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Music Test 2


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1954 Supreme Court Ruling
"A separate but equal education is unconstitutional" This was the legal beginning of integration and the Civil Rights Movement
Race music
refers to music by Black artists - difficult for them to get recordings or airplay on radio simply because of racial prejudice and fear
born in Tupelo, Mississippi
Buddy Holly
experimented with double tracking, wrote his own songs;
refers to Detroit - "motor town" where the cars are built
Chuck Berry
invented the "duck walk" onstage, tons of hit songs;
Folk Music
used acoustic instruments (pure), no electric instruments, no forceful rhythm/backbeat
60s dance craze
(twist, jerk, monkey, mashed potato, surf, hitchhiker, etc) involved bands playing music specific to the tempo that the dance required + some songs had instructions on how to DO the dance in the lyrics of the song - these were rock bands - no acoustic guitars
Joan Baez
folk singer, protest song singer, introduced Bob Dylan at Newport Folk Festival- gave him the endorsement and credibility due to her central role in the peace movement during the Vietnam War
a mix of Appalachian/country/rock n roll - Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis were all a part of that sound in its early days
Bill Haley and the Comets
were originally called The Saddlemen- a C&W band
Ed Sullivan Show and American Bandstand
(New York) and American Bandstand (Philadelphia) were two important TV venues on which bands who wanted to become household names had to perform
Sam Phillips
recording studio (released a lot of Black artists' music - took courage at the time): Sun Records
were folk singer get-togethers, guitars, everyone singing in unison
Don McClean
wrote American Pie in memoriam to Buddy Holly, JP Richardson[the Big Bopper], and Richie Valens - all killed in a plane crash in Clear Lake, Iowa
refers to British rock n roll craze which was a mix of 50s rock n roll & British folk music - this is different than what the film we watched says
Pete Seeger
folk singer/composer; We Shall Overcome, Give Peace a Chance, If I Had a Hammer, Turn-Turn-Turn "black-balled" during the McCarthy Era for communist learnings- protest songs/anthems for social movements (peace marches, rallies, Civil Rights movement, etc)
Pop teen idols
like Paul Anka, Fabian, Bobby Vinton, Bobby Vee, Bobby Darin were marketed because they were "handsome", safe, sang simple teenage love songs - nothing dangerous
Little Richard
considered the purest prototype of Rock music
Jerry Lee Lewis
(rock piano player) married his 13 year old cousin; Elvis drafted; Chuck Berry in jail for transporting an underage girl across state lines - rock n roll seemed to be disappearing
Top 40 radio
was commercial laden, short songs, interruptive DJs - they never played entire albums or entire sides of albums
Chubby Checker
the twist- not a rock pioneer because he just "covered" a popular song - he didnt invent
Grand Ole Opry
in Nashville didnt allow drums/many country bands in the day didnt use drummers of that impediment to possibly not being allowed on the show. Like Ed Sullivan and American Bandstand, Grand Ole Opry was the portal through which country bands had to pass
Kingston Trio
takes their name from the capital of Jamaica. Even though they were a folk trio, their music having nothing to do with Jamaican music/Rasta, ska/reggae - they did have a light Caribbean flavor
"Rebel Without a Cause"
movie with James Dean that dealt with the plight of the American teenager, generation gap, misunderstood trials of young America
biggest influence was new, adventurous harmonies that created possibilities for more complex melodic writing
Beach Boys
Brian Wilson (mastermind) used complex studio tricks for their albums, surf band- strong force in the California recording scene
Dress codes
established in schools, attempting to control teenagers and keep them from decadent behaviors connected with rock music

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