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emotional reactions like anger and fear
Anterior Pituitary Gland
secretes growth hormones
Asoociation Areas
higher mental functions
Autonomic system
Controlled by the hypothalamus and medula, contains Sympathetic and Parasympathetic systems.
Basal Ganglia
initiates movements and controls fine motor movements
Oldest part of the brain.  Contains the Medulla and Reticular formation.
Broca's Area
Central Nervous System
Contains spinal cord, brain, and neural networks.
coordinates voluntary movement and balance
Cerebral Cortex
contains the cortex, white matter, and glial cells
looks at tissues, muscles, not very useful for looking at the brain
Map electrodes on your skull to various areas of the brain.  used for detecting the presence of seizure disorders, head injuries
Endocrine System
controls hormones
looks at certain functions of the brain
Frontal Lobe
complex and abstract activities, judgments
Glial Cells
nourish neurons, control a lot of thought and behavior
Hemispheric Differences
right has to do with perceptual skills, left with language
associated with memory
directs eating, drinking, governs the endocrine system, linked to emotion
Limbic System
Affects emotion, regulated a lot by hormones.  Contains the Hippocampus, Amygdla, and Hypothalamus.
responsible for autonomic functions, controls organs
Motor Cortex
controls voluntary movement
Neural Networks
create clusters of neurons that communicate with each other
Occipital Lobe
controls vision
secretes estrogen
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Calms body, reserves resources.
Parathyroid Gland
increases blood calcium, decreases potassium
Parietal Lobe
integrating sensory information from various parts of the body, and in the manipulation of objects.
Path of a Neuron
Neuron connects with the dendrite, which travels with action potential into the synapse, where it is passed on to the axon and travels to the axon terminal.  Axon terminal releases neurotransmitters, which find to the receptor sites on the next neuro
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic and Somatic
used to detect cancer and examine effects of therapy, uses a radioactive substance
Posterior Pituitary Gland
secretes vasopressin, which contricts blood vessels and regulates blood pressure
Reticular Formation
responsible for general arousal, filters information from spinal cord and directs it to the right part of the brain
Sensory Cortex
reigisters body sensations
Somatic System
Controls voluntary movements.
Spinal Cord
responsible for reflexes, location of pain receptors
Sympathetic Nervous System
Arouses body, mobilizes resources.
Temporal Lobe
hearing, speech, comprehension, naming, verbal memory, recognition of faces
releases androgens, which produce sperm
relay center for messages between lower brain centers and cerebral cortex, directs sensory informatio, transmits information back to the cerebellum and medulla, does not control smell.
Thyroid Gland
secretes hormones that affect metabolic rate, growth, and maturation
Visual Cortex
receives visual stimuli
Wernicke's Area
hearing and interpreting auditory code
White Matter
carries information from one part of the brain to another, gray matter processes information

Deck Info