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Big English Test

Terms

undefined, object
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lyric poem
musical poem. short. focuses on a single quality. barter
dramatic poetry
drama written in poem form (ex. Shakespeare)
controlling metaphor
comparision that starts int eh title and run all through the poem
They're
contraction for they are
reason is because
construction should be avoided in formal writing
who/whom
subject of sentence or clause/ object of the verb or preposition
literally
means actually or just as the words say. should not be used to intensify expressions whose words are not to be taken at face value
detached autobiography
writing primarily about yourself, but the action took pace long enough ago that your feelings have subsided
would have
avoid this construction in place of had in clause that begin with if
as
used to introduce a full clause in formal writing
somewheres
nonstandard for nowhere
sit
means to be seated and does not take a direct obj
prejudice
a noun meaning a biased opinion
respective
means separate
proceed
means move on
thru
colloqiual spelling for through should be avoided in formal writing
characterization
way to establish a character: describe, narrate actions, say what character thinks or says, say what others think of person
there
indicates place or functions as an expletive
than
a conjuction used in comparisions
narrative point of view
broad name for the way a written work is written
narrative poetry
a poem that tells a story and is usually long
towards/toward
both are acceptable. use one or the other is used constantly
subjective
omitting details. distortion. prejudices. (rebecca)
that
always intorduces an essential clause (not set off by commas)/ used to refer to animals and things
tone
the way somebody says something as an indicator of what that person is feeling or thinking
repetition
something that is repeated, especially unnecessary words
who's/whose
contraction of who is/ possesive form of who
hyperbole
an exaggeration
to/too/two
preposition/adverb meaning also or excessively/ number
plus
standard as preposition meaning in addition to.
irony
figure of speech that is almost appropriate for the situation (ex. Romeo and Juliet)
stanza
a number of lines of verse forming a separate unit within a poem.
slant rhyme
words that dont sound the same but look the same
raise
means to lift or bring up. takes a d.o.
since
mainly relates to time. can also mean because
who
refers to people and animals with names
rise
means to get up and does not take an obj.
rhyme
similarity in the sound of word endings, especially in poetry
somebody/ someone
idefinite pronouns (are vague)
supposed to/ used to
in both expressions the -d is essential
then
adverb indicating time
lose
means to mislay
myself, himself, herself, yourself
refer to or intensify words. avoid using in place of personal pronouns in formal writing
foreshadowing
hints at what is to happen later
maybe
means perhaps and is an adverb
phenomena
plural of phenomenon meaning percievable fact.
flashback
when a story looks back on something that happened in the past
imagery
description using the 5 senses
percentage
follows an adj
OK, O.K. okay
all three spellings are acceptable but avoid un formal speech or writing
precede
means come before
simile
comparision that uses like or as
people
except when emphasizing indivuals
symbolism
the use of symbols to invest things with a representative meaning or to represent something abstract by something concrete
metaphor
comparision that does not use like or as.
real/really
should not be used as adverb in formal writing. adj/ adv
media
plural of medium and takes a plural verb
may be
a helping verb
onomatopoeia
sound suggests meaning or action (ex BANG)
principle
noun. meaning rule or axiom.
allusion
an indirect reference to somebody or something
style
a distinctive and identifiable form in an artistic medium
their
possessive form of they
loose
means unrestrained or not tight
theme
the subject of a discourse, discussion, piece of writing, or artistic composition
weather/ whether
state of the atmosphere/ introduces alternatives
some one
pronoun or adj modified by some
alliteration
achieved by using several words that begin with the same or similar consonants,
some body
noun modified by some
omniscient
narrator who is all knowing and God-like. 3rd person
sensual
suggests sexuality.
person
when emphasizing indivuals
these/ this
plural/singular
like
should not introduce a full clause in formal writing
Elements of a Gothic Novel
Setting in Castle. atmosphere of mystery and suspense. an ancient prophecy. omens and visions. supernatural events. high emotion. women in distress. women threatened by tyranical male. metonymy of gloom and horror.
principal
adj. meaning foremost or major. or noun meaning chief official or capital sum
cacophony
jarring grading sounds like crack or screech
unique
means the only one of its kind and cannot be modified by very or most
sure to/ try to
correct forms. dont replace with and
couplet-octave
2-8 lines that rhyme with each other or another group of 2-8 lines
theirselves
nonstandard for themselves
which
can introduce both essential and nonessential clauses, many reserve which for only nonessential (set off by commas)/ only to refer to animals and things
nowheres
nonstandard for nowhere
Byronic Hero
attractive. commanding presence. major mood swings. often brooding. mysterious.
respectful
means full of respect
objective
without distortion
percent
fractions of one hundred. always follows a numeral and word should be used instead of symbol
set
means put or place and takes a d.o.
personification
giving human like qualities to objects
sensuous
means pleasing to the senses.
prejudiced
adj. meaning to be biased and opinated

Deck Info

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