-vessel
hemorrhoids n
Tumors composed of enlarged and thickened blood-vessels, at the lower end of the rectum
henchman n
A servile assistant and subordinate
henpeck v
To worry or harass by ill temper and petty annoyances
heptagon n
A figure having seven sides and seven angles
heptarchy n
A group of seven governments
herbaceous adj
Having the character of a herb
herbarium n
A collection of dried plants scientifically arranged for study
herbivorous adj
Feeding on herbs or other vegetable matter, as animals
hereditary adj
Passing naturally from parent to child
heredity n
Transmission of physical or mental qualities, diseases, etc., from parent to offspring
heresy n
An opinion or doctrine subversive of settled beliefs or accepted principles
heretic n
One who holds opinions contrary to the recognized standards or tenets of any philosophy
heritage n
hernia n
Protrusion of any internal organ in whole or in part from its normal position
hesitancy n
A pausing to consider
hesitant adj
hesitation n
heterodox adj
At variance with any commonly accepted doctrine or opinion
heterogeneity n
Unlikeness of constituent parts
heterogeneous adj
Consisting of dissimilar elements or ingredients of different kinds
heteromorphic adj
Deviating from the normal form or standard type
hexagon n
A figure with six angles
hexangular adj
Having six angles
hexapod adj
Having six feet
hiatus n
A break or vacancy where something necessary to supply the connection is wanting
hibernal adj
Pertaining to winter
Hibernian adj
Pertaining to Ireland, or its people
hideous adj
hilarious adj
Boisterously merry
hillock n
A small hill or mound
hinder v
To obstruct
hindmost adj
Farthest from the front
hindrance n
An obstacle
hirsute adj
Having a hairy covering
hoard v
To gather and store away for the sake of accumulation
hoarse adj
Having the voice harsh or rough, as from a cold or fatigue
homage n
Reverential regard or worship
homogeneity n
Congruity of the members or elements or parts
homogeneous adj
Made up of similar parts or elements
homologous adj
Identical in nature, make-up, or relation
homonym n
A word agreeing in sound with but different in meaning from another
homophone n
A word agreeing in sound with but different in meaning from another
honorarium n
A token fee or payment to a professional man for services
hoodwink v
To deceive
horde n
A gathered multitude of human beings
hosiery n
A stocking
hospitable adj
Disposed to treat strangers or guests with generous kindness
hospitality n
The practice of receiving and entertaining strangers and guests with kindness
hostility n
huckster n
One who retails small wares
humane adj
humanitarian n
A philanthropist
humanize v
To make gentle or refined
humbug n
Anything intended or calculated to deceive or mislead
humiliate v
To put to shame
hussar n
A light-horse trooper armed with saber and carbine
hustle v
To move with haste and promptness
hybrid adj
hydra n
The seven- or nine-headed water-serpent slain by Hercules
hydraulic adj
Involving the moving of water, of the force exerted by water in motion
hydrodynamics n
The branch of mechanics that treats of the dynamics of fluids
hydroelectric adj
Pertaining to electricity developed water or steam
hydromechanics n
The mechanics of fluids
hydrometer n
An instrument for determining the density of solids and liquids by flotation
hydrostatics n
The branch of science that treats of the pressure and equilibrium of fluids
hydrous adj
hygiene n
The branch of medical science that relates to improving health
hypercritical adj
hypnosis n
An artificial trance-sleep
hypnotic adj
Tending to produce sleep
hypnotism n
An artificially induced somnambulistic state in which the mind readily acts on suggestion
hypnotize v
To produce a somnambulistic state in which the mind readily acts on suggestions
hypocrisy n
Extreme insincerity
hypocrite n
One who makes false professions of his views or beliefs
hypodermic adj
Pertaining to the area under the skin
hypotenuse n
The side of a right-angled triangle opposite the right angle
hypothesis n
A proposition taken for granted as a premise from which to reach a conclusion
hysteria n
A nervous affection occurring typically in paroxysms of laughing and crying
ichthyic adj
ichthyology n
The branch of zoology that treats of fishes
ichthyosaurs n
A fossil reptile
icily adv
iciness n
The state of being icy
icon n
An image or likeness
iconoclast n
An image-breaker
idealize v
To make to conform to some mental or imaginary standard
idiom n
A use of words peculiar to a particular language
idiosyncrasy n
A mental quality or habit peculiar to an individual
idolize v
To regard with inordinate love or admiration
ignoble adj
Low in character or purpose
ignominious adj
Iliad n
A Greek epic poem describing scenes from the siege of Troy
ill-natured adj
illegal adj
Not according to law
illegible adj
illegitimate adj
Unlawfully begotten
illiberal adj
illicit adj
illimitable adj
illiterate adj
Having little or no book-learning
illogical adj
Contrary to the rules of sound thought
illuminant n
That which may be used to produce light
illuminate v
To supply with light
illumine v
To make bright or clear
illusion n
An unreal image presented to the senses
illusive adj
illusory adj
Deceiving or tending to deceive, as by false appearance
imaginable adj
That can be imagined or conceived in the mind
imaginary adj
imbibe v
To drink or take in
imbroglio n
A misunderstanding attended by ill feeling, perplexity, or strife
imbrue v
To wet or moisten
imitation n
That which is made as a likeness or copy
imitator n
One who makes in imitation
immaculate adj
Without spot or blemish
immaterial adj
Of no essential consequence
immature adj
Not full-grown
immeasurable adj
Indefinitely extensive
immense adj
Very great in degree, extent, size, or quantity
immerse v
To plunge or dip entirely under water or other fluid
immersion n
The act of plunging or dipping entirely under water or another fluid
immigrant n
A foreigner who enters a country to settle there
immigrate v
To come into a country or region from a former habitat
imminence n
Impending evil or danger
imminent adj
Dangerous and close at hand
immiscible adj
Separating, as oil and water
immoral adj
Habitually engaged in licentious or lewd practices
immortalize v
To cause to last or to be known or remembered throughout a great or indefinite length of time
immovable adj
immune adj
Exempt, as from disease
immutable adj
impair v
To cause to become less or worse
impalpable adj
Imperceptible to the touch
impartial adj
impassable adj
That can not be passed through or over
impassible adj
Not moved or affected by feeling
impassive adj
Unmoved by or not exhibiting feeling
impatience n
Unwillingness to brook delays or wait the natural course of things
impeccable adj
impecunious adj
Having no money
impede v
To be an obstacle or to place obstacles in the way of
impel v
To drive or urge forward
impend v
To be imminent
imperative adj
imperceptible adj
imperfectible adj
That can not be perfected
imperil v
To endanger
imperious adj
Insisting on obedience
impermissible adj
Not permissible
impersonal adj
Not relating to a particular person or thing
impersonate v
To appear or act in the character of
impersuadable adj
impertinence n
imperturbable adj
impervious adj
impetuosity n
impetuous adj
impetus n
Any impulse or incentive
impiety n
Irreverence toward God
impious adj
Characterized by irreverence or irreligion
implausible adj
Not plausible
impliable adj
Capable of being inferred
implicate v
To show or prove to be involved in or concerned
implicit adj
imply v
To signify
impolitic adj
importation n
The act or practice of bringing from one country into another
importunate adj
Urgent in character, request, or demand
importune v
To harass with persistent demands or entreaties
impotent adj
Destitute of or lacking in power, physical, moral, or intellectual
impoverish v
To make indigent or poor
impracticable adj
Not feasible
impregnable adj
That can not be taken by assault
impregnate v
To make pregnant
impromptu n
Anything done or said on the impulse of the moment
improper adj
Not appropriate, suitable, or becoming
impropriety n
The state or quality of being unfit, unseemly, or inappropriate
improvident adj
Lacking foresight or thrift
improvise v
To do anything extemporaneously or offhand
imprudent adj
impudence n
Insolent disrespect
impugn v
To assail with arguments, insinuations, or accusations
impulsion n
impulsive adj
impunity n
Freedom from punishment
impure adj
impute v
To attribute
inaccessible adj
Difficult of approach
inaccurate adj
Not exactly according to the facts
inactive adj
inadequate adj
inadmissible adj
Not to be approved, considered, or allowed, as testimony
inadvertent adj
inadvisable adj
inane adj
inanimate adj
Destitute of animal life
inapprehensible adj
Not to be understood
inapt adj
Awkward or slow
inarticulate adj
inaudible adj
That can not be heard
inborn adj
Implanted by nature
inbred adj
incandescence n
The state of being white or glowing with heat
incandescent adj
White or glowing with heat
incapacitate v
To deprive of power, capacity, competency, or qualification
incapacity n
Want of power to apprehend, understand, and manage
incarcerate v
To imprison
incendiary n
Chemical or person who starts a fire-literally or figuratively
incentive n
That which moves the mind or inflames the passions
inception n
The beginning
inceptive adj
incessant adj
inchmeal adv
inchoate adj
inchoative n
That which begins, or expresses beginning
incidence n
Casual occurrence
incident n
A happening in general, especially one of little importance
incidentally adv
Without intention
incinerate v
To reduce to ashes
incipience n
incipient adj
incisor n
A front or cutting tooth
incite v
To rouse to a particular action
incitement n
That which moves to action, or serves as an incentive or stimulus
incoercible adj
Incapable of being forced, constrained, or compelled
incoherence n
Want of connection, or agreement, as of parts or ideas in thought, speech, etc
incoherent adj
Not logically coordinated, as to parts, elements, or details
incombustible adj
That can not be burned
incomparable adj
incompatible adj
incompetence n
General lack of capacity or fitness
incompetent adj
Not having the abilities desired or necessary for any purpose
incomplete adj
Lacking some element, part, or adjunct necessary or required
incomprehensible adj
Not understandable
incompressible adj
Resisting all attempts to reduce volume by pressure
inconceivable adj
incongruous adj
Unsuitable for the time, place, or occasion
inconsequential adj
inconsiderable adj
Small in quantity or importance
inconsistent adj
inconstant adj
incontrovertible adj
inconvenient adj
Interfering with comfort or progress
indefensible adj
indefinitely adv
In a vague or uncertain way
indelible adj
That can not be blotted out, effaced, destroyed, or removed
indescribable adj
That can not be described
indestructible adj
That can not be destroyed
indicant adj
That which points out
indicator n
One who or that which points out
indict v
To find and declare chargeable with crime
indigence n
indigenous adj
indigent adj
indigestible adj
Not digestible, or difficult to digest
indigestion n
Difficulty or failure in the alimentary canal in changing food into absorptive nutriment
indignant adj
Having such anger and scorn as is aroused by meanness or wickedness
indignity n
Unmerited contemptuous conduct or treatment
indiscernible adj
Not perceptible
indiscreet adj
Lacking wise judgment
indiscriminate adj
indispensable adj
Necessary or requisite for the purpose
indistinct adj
indivertible adj
That can not be turned aside
indivisible adj
Not separable into parts
indolence n
indolent adj
Habitually inactive or idle
indomitable adj
induct v
To bring in
indulgence n
The yielding to inclination, passion, desire, or propensity in oneself or another
inebriate v
To intoxicate
inedible adj
Not good for food
ineffable adj
inefficiency n
That which does not accomplish an intended purpose
inefficient adj
Not accomplishing an intended purpose
ineligible adj
Not suitable to be selected or chosen
inept adj
Not fit or suitable
inert adj
inestimable adj
Above price
inevitable adj
inexcusable adj
Not to be justified
inexhaustible adj
So large or furnishing so great a supply as not to be emptied, wasted, or spent
inexorable adj
inexpedient adj
inexpensive adj
inexperience n
Lack of or deficiency in experience
inexplicable adj
Such as can not be made plain
inexpressible adj
inextensible adj
Of unchangeable length or area
infallible adj
Exempt from error of judgment, as in opinion or statement
infamous adj
Publicly branded or notorious, as for vice, or crime
infamy n
Total loss or destitution of honor or reputation
inference n
The derivation of a judgment from any given material of knowledge on the ground of law
infernal adj
Akin to or befitting hell or its occupants
infest v
To be present in such numbers as to be a source of annoyance, trouble, or danger
infidel n
One who denies the existence of God
infidelity n
infinite adj
infinity n
Boundless or immeasurable extension or duration
infirm adj
Lacking in bodily or mental strength
infirmary n
A place for the reception or treatment of the sick
infirmity n
A physical, mental, or moral weakness or flaw
inflammable adj
Easily set on fire or excited
inflammation n
A morbid process in some part of the body characterized by heat, swelling, and pain
inflexible adj
That can not be altered or varied
influence n
Ability to sway the will of another
influential adj
Having the power to sway the will of another
influx n
infrequence n
infrequent adj
infringe v
To trespass upon
infuse v
To instill, introduce, or inculcate, as principles or qualities
infusion n
The act of imbuing, or pouring in
ingenious adj
Evincing skill, originality, or cleverness, as in contrivance or arrangement
ingenuity n
Cleverness in contriving, combining, or originating
ingenuous adj
Candid, frank, or open in character or quality
inglorious adj
ingraft v
To set or implant deeply and firmly
ingratiate v
To win confidence or good graces for oneself
ingratitude n
Insensibility to kindness
ingredient n
inherence n
The state of being permanently existing in something
inherent adj
inhibit v
To hold back or in
inhospitable adj
Not disposed to entertain strangers gratuitously
inhuman adj
inhume v
To place in the earth, as a dead body
inimical adj
iniquity n
Gross wrong or injustice
initiate v
To perform the first act or rite
inject v
To introduce, as a fluid, by injection
injunction n
inkling n
A hint
inland adj
Remote from the sea
inlet n
A small body of water leading into a larger
inmost adj
Deepest within
innocuous adj
innovate v
To introduce or strive to introduce new things
innuendo n
innumerable adj
inoffensive adj
Causing nothing displeasing or disturbing
inopportune adj
Unsuitable or inconvenient, especially as to time
inquire v
To ask information about
inquisition n
A court or tribunal for examination and punishment of heretics
inquisitive adj
Given to questioning, especially out of curiosity
inquisitor n
One who makes an investigation
inroad n
Forcible encroachment or trespass
insatiable adj
That desires or craves immoderately or unappeasably
inscribe v
To enter in a book, or on a list, roll, or document, by writing
inscrutable adj
Impenetrably mysterious or profound
insecure adj
Not assured of safety
insensible adj
insentient adj
Lacking the power of feeling or perceiving
inseparable adj
That can not be separated
insidious adj
Working ill by slow and stealthy means
insight n
Intellectual discernment
insignificance n
Lack of import or of importance
insignificant adj
Without importance, force, or influence
insinuate v
To imply
insipid adj
insistence n
insistent adj
insolence n
Pride or haughtiness exhibited in contemptuous and overbearing treatment of others
insolent adj
insomnia n
inspector n
An official appointed to examine or oversee any matter of public interest or importance
instance n
A single occurrence or happening of a given kind
instant n
A very brief portion of time
instantaneous adj
Done without perceptible lapse of time
instigate v
To provoke
instigator n
One who incites to evil
instill v
To infuse
instructive adj
Conveying knowledge
insufficiency n
insufficient adj
Inadequate for some need, purpose, or use
insular adj
Pertaining to an island
insulate v
To place in a detached state or situation
insuperable adj
insuppressible adj
Incapable of being concealed
insurgence n
insurgent n
One who takes part in forcible opposition to the constituted authorities of a place
insurrection n
The state of being in active resistance to authority
intangible adj
Not perceptible to the touch
integrity n
Uprightness of character and soundness of moral principle
intellect n
The faculty of perception or thought
intellectual adj
Characterized by intelligence
intelligence n
Capacity to know or understand
intelligible adj
intemperance n
Immoderate action or indulgence, as of the appetites
intension n
The act of stringing or stretching, or state of being strained
intensive adj
Adding emphasis or force
intention n
That upon which the mind is set
interact v
To act reciprocally
intercede v
To mediate between persons
intercept v
To interrupt the course of
intercession n
Entreaty in behalf of others
intercessor n
A mediator
interdict n
Authoritative act of prohibition
interim n
Time between acts or periods
interlocutor n
One who takes part in a conversation or oral discussion
interlude n
An action or event considered as coming between others of greater length
intermediate adj
Being in a middle place or degree or between extremes
interminable adj
Having no limit or end
intermission n
A recess
intermit v
To cause to cease temporarily
intermittent adj
A temporary discontinuance
interpolation n
Verbal interference
interpose v
To come between other things or persons
interposition n
A coming between
interpreter n
A person who makes intelligible the speech of a foreigner by oral translation
interrogate v
To examine formally by questioning
interrogative adj
Having the nature or form of a question
interrogatory n
A question or inquiry
interrupt v
To stop while in progress
intersect v
To cut through or into so as to divide
intervale n
A low tract of land between hills, especially along a river
intervene v
To interfere for some end
intestate adj
Not having made a valid will
intestine n
That part of the digestive tube below or behind the stomach, extending to the anus
intimacy n
Close or confidential friendship
intimidate v
To cause to become frightened
intolerable adj
intolerance n
Inability or unwillingness to bear or endure
intolerant adj
intoxicant n
Anything that unduly exhilarates or excites
intoxicate v
To make drunk
intracellular adj
Occurring or situated within a cell
intramural adj
Situated within the walls of a city
intrepid adj
Fearless and bold
intricacy n
intricate adj
Difficult to follow or understand
intrigue n
A plot or scheme, usually complicated and intended to accomplish something by secret ways
intrinsic adj
introductory adj
introgression n
intromit v
To insert
introspect v
To look into
introversion n
The act of turning or directing inward, physically or mentally
introvert v
To turn within
intrude v
To come in without leave or license
intrusion n
The act of entering without warrant or invitation; encroachment
intuition n
Instinctive knowledge or feeling
inundate v
To fill with an overflowing abundance
inundation n
inure v
To harden or toughen by use, exercise, or exposure
invalid adj
Having no force, weight, or cogency
invalid n
One who is disabled by illness or injury
invalidate v
To render of no force or effect
invaluable adj
Exceedingly precious
invariable adj
invasion n
Encroachment, as by an act of intrusion or trespass
invective n
An utterance intended to cast censure, or reproach
inveigh v
To utter vehement censure or invective
inventive adj
Quick at contrivance
inverse adj
Contrary in tendency or direction
inversion n
Change of order so that the first shall become last and the last first
invert v
To turn inside out, upside down, or in opposite direction
investigator n
One who investigates
investor n
One who invests money
inveterate adj
invidious adj
Showing or feeling envy
invigorate v
To animate
invincible adj
Not to be conquered, subdued, or overcome
inviolable adj
Incapable of being injured or disturbed
invoke v
To call on for assistance or protection
involuntary adj
involution n
involve v
To draw into entanglement, literally or figuratively
invulnerable adj
That can not be wounded or hurt
inwardly adv
With no outward manifestation
iota n
A small or insignificant mark or part
irascible adj
Prone to anger
irate adj
Moved to anger
ire n
iridescence n
A many-colored appearance
iridescent adj
Exhibiting changing rainbow-colors due to the interference of the light
irk v
To afflict with pain, vexation, or fatigue
irksome adj
irony n
Censure or ridicule under cover of praise or compliment
irradiance n
irradiate v
To render clear and intelligible
irrational adj
Not possessed of reasoning powers or understanding
irreducible adj
That can not be lessened
irrefragable adj
That can not be refuted or disproved
irrefrangible adj
That can not be broken or violated
irrelevant adj
irreligious adj
Indifferent or opposed to religion
irreparable adj
That can not be rectified or made amends for
irrepressible adj
That can not be restrained or kept down
irresistible adj
That can not be successfully withstood or opposed
irresponsible adj
Careless of or unable to meet responsibilities
irreverence n
The quality showing or expressing a deficiency of veneration, especially for sacred things
irreverent adj
Showing or expressing a deficiency of veneration, especially for sacred things
irreverential adj
Showing or expressing a deficiency of veneration, especially for sacred things
irreversible adj
irrigant adj
Serving to water lands by artificial means
irrigate v
To water, as land, by ditches or other artificial means
irritable adj
Showing impatience or ill temper on little provocation
irritancy n
The quality of producing vexation
irritant n
A mechanical, chemical, or pathological agent of inflammation, pain, or tension
irritate v
To excite ill temper or impatience in
irruption n
Sudden invasion
isle n
An island
islet n
A little island
isobar n
A line joining points at which the barometric pressure is the same at a specified moment
isochronous adj
Relating to or denoting equal intervals of time
isolate v
To separate from others of its kind
isothermal adj
Having or marking equality of temperature
itinerant adj
itinerary n
A detailed account or diary of a journey
itinerate v
To wander from place to place
jargon n
Confused, unintelligible speech or highly technical speech
jaundice n
A morbid condition, due to obstructed excretion of bile or characterized by yellowing of the skin
jeopardize v
To imperil
Jingo n
One of a party in Great Britain in favor of spirited and demonstrative foreign policy
jocose adj
Done or made in jest
jocular adj
Inclined to joke
joggle n
A sudden irregular shake or a push causing such a shake
journalize v
To keep a diary
joust v
To engage in a tilt with lances on horseback
jovial adj
jubilation n
judgment n
The faculty by the exercise of which a deliberate conclusion is reached
judicature n
Distribution and administration of justice by trial and judgment
judicial adj
Pertaining to the administration of justice
judiciary n
That department of government which administers the law relating to civil and criminal justice
judicious adj
juggle v
To play tricks of sleight of hand
jugglery n
The art or practice of sleight of hand
jugular adj
Pertaining to the throat
juicy adj
junction n
The condition of being joined
juncture n
An articulation, joint, or seam
junta n
A council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government
juridical adj
Assumed by law to exist
jurisdiction n
Lawful power or right to exercise official authority
jurisprudence n
The science of rights in accordance with positive law
juror n
One who serves on a jury or is sworn in for jury duty in a court of justice
justification n
juvenile adj
Characteristic of youth
juxtapose v
To place close together
keepsake n
Anything kept or given to be kept for the sake of the giver
kerchief n
A square of linen, silk, or other material, used as a covering for the head or neck
kernel n
A grain or seed
kiln n
An oven or furnace for baking, burning, or drying industrial products
kiloliter n
One thousand liters
kilometer n
A length of 1,000 meters
kilowatt n
One thousand watts
kimono n
A loose robe, fastening with a sash, the principal outer garment in Japan
kind-hearted adj
Having a kind and sympathetic nature
kingling n
A petty king
kingship n
Royal state
kinsfolk n
knavery n
Deceitfulness in dealing
knead v
To mix and work into a homogeneous mass, especially with the hands
knickknack n
A small article, more for ornament that use
knight errant n
One of the wandering knights who in the middle ages went forth in search of adventure
knighthood n
laborious adj
labyrinth n
A maze
lacerate v
To tear rudely or raggedly
lackadaisical adj
lactation n
The secretion of milk
lacteal adj
lactic adj
Pertaining to milk
laddie n
A lad
ladle n
A cup-shaped vessel with a long handle, intended for dipping up and pouring liquids
laggard adj
Falling behind
landholder n
landlord n
A man who owns and lets a tenement or tenements
landmark n
A familiar object in the landscape serving as a guide to an area otherwise easily lost track of
landscape n
A rural view, especially one of picturesque effect, as seen from a distance or an elevation
languid adj
languor n
Lassitude of body or depression
lapse n
A slight deviation from what is right, proper, or just
lascivious adj
lassie n
A little lass
latency n
The state of being dormant
latent adj
later adv
At a subsequent time
lateral adj
Directed toward the side
latish adj
Rather late
lattice n
Openwork of metal or wood, formed by crossing or interlacing strips or bars
laud v
To praise in words or song
laudable adj
laudation n
High praise
laudatory adj
Pertaining to, expressing, or containing praise
laundress n
laureate adj
Crowned with laurel, as a mark of distinction
lave v
To wash or bathe
lawgiver n
A legislator
lawmaker n
A legislator
lax adj
Not stringent or energetic
laxative adj
Having power to open or loosen the bowels
lea n
A field
leaflet n
A little leaf or a booklet
leaven v
To make light by fermentation, as dough
leeward n
That side or direction toward which the wind blows
left-handed adj
Using the left hand or arm more dexterously than the right
legacy n
A bequest
legalize v
To give the authority of law to
legging n
A covering for the leg
legible adj
That may be read with ease
legionary n
A member of an ancient Roman legion or of the modern French Legion of Honor
legislate v
To make or enact a law or laws
legislative adj
That makes or enacts laws
legislator n
A lawgiver
legitimacy n
Accordance with law
legitimate adj
Having the sanction of law or established custom
leisure n
Spare time
leniency n
lenient adj
Not harsh
leonine adj
Like a lion
lethargy n
Prolonged sluggishness of body or mind
levee n
An embankment beside a river or stream or an arm of the sea, to prevent overflow
lever n
That which exerts, or through which one may exert great power
leviathan n
Any large animal, as a whale
levity n
levy v
To impose and collect by force or threat of force
lewd adj
Characterized by lust or lasciviousness
lexicographer n
One who makes dictionaries
lexicography n
The making of dictionaries
lexicon n
A dictionary
liable adj
Justly or legally responsible
libel n
liberalism n
Opposition to conservatism
liberate v
To set free or release from bondage
licentious adj
licit adj
liege adj
lien n
A legal claim or hold on property, as security for a debt or charge
lieu n
lifelike adj
lifelong adj
Lasting or continuous through life
lifetime n
The time that life continues
ligament n
That which binds objects together
ligature n
Anything that constricts, or serves for binding or tying
light-hearted adj
Free from care
ligneous adj
Having the texture of appearance of wood
likelihood n
A probability
likely adj
liking n
limitation n
A restriction
linear adj
Of the nature of a line
liner n
A vessel belonging to a steamship-line
lingo n
lingua n
The tongue
lingual adj
Pertaining to the use of the tongue in utterance
linguist n
One who is acquainted with several languages
linguistics n
The science of languages, or of the origin, history, and significance of words
liniment n
A liquid preparation for rubbing on the skin in cases of bruises, inflammation, etc
liquefacient adj
Possessing a liquefying nature or power
liquefy v
To convert into a liquid or into liquid form
liqueur n
An alcoholic cordial sweetened and flavored with aromatic substances
liquidate v
To deliver the amount or value of
liquor n
Any alcoholic or intoxicating liquid
listless adj
literacy n
The state or condition of knowing how to read and write
literal adj
Following the exact words
literature n
The written or printed productions of the human mind collectively
lithe adj
lithesome adj
lithograph n
A print made by printing from stone
lithotype n
In engraving, an etched stone surface for printing
litigant n
A party to a lawsuit
litigate v
To cause to become the subject-matter of a suit at law
litigious adj
littoral adj
Of, pertaining to, or living on a shore
liturgy n
A ritual
livelihood n
Means of subsistence
livid adj
Black-and-blue, as contused flesh
loam n
A non-coherent mixture of sand and clay
loath adj
loathe v
To abominate
locative adj
Indicating place, or the place where or wherein an action occurs
loch n
A lake
locomotion n
The act or power of moving from one place to another
lode n
A somewhat continuous unstratified metal- bearing vein
lodgment n
The act of furnishing with temporary quarters
logic n
The science of correct thinking
logical adj
Capable of or characterized by clear reasoning
logician n
An expert reasoner
loiterer n
One who consumes time idly
loneliness n
longevity n
Unusually prolonged life
loot v
To plunder
loquacious adj
lordling n
A little lord
lough n
A lake or loch
louse n
A small insect parasitic on and sucking the blood of mammals
lovable adj
low-spirited adj
lowly adv
lucid adj
Mentally sound
lucrative adj
Highly profitable
ludicrous adj
luminary n
One of the heavenly bodies as a source of light
luminescence n
Showing increase
luminescent adj
Showing increase of light
luminosity n
The quality of giving or radiating light
luminous adj
Giving or radiating light
lunacy n
Mental unsoundness
lunar adj
Pertaining to the moon
lunatic n
An insane person
lune n
The moon
lurid adj
Ghastly and sensational
luscious adj
Rich, sweet, and delicious
lustrous adj
luxuriance n
Excessive or superfluous growth or quantity
luxuriant adj
Abundant or superabundant in growth
luxuriate v
To live sumptuously
lying n
lyre n
One of the most ancient of stringed instruments of the harp class
lyric adj
Fitted for expression in song
macadamize v
To cover or pave, as a path or roadway, with small broken stone
machinery n
The parts of a machine or engine, taken collectively
machinist n
One who makes or repairs machines, or uses metal-working tools
macrocosm n
The whole of any sphere or department of nature or knowledge to which man is related
madden v
To inflame with passion
Madonna n
A painted or sculptured representation of the Virgin, usually with the infant Jesus
magician n
A sorcerer
magisterial adj
Having an air of authority
magistracy n
The office or dignity of a magistrate
magnanimous adj
Generous in treating or judging others
magnate n
A person of rank or importance
magnet n
A body possessing that peculiar form of polarity found in nature in the lodestone
magnetize v
To make a magnet of, permanently, or temporarily
magnificence n
The exhibition of greatness of action, character, intellect, wealth, or power
magnificent adj
Grand or majestic in appearance, quality, or action
magnitude n
maharaja n
A great Hindu prince
maidenhood n
maintain v
To hold or preserve in any particular state or condition
maintenance n
That which supports or sustains
maize n
Indian corn: usually in the United States called simply corn
makeup n
The arrangements or combination of the parts of which anything is composed
malady n
Any physical disease or disorder, especially a chronic or deep-seated one
malaria n
A fever characterized by alternating chills, fever, and sweating
malcontent n
One who is dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs
malediction n
The calling down of a curse or curses
malefactor n
One who injures another
maleficent adj
malevolence n
Ill will
malevolent adj
Wishing evil to others
malign v
To speak evil of, especially to do so falsely and severely
malignant adj
Evil in nature or tending to do great harm or mischief
malleable adj
mallet n
A wooden hammer
maltreat v
To treat ill, unkindly, roughly, or abusively
man-eater n
An animal that devours human beings
man-trap n
A place or structure dangerous to human life
mandate n
A command
mandatory adj
Expressive of positive command, as distinguished from merely directory
mane n
The long hair growing upon and about the neck of certain animals, as the horse and the lion
maneuver v
To make adroit or artful moves: manage affairs by strategy
mania n
maniac n
a person raving with madness
manifesto n
A public declaration, making announcement, explanation or defense of intentions, or motives
manlike adj
Like a man
manliness n
The qualities characteristic of a true man, as bravery, resolution, etc
mannerism n
Constant or excessive adherence to one manner, style, or peculiarity, as of action or conduct
manor n
The landed estate of a lord or nobleman
mantel n
The facing, sometimes richly ornamented, about a fireplace, including the usual shelf above it
mantle n
A cloak
manufacturer n
A person engaged in manufacturing as a business
manumission n
manumit v
To set free from bondage
marine adj
Of or pertaining to the sea or matters connected with the sea
maritime adj
Situated on or near the sea
maroon v
To put ashore and abandon (a person) on a desolate coast or island
martial adj
Pertaining to war or military operations
Martian adj
Pertaining to Mars, either the Roman god of war or the planet
martyrdom n
Submission to death or persecution for the sake of faith or principle
marvel v
To be astonished and perplexed because of (something)
masonry n
The art or work of constructing, as buildings, walls, etc., with regularly arranged stones
masquerade n
A social party composed of persons masked and costumed so as to be disguised
massacre n
The unnecessary and indiscriminate killing of human beings
massive adj
Of considerable bulk and weight
masterpiece n
A superior production
mastery n
The attainment of superior skill
material n
That of which anything is composed or may be constructed
materialize v
To take perceptible or substantial form
maternal adj
Pertaining or peculiar to a mother or to motherhood
matinee n
An entertainment (especially theatrical) held in the daytime
matrimony n
The union of a man and a woman in marriage
matrix n
That which contains and gives shape or form to anything
matter of fact n
Something that has actual and undeniable existence or reality
maudlin adj
Foolishly and tearfully affectionate
mausoleum n
A tomb of more than ordinary size or architectural pretensions
mawkish adj
Sickening or insipid
maxim n
A principle accepted as true and acted on as a rule or guide
maze n
A labyrinth
mead n
A meadow
meager adj
mealy-mouthed adj
Afraid to express facts or opinions plainly
meander v
To wind and turn while proceeding in a course
mechanics n
The branch of physics that treats the phenomena caused by the action of forces
medallion n
A large medal
meddlesome adj
medial adj
Of or pertaining to the middle
mediate v
To effect by negotiating as an agent between parties
medicine n
A substance possessing or reputed to possess curative or remedial properties
medieval adj
Belonging or relating to or descriptive of the middle ages
mediocre adj
meditation n
The turning or revolving of a subject in the mind
medley n
A composition of different songs or parts of songs arranged to run as a continuous whole
meliorate v
To make better or improve, as in quality or social or physical condition
mellifluous adj
Sweetly or smoothly flowing
melodious adj
Characterized by a sweet succession of sounds
melodrama n
A drama with a romantic story or plot and sensational situation and incidents
memento n
A souvenir
memorable adj
menace n
A threat
menagerie n
A collection of wild animals, especially when kept for exhibition
mendacious adj
mendicant n
A beggar
mentality n
mentor n
A wise and faithful teacher, guide, and friend
mercantile adj
Conducted or acting on business principles; commercial
mercenary adj
merciful adj
Disposed to pity and forgive
merciless adj
meretricious adj
Alluring by false or gaudy show
mesmerize v
To hypnotize
messieurs n pl
metal n
An element that forms a base by combining with oxygen, is usually hard, heavy, and lustrous
metallurgy n
The art or science of extracting a metal from ores, as by smelting
metamorphosis n
A passing from one form or shape into another
metaphor n
A figure of speech in which one object is likened to another, by speaking as if the other
metaphysical adj
metaphysician n
One skilled in metaphysics
metaphysics n
The principles of philosophy as applied to explain the methods of any particular science
mete v
To apportion
metempsychosis n
Transition of the soul of a human being at death into another body, whether human or beast
meticulous adj
metonymy n
A figure of speech that consists in the naming of a thing by one of its attributes
metric adj
Relating to measurement
metronome n
An instrument for indicating and marking exact time in music
metropolis n
A chief city, either the capital or the largest or most important city of a state
metropolitan adj
Pertaining to a chief city
mettle n
mettlesome adj
Having courage or spirit
microcosm n
The world or universe on a small scale
micrometer n
An instrument for measuring very small angles or dimensions
microphone n
An apparatus for magnifying faint sounds
microscope n
An instrument for assisting the eye in the vision of minute objects or features of objects
microscopic adj
Adapted to or characterized by minute observation
microscopy n
The art of examing objects with the microscope
midsummer n
The middle of the summer
midwife n
A woman who makes a business of assisting at childbirth
mien n
The external appearance or manner of a person
migrant adj
migrate v
To remove or pass from one country, region, or habitat to another
migratory adj
mileage n
A distance in miles
militant adj
Of a warlike or combative disposition or tendency
militarism n
A policy of maintaining great standing armies
militate v
To have weight or influence (in determining a question)
militia n
Those citizens, collectively, who are enrolled and drilled in temporary military organizations
Milky Way n
The galaxy
millet n
A grass cultivated for forage and cereal
mimic v
To imitate the speech or actions of
miniature adj
Much smaller than reality or that the normal size
minimize v
To reduce to the smallest possible amount or degree
minion n
A servile favorite
ministration n
Any religious ceremonial
ministry n
A service
minority n
The smaller in number of two portions into which a number or a group is divided
minute adj
Exceedingly small in extent or quantity
minutia n
A small or unimportant particular or detail
mirage n
An optical effect looking like a sheet of water in the desert
misadventure n
An unlucky accident
misanthropic adj
Hating mankind
misanthropy n
Hatred of mankind
misapprehend v
To misunderstand
misbehave v
To behave ill
misbehavior n
Ill or improper behavior
mischievous adj
Fond of tricks
miscount v
To make a mistake in counting
miscreant n
A villain
misdeed n
A wrong or improper act
misdemeanor n
Evil conduct, small crime
miser n
A person given to saving and hoarding unduly
mishap n
misinterpret v
To misunderstand
mislay v
To misplace
mismanage v
To manage badly, improperly, or unskillfully
misnomer n
A name wrongly or mistakenly applied
misogamy n
Hatred of marriage
misogyny n
Hatred of women
misplace v
To put into a wrong place
misrepresent v
To give a wrong impression
misrule v
To misgovern
missal n
The book containing the service for the celebration of mass
missile n
Any object, especially a weapon, thrown or intended to be thrown
missive n
A message in writing
mistrust v
To regard with suspicion or jealousy
misty adj
Lacking clearness
misunderstand v
To Take in a wrong sense
misuse v
To maltreat
mite n
A very small amount, portion, or particle
miter n
The junction of two bodies at an equally divided angle
mitigate v
To make milder or more endurable
mnemonics n
A system of principles and formulas designed to assist the recollection in certain instances
moat n
A ditch on the outside of a fortress wall
mobocracy n
Lawless control of public affairs by the mob or populace
moccasin n
A foot-covering made of soft leather or buckskin
mockery n
moderation n
moderator n
The presiding officer of a meeting
modernity n
The state or character of being modern
modernize v
To make characteristic of the present or of recent times
modification n
A change
modify v
To make somewhat different
modish adj
modulate v
To vary in tone, inflection, pitch or other quality of sound
mollify v
To soothe
molt v
To cast off, as hair, feathers, etc
momentary adj
Lasting but a short time
momentous adj
Very significant
momentum n
An impetus
monarchy n
Government by a single, sovereign ruler
monastery n
A dwelling-place occupied in common by persons under religious vows of seclusion
monetary adj
mongrel n
The progeny resulting from the crossing of different breeds or varieties
monition n
Friendly counsel given by way of warning and implying caution or reproof
monitory n
Admonition or warning
monocracy n
Government by a single person
monogamy n
The habit of pairing, or having but one mate
monogram n
A character consisting of two or more letters interwoven into one, usually initials of a name
monograph n
A treatise discussing a single subject or branch of a subject
monolith n
Any structure or sculpture in stone formed of a single piece
monologue n
A story or drama told or performed by one person
monomania n
The unreasonable pursuit of one idea
monopoly n
The control of a thing, as a commodity, to enable a person to raise its price
monosyllable n
A word of one syllable
monotone n
The sameness or monotony of utterance
monotonous adj
Unchanging and tedious
monotony n
A lack of variety
monsieur n
A French title of respect, equivalent to Mr. and sir
monstrosity n
Anything unnaturally huge or distorted
moonbeam n
A ray of moonlight
morale n
A state of mind with reference to confidence, courage, zeal, and the like
moralist n
A writer on ethics
morality n
moralize v
To render virtuous
moratorium n
An emergency legislation authorizing a government suspend some action temporarily
morbid adj
Caused by or denoting a diseased or unsound condition of body or mind
mordacious adj
Biting or giving to biting
mordant adj
moribund adj
On the point of dying
morose adj
morphology n
the science of organic forms
motley adj
Composed of heterogeneous or inharmonious elements
motto n
An expressive word or pithy sentence enunciating some guiding rule of life, or faith
mountaineer n
One who travels among or climbs mountains for pleasure or exercise
mountainous adj
Full of or abounding in mountains
mouthful n
As much as can be or is usually put into the or exercise
muddle v
To confuse or becloud, especially with or as with drink
muffle v
To deaden the sound of, as by wraps
mulatto n
The offspring of a white person and a black person
muleteer n
A mule-driver
multiform adj
Having many shapes, or appearances
multiplicity n
the condition of being manifold or very various
mundane adj
Worldly, as opposed to spiritual or celestial
municipal adj
Of or pertaining to a town or city, or to its corporate or local government
municipality n
A district enjoying municipal government
munificence n
A giving characterized by generous motives and extraordinary liberality
munificent adj
Extraordinarily generous
muster n
An assemblage or review of troops for parade or inspection, or for numbering off
mutation n
The act or process of change
mutilate v
To disfigure
mutiny n
Rebellion against lawful or constituted authority
myriad n
A vast indefinite number
mystic n
One who professes direct divine illumination, or relies upon meditation to acquire truth
mystification n
The act of artfully perplexing
myth n
A fictitious narrative presented as historical, but without any basis of fact
mythology n
The whole body of legends cherished by a race concerning gods and heroes
nameless adj
Having no fame or reputation
naphtha n
A light, colorless, volatile, inflammable oil used as a solvent, as in manufacture of paints
Narcissus n
The son of the Athenian river-god Cephisus, fabled to have fallen in love with his reflection
narrate v
To tell a story
narration n
The act of recounting the particulars of an event in the order of time or occurrence
narrative n
An orderly continuous account of the successive particulars of an event
narrator n
One who narrates anything
narrow-minded adj
Characterized by illiberal views or sentiments
nasal adj
Pertaining to the nose
nationality n
A connection with a particular nation
naturally adv
According to the usual order of things
nausea n
An affection of the stomach producing dizziness and usually an impulse to vomit
nauseate v
To cause to loathe
nauseous adj
nautical adj
Pertaining to ships, seamen, or navigation
naval adj
Pertaining to ships
navel n
The depression on the abdomen where the umbilical cord of the fetus was attached
navigable adj
Capable of commercial navigation
navigate v
To traverse by ship
nebula n
A gaseous body of unorganized stellar substance
necessary adj
Indispensably requisite or absolutely needed to accomplish a desired result
necessitate v
To render indispensable
necessity n
That which is indispensably requisite to an end desired
necrology n
A list of persons who have died in a certain place or time
necromancer n
One who practices the art of foretelling the future by means of communication with the dead
necropolis n
A city of the dead
necrosis n
the death of part of the body
nectar n
Any especially sweet and delicious drink
nectarine n
A variety of the peach
needlework n
needy adj
Being in need, want, or poverty
nefarious adj
Wicked in the extreme
negate v
To deny
negation n
The act of denying or of asserting the falsity of a proposition
neglectful adj
Exhibiting or indicating omission
negligee n
A loose gown worn by women
negligence n
Omission of that which ought to be done
negligent adj
Apt to omit what ought to be done
negligible adj
Transferable by assignment, endorsement, or delivery
negotiable v
To bargain with others for an agreement, as for a treaty or transfer of property
Nemesis n
A goddess; divinity of chastisement and vengeance
neo-Darwinsim n
Darwinism as modified and extended by more recent students
neo-Latin n
Modernized Latin
neocracy n
Government administered by new or untried persons
Neolithic adj
Pertaining to the later stone age
neology n
The coining or using of new words or new meanings of words
neopaganism n
A new or revived paganism
neophyte adj
Having the character of a beginner
nestle v
To adjust cozily in snug quarters
nestling adj
Recently hatched
nettle v
To excite sensations of uneasiness or displeasure in
network n
Anything that presents a system of cross- lines
neural adj
Pertaining to the nerves or nervous system
neurology n
The science of the nervous system
neuter adj
Neither masculine nor feminine
neutral adj
Belonging to or under control of neither of two contestants
nevertheless conj
Newtonian adj
Of or pertaining to Sir Isaac Newton, the English philosopher
niggardly adj
Stingy (no longer acceptable to use)
nihilist n
An advocate of the doctrine that nothing either exists or can be known
nil n
nimble adj
Light and quick in motion or action
nit n
The egg of a louse or some other insect
nocturnal adj
Of or pertaining to the night
noiseless adj
noisome adj
Very offensive, particularly to the sense of smell
noisy adj
nomad adj
Having no fixed abode
nomic adj
Usual or customary
nominal adj
nominate v
To designate as a candidate for any office
nomination n
The act or ceremony of naming a man or woman for office
nominee n
One who receives a nomination
non-combatant n
One attached to the army or navy, but having duties other than that of fighting
non-existent n
That which does not exist
non-resident adj
Not residing within a given jurisdiction
nonchalance n
A state of mind indicating lack of interest
nondescript adj
nonentity n
A person or thing of little or no account
nonpareil n
One who or that which is of unequaled excellence
norm n
A model
normalcy n
The state of being normal
Norman adj
Of or peculiar to Normandy, in northern France
nostrum n
Any scheme or recipe of a charlatan character
noticeable adj
notorious adj
Unfavorably known to the general public
novellette n
A short novel
novice n
A beginner in any business or occupation
nowadays adv
In the present time or age
nowhere adv
In no place or state
noxious adj
nuance n
A slight degree of difference in anything perceptible to the sense of the mind
nucleus n
A central point or part about which matter is aggregated
nude adj
nugatory adj
Having no power or force
nuisance n
That which annoys, vexes, or irritates
numeration n
The act or art of reading or naming numbers
numerical adj
Of or pertaining to number
nunnery n
A convent for nuns
nuptial adj
Of or pertaining to marriage, especially to the marriage ceremony
nurture n
The process of fostering or promoting growth
nutriment n
That which nourishes
nutritive adj
Having nutritious properties
oaken adj
Made of or from oak
oakum n
Hemp-fiber obtained by untwisting and picking out loosely the yarns of old hemp rope
obdurate adj
Impassive to feelings of humanity or pity
obelisk n
A square shaft with pyramidal top, usually monumental or commemorative
obese adj
Exceedingly fat
obesity n
Excessive fatness
obituary adj
A published notice of a death
objective adj
Grasping and representing facts as they are
objector n
One who objects, as to a proposition, measure, or ruling
obligate v
To hold to the fulfillment of duty
obligatory adj
Binding in law or conscience
oblique adj
Slanting; said of lines
obliterate v
To cause to disappear
oblivion n
The state of having passed out of the memory or of being utterly forgotten
oblong adj
Longer than broad: applied most commonly to rectangular objects considerably elongated
obnoxious adj
obsequies n
Funeral rites
obsequious adj
Showing a servile readiness to fall in with the wishes or will of another
observance n
A traditional form or customary act
observant adj
Quick to notice
observatory n
A building designed for systematic astronomical observations
obsolescence n
The condition or process of gradually falling into disuse
obsolescent adj
Passing out of use, as a word
obsolete adj
No longer practiced or accepted
obstetrician n
A practitioner of midwifery
obstetrics n
The branch of medical science concerned with the treatment and care of women during pregnancy
obstreperous adj
obstruct v
To fill with impediments so as to prevent passage, either wholly or in part
obstruction n
obtrude v
To be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence
obtrusive adj
Tending to be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence
obvert v
To turn the front or principal side of (a thing) toward any person or object
obviate v
To clear away or provide for, as an objection or difficulty
occasion n
An important event or celebration
Occident n
The countries lying west of Asia and the Turkish dominions
occlude v
To absorb, as a gas by a metal
occult adj
Existing but not immediately perceptible
occupant n
A tenant in possession of property, as distinguished from the actual owner
occurrence n
A happening
octagon n
A figure with eight sides and eight angles
octave n
A note at this interval above or below any other, considered in relation to that other
octavo n
A book, or collection of paper in which the sheets are so folded as to make eight leaves
octogenarian adj
A person of between eighty and ninety years
ocular adj
Of or pertaining to the eye
oculist n
One versed or skilled in treating diseases of the eye
oddity n
An eccentricity
ode n
The form of lyric poetry anciently intended to be sung
odious adj
odium n
A feeling of extreme repugnance, or of dislike and disgust
odoriferous adj
Having or diffusing an odor or scent, especially an agreeable one
odorous adj
Having an odor, especially a fragrant one
off adj
Farther or more distant
offhand adv
Without preparation
officiate v
To act as an officer or leader
offshoot n
Something that branches off from the parent stock
ogre n
A demon or monster that was supposed to devour human beings
ointment n
A fatty preparation with a butter-like consistency in which a medicinal substance exists
olfactory adj
of or pertaining to the sense of smell
olive-branch n
A branch of the olive-tree, as an emblem of peace
ominous adj
omission n
omnipotence n
Unlimited and universal power
Omnipotent adj
Possessed of unlimited and universal power
omniscience n
Unlimited or infinite knowledge
omniscient adj
Characterized by unlimited or infinite knowledge
omnivorous adj
Eating or living upon food of all kinds indiscriminately
onerous adj
Burdensome or oppressive
onrush n
onset n
An assault, especially of troops, upon an enemy or fortification
onslaught n
A violent onset
onus n
A burden or responsibility
opalescence n
The property of combined refraction and reflection of light, resulting in smoky tints
opaque adj
Impervious to light
operate v
To put in action and supervise the working of
operative adj
operator n
One who works with or controls some machine or scientific apparatus
operetta n
A humorous play in dialogue and music, of more than one act
opinion n
A conclusion or judgment held with confidence, but falling short of positive knowledge
opponent n
One who supports the opposite side in a debate, discussion, struggle, or sport
opportune adj
Especially fit as occurring, said, or done at the right moment
opportunist n
One who takes advantage of circumstances to gain his ends
opportunity n
Favorable or advantageous chance or opening
opposite adj
Radically different or contrary in action or movement
opprobrium n
The state of being scornfully reproached or accused of evil
optic n
Pertaining to the eye or vision
optician n
One who makes or deals in optical instruments or eye-glasses
optics n
The science that treats of light and vision, and all that is connected with sight
optimism n
The view that everything in nature and the history of mankind is ordered for the best
option n
The right, power, or liberty of choosing
optometry n
Measurement of the powers of vision
opulence n
opulent adj
oral adj
Uttered through the mouth
orate v
To deliver an elaborate or formal public speech
oration n
An elaborate or formal public speech
orator n
One who delivers an elaborate or formal speech
oratorio n
A composition for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra, generally taken from the Scriptures
oratory n
The art of public speaking
ordeal n
Anything that severely tests courage, strength, patience, conscience, etc
ordinal n
That form of the numeral that shows the order of anything in a series, as first, second, third
ordination n
A consecration to the ministry
ordnance n
A general name for all kinds of weapons and their appliances used in war
orgies n
Wild or wanton revelry
origin n
The beginning of that which becomes or is made to be
original adj
Not copied nor produced by imitation
originate v
To cause or constitute the beginning or first stage of the existence of
ornate adj
Ornamented to a marked degree
orthodox adj
Holding the commonly accepted faith
orthodoxy n
Acceptance of the common faith
orthogonal adj
Having or determined by right angles
orthopedic adj
Relating to the correcting or preventing of deformity
orthopedist n
One who practices the correcting or preventing of deformity
oscillate v
To swing back and forth
osculate v
To kiss
ossify v
to convert into bone
ostentation n
A display dictated by vanity and intended to invite applause or flattery
ostracism n
Exclusion from intercourse or favor, as in society or politics
ostracize v
To exclude from public or private favor
ought v
To be under moral obligation to be or do
oust v
To eject
out-and-out adv
out-of-the-way adj
Remotely situated
outbreak n
A sudden and violent breaking forth, as of something that has been pent up or restrained
outburst n
A violent issue, especially of passion in an individual
outcast n
One rejected and despised, especially socially
outcry n
A vehement or loud cry or clamor
outdo v
To surpass
outlandish adj
Of barbarous, uncouth, and unfamiliar aspect or action
outlast v
To last longer than
outlaw n
A habitual lawbreaker
outlive v
To continue to exist after
outpost n
A detachment of troops stationed at a distance from the main body to guard against surprise
outrage n
A gross infringement of morality or decency
outrageous adj
Shocking in conduct
outreach v
To reach or go beyond
outride v
To ride faster than
outrigger n
A part built or arranged to project beyond a natural outline for support
outright adv
outskirt n
A border region
outstretch v
To extend
outstrip v
To go beyond
outweigh v
To surpass in importance or excellence
overdo v
To overtax the strength of
overdose n
An excessive dose, usually so large a dose of a medicine that its effect is toxic
overeat v
To eat to excess
overhang n
A portion of a structure which projects or hangs over
overleap v
To leap beyond
overlord n
One who holds supremacy over another
overpass v
To pass across or over, as a river
overpay v
To pay or reward in excess
overpower v
To gain supremacy or victory over by superior power
overproduction n
Excessive production
overreach v
To stretch out too far
overrun v
To infest or ravage
oversee v
To superintend
overseer n
A supervisor
overshadow v
To cast into the shade or render insignificant by comparison
overstride v
To step beyond
overthrow v
To vanquish an established ruler or government
overtone n
A harmonic
overture n
An instrumental prelude to an opera, oratorio, or ballet
overweight n
pacify v
To bring into a peaceful state
packet n
A bundle, as of letters
pact n
A covenant
pagan n
A worshiper of false gods
pageant n
A dramatic representation, especially a spectacular one
palate n
The roof of the mouth
palatial adj
paleontology n
The branch of biology that treats of ancient life and fossil organisms
palette n
A thin tablet, with a hole for the thumb, upon which artists lay their colors for painting
palinode n
A retraction
pall v
To make dull by satiety
palliate v
To cause to appear less guilty
pallid adj
Of a pale or wan appearance
palpable n
perceptible by feeling or touch
palsy n
paly adj
Lacking color or brilliancy
pamphlet n
A brief treatise or essay, usually on a subject of current interest
pamphleteer v
To compose or issue pamphlets, especially controversial ones
Pan-American adj
Including or pertaining to the whole of America, both North and South
panacea n
A remedy or medicine proposed for or professing to cure all diseases
pandemic adj
Affecting a whole people or all classes, as a disease
pandemonium n
A fiendish or riotous uproar
panegyric n
A formal and elaborate eulogy, written or spoken, of a person or of an act
panel n
A rectangular piece set in or as in a frame
panic n
A sudden, unreasonable, overpowering fear
panoply n
A full set of armor
panorama n
A series of large pictures representing a continuous scene
pantheism n
The worship of nature for itself or its beauty
Pantheon n
A circular temple at Rome with a fine Corinthian portico and a great domed roof
pantomime n
pantoscope n
A very wide-angled photographic lens
papacy n
The official head of the Roman Catholic Church
papyrus n
The writing-paper of the ancient Egyptians, and later of the Romans
parable n
A brief narrative founded on real scenes or events usually with a moral
paradox n
A statement or doctrine seemingly in contradiction to the received belief
paragon n
A model of excellence
parallel v
To cause to correspond or lie in the same direction and equidistant in all parts
parallelism n
Essential likeness
paralysis n
Loss of the power of contractility in the voluntary or involuntary muscles
paralyze v
To deprive of the power to act
paramount adj
Supreme in authority
paramour n
One who is unlawfully and immorally a lover or a mistress
paraphernalia n
Miscellaneous articles of equipment or adornment
paraphrase v
Translate freely
pare v
To cut, shave, or remove (the outside) from anything
parentage n
The relation of parent to child, of the producer to the produced, or of cause to effect
Pariah n
A member of a degraded class; a social outcast
parish n
The ecclesiastical district in charge of a pastor
Parisian adj
Of or pertaining to the city of Paris
parity n
Equality, as of condition or rank
parlance n
Mode of speech
parley v
To converse in
parliament n
A legislative body
parlor n
A room for reception of callers or entertainment of guests
parody v
To render ludicrous by imitating the language of
paronymous adj
Derived from the same root or primitive word
paroxysm n
A sudden outburst of any kind of activity
parricide n
The murder of a parent
parse v
To describe, as a sentence, by separating it into its elements and describing each word
parsimonious adj
Unduly sparing in the use or expenditure of money
partible adj
participant n
One having a share or part
participate v
To receive or have a part or share of
partisan adj
Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party
partition n
That which separates anything into distinct parts
passible adj
Capable of feeling of suffering
passive adj
pastoral adj
Having the spirit or sentiment of rural life
paternal adj
paternity n
pathos n
The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy
patriarch n
The chief of a tribe or race who rules by paternal right
patrician adj
Of senatorial or noble rank
patronize v
To exercise an arrogant condescension toward
patter v
To mumble something over and over
paucity n
pauper n
One without means of support
pauperism n
Dependence on charity
pavilion n
An open structure for temporary shelter
payee n
A person to whom money has been or is to be paid
peaceable adj
peaceful adj
peccable adj
Capable of sinning
peccadillo n
A small breach of propriety or principle
peccant adj
pectoral adj
Pertaining to the breast or thorax
pecuniary adj
Consisting of money
pedagogics n
The science and art of teaching
pedagogue n
A schoolmaster
pedagogy n
The science and art of teaching
pedal n
A lever for the foot usually applied only to musical instruments, cycles, and other machines
pedant n
A scholar who makes needless and inopportune display of his learning
peddle v
To go about with a small stock of goods to sell
peddler n
One who travels from house to house with an assortment of goods for retail
pedestal n
A base or support as for a column, statue, or vase
pedestrian n
One who journeys on foot
pediatrics n
The department of medical science that relates to the treatment of diseases of childhood
peerage n
The nobility
peerless adj
Of unequaled excellence or worth
peevish adj
Petulant (irritable)
pellucid adj
penalty n
The consequences that follow the transgression of natural or divine law
penance n
Punishment to which one voluntarily submits or subjects himself as an expression of penitence
penchant n
A bias in favor of something
pendant n
Anything that hangs from something else, either for ornament or for use
pendulous adj
Hanging, especially so as to swing by an attached end or part
pendulum n
A weight hung on a rod, serving by its oscillation to regulate the rate of a clock
penetrable adj
That may be pierced by physical, moral, or intellectual force
penetrate v
To enter or force a way into the interior parts of
penetration n
peninsular adj
Pertaining to a piece of land almost surrounded by water
penitence n
Sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone
penitential adj
Pertaining to sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone
pennant n
A small flag
pension n
A periodical allowance to an individual on account of past service done by him/her
pentad n
The number five
pentagon n
A figure, especially, with five angles and five sides
pentagram n
A figure having five points or lobes
pentahedron n
A solid bounded by five plane faces
pentameter n
In prosody, a line of verse containing five units or feet
pentathlon n
The contest of five associated exercises in the great games and the same contestants
pentavalent adj
penultimate adj
A syllable or member of a series that is last but one
penurious adj
Excessively sparing in the use of money
penury n
perambulate v
To walk about
perceive v
To have knowledge of, or receive impressions concerning, through the medium of the body senses
perceptible adj
perception n
Knowledge through the senses of the existence and properties of matter or the external world
percipience n
The act of perceiving
percipient n
One who or that which perceives
percolate v
To filter
percolator n
A filter
percussion n
The sharp striking of one body against another
peremptory adj
Precluding question or appeal
perennial adj
Continuing though the year or through many years
perfectible adj
Capable of being made perfect
perfidy n
perforate v
To make a hole or holes through
perform v
To accomplish
perfumery n
The preparation of perfumes
perfunctory adj
perhaps adv
perigee n
The point in the orbit of the moon when it is nearest the earth
periodicity n
The habit or characteristic of recurrence at regular intervals
peripatetic adj
Walking about
perjure v
To swear falsely to
perjury n
A solemn assertion of a falsity
permanence n
A continuance in the same state, or without any change that destroys the essential form or nature
permanent adj
permeate v
To pervade
permissible adj
That may be allowed
permutation n
Reciprocal change, different ordering of same items
pernicious adj
Tending to kill or hurt
perpendicular adj
Straight up and down
perpetrator n
The doer of a wrong or a criminal act
perpetuate v
To preserve from extinction or oblivion
perquisite n
Any profit from service beyond the amount fixed as salary or wages
persecution n
Harsh or malignant oppression
perseverance n
A persistence in purpose and effort
persevere v
To continue striving in spite of discouragements
persiflage n
persist v
To continue steadfast against opposition
persistence n
A fixed adherence to a resolve, course of conduct, or the like
personage n
A man or woman as an individual, especially one of rank or high station
personal adj
Not general or public
personality n
The attributes, taken collectively, that make up the character and nature of an individual
personnel n
The force of persons collectively employed in some service
perspective n
The relative importance of facts or matters from any special point of view
perspicacious adj
perspicacity n
Acuteness or discernment
perspicuous adj
perspiration n
perspire v
To excrete through the pores of the skin
persuadable adj
capable of influencing to action by entreaty, statement, or anything that moves the feelings
persuade v
To win the mind of by argument, eloquence, evidence, or reflection
pertinacious adj
Persistent or unyielding
pertinacity n
Unyielding adherence
pertinent adj
perturb v
To disturb greatly
perturbation n
Mental excitement or confusion
perusal n
The act of reading carefully or thoughtfully
pervade v
To pass or spread through every part
pervasion n
The state of spreading through every part
pervasive adj
Thoroughly penetrating or permeating
perverse adj
perversion n
Diversion from the true meaning or proper purpose
perversity n
pervert n
One who has forsaken a doctrine regarded as true for one esteemed false
pervious adj
Admitting the entrance or passage of another substance
pestilence n
A raging epidemic
pestilent adj
Having a malign influence or effect
pestilential adj
having the nature of or breeding pestilence
peter v
To fail or lose power, efficiency, or value
petrify v
To convert into a substance of stony hardness and character
petulance n
The character or condition of being impatient, capricious or petulant
petulant adj
Displaying impatience
pharmacopoeia n
A book containing the formulas and methods of preparation of medicines for the use of druggists
pharmacy n
The art or business of compounding and dispensing medicines
phenomenal adj
Extraordinary or marvelous
phenomenon n
Any unusual occurrence
philander v
To play at courtship with a woman
philanthropic adj
philanthropist n
One who endeavors to help his fellow men
philanthropy n
Active humanitarianism
philately n
The study and collection of stamps
philharmonic adj
Fond of music
philogynist n
One who is fond of women
philologist n
An expert in linguistics
philology n
The study of language in connection with history and literature
philosophize v
To seek ultimate causes and principles
philosophy n
The general principles, laws, or causes that furnish the rational explanation of anything
phlegmatic adj
Not easily roused to feeling or action
phonetic adj
Representing articulate sounds or speech
phonic adj
Pertaining to the nature of sound
phonogram n
A graphic character symbolizing an articulate sound
phonology n
The science of human vocal sounds
phosphorescence n
The property of emitting light
photoelectric adj
Pertaining to the combined action of light and electricity
photometer n
Any instrument for measuring the intensity of light or comparing the intensity of two lights
photometry n
The art of measuring the intensity of light
physicist n
A specialist in the science that treats of the phenomena associated with matter and energy
physics n
The science that treats of the phenomena associated with matter and energy
physiocracy n
The doctrine that land and its products are the only true wealth
physiognomy n
The external appearance merely
physiography n
Description of nature
physiology n
The science of organic functions
physique n
The physical structure or organization of a person
picayune adj
Of small value
piccolo n
A small flute
piece n
A loose or separated part, as distinguished from the whole or the mass
piecemeal adv
pillage n
Open robbery, as in war
pillory n
A wooden framework in which an offender is fastened to boards and is exposed to public scorn
pincers n
An instrument having two lever-handles and two jaws working on a pivot
pinchers n
An instrument having two jaws working on a pivot
pinnacle n
A high or topmost point, as a mountain-peak
pioneer n
One among the first to explore a country
pious adj
pique v
To excite a slight degree of anger in
piteous adj
pitiable adj
pitiful adj
pitiless adj
pittance n
Any small portion or meager allowance
placate v
To bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or friendliness
placid adj
planisphere n
A polar projection of the heavens on a chart
plasticity n
The property of some substances through which the form of the mass can readily be changed
platitude n
A written or spoken statement that is flat, dull, or commonplace
plaudit n
An expression of applause
plausible adj
Seeming likely to be true, though open to doubt
playful adj
playwright n
A maker of plays for the stage
plea n
An argument to obtain some desired action
pleasant adj
pleasurable adj
Affording gratification
plebeian adj
pledgee n
The person to whom anything is pledged
pledgeor n
One who gives a pledge
plenary adj
plenipotentiary n
A person fully empowered to transact any business
plenitude n
plenteous adj
plumb n
A weight suspended by a line to test the verticality of something
plummet n
A piece of lead for making soundings, adjusting walls to the vertical
pluperfect adj
Expressing past time or action prior to some other past time or action
plural adj
Containing or consisting of more than one
plurality n
A majority
plutocracy n
A wealthy class in a political community who control the government by means of their money
pneumatic adj
Pertaining to or consisting of air or gas
poesy n
poetaster n
An inferior poet
poetic adj
Pertaining to poetry
poetics n
The rules and principles of poetry
poignancy n
Severity or acuteness, especially of pain or grief
poignant adj
Severely painful or acute to the spirit
poise n
polar adj
Pertaining to the poles of a sphere, especially of the earth
polemics n
The art of controversy or disputation
pollen n
The fine dust-like grains or powder formed within the anther of a flowering plant
pollute v
To contaminate
polyarchy n
Government by several or many persons of what- ever class
polycracy n
The rule of many
polygamy n
the fact or condition of having more than one wife or husband at once
polyglot adj
Speaking several tongues
polygon n
A figure having many angles
polyhedron n
A solid bounded by plane faces, especially by more than four
polysyllable adj
Having several syllables, especially more than three syllables
polytechnic adj
Pertaining to, embracing, or practicing many arts
polytheism n
The doctrine or belief that there are more gods than one
pommel v
To beat with something thick or bulky
pomposity n
The quality of being marked by an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of manner
pompous adj
Marked by an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of manner
ponder v
To meditate or reflect upon
ponderous adj
Unusually weighty or forcible
pontiff n
The Pope
populace n
The common people
populous adj
Containing many inhabitants, especially in proportion to the territory
portend v
To indicate as being about to happen, especially by previous signs
portent n
Anything that indicates what is to happen
portfolio n
A portable case for holding writing-materials, drawings, etc
posit v
To present in an orderly manner
position n
The manner in which a thing is placed
positive adj
Free from doubt or hesitation
posse n
A force of men
possess v
To own
possessor n
One who owns, enjoys, or controls anything, as property
possible adj
Being not beyond the reach of power natural, moral, or supernatural
postdate v
To make the date of any writing later than the real date
posterior n
The hinder part
postgraduate adj
Pertaining to studies that are pursued after receiving a degree
potency n
potent adj
Physically powerful
potentate n
One possessed of great power or sway
potential n
Anything that may be possible
potion n
A dose of liquid medicine
powerless adj
practicable adj
prate v
To talk about vainly or foolishly
prattle v
To utter in simple or childish talk
preamble n
A statement introductory to and explanatory of what follows
precarious adj
precaution n
A provision made in advance for some possible emergency or danger
precede v
To happen first
precedence n
Priority in place, time, or rank
precedent n
An instance that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule
precedential adj
Of the nature of an instance that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule
precession n
The act of going forward
precipice n
A high and very steep or approximately vertical cliff
precipitant adj
Moving onward quickly and heedlessly
precipitate v
To force forward prematurely
precise adj
precision n
Accuracy of limitation, definition, or adjustment
preclude v
To prevent
precocious adj
Having the mental faculties prematurely developed
precursor n
A forerunner or herald
predatory adj
Prone to pillaging
predecessor n
An incumbent of a given office previous to another
predicament n
A difficult, trying situation or plight
predicate v
To state as belonging to something
predict v
To foretell
prediction n
A prophecy
predominance n
Ascendancy or preponderance
predominant adj
Superior in power, influence, effectiveness, number, or degree
predominate v
To be chief in importance, quantity, or degree
preeminence n
Special eminence
preempt v
To secure the right of preference in the purchase of public land
preemption n
The right or act of purchasing before others
preengage v
To preoccupy
preestablish v
To settle or arrange beforehand
preexist v
To exist at a period or in a state earlier than something else
preexistence n
Existence antecedent to something
preface n
A brief explanation or address to the reader, at the beginning of a book
prefatory adj
Pertaining to a brief explanation to the reader at the beginning of a book
prefer v
To hold in higher estimation
preferable adj
More desirable than others
preference n
An object of favor or choice
preferential adj
Possessing, giving, or constituting preference or priority
preferment n
prefix v
To attach at the beginning
prehensible adj
Capable of being grasped
prehensile adj
Adapted for grasping or holding
prehension n
The act of laying hold of or grasping
prejudice n
A judgment or opinion formed without due examination of the facts
prelacy n
A system of church government
prelate n
One of a higher order of clergy having direct authority over other clergy
prelude n
An introductory or opening performance
premature adj
Coming too soon
premier adj
First in rank or position
premise n
A judgment as a conclusion
premonition n
preoccupation n
The state of having the mind, attention, or inclination preoccupied
preoccupy v
To fill the mind of a person to the exclusion of other subjects
preordain v
To foreordain
preparation n
An act or proceeding designed to bring about some event
preparatory adj
Having to do with what is preliminary
preponderant adj
preponderate v
To exceed in influence or power
prepossession n
A preconceived liking
preposterous adj
Utterly ridiculous or absurd
prerogative adj
Having superior rank or precedence
presage v
To foretell
prescience n
Knowledge of events before they take place
prescient adj
prescript adj
Prescribed as a rule or model
prescriptible adj
Derived from authoritative direction
prescription n
An authoritative direction
presentient adj
Perceiving or feeling beforehand
presentiment n
presentment n
preservation n
presumption n
That which may be logically assumed to be true until disproved
presumptuous adj
Assuming too much
pretension n
A bold or presumptuous assertion
pretentious adj
Marked by pretense, conceit, or display
preternatural adj
pretext n
A fictitious reason or motive
prevalence n
prevalent adj
Of wide extent or frequent occurrence
prevaricate v
To use ambiguous or evasive language for the purpose of deceiving or diverting attention
prevention n
prickle v
To puncture slightly with fine, sharp points
priggish adj
prim adj
Stiffly proper
prima adj
primer n
An elementary reading-book for children
primeval adj
Belonging to the first ages
primitive adj
Pertaining to the beginning or early times
principal adj
Most important
principality n
The territory of a reigning prince
principle n
A general truth or proposition
priory n
A monastic house
pristine adj
privateer n
A vessel owned and officered by private persons, but carrying on maritime war
privilege n
A right or immunity not enjoyed by all, or that may be enjoyed only under special conditions
privity n
Knowledge shared with another or others regarding a private matter
privy adj
Participating with another or others in the knowledge of a secret transaction
probate adj
Relating to making proof, as of a will
probation n
Any proceeding designed to ascertain or test character, qualification, or the like
probe v
To search through and through
probity n
Virtue or integrity tested and confirmed
procedure n
A manner or method of acting
proceed v
To renew motion or action, as after rest or interruption
proclamation n
Any announcement made in a public manner
procrastinate v
To put off till tomorrow or till a future time
procrastination n
proctor n
An agent acting for another
prodigal n
One wasteful or extravagant, especially in the use of money or property
prodigious adj
prodigy n
A person or thing of very remarkable gifts or qualities
productive adj
Yielding in abundance
profession n
Any calling or occupation involving special mental or other special disciplines
professor n
A public teacher of the highest grade in a university or college
proffer v
To offer to another for acceptance
proficiency n
An advanced state of acquirement, as in some knowledge, art, or science
proficient adj
Possessing ample and ready knowledge or of skill in any art, science, or industry
profile n
An outline or contour
profiteer n
One who profits
profligacy n
Shameless viciousness
profligate adj
Abandoned to vice
profuse adj
Produced or displayed in overabundance
progeny n
progression n
A moving forward or proceeding in course
prohibition n
A decree or an order forbidding something
prohibitionist n
One who favors the prohibition by law of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages
prohibitory adj
Involving or equivalent to prohibition, especially of the sale of alcoholic beverages
projection n
A prominence
proletarian n
A person of the lowest or poorest class
prolific adj
Producing offspring or fruit
prolix adj
prologue n
A prefatory statement or explanation to a poem, discourse, or performance
prolong v
To extend in time or duration
promenade v
To walk for amusement or exercise
prominence n
The quality of being noticeable or distinguished
prominent adj
Conspicuous in position, character, or importance
promiscuous adj
Brought together without order, distinction, or design (for sex)
promissory adj
Expressing an engagement to pay
promontory n
A high point of land extending outward from the coastline into the sea
promoter n
A furtherer, forwarder, or encourager
promulgate v
To proclaim
propaganda n
Any institution or systematic scheme for propagating a doctrine or system
propagate v
To spread abroad or from person to person
propel v
To drive or urge forward
propellant adj
propeller n
One who or that which propels
prophecy n
Any prediction or foretelling
prophesy v
To predict or foretell, especially under divine inspiration and guidance
propitious adj
Kindly disposed
proportionate adj
Being in proportion
propriety n
Accordance with recognized usage, custom, or principles
propulsion n
A driving onward or forward
prosaic adj
proscenium n
That part of the stage between the curtain and the orchestra
proscribe v
To reject, as a teaching or a practice, with condemnation or denunciation
proscription n
Any act of condemnation and rejection from favor and privilege
proselyte n
One who has been won over from one religious belief to another
prosody n
The science of poetical forms
prospector n
One who makes exploration, search, or examination, especially for minerals
prospectus n
A paper or pamphlet containing information of a proposed undertaking
prostrate adj
Lying prone, or with the head to the ground
protagonist n
A leader in any enterprise or contest
protection n
Preservation from harm, danger, annoyance, or any other evil
protective adj
protector n
A defender
protege n
One specially cared for and favored by another usually older person
Protestant n
A Christian who denies the authority of the Pope and holds the right of special judgment
protocol n
A declaration or memorandum of agreement less solemn and formal than a treaty
protomartyr n
The earliest victim in any cause
protoplasm n
The substance that forms the principal portion of an animal or vegetable cell
prototype n
A work, original in character, afterward imitated in form or spirit
protract v
To prolong
protrude v
To push out or thrust forth
protrusion n
The act of protruding
protuberance n
Something that swells out from a surrounding surface
protuberant adj
protuberate v
To swell or bulge beyond the surrounding surface
proverb n
A brief, pithy saying, condensing in witty or striking form the wisdom of experience
provident adj
Anticipating and making ready for future wants or emergencies
providential adj
Effected by divine guidance
provincial adj
Uncultured in thought and manner
proviso n
A clause in a contract, will, etc., by which its operation is rendered conditional
provocation n
An action or mode of conduct that excites resentment
prowess n
Strength, skill, and intrepidity in battle
proximately adv
proxy n
A person who is empowered by another to represent him or her in a given matter
prudence n
prudential adj
Proceeding or marked by caution
prudery n
An undue display of modesty or delicacy
prurient adj
Inclined to lascivious thoughts and desires
pseudapostle n
A pretended or false apostle
pseudonym n
A fictitious name, especially when assumed by a writer
pseudonymity n
The state or character of using a fictitious name
psychiatry n
The branch of medicine that relates to mental disease
psychic adj
Pertaining to the mind or soul
psychopathic adj
Morally irresponsible
psychotherapy n
The treatment of mental disease
pudgy adj
Small and fat
puerile adj
pugnacious adj
puissant adj
Possessing strength
pulmonary adj
Pertaining to the lungs
punctilious adj
Strictly observant of the rules or forms prescribed by law or custom
punctual adj
Observant and exact in points of time
pungency n
The quality of affecting the sense of smell
pungent adj
Affecting the sense of smell
punitive adj
Pertaining to punishment
pupilage n
The state or period of being a student
purgatory n
An intermediate state where souls are made fit for paradise or heaven by expiatory suffering
purl v
To cause to whirl, as in an eddy
purloin v
To steal
purport n
purveyor n
one who supplies
pusillanimous adj
Without spirit or bravery
putrescent adj
Undergoing decomposition of animal or vegetable matter accompanied by fetid odors
pyre n
A heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body
pyromania n
An insane propensity to set things on fire
pyrotechnic adj
Pertaining to fireworks or their manufacture
pyx n
A vessel or casket, usually of precious metal, in which the host is preserved
quackery n
quadrate v
To divide into quarters
quadruple v
To multiply by four
qualification n
A requisite for an employment, position, right, or privilege
qualify v
To endow or furnish with requisite ability, character, knowledge, skill, or possessions
qualm n
A fit of nausea
quandary n
A puzzling predicament
quantity n
quarantine n
The enforced isolation of any person or place infected with contagious disease
quarrelsome adj
quarter n
One of four equal parts into which anything is or may be divided
quarterly adj
Occurring or made at intervals of three months
quartet n
A composition for four voices or four instruments
quarto n
An eight-page newspaper of any size
quay n
A wharf or artificial landing-place on the shore of a harbor or projecting into it
querulous adj
Habitually complaining
query v
To make inquiry
queue n
A file of persons waiting in order of their arrival, as for admittance
quibble n
An utterly trivial distinction or objection
quiescence n
quiescent adj
Being in a state of repose or inaction
quiet adj
Making no noise
quietus n
A silencing, suppressing, or ending
quintessence n
The most essential part of anything
quintet n
Musical composition arranged for five voices or instruments
quite adv
Quixotic adj
Chivalrous or romantic to a ridiculous or extravagant degree
rabid adj
Affected with rabies or hydrophobia
racy adj
Exciting or exhilarating to the mind
radiance n
Brilliant or sparkling luster
radiate v
To extend in all directions, as from a source or focus
radical n
One who holds extreme views or advocates extreme measures
radix n
That from or on which something is developed
raillery n
Good-humored satire
ramify v
To divide or subdivide into branches or subdivisions
ramose adj
rampant adj
Growing, climbing, or running without check or restraint
rampart n
A bulwark or construction to oppose assault or hostile entry
rancor n
rankle v
To produce irritation or festering
rapacious adj
Disposed to seize by violence or by unlawful or greedy methods
rapid adj
Having great speed
rapine n
The act of seizing and carrying off property by superior force, as in war
rapt adj
raptorial adj
Seizing and devouring living prey
ration v
To provide with a fixed allowance or portion, especially of food
rationalism n
The formation of opinions by relying upon reason alone, independently of authority
raucous adj
ravage v
To lay waste by pillage, rapine, devouring, or other destructive methods
ravenous adj
Furiously voracious or hungry
ravine n
A deep gorge or hollow, especially one worn by a stream or flow of water
reaction n
Tendency towards a former, or opposite state of things, as after reform, revolution, or inflation
reactionary adj
Pertaining to, of the nature of, causing, or favoring reaction
readily adv
Without objection or reluctance
readjust v
To put in order after disarrangement
ready adj
In a state of preparedness for any given purpose or occasion
realism n
The principle and practice of depicting persons and scenes as they are believed really to exist
rearrange v
To arrange again or in a different order
reassure v
To give new confidence
rebellious adj
rebuff n
A peremptory or unexpected rejection of advances or approaches
rebuild v
To build again or anew
rebut v
To oppose by argument or a sufficient answer
recapitulate v
To repeat again the principal points of
recapture v
To capture again
recede v
To move back or away
receivable adj
Capable of being or fit to be received - often money
receptive adj
Having the capacity, quality, or ability of receiving, as truths or impressions
recessive adj
Having a tendency to go back
recidivist n
A confirmed criminal
reciprocal adj
Mutually interchangeable or convertible
reciprocate v
To give and take mutually
reciprocity n
Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed
recitation n
The act of reciting or repeating, especially in public and from memory
reck v
To have a care or thought for
reckless adj
Foolishly headless of danger
reclaim v
To demand or to obtain the return or restoration of
recline v
To cause to assume a leaning or recumbent attitude or position
recluse n
One who lives in retirement or seclusion
reclusory n
A hermitage
recognizance n
An acknowledgment entered into before a court with condition to do some particular act
recognize v
To recall the identity of (a person or thing)
recoil v
To start back as in dismay, loathing, or dread
recollect v
To recall the knowledge of
reconcilable adj
Capable of being adjusted or harmonized
reconnoiter v
To make a preliminary examination of for military, surveying, or geological purposes
reconsider v
To review with care, especially with a view to a reversal of previous action
reconstruct v
To rebuild
recourse n
Resort to or application for help in exigency or trouble
recover v
To regain
recreant n
A cowardly or faithless person
recreate v
To refresh after labor
recrudescence n
The state of becoming raw or sore again
recrudescent adj
Becoming raw or sore again
recruit v
To enlist men for military or naval service
rectify v
To correct
rectitude n
The quality of being upright in principles and conduct
recuperate v
To recover
recur v
To happen again or repeatedly, especially at regular intervals
recure v
To cure again
recurrent adj
Returning from time to time, especially at regular or stated intervals
redemption n
The recovery of what is mortgaged or pledged, by paying the debt
redolence n
Smelling sweet and agreeable
redolent adj
Smelling sweet and agreeable
redoubtable adj
redound n
redress v
To set right, as a wrong by compensation or the punishment of the wrong-doer
reducible adj
That may be reduced
redundance n
redundant adj
Constituting an excess
reestablish v
To restore
refer v
To direct or send for information or other purpose
referable adj
referee n
An umpire
referrer n
One who refers
refinery n
A place where some crude material, as sugar or petroleum, is purified
reflectible adj
Capable of being turned back
reflection n
The throwing off or back of light, heat, sound, or any form of energy that travels in waves
reflector n
A mirror, as of metal, for reflecting light, heat, or sound in a particular direction
reflexible adj
Capable of being reflected
reform n
Change for the better
reformer n
One who carries out a reform
refract v
To bend or turn from a direct course
refractory adj
Not amenable to control
refragable adj
Capable of being refuted
refringency n
Power to refract
refringent adj
Having the power to refract
refusal n
Denial of what is asked
refute v
To prove to be wrong
regale v
To give unusual pleasure
regalia n
The emblems of royalty
regality n
regenerate v
To reproduce
regent n
One who is lawfully deputized to administer the government for the time being in the name of the ruler
regicide n
The killing of a king or sovereign
regime n
Particular conduct or administration of affairs
regimen n
A systematized order or course of living with reference to food, clothing and personal habits
regiment n
A body of soldiers
regress v
To return to a former place or condition
regretful adj
Feeling, expressive of, or full of regret
rehabilitate v
To restore to a former status, capacity, right rank, or privilege
reign v
To hold and exercise sovereign power
reimburse v
To pay back as an equivalent of what has been expended
rein n
A step attached to the bit for controlling a horse or other draft-animal
reinstate v
To restore to a former state, station, or authority
reiterate v
To say or do again and again
rejoin v
To reunite after separation
rejuvenate v
To restore to youth
rejuvenescence n
A renewal of youth
relapse v
To suffer a return of a disease after partial recovery
relegate v
To send off or consign, as to an obscure position or remote destination
relent v
To yield
relevant adj
Bearing upon the matter in hand
reliance n
reliant adj
Having confidence
relinquish v
To give up using or having
reliquary n
A casket, coffer, or repository in which relics are kept
relish v
To like the taste or savor of
reluctance n
reluctant adj
remembrance n
reminiscence n
The calling to mind of incidents within the range of personal knowledge or experience
reminiscent adj
Pertaining to the recollection of matters of personal interest
remiss adj
remission n
Temporary diminution of a disease
remodel v
remonstrance n
remonstrant adj
Having the character of a reproof
remonstrate v
To present a verbal or written protest to those who have power to right or prevent a wrong
remunerate v
To pay or pay for
remuneration n
Renaissance n
The revival of letters, and then of art, which marks the transition from medieval to modern time
rendezvous n
A prearranged place of meeting
rendition n
renovate v
To restore after deterioration, as a building
renunciation n
An explicit disclaimer of a right or privilege
reorganize v
To change to a more satisfactory form of organization
reparable adj
Capable of repair
reparation n
The act of making amends, as for an injury, loss, or wrong
repartee n
A ready, witty, or apt reply
repeal v
To render of no further effect
repel v
To force or keep back in a manner, physically or mentally
repellent adj
Having power to force back in a manner, physically or mentally
repentance n
Sorrow for something done or left undone, with desire to make things right by undoing the wrong
repertory n
A place where things are stored or gathered together
repetition n
The act of repeating
repine v
To indulge in fretfulness and faultfinding
replenish v
To fill again, as something that has been emptied
replete adj
Full to the uttermost
replica n
A duplicate executed by the artist himself, and regarded, equally with the first, as an original
repository n
A place in which goods are stored
reprehend v
To find fault with
reprehensible adj
reprehension n
Expression of blame
repress v
To keep under restraint or control
repressible adj
Able to be kept under restraint or control
reprieve v
To grant a respite from punishment to
reprimand v
To chide or rebuke for a fault
reprisal n
Any infliction or act by way of retaliation on an enemy
reprobate n
One abandoned to depravity and sin
reproduce v
To make a copy of
reproduction n
The process by which an animal or plant gives rise to another of its kind
reproof n
An expression of disapproval or blame personally addressed to one censured
repudiate v
To refuse to have anything to do with
repugnance n
Thorough dislike
repugnant adj
Offensive to taste and feeling
repulse n
The act of beating or driving back, as an attacking or advancing enemy
repulsive adj
Grossly offensive
repute v
To hold in general opinion
requiem n
A solemn mass sung for the repose of the souls of the dead
requisite adj
requital n
Adequate return for good or ill
requite v
To repay either good or evil to, as to a person
rescind v
To make void, as an act, by the enacting authority or a superior authority
reseat v
To place in position of office again
resemblance n
Similarity in quality or form
resent v
To be indignant at, as an injury or insult <